Waste Waste Everywhere
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Waste Waste Everywhere
Waste Not, Want Not
Curated by Salman Zafar
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The Scourge of E-Waste

The Scourge of E-Waste | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it
lectronic waste (or e-waste), is the fastest growing waste stream, and its disposal is a major environmental concern in all parts of the world.
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Waste Management for Army

Waste Management for Army | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it
Waste management in military bases demands an integrated framework based on the conventional waste management hierarchy of 4Rs – reduction, reuse, recycling and recovery (of energy).
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Expanded Polystyrene (EPS): Boon or Bane

Expanded Polystyrene (EPS): Boon or Bane | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it

While no-one would deny its convenience, for waste managers, EPS is a challenge, for many of the same reasons that it is popular. It’s light and difficult to compact, so it fills up bins and collection vehicles quickly; and takes up a great deal of space if you try to bulk and haul it for recycling.

Salman Zafar's insight:

The economic and technical difficulty in recycling EPS, combined with the long-term impacts of its littering and disposal implies that environmentally minded people – and perhaps governments – should perhaps avoid it altogether.

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Transitioning to Circular Economy

Transitioning to Circular Economy | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it

The transition towards a circular economy requires a new mindset from government that acknowledges and empowers individuals. Not only must we approach the issue from the bottom-up, but also from the side and above. Consumer behaviour must be steered by both ‘soft’ and ‘hard’ controls: through information and communication, because of the importance of psychological factors; but also through financial instruments, because both consumers and industry are clearly responsive to such stimuli.

Salman Zafar's insight:

The interpretation of municipal duty of care determines options for waste collection, disposal and processing. Also essential is the way in which producer responsibility takes shape, and the government must provide a clear separation of private and public duties. Businesses may be liable for the negative aspects of unbridled growth and irresponsible actions.

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Basic Misconceptions about Bioplastics

Basic Misconceptions about Bioplastics | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it

Consumers are increasingly buying more and more bioplastics but are not fully being educated on the differences between the various different types of bioplastics on the markets. While as a whole, bioplastics may have many notable attributes making them excellent alternatives to traditional plastics, they are not considered flawless solutions.

Salman Zafar's insight:

It is very important for consumers to know that “bio-based,” “biodegradable” and “compostable” are individual attributes and be educated on what these characteristics actually mean. It is equally important for manufacturers to be educated on these differences and make proper labeling of their bioplastic products.

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Waste Management in Poland

Waste Management in Poland | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it

Municipal waste management in Poland has changed dramatically since the early ’90s when, as part of Poland’s privatisation program, municipal authorities were freed of their waste management obligations. The combined Polish recycling rate for dry recyclables and organic waste has increased from 5% in 2004 to 21% in 2010. 

Salman Zafar's insight:

Poland needs to take immediate action to develop its municipal waste treatment capacity across the board. If the 2020 recycling target is to be met, the country will require material recovery facilities, anaerobic digestion and in vessel composting sites, and household waste and recycling centres; and if more waste is to be diverted from landfill it will also need energy from waste (EfW) incinerators and mechanical biological treatment facilities.

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Holistic Approach to Waste Reduction

Holistic Approach to Waste Reduction | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it

Muslims have had lessons on avoiding and reducing waste for over 1,400 years and we can all benefit from the guidance offered in Islam through Quranic injuctions and Prophet's Sunnah.

Salman Zafar's insight:

We need only to focus on our own personal attempt at avoiding waste, and the net effect is possible to ripple through the entire population. Our environment will not change. We will not wake up one morning to a lovely clean environment without each one of us turning our attention inward.

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Significance of Glass Recycling

Significance of Glass Recycling | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it

Glass bottles and jars are 100% recyclable and can be recycled endlessly without any loss in purity or quality. Over a ton of natural resources are saved for every ton of glass recycled. Energy costs are reduced 2-3% for every 10% cullet used in the manufacturing process. 

Salman Zafar's insight:

There are environmental, economic and social advantages of recycling glass. These advantages include conserving valuable natural resources and raw materials used in industry. By making products from recycled materials instead of virgin materials, we conserve land and reduce the need to drill for oil and deep excavations for minerals. Making products from recycled materials creates less air and water pollution than making products from virgin materials. Saving energy reduces acid rain, global warming and air pollution. Making products from recycled ingredients often uses much less energy than producing the same product from raw materials. 

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Sectoral Role in Waste Minimization

When it comes to waste minimisation and moving material up the waste hierarchy you will find partisan advocates for the roles of the public, private and community sectors. Each will tell you the reasons why their sector’s approach is the best. The private sector will extol their virtues as ...
Salman Zafar's insight:

The answer is to stop seeing the three sectors as being in competition. Instead, we should consciously be utilising the unique characteristics of each so that we can evolve our practices towards a future that is more functional and capable of delivering the cyclical economy that must eventuate if we are to sustain ourselves on this planet.

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Challenges in Managing Pet Wastes

Challenges in Managing Pet Wastes | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it

Pet waste is a growing public health and environmental risk. Household pet droppings may still be largely fated for disposal, but even when binned this waste is at least moving through proper waste management channels.  

Salman Zafar's insight:

People love animals, but are rather less keen to engage with pets as an environmental issue. Leaving aside questions of whether it is sustainable for so many of us to have pets at all, there are clearly ways in which we can reduce their impact. 

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Composting in Qatar

Composting in Qatar | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it

Composting in Qatar is mainly done at the Domestic Solid Waste Management Centre (DSWMC) in Mesaieed, which houses the largest composting facility in the country and one of the largest in the world.  

Salman Zafar's insight:

This is a significant and commendable development in Qatar’s implementation of its solid waste management plan, which is to reduce, reuse, recycle and recover from waste, and to avoid disposing in landfills as much as possible.  

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Dealing with Plastic Wastes

Dealing with Plastic Wastes | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it

While use and consumption of plastic is increasingly high, doubts about viable options for reuse, recycling and disposal are also on the rise. Complications such as the increasing number of additives used alter the strength, texture, flexibility, colour, resistance to microbes, and other characteristics of plastics, make plastics less recyclable. 

Salman Zafar's insight:

Plastic waste directly and indirectly affects living organisms throughout the ecosystem, including an increasingly high impact on marine life at a macro and micro scale. 

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Hazards of Olive Oil Wastes

Hazards of Olive Oil Wastes | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it

Due to its complex compounds, olive processing waste  is not easily biodegradable and needs to be detoxified before it can properly be used in agricultural and other industrial processes. 

Salman Zafar's insight:

Even a small quantity of olive wastewater in contact with groundwater has the potential to cause significant pollution to drinking water sources. The problem is more serious where chlorine is used to disinfect drinking water. 

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Is Food Waste Distorting the Spirit of Ramadan

Is Food Waste Distorting the Spirit of Ramadan | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it

The staggering amount of food waste generation during Ramadan urgently demands a strong strategy for its minimization, sustainable utilization and eco-friendly disposal.

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Municipal Waste Management in Saudi Arabia

Municipal Waste Management in Saudi Arabia | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia produces around 15 million tons of municipal solid waste (MSW) each year with average daily rate of 1.4 kg per person. The major ingredients of Saudi Arabian garbage are food waste (40-51 %), paper (12-28 %), cardboard (7 %), plastics (5-17 %), glass (3-5 %), wood (2-8 %), textile (2-6 %), metals (2-8 %) etc

Salman Zafar's insight:

The sustainable integrated solid waste management (SWM) is still at the infancy level. There have been many studies in identifying the waste related environmental issues in KSA. The current SWM activities of KSA require a sustainable and integrated approach with implementation of waste segregation at source, waste recycling, WTE and value-added product (VAP) recovery.

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Sustainable Use of Old Clothes

Sustainable Use of Old Clothes | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it
Tens of millions of tons of old clothes are discarded worldwide each year. In affluent countries, around 5-6% of the municipal solid waste is comprised of used clothes.  Americans discarded 13.1 million tons of textiles in 2010, out of which only 15 percent was recycled, while more ...
Salman Zafar's insight:

When thrown in garbage bins, textile wastes are transported to the landfill site, where it is dumped and buried taking a sizeable area of the landfill space and entailing cost of transportation and handling. Decomposing textiles releases methane, a harmful greenhouse gas and a significant contributor to global warming. There are dyes and chemicals in fabric and other components of clothing that can leach into the soil, contaminating both surface and groundwater.

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Tips to Minimize Plastic Footprint

Tips to Minimize Plastic Footprint | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it

We must all learn how to reduce the amount of plastic waste we are producing in the first place. Here are my five favorite ways to reduce your personal plastic footprint.

Salman Zafar's insight:

Billions of plastic shopping bags are used worldwide every year. Shops give them out for free to their customers, but they have a huge environmental cost. Help cut down on the number of plastic bags used by bringing your own reusable bags to the supermarkets and refusing the disposable ones.

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Management of Domestic Hazardous Wastes

Management of Domestic Hazardous Wastes | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it

A typical home can contain a vast array of hazardous wastes used for cleaning, painting, beautifying, lubricating and disinfecting the house, yard, workshop and garage. The chemical-based household products from a single home may seem insignificant; but, when millions of homes use similar products, handling, storing and disposing them improperly may have the combined impact and becomes a major problem.

Salman Zafar's insight:

The health and safety of our families, neighborhoods and environment is threatened when domestic hazardous wastes is stored or disposed of improperly. These products should not be put in the garbage bins or disposed in the storm drains or burned, as they pose a threat to human health and the environment. 

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C&D Waste Management in the UAE

C&D Waste Management in the UAE | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it

Dubai alone produces nearly 5,000 tonnes of construction and demolition waste every day, which is about 70% of the total solid waste generated every day. In Abu Dhabi, C & D wastes account for 71% of total wastes generated in the year 2011. 

Salman Zafar's insight:

Dubai alone produces nearly 5,000 tonnes of construction and demolition waste every day, which is about 70% of the total solid waste generated every day. In Abu Dhabi, C & D wastes account for 71% of total wastes generated in the year 2011. 

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Complexities in Food Waste Generation

Complexities in Food Waste Generation | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it

While we produce about four billion tonnes of food annually, it is estimated that 30-50% of this never reaches our plates. Of the food that does reach us, some western societies throw away up to a third of all food purchased. This has enormous implications for the global environment, from wasting the water used to grow the food to adverse effects on climate, land and biodiversity. The drivers behind these phenomenal levels of food waste are complex and include food pricing, logistical and storage issues. 

Salman Zafar's insight:

There is an urgent need for legislation to enforce separate food waste collections, not only to ensure it was diverted to anaerobic digestion or composting, but also as it led to greater self awareness around food waste.

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Bottled Water - Bane for the Environment

Bottled Water - Bane for the Environment | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it

Bottled water is widely used by people from all walks of life and is considered to be convenient and safer than tap water. A person on an average drinks around 2.0 liters of water a day and may consume 4-6 plastic bottles per day. 

Salman Zafar's insight:

Water bottles manufacturing, transportation, distribution and again collection and disposal after its use create enormous pollution in terms of trash generation, global warming and air pollution. The transportation of bottled water from its source to stores alone releases thousands of tons of carbon dioxide.

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Litter and its Consequences

Litter and its Consequences | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it

Litter is a common menace one can witness in all urban areas. Streets, sidewalks, parking lots, roads and highways are mostly covered with food wrappers, soft drink and water bottles, plastic ba...

Salman Zafar's insight:

Litter is a problem that can be controlled. Education is an important tool. People who are aware of the dangers of litter often make more of an effort to always put their trash in bins. They also spread the word to others they see littering and teach them to dispose of garbage the right way. 

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Marine Wastes - Causes and Solutions

Marine Wastes - Causes and Solutions | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it

Marine wastes, long a neglected topic, has started to garner some attention. Marine wastes is composed of a diverse mix of items from various sources and so a one-size fits all solution is unl...

Salman Zafar's insight:

The flow of material into the oceans vastly exceeds any practicable man-made method of extracting this growing soup of litter. The only way to tackle the issue is to prevent litter entering the oceans in the first place. 

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Global Waste Management Trends

Global Waste Management Trends | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it
Waste management is highly context specific. Therefore it is important to distinguish between the conditions in the Global North and the Global South. Recent ILO figures suggest that 24 million people around the world are involved in the informal waste recycling sector, 80% of whom are waste ...
Salman Zafar's insight:

The composition of waste is also very different in the Global South where organic waste is a much larger percentage of the waste stream. Because of the high percentage of organics in the waste stream in many cities in the Global South, innovations in decentralised composting and small scale biogas have been seen across the Global South (particularly in India) and can be used effectively by the informal sector, making a zero waste future a real possibility.

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Insights into Computer Recycling

Insights into Computer Recycling | Waste Waste Everywhere | Scoop.it

A recycling company should apply the rules of the Waste Hierarchy when recycling old computers, whatever the age. For example in this case, reuse is the most favoured recycling technique, followed by recovery of working parts then recycling the materials contained within. 

Salman Zafar's insight:

As long as the recycling of older equipment is performed ethically and responsibility, we can reduce the environmental impact. 

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