Virology News
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Virology News
Topical news snippets about viruses that affect people.  And other things. Like zombies B-)
Curated by Ed Rybicki
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Home Leone: Experiences from a diagnostic laboratory in an Ebola Treatment Centre - BugBitten

Home Leone: Experiences from a diagnostic laboratory in an Ebola Treatment Centre - BugBitten | Virology News | Scoop.it
I recently returned from a five-week deployment to Port Loko, Sierra Leone, where I was working as a diagnostic laboratory staff member in an Ebola treatment centre (ETC). When I was offered deployment in April, several friends commented ‘Isn’t Ebola over now? I’ve not heard anything on the news for a while…’ Although the situation... Read more »
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Cats as a potential source of emerging influenza virus infections

Cats as a potential source of emerging influenza virus infections | Virology News | Scoop.it

Historically, the influenza virus has not been regarded as a major pathogen of cats. However, since 2003, natural infections of domestic cats with highly pathogenic H5N1 avian virus causing fatal cases have been reported(Songserm et al., 2006; Yingst et al., 2006; Klopfleisch et al., 2007). Furthermore, infections of this animal with A(H1N1)pdm09 virus, causing respiratory illness with some fatal cases, have also been reported in various parts of the world(Fiorentini et al., 2011; Campagnolo et al., 2011; Pigott et al., 2014). These reports revealed that cats are susceptible to influenza A viruses, resulting from bird-to-cat or human-to-cat transmission, and were supported by the detection of several virus subtypes in domestic cats through serological studies(McCullers et al., 2011; Ali et al., 2011; Zhao et al., 2014; Su et al., 2013). In other reports, the H3N2 dog virus was also transmitted to cats in Korea and China, causing respiratory illness(Songet al., 2011; Lei et al., 2012). These findings provide further evidence that cats should be included among the animals that are responsible for interspecies transmission of influenza A virus. Moreover, the findings of these reports suggest that cats may play a role as an intermediate host in which a mutant virus with p and emic potential could emerge. To validate this possibility, here we conducted a serological survey of human and avian influenza virus infections in cats, from either H5N1 virus-endemic or non-endemic areas.

 
Ed Rybicki's insight:

Bugger off, kitty kitty B-(

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Two new trials of Ebola vaccines begin in Europe and Africa

Two new trials of Ebola vaccines begin in Europe and Africa | Virology News | Scoop.it

Two new Ebola vaccine trials began on Wednesday with volunteers in Britain, France and Senegal getting "prime-boost" immunizations developed by Bavarian Nordic, GlaxoSmithKline and Johnson & Johnson

The mid-stage, or Phase II, trials are designed primarily to test the vaccines' safety, but will also assess whether they provoke an immune response against the deadly virus.

The development of the prime-boost and other vaccines was accelerated in response to vast outbreaks of Ebola in West Africa, where at least 11,200 people have died so far in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia.

 

Ebola virus graphic from Russell Kightley Media

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Don’t wake the sleeping virus

Don’t wake the sleeping virus | Virology News | Scoop.it
A new model allows scientists to test drugs and develop therapies to prevent viruses that target the human nervous system.
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Another Go Round: Ebola comes back

Another Go Round: Ebola comes back | Virology News | Scoop.it
Genetic analysis indicates the resurgence of Ebola in Liberia might be due to a survivor of the previous outbreak, the New York Times says.
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Vaccine for West Nile virus enters human clinical trials

A clinical trial of a new investigational vaccine designed to protect against West Nile Virus infection will be sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health. The experimental vaccine was discovered and developed by scientists at the Oregon National Primate Research Center at Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU) in Portland. The scientists were funded with a $7.2 million grant from NIAID, awarded in 2009. The new vaccine is being tested in a Phase 1 clinical trial at Duke University in Durham, North Carolina, one of NIAID’s Vaccine and Treatment Evaluation Units (VTEUs).

 
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Virus Show 'Containment' Touted as "Science-Fact"

Virus Show 'Containment' Touted as "Science-Fact" | Virology News | Scoop.it
At Comic-Con, the stars and producers tease realism in the new CW drama.
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Measles Virus Races Through Northwest Cameroon

Measles Virus Races Through Northwest Cameroon | Virology News | Scoop.it
A measles epidemic is sweeping through northwestern Cameroon, with reports of more than 300 children infected and several deaths in just a week.

Dr. Sama Julius of the expanded immunization progra...
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In defence of Tim Hunt: Judge by actions, not words

Sexist comments made by my former boss Tim Hunt are not an indication that he is biased against women, argues Alessia Errico.

"From 2004 until December 2010, I worked as a scientist in the London laboratory of Tim Hunt. Given the media frenzy over his comments this month about women scientists, and the way he has been portrayed as sexist, you might think that I had a miserable time. Not at all; it was a great experience. He was an inspiring and supportive mentor. Not once did I feel that he treated me differently because I was a woman."

 

Ed Rybicki's insight:

About time some folk got out there and supported the poor man.

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No alien life on Philae comet

No alien life on Philae comet | Virology News | Scoop.it
A sensational claim that ESA’s Philae spacecraft has landed on a comet teeming with life doesn’t hold water
Ed Rybicki's insight:

Sadly...B-(

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FRONTLINE video: The Vaccine War

Produced by PBS http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/the-vaccine-war/ http://www.KJGreen.com.
Ed Rybicki's insight:

Pretty good!  Balanced view, inasmuch as one can balance these things.

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This Is What Happened to the First Person to Get the Rabies Vaccine

This Is What Happened to the First Person to Get the Rabies Vaccine | Virology News | Scoop.it
He received his inoculation directly from Louis Pasteur, on July 6, 1885
Ed Rybicki's insight:

Great story!

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Vaccine for West Nile Virus enters human clinical trials

Vaccine for West Nile Virus enters human clinical trials | Virology News | Scoop.it
A clinical trial of a new investigational vaccine designed to protect against West Nile Virus infection will be sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health.
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nMAbs against EV71 screened from mice immunized with yeast-produced VLPs

nMAbs against EV71 screened from mice immunized with yeast-produced VLPs | Virology News | Scoop.it
Abstract: Periodic outbreaks of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) occur in children under 5 years old, and can cause death in some cases. The C4 strain of enterovirus 71 (EV71) is the main pathogen that causes HFMD in China. Although no drugs against EV71 are available, some studies have shown that candidate vaccines or viral capsid proteins can produce anti-EV71 immunity. In this study, female BABL/c mice (6–8 weeks old) were immunized with virus-like particles (VLPs) of EV71 produced in yeast to screen for anti-EV71 antibodies. Two hybridomas that could produce neutralizing antibodies against EV71 were obtained. Both neutralizing mAbs (D4 and G12) were confirmed to bind the VP1 capsid protein of EV71, and could protect >95% cells from 100 TCID50 EV71 infection at 25 μg/mL solution (lowest concentration). Those two neutralizing mAbs identified in the study may be promising candidates in development for mAbs to treat EV71 infection, and utilized as suitable reagents for use in diagnostic tests and biological studies. 
Ed Rybicki's insight:

Of course, they should have been made in plants...

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New prevalence estimate of TTV in healthy population and patients with chronic viral hepatitis in China

New prevalence estimate of TTV in healthy population and patients with chronic viral hepatitis in China | Virology News | Scoop.it
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Study explains how dengue virus adapts as it travels, increasing chances for outbreaks

Study explains how dengue virus adapts as it travels, increasing chances for outbreaks | Virology News | Scoop.it
A researcher from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston is an integral member of a collaborative group that is the first to explain the mechanisms that the Dengue virus has developed to optimize its ability to cause outbreaks as it travels across the globe to new places and revisits old ...
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Adaptation of an Antarctic lichen to Martian niche conditions can occur within 34 days

Adaptation of an Antarctic lichen to Martian niche conditions can occur within 34 days | Virology News | Scoop.it

Stresses occurring on the Martian surface were simulated in a Mars Simulation Chamber (MSC) and included high UV fluxes (Zarnecki and Catling, 2002), low temperatures, low water activity, high atmospheric CO2 concentrations, and an atmospheric pressure of about 800 Pa (Kasting et al., 1991 and Head et al., 2003). The lichen Pleopsidium chlorophanum is an extremophile that lives in very cold, dry, high-altitude habitats, which are Earth's best approximation of the Martian surface. Samples with P. chlorophanumwere exposed uninterruptedly to simulated conditions of the unprotected Martian surface (i.e. 6344 kJ m−2) and protected niche conditions (269 kJ m−2) for 34 days. Under unprotected Martian surface conditions the fungal symbiont decreases its metabolic activity and it was unclear if the algal symbiont of the lichen was still actively photosynthesizing. However, under “protected site” conditions, the entire lichen not only survived and remained photosynthetically active, it even adapted physiologically by increasing its photosynthetic activity over 34 days.

 
Ed Rybicki's insight:

Truly excellent!  I am convinced there is life on Mars - and becoming more and more convinced that life from there could have come here. With viruses B-)

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New Squirrel Virus Suspected In Three Human Deaths

New Squirrel Virus Suspected In Three Human Deaths | Virology News | Scoop.it
Earlier this year, three German men who worked as squirrel breeders died of brain inflammation. This “cluster” of deaths was likely caused by a newly mutated bornavirus, which is usually found in animals like horses, birds and pigs, according to authorities at the European Center for Disease Control. Researchers were previously not sure if bornavirus can infect humans, but further investigation into these deaths indicates that humans are in fact at risk, and these viruses are a bigger threat than ever before, according to the report and reported by LiveScience.
The three men who died of the mutated virus were in their 60s or 70s and were friends who met up regularly. They were all squirrel breeders, raising animals that were sold as exotic pets, and reports indicate that at least two of them received scratches or bites from the squirrels. Between 2011 and 2013, all three men developed encephalitis, brain inflammation usually caused by a virus. They were treated in intensive care units, but within four months of their initial symptoms, they slipped into comas and died.
Ed Rybicki's insight:

Squirrel breeders?  That's a thing??

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Deafness could be treated by virus, say scientists

Deafness could be treated by virus, say scientists | Virology News | Scoop.it
Scientists say they have taken a significant step towards treating some forms of deafness after restoring hearing in animals.
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Cancer targeted by 2 viruses

Cancer targeted by 2 viruses | Virology News | Scoop.it
The first Canadian cancer patients are receiving a combination of two viruses as part of an experimental trial to target and attack tumours.
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A deadly task: writing about a fictional virus when you're a deskbound novelist

A deadly task: writing about a fictional virus when you're a deskbound novelist | Virology News | Scoop.it
Taylor Antrim embarked on a quest to ‘write difference’ with a deep dive into books on epidemics – but in clearing his concocted virus with some experts, he realized he was out of his depth and needed their help
Ed Rybicki's insight:

Fictional viruses...nice when they're plausible!

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Fear the Walking Dead Season 1: the Flu Shot Trailer

Subscribe to TV TRAILERS: http://goo.gl/Tdaljv Like us on FACEBOOK: http://goo.gl/JLxjfE Follow us on TWITTER: http://goo.gl/1T2OBg http://www.tvweb.com ...
Ed Rybicki's insight:

Oooooh...there's a link, maybe?

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One and two doses of HPV-16/18 vaccine as effective as three

The Cervarix vaccine may be as effective in one or two doses as it is with three.
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Campaign results in major boost for Cape Town HIV testing

Campaign results in major boost for Cape Town HIV testing | Virology News | Scoop.it
Hundreds of people have flocked to a mobile clinic set up at Cape Town's train station to undergo health screenings for HIV, TB and diabetes.
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Anti-vaccine trend has parents shunning newborns' vitamin shot

Anti-vaccine trend has parents shunning newborns' vitamin shot | Virology News | Scoop.it
The consequences of this choice can be severe, experts say
Ed Rybicki's insight:

So not only stupid - REALLY stupid!!

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