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Extend virus alert to visitors from UK, urges doctor - Hong Kong Standard

Extend virus alert to visitors from UK, urges doctor - Hong Kong Standard | Virology News | Scoop.it
Hong Kong Standard
Extend virus alert to visitors from UK, urges doctor
Hong Kong Standard
The alert over a mysterious SARS-like virus should be extended to travelers from Britain, an infectious diseases doctor says.
Ed Rybicki's insight:

Excellent!  Stop those vile disease-ridden Brits from transmitting their nasty SARS-like virus around the world...B-)

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Virology News
Topical news snippets about viruses that affect people. And other things.
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Ongoing Battle to Control “Jumping Genes” Drives Evolution of Ever-Greater Genomic Complexity

Ongoing Battle to Control “Jumping Genes” Drives Evolution of Ever-Greater Genomic Complexity | Virology News | Scoop.it

New findings by scientists at the University of California, Santa Cruz (UC Santa Cruz), suggest that an evolutionary arms race between rival elements within the genomes of primates drove the evolution of complex regulatory networks that orchestrate the activity of genes in every cell of our bodies. The arms race is between mobile DNA sequences known as "retrotransposons" (also known as "jumping genes") and the genes that have evolved to control them. The UC Santa Cruz researchers have, for the first time, identified genes in humans that make repressor proteins to shut down specific jumping genes. The researchers also traced the rapid evolution of the repressor genes in the primate lineage.

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Rabies Day

Rabies Day | Virology News | Scoop.it
Top articles in the field - from BioMed Central and Springer
We are pleased to announce that we are supporting World Rabies Day. On September 28th every year, the world unites in the fight against rabies. World Rabies Day is a day of activism and awareness. Too often, fear of rabies pitches people against dogs. But when dogs are vaccinated it stops the disease at its source and prevents human deaths. In celebration of the interdependence of human and animal health, this year’s theme is #TogetherAgainstRabies. All BioMed Central articles are open access and therefore freely available online.
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Ebola Doctor Shortage Eases as Volunteers Step Forward

Ebola Doctor Shortage Eases as Volunteers Step Forward | Virology News | Scoop.it
Even with the volunteers, experts say, there will be a long gap before hospitals can be fully staffed to care for the growing numbers of Ebola patients.

Via Paul Kim
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Ebola Cases Could Reach 1.4 Million Within Four Months, C.D.C. Estimates

Ebola Cases Could Reach 1.4 Million Within Four Months, C.D.C. Estimates | Virology News | Scoop.it
In the worst case, Liberia and Sierra Leone could have 21,000 cases by Sept. 30 and 1.4 million by Jan. 20; in the best model, the epidemic in both countries would be “almost ended” by then.
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Ebola Epidemic Worsening, Sierra Leone Expands Quarantine Restrictions

Ebola Epidemic Worsening, Sierra Leone Expands Quarantine Restrictions | Virology News | Scoop.it
More than a quarter of Sierra Leone is now sealed off after officials placed quarantine restrictions on hundreds of thousands more citizens.
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Has Jacob Zuma hurt the fight against AIDS more than Thabo Mbeki?

Has Jacob Zuma hurt the fight against AIDS more than Thabo Mbeki? | Virology News | Scoop.it
Has South African president Jacob Zuma set back the the fight against HIV/AIDS more than his predecessor? Opposition leader Helen Zille believes so but the evidence shows otherwise. Researched by Kate Wilkinson for AFRICA CHECK.
Ed Rybicki's insight:

I don't think so - Mbeki was utterly toxic on the subject; Zuma has at least let the Dept of Health get on with it!

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Mysterious enterovirus has reached more than half of US states

Mysterious enterovirus has reached more than half of US states | Virology News | Scoop.it
Toronto Star
Mysterious virus has reached more than half of US states
New York Post
The enterovirus, a more virulent strain of the virus that causes the common cold, can lead to fever, sneezing and coughing in mild cases.
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Here’s Where We Stand With Ebola

Here’s Where We Stand With Ebola | Virology News | Scoop.it

It’s nine months into the biggest Ebola outbreak in history, and the situation is only going from bad to worse. The outbreak simmered slowly in West Africa from December 2013, when the first case was retrospectively documented, through March, when it was first recognized by international authorities. It began gaining momentum in June and throughout July. Now, terms like “exponential spread” are being thrown around as the epidemic continues to expand more and more rapidly. Just last week, an increase of 700 new cases was reported, and the case count is now doubling in size approximately every three weeks.

Already, the number of cases (approximately 5,300 as of Sept. 18) and deaths (2,630) has dwarfed the total number of cases and deaths from every reported Ebola outbreak in history—and those are only the cases that we know about. Here’s where we stand with Ebola right now. 

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Novel norovirus recombinants detected in South Africa

Noroviruses (NoV) are the leading cause of viral gastroenteritis worldwide. Recombination frequently occurs within and between NoV genotypes and recombinants have been implicated in sporadic cases, outbreaks and pandemics of NoV. There is a lack of data on NoV recombinants in Africa and therefore their presence and diversity was investigated in South Africa (SA).
Ed Rybicki's insight:

Nice work, Maureen and co!

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Ebola virus in humans may be here to stay

Ebola virus in humans may be here to stay | Virology News | Scoop.it
In a grim assessment of the Ebola epidemic, researchers say the deadly virus threatens to become endemic to West Africa instead of eventually disappearing from humans.

"The current epidemiologic outlook is bleak," wrote a panel of more than 60 World Health Organization experts in a study published Tuesday by the New England Journal of Medicine.

"We must therefore face the possibility that Ebola virus disease will become endemic among the human population of West Africa, a prospect that has never previously been contemplated."

In the absence of new control measures, the authors estimated that the total case load would exceed 20,000 by Nov 2.

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Third Global Symposium on Health Systems Research 2014 | Cape Town, South Africa

Third Global Symposium on Health Systems Research 2014 | Cape Town, South Africa | Virology News | Scoop.it
Third Global Symposium on Health Systems Research 2014 is being held from 30 September to 3 October at the Cape Town International Convention Centre.
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Because. Cape Town B-)

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Switzerland set for Ebola vaccine clinical trials

Switzerland set for Ebola vaccine clinical trials | Virology News | Scoop.it
swissinfo.ch Switzerland set for Ebola vaccine clinical trials The Local.ch There is no licenced treatment or vaccine against the virus, one of the deadliest known to man, and the World Health Organization has endorsed rushing through experimental...
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Possibly the most reasoned discussion yet of airborne Ebola

Possibly the most reasoned discussion yet of airborne Ebola | Virology News | Scoop.it

In this post, I'd like to make sure we all understand that an airborne route of Ebola virus infection has been used to deliberately infect non-human primates (NHPs). It ispossible and it can be done. Okay? I'm not covering up any secret knowledge or trying to conceal facts that only we few evil-society-of-science types know. I don't secretly work for an agency aiming to delude you dear readers into feeling falsely safe about the risks associated with being near an Ebola virus infected person (which most reading this will likely never be). Frankly, I'm learning this as I go.

Ed Rybicki's insight:

Great blog!

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Enterovirus 68 Probed in Paralysis Cases in 9 US Kids

Enterovirus 68 Probed in Paralysis Cases in 9 US Kids | Virology News | Scoop.it
Health officials are investigating nine cases of muscle weakness or paralysis in Colorado children and whether the culprit might be a virus causing severe respiratory illness across the country. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Friday sent doctors an alert about the...
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South Korea Reports New Avian H5N8 Influenza Outbreak

South Korea Reports New Avian H5N8 Influenza Outbreak | Virology News | Scoop.it

Last January South Korea reported the emergence of a new highly pathogenic strain of avian influenza called H5N8, which proceeded to march across that nation infecting scores of farms, and resulted in the culling of more than 10 million birds (see South Korea: 30 Days Into Their H5N8 Outbreak).

 
Ed Rybicki's insight:

The flu types keep emerging...universal vaccines! We need universal flu vaccines!!

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The Crazy Scientist Behind One Of The Most-Watched TED Talks Explains Ebola In 90 Seconds

The Crazy Scientist Behind One Of The Most-Watched TED Talks Explains Ebola In 90 Seconds | Virology News | Scoop.it
Things that matter. Pass 'em on.
Ed Rybicki's insight:

Good, simple stuff.  Now go out and DO something about it.

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Ebola Death Toll Is More Than 2,900, W.H.O. Says

Ebola Death Toll Is More Than 2,900, W.H.O. Says | Virology News | Scoop.it
The disease is spreading rapidly in Liberia and Sierra Leone, but the situation in Guinea seems to have stabilized, the United Nations health body said.
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Vaccines and Autism: Infographic

Vaccines and Autism: Infographic | Virology News | Scoop.it
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VERY useful and educational infographic!

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Urine Test for HPV Works Well

Urine Test for HPV Works Well | Virology News | Scoop.it
Urine Test for HPV Works Well, Analysis Finds

TUESDAY, Sept. 16, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A simple urine test can routinely spot human papillomavirus (HPV), which is linked to the risk of cervical cancer, a new analysis found.

"Our study shows that testing urine for HPV has good accuracy when compared to testing samples taken from the cervix for HPV," said lead researcher Dr. Neha Pathak. She is a resident in obstetrics and gynecology and research fellow at Queen Mary University of London, England.

The test could be done at home, and then interpreted by medical professionals, Pathak added.

With her colleagues, Pathak reviewed 16 published articles reporting on 14 studies that looked at the HPV urine test.

While the test is not yet widely available or included in any screening guidelines, Pathak said it has potential, but more research is needed. Right now, women only receive this test in the context of research, she explained.

 
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Ebola Requires an Emergency Response Unlike Anything the World Has Ever Mounted

Ebola Requires an Emergency Response Unlike Anything the World Has Ever Mounted | Virology News | Scoop.it

Last week, after six months of dawdling and ignoring repeated pleas fromDoctors Without Borders, also known as Médecins Sans Frontières, the world finally decided that the Ebola epidemic raging through West Africa demanded a massive, coordinated counterattack. First, President Barack Obamaannounced on Sept. 16 an enormous ramp-up of the U.S. government’s response, including sending in 3,000 military troops and redirecting $500 million from the Defense Department toward the effort. Two days later, the United Nations Security Council unanimously agreed that Ebola now “constitutes a threat to international peace and security” and demanded an urgent response from member states. Severalother countries pledged to send in more supplies and health care workers, as nongovernmental organizations like Partners in Health joined MSF to build clinics and provide care.

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Influenza: Cellular proteins go viral

Influenza: Cellular proteins go viral | Virology News | Scoop.it
Further research is needed to test whether host-specific differences are relevant to viral evolution or vaccine development, as egg-grown viruses are commonly used for preparation of flu vaccines.
Ed Rybicki's insight:

Yet another reason not to use egg-grown viruses...B-)

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Where Did Ebola Come From?

Where Did Ebola Come From? | Virology News | Scoop.it
Myths about Ebola's origins -- including some that hold that the virus was brought to African regions by health care workers -- have hurt the ability of workers to respond to the outbreak. But where did Ebola really come from?
Ed Rybicki's insight:

I have already scooped here an article about how it could have been illegal trade in chimpanzees that could have been the origin of the current outbreak - but bats could work?

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Ebola is everybody’s business

Ebola is everybody’s business | Virology News | Scoop.it

The images are beamed around the world. Emaciated bodies, lying solo at hospital gates, in one-bedroom corrugated iron shantytown shacks, in bare makeshift hospital rooms or on potholed, muddy streets.  Poor people are dying in mostly undignified settings, often alone, often shunned by fearful family and friends or an absent health system. The lucky few who reach humanitarian centres have a chance to survive, but it is mostly against great and often insurmountable odds. And sadly, even if many people do make it to some form of help, they are failed because there simply is no health system able to offer the basic level of healthcare, to which every single human being in the world should be entitled to access as a human right.

As was the case for many years with HIV, those who have the means and money to buy a hospital bed where they can access clean water, some medication, caring and trained healthcare workers or a basic intravenous drip, have a chance of survival or at the very least a dignified and pain-free end. However for thousands of west Africans contracting Ebola has been a painful, debilitating and undignified death sentence.

In many ways the ever-growing Ebola epidemic is showing up the fault lines, not only in buckling or collapsed health systems, but in society’s failure to show solidarity with the “them”, with the poor and voiceless.

The 2014 Ebola outbreak needs to become a moment where those who follow will mark it as a turning point where the world rallied; where donors, rich countries and health agencies acted decisively to invest in health systems on which billions of vulnerable people rely, but are failed daily.

Ed Rybicki's insight:

Absolutely!

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Why Influenza Is More Dangerous for Pregnant Women

Why Influenza Is More Dangerous for Pregnant Women | Virology News | Scoop.it
Immune responses are enhanced during pregnancy, study finds (RT @PNASNews: Pregnancy and influenza: http://t.co/Q4JQXN79YN)
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Dynamics of High-Risk Nonvaccine Human Papillomavirus Types after Actual Vaccination

Dynamics of High-Risk Nonvaccine Human Papillomavirus Types after Actual Vaccination | Virology News | Scoop.it
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine publishes research and review articles focused on the application of mathematics to problems arising from the biomedical sciences. Areas of interest include gene therapy, cell kinetics, pharmacokinetics, chemotherapy, oncology, developmental biology, wound healing, physiology, heart modelling, cardiovascular and lung dynamics, neurobiology, computational neuroscience, biomechanics, biomedical statistics, image analysis, epidemiology, immunology, time series analysis, extracellular matrix properties and signalling, and tissue engineering.
Ed Rybicki's insight:

Interesting: which is why, of course, Merck are coming up with a nonavalent (=9) strain vaccine, and GSK are making chimaeras with increased strain cross-coverage.

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