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WHO | Novel coronavirus infection – update

WHO | Novel coronavirus infection – update | Virology News | Scoop.it
The United Kingdom (UK) has informed WHO of another confirmed case of infection with the novel coronavirus (NCoV). The patient is a UK resident and a relative of the case announced on 11 February 2013.
Ed Rybicki's insight:

This looks like person-to-person transmission; they also say the new case is a person who has "pre-existing medical conditions that may have increased susceptibility to respiratory infections".  So: like SARS, a nasty disease that can be transmitted between humans.  Let's hope it goes no further!  Thanks @cupton1!

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Virology News
Topical news snippets about viruses that affect people.  And other things. Like zombies B-)
Curated by Ed Rybicki
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Researchers "Un-Can" the HIV Virus

Researchers "Un-Can" the HIV Virus | Virology News | Scoop.it

...opens a new path in the fight against HIV and could ultimately lead to the design of a vaccine to prevent transmission of the virus...

Ed Rybicki's insight:

Of course: every new discovery does that.  We're always on the brink of a new vaccine, or therapy.

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VACCINIA Virus Infects Lab Worker After Mishap

VACCINIA Virus Infects Lab Worker After Mishap | Virology News | Scoop.it
A lab worker in Boston became infected with a virus similar to smallpox after he accidentally stuck himself with a needle that was contaminated with the virus, according to a new report of the case.
Ed Rybicki's insight:

Original title said "Smallpox-like virus..." - which is crap, except that it's also a poxvirus.  And just goes to show that people's responses to vaccinia should be assayed to make sure they HAVE in fact mounted a response!

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Defeating HIV

Defeating HIV | Virology News | Scoop.it
Recent discoveries are spurring a renaissance in HIV vaccine research and development.
Ed Rybicki's insight:

This is an excellent article, by a long-time anti-HIV researcher and treatment / vaccine advocate.  He covers pretty much everything of recent relevance, and is pretty even-handed compared to the generally more rabid "Env only!" or "Adeno only!" crowds of bandwagon jumpers.

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HPV Vaccine in Men Would Save Costs of Treating Throat Cancer

HPV Vaccine in Men Would Save Costs of Treating Throat Cancer | Virology News | Scoop.it
A new study shows that giving men Gardasil is cost-effective and prevents throat cancer.
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As circumcision wounds heal, HIV-positive men may spread virus

As circumcision wounds heal, HIV-positive men may spread virus | Virology News | Scoop.it
In the midst of an international campaign to slow the spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, the World Health Organization recommends male circumcision (the surgical removal of foreskin from the penis) which reduces HIV acquisition by 50-60%.
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New HPV Vaccine Provides Wider Protection

New HPV Vaccine Provides Wider Protection | Virology News | Scoop.it
An investigational 9-valent vaccine against human papillomavirus (9vHPV) had an efficacy of nearly 97% against cervical, vulvar, and vaginal disease associated with HPV types 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58 and a similar efficacy against disease associated...
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New avian flu viruses send US scientists scrambling

New avian flu viruses send US scientists scrambling | Virology News | Scoop.it
Three highly pathogenic avian flu viruses that have infected poultry and wild birds in the U.S. Midwest appear unlikely to present a significant risk to humans.
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Improving the effect of HIV drugs by the use of a vaccine

Improving the effect of HIV drugs by the use of a vaccine | Virology News | Scoop.it
A vaccine containing a protein necessary for virus replication can boost an HIV-infected patient's immune system, according to clinical research published in the open access journal Retrovirology. This boost can result in increased effectiveness of antiretroviral drugs.

When people are first diagnosed with HIV they are put on antiretroviral drugs, also known as highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). These drugs can stop the virus reproducing almost completely. When taking HAART, however, it is known that the virus can still replicate at low levels and accumulate in a latent form in what are called "reservoirs." These reservoirs, located throughout the body including the brain, bone marrow and genital tract, cannot be acted upon by HAART and can cause complications and deaths due to non-AIDS related diseases.

A vaccine was developed that targets the viral protein "Tat," which is produced early on in HIV infection. Tat has a key role in viral replication and progression of the disease by weakening the immune system. By designing a vaccine that included a small amount of the Tat protein, researchers were able to produce an immune response to prevent disease progression.
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A more effective shingles vaccine could be on the way for people who need it

A more effective shingles vaccine could be on the way for people who need it | Virology News | Scoop.it
GSK says new shingles vaccine shows effectiveness across all age ranges, even those in their 70s.
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To prevent the next Ebola, try to catch new viruses before they break out

To prevent the next Ebola, try to catch new viruses before they break out | Virology News | Scoop.it
With the Ebola outbreak not yet behind us, global health workers are already scrambling to prevent what could be the next big outbreak of an emerging disease caused by a virus that jumped from animals into humans. In Tanzania, an organization is trying a new approach to tracking these new viruses and preventing another pandemic. #
Ed Rybicki's insight:

Highly laudable work, and already having an impact if it is increasing our understanding of the diversity of animal viruses that could infect humans.

But I WISH people wouldn't say "poop" when they mean faeces, dung, scat or other perfectly acceptable word.

And why are the more interesting viruses shipped back to the USA?  What about enabling local science??

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World's first malaria vaccine moves closer to use in Africa

World's first malaria vaccine moves closer to use in Africa | Virology News | Scoop.it
LONDON (Reuters) - The world's first malaria vaccine, made by GlaxoSmithKline, could be approved by international regulators for use in Africa from October after final trial data showed it offered partial...
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Why my kids get the HPV vaccine: A cervical cancer survivor’s story

As a cervical cancer survivor and parent to two sons, Linda Ryan advises other parents to vaccinate their kids against the human papillomavirus (HPV).
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HPV in focus: the case for vaccinating boys as well as girls

HPV in focus: the case for vaccinating boys as well as girls | Virology News | Scoop.it
The BDA is supporting European Immunization Week, from 20-25 April and using it to highlight the need for HPV vaccinations to be extended to boys in the UK. European Immunization Week (EIW) is run ...
Ed Rybicki's insight:

...because then you have ANOTHER barrier to spread.

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Despite precautions, H5N2 continues to sprea in US

Despite precautions, H5N2 continues to sprea in US | Virology News | Scoop.it

DES MOINES, Iowa — It’s been five months since the H5N2 bird flu virus was discovered in the United States, and producers have lost 21 million birds in the Midwest alone. Yet researchers acknowledge they still know little about a bird flu virus that’s endangered turkey and egg-laying chicken populations that supply much of the nation.

Scientists at the U.S. Department of Agriculture, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other federal agencies are puzzled by the H5N2 virus’s spread — even amid heightened biosecurity measures — and apparent lack of widespread deaths in largely unprotected backyard flocks.

Ed Rybicki's insight:

Plant-based vaccines...B-)

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Sex After a Field Trip Yields Scientific First

Sex After a Field Trip Yields Scientific First | Virology News | Scoop.it
Medical entomologist inadvertently provides evidence of sexual transmission of a mosquito-borne virus

 

A U.S. vector biologist appears to have accidentally written virological history simply by having sex with his wife after returning from a field trip to Senegal. A study just released in Emerging Infectious Diseases suggests that the researcher, Brian Foy of Colorado State University in Fort Collins, passed to his wife the Zika virus, an obscure pathogen that causes joint pains and extreme fatigue. If so, it would be the first documented case of sexual transmission of an insect-borne disease.

 
Ed Rybicki's insight:

I can imagine a conversation that starts: "Honey, I'm really, really sorry..."?

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Hidden Menace: Eradicating Reservoirs of HIV

Hidden Menace: Eradicating Reservoirs of HIV | Virology News | Scoop.it
Curing HIV means finding and eradicating viruses still lurking in the shadows.
Ed Rybicki's insight:

Nice, well-rounded article.

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Researchers Explore Genetic Diversity of Lassa Virus in West Africa

Researchers Explore Genetic Diversity of Lassa Virus in West Africa | Virology News | Scoop.it
Lassa virus is widespread in parts of West Africa and causes the often deadly hemorrhagic fever. Scientists at NRL are studying the genetic diversity of the virus with hopes that their work can aid the development of vaccines, diagnostic tests, and possibly antiviral drugs.
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HPV Vaccine Produces Early Benefits for Teen Girls

HPV Vaccine Produces Early Benefits for Teen Girls | Virology News | Scoop.it
Risk of precancerous changes dropped 44 percent several years after immunization
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How To Talk To Anti-Vaccine Advocates Without Your Head Exploding

How To Talk To Anti-Vaccine Advocates Without Your Head Exploding | Virology News | Scoop.it
How can reasonable people talk to anti-vaccine advocates without their head exploding? Here are some suggestions.

 

Trying to talk with people who are self-righteous, certain and profoundly wrong is a toxic conversational mix. In fact, such conversations just might make your head explode. Unfortunately, the current risk of exploding heads is high because anti-vaccine advocates have mobilized to spread dangerous fear-mongering messages. Their actions are in response to others mobilizing legislative efforts to prevent more outbreaks of preventable disease, like the recent measles outbreak traced to California’s Disneyland. It’s quite a mess. Help is needed. So, read on for advice for how to prevent cranial detonation when talking with the anti-vaxers in your life.

 
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New Measles Vaccine is Needle-Free

New Measles Vaccine is Needle-Free | Virology News | Scoop.it
Scientists have formulated a needle-free vaccine against measles and say the little stick-on patch could be the answer to fighting measles — and perhaps othe...
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Rubella Virus Declared Eliminated in the Americas

Rubella Virus Declared Eliminated in the Americas | Virology News | Scoop.it
Effective vaccination programs mean German measles are no longer considered a threat in the Americas.
Ed Rybicki's insight:

And only the third virus for which this is true - after smallpox and polio.  Now for the rest of the world - IF the antivax people will let it happen!

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Problems Found With Glaxo's Malaria Vaccine

Problems Found With Glaxo's Malaria Vaccine | Virology News | Scoop.it
GlaxoSmithKline’s malaria vaccine, the world’s most advanced, loses effectiveness over time, even with a booster shot, according to new clinical-trial results.
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Retroviral influence on human embryonic development

Retroviral influence on human embryonic development | Virology News | Scoop.it
Some of the thousands of human endogenous retroviral genomes are activated during human embryogenesis, suggesting that they may play a role in development.
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What You Need to Know About the Current [US] Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza Outbreaks

What you need to know about the current highly pathogenic avian influenza outbreaks http://t.co/IOdaL2hxTZ
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Here's Why You Should Get the HPV Vaccine, Even if You've Already Had HPV

Here's Why You Should Get the HPV Vaccine, Even if You've Already Had HPV | Virology News | Scoop.it
Plus, even if you've had the shot, you could probably use a booster.
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