By George Morris Most Americans remember World War II through the eyes of veterans who fought, families who awaited their return, or from movies produced from the victors’ point of view. Eva Rieseler Bardsley had a different vantage point. Bardsley grew up in Berlin and was 12 years old when Germany’s surrender in 1945 ended…
Lose Lips Sink Ships. "Lose lips sink ships" is a phrase commonly used in American WWII propaganda but it held more truth than most people thought. Now many people know that the carnage of WWII actually hit the east coast of the United States. Just weeks after America declared war on Japan, Nazi Ge
Members of a North Queensland family believe a letter written by Winston Churchill, confirming their veteran descendant saved the former British prime minister's life, may be stuffed into a trunk of documents somewhere in the Wide Bay region.
For many college-age Americans today, World War II was largely a venture in hypocrisy, as a nation founded on segregation and illegal internments vaunted its bogus moral superiority.... (essay by Philip Jenkins)
The Vietnam State Archives and Records Department on April 19 made an announcement in relation to two recently acquired documentary films abroad, namely "Ho Chi Minh in the Land of Lenin", and "Vietnam: 30 Days in Saigon".
by Mike Hixenbaugh (The Virginian-Pilot), Charles Ornstein and Terry Parris (ProPublica) During the Vietnam War, hundreds of U.S. Navy ships crossed into Vietnam’s rivers or sent crew members ashore, possibly exposing their sailors to the toxic herbicide Agent Orange. But more than 40 years after the war’s end, the U.S. government doesn’t have a full accounting of …
CINCINNATI (AP) — At age 101, retired Lt. Col. Dick Cole says his memories are vivid of the Doolittle Tokyo Raiders mission that helped change the course of World War II. Now the sole survivor of the original 80-member group, Cole recalls the excitement of learning the bombing target they had been secretly training for was Japan itself. He remembers the eerie quiet as they neared their target, not knowing whether anti-aircraft firepower was ready for them; the precise series of orders, from open bomb bay doors to prepare to bail out, from mission leader Jimmy Doolittle as Cole flew alongside him as his co-pilot; parachuting into darkness, then being helped by Chinese villagers to stay one ahead of vengeful Japanese troops. Three of his comrades were executed. Cole plans to take part in events Monday and Tuesday at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force near Dayton, Ohio, marking the 75th anniversary of the attack that rallied America and jarred Japan. It will be "a somber affair," Cole said in a recent telephone interview with The Associated Press, when he fulfills the long Raider tradition of toasting those who have died in the past year, using goblets engraved with their names. In a private ceremony, he will offer tribute to retired Staff Sgt. David Thatcher, who died last year at age 94 in Missoula, Montana. Sometimes chuckling, sometimes reflective, Cole sounded clear and military officer-courteous during an AP telephone interview, with his daughter Cindy sometimes repeating the questions if he didn't fully hear them in his home in Comfort, Texas. Cole is sorry he won't have any of his mission comrades with him to share stories and joke with as they did in annual reunions that began after World War II. He didn't expect to be the last one standing, since he was older than many others on the mission. "I never thought in that vein," Cole said. "We all know that somewhere along the line, you have to drop out." The Raiders launched their assault April 18, 1942, in B-25 bombers not built to fly off an aircraft carrier at sea. Suspecting they had been detected by Japanese patrols, they left sooner than planned from the USS Hornet, utilizing their mission training in Florida on short-runway takeoffs. "Everybody thought that the takeoff would be the most challenging thing, but as a matter of fact, it turned out to be easiest thing," Cole said. The crews of the 16 planes were "very quiet" as they neared Japan, he recalled, saying his role next to Doolittle was to "be seen, not heard. ... You didn't speak until spoken to." But the country song "Wabash Cannonball" started running through his head and he unconsciously began tapping his toe, which caught Doolittle's attention. "He gave me a look which didn't need any conversation," Cole said with a laugh. Doolittle soon ordered bomb bay doors opened, and the attack was on against what turned out to be limited anti-aircraft fire. "The enemy was doing something else and surprised that we were there, and then I just thought, 'So far, so good,'" Cole said. They then headed to China, running out of fuel. Cole said Doolittle gave the command to prepare to bail out as they neared the coast, adding: "I wish you all good luck." Cole said it was scary to parachute into a dark "unknown" in rough weather. His parachute caught in a tree, leaving him dangling but safe. Three Raiders died trying to reach China, and eight were captured by Japanese soldiers. Three were executed, and a fourth died in captivity. Their attack inflicted scattered damage, but more important, stunned Japan's people. Its military diverted resources to guard their homeland, while news of the raid lifted U.S. morale after the Dec. 7, 1941, surprise attack on Pearl Harbor and a string of Japanese victories in the Pacific. "Seven decades later, we are still awed by the sheer audacity of the Doolittle raid and the incredible men whose grit and bravery made it possible," Democratic House leader Nancy Pelosi of California said when the Congressional Gold Medal was awarded to the Raiders in a 2015 ceremony. "Though time has thinned their ranks, it will never dim the daring of their deeds." Cole, a Dayton-area native, has been to the Ohio museum for reunions and other special events. He and Thatcher were there in 2015 for events highlighting the Gold Medal. Cole also led a special public "final toast" ceremony at the museum in 2013, when four Raiders were still alive, saying of the departed: "May they rest in peace." Cole attended Thatcher's funeral last June in Missoula. Being an optimist and living his life in "moderation" probably has contributed to his longevity, Cole said, adding that he can't really say for sure. Asked about historical legacy, Cole replied that he believes he speaks for his late comrades in saying they considered themselves no more special than anyone else who served. "We don't want to be remembered any more than the rest of the people who took part in beating the Japanese," Cole said. "They started it, and we finished it." ___ Follow Dan Sewell at http://www.twitter.com/dansewell. For some of his other recent stories: http://bigstory.ap.org/content/dan-sewell
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