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Polio Virus Spreads From Pakistan to Egypt

Polio Virus Spreads From Pakistan to Egypt | Virology News | Scoop.it

Health officials in Egypt and the world are scrambling to prevent an outbreak of polio after poliovirus from Pakistan was discovered in sewage samples collected at two sites in Cairo in December.

Genetic analysis just completed has linked the Egyptian viruses to one that was last seen in Pakistan in September 2012. How it got to Cairo remains unclear, but the genetic evidence suggests that the virus made the long journey sometime in the past 3 months. Egypt has been polio-free since 2004.

Ed Rybicki's insight:

It really is too bad that this should happen: while it is to be hoped that virus is being shed by people who are not / will not get sick, and that the population is sufficiently well vaccinated that it will not spread, the fact that there is still uncontrolled spread of wild-type poliovirus is hugely concerning.

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Topical news snippets about viruses that affect people. And other things.
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Five Ebola cases per hour in S Leone

Five Ebola cases per hour in S Leone | Virology News | Scoop.it

A leading charity has warned that a rate of five new Ebola cases an hour in Sierra Leone means healthcare demands are far outstripping supply.

Save the Children said there were 765 new cases of Ebola reported in the West African state last week, while there are only 327 beds in the country.

Experts and politicians are set to meet in London to debate a global response to the crisis.

It is the world's worst outbreak of the virus, killing 3,338 people so far.

 
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Traveler from Liberia is first Ebola patient diagnosed in U.S.

Traveler from Liberia is first Ebola patient diagnosed in U.S. | Virology News | Scoop.it
(Reuters) - A man who flew from Liberia to Texas has become the first patient infected with the deadly Ebola virus to be diagnosed in the United States, health officials said on Tuesday, a sign the outbreak
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Open access in South Africa: A case study and reflections

Open access in South Africa: A case study and reflections | Virology News | Scoop.it
In this paper, we locate open access in the South African higher education research context where it is, distinctively, not shaped by the policy frameworks that are profoundly changing research dissemination behaviour in other parts of the world. We define open access and account for its rise by two quite different routes. We then present a case study of journal publishing at one South African university to identify existing journal publishing practices in terms of open access.
Ed Rybicki's insight:

From two of our very own: great stuff!

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Nevermore Sithole's curator insight, October 1, 10:26 AM

Open access in South Africa: A case study and reflections

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Nature: Ebola - First response, revisited

The Ebola outbreak in West Africa has starkly exposed major gaps in plans to tackle emerging infectious diseases. Lessons must be learned.
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Ebola: Healing through song

Ebola: Healing through song | Virology News | Scoop.it

Geneticist Pardis Sabeti talks about the song she wrote in memory of colleagues who died in the 2014 Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone. The song is performed by Pardis and a group of African trainees who visited her lab in the summer.

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WHO: 1000s of Ebola vaccine doses in coming months - US News

WHO: 1000s of Ebola vaccine doses in coming months - US News | Virology News | Scoop.it
DAKAR, Senegal (AP) — Thousands of doses of experimental Ebola vaccines should be available in the coming months and could eventually be given to health care workers and other people who have had contact with the sick, the World Health Organization...
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Robert Plant - Rainbow on The Tonight Show 2014

Robert Plant (of Led Zeppelin) and the Sensational Space Shifters perform Rainbow on The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon Sept 26, 2014 from his new album Lullaby and… The Ceaseless Roar....
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Bacteriophage Boom? Putting phages to work.

Bacteriophage Boom? Putting phages to work. | Virology News | Scoop.it
Researchers are putting a fresh crop of phage-based products to agricultural and medical use, on farms and in early-stage clinical trials.
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Enterovirus 68 Probed in Paralysis Cases in 9 US Kids

Enterovirus 68 Probed in Paralysis Cases in 9 US Kids | Virology News | Scoop.it
Health officials are investigating nine cases of muscle weakness or paralysis in Colorado children and whether the culprit might be a virus causing severe respiratory illness across the country. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention on Friday sent doctors an alert about the...
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South Korea Reports New Avian H5N8 Influenza Outbreak

South Korea Reports New Avian H5N8 Influenza Outbreak | Virology News | Scoop.it

Last January South Korea reported the emergence of a new highly pathogenic strain of avian influenza called H5N8, which proceeded to march across that nation infecting scores of farms, and resulted in the culling of more than 10 million birds (see South Korea: 30 Days Into Their H5N8 Outbreak).

 
Ed Rybicki's insight:

The flu types keep emerging...universal vaccines! We need universal flu vaccines!!

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The Crazy Scientist Behind One Of The Most-Watched TED Talks Explains Ebola In 90 Seconds

The Crazy Scientist Behind One Of The Most-Watched TED Talks Explains Ebola In 90 Seconds | Virology News | Scoop.it
Things that matter. Pass 'em on.
Ed Rybicki's insight:

Good, simple stuff.  Now go out and DO something about it.

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Ebola Death Toll Is More Than 2,900, W.H.O. Says

Ebola Death Toll Is More Than 2,900, W.H.O. Says | Virology News | Scoop.it
The disease is spreading rapidly in Liberia and Sierra Leone, but the situation in Guinea seems to have stabilized, the United Nations health body said.
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Vaccines and Autism: Infographic

Vaccines and Autism: Infographic | Virology News | Scoop.it
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VERY useful and educational infographic!

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Afraid of EV-D68? Another Deadly Virus Is Actually Killing Kids in U.S.

Afraid of EV-D68? Another Deadly Virus Is Actually Killing Kids in U.S. | Virology News | Scoop.it

It’s all over the headlines: Enterovirus D-68 (EV-D68) is making kids sick in what appear to be unprecedented numbers. 

[However] Every year, respiratory syncytial virus or RSV sends 75,000 to 125,000 children to the hospital and kills as many as 200 every year, numbers that are a little fuzzy because hospitals are not required to report deaths from RSV. Last year, influenza killed at least 105 kids. No deaths from EV-D68, which has been linked to several hundred illnesses nationwide, have been reported.

 

 

 
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Nigeria and Senegal 'contain' Ebola

Nigeria and Senegal 'contain' Ebola | Virology News | Scoop.it

The Ebola virus may have been contained in Nigeria and Senegal, US health authorities say, after no new cases were reported there for almost a month.

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) say the outbreak could be declared over in Nigeria next month.

It continues, however, in other parts of West Africa, in particular Liberia, Guinea and Sierra Leone.

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Russell Kightley Media: Ebola Virus

Russell Kightley Media: Ebola Virus | Virology News | Scoop.it
Gallery: Ebola Virus on Russell Kightley Premium Scientific Pictures
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A superb collection of new images for Ebola viruses

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Ebola outbreak in West Africa : Nature Special

Ebola outbreak in West Africa : Nature Special | Virology News | Scoop.it

The current Ebola outbreak is the largest since the virus was discovered in central Africa in 1976, and the World Health Organization in July named it a 'public health emergency of international concern'. But the world's response so far has been unable to stop the epidemic, and experts say that only a vast expansion of public-health measures can end it. Meanwhile researchers are expediting clinical trials of experimental drugs and vaccines that have shown promise in animal studies. Here you can follow Nature's full, up-to-date coverage of the crisis as it unfolds, and also read a selection of stories about Ebola from our archive.

Ed Rybicki's insight:

An extremely useful resource.

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Surprising diversity of antibody family provides clues for HIV vaccine design

Surprising diversity of antibody family provides clues for HIV vaccine design | Virology News | Scoop.it
Scientists have described how a single family of antibodies that broadly neutralizes different strains of HIV has evolved remarkably diverse structures to attack a vulnerable site on the virus. The findings provide clues for the design of a future HIV vaccine.
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Why Did We Overlook a HIV Vaccine that Can Protect Newborns?

Why Did We Overlook a HIV Vaccine that Can Protect Newborns? | Virology News | Scoop.it
Decades ago scientists discarded infant HIV vaccines, but now researchers believe they may have been too hasty and that pediatric HIV vaccines may in fact have a significant power to help stop the transmission of the virus.
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Ebola vaccine tests needlessly delayed, researchers claim

Ebola vaccine tests needlessly delayed, researchers claim | Virology News | Scoop.it
Experts gather at WHO to discuss how to use vaccines in the outbreak in West Africa

Stephan Becker is tired of waiting. The virologist at the University of Marburg in Germany is part of a consortium of scientists that is ready to do a safety trial of one of the candidate vaccines for Ebola. But the vaccine doses he's supposed to test on 20 German volunteers are still in Canada. Negotiations with the U.S. company that holds the license for commercialization of the vaccine—which contains a gene for the Ebola surface protein stitched into a livestock pathogen known as vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV)—have needlessly delayed the start of the trial, Becker and several other scientists tell Science. "It’s making me mad, that we are sitting here and could be doing something, but things are not moving forward,” Becker says.

 

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Ongoing Battle to Control “Jumping Genes” Drives Evolution of Ever-Greater Genomic Complexity

Ongoing Battle to Control “Jumping Genes” Drives Evolution of Ever-Greater Genomic Complexity | Virology News | Scoop.it

New findings by scientists at the University of California, Santa Cruz (UC Santa Cruz), suggest that an evolutionary arms race between rival elements within the genomes of primates drove the evolution of complex regulatory networks that orchestrate the activity of genes in every cell of our bodies. The arms race is between mobile DNA sequences known as "retrotransposons" (also known as "jumping genes") and the genes that have evolved to control them. The UC Santa Cruz researchers have, for the first time, identified genes in humans that make repressor proteins to shut down specific jumping genes. The researchers also traced the rapid evolution of the repressor genes in the primate lineage.

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Rabies Day

Rabies Day | Virology News | Scoop.it
Top articles in the field - from BioMed Central and Springer
We are pleased to announce that we are supporting World Rabies Day. On September 28th every year, the world unites in the fight against rabies. World Rabies Day is a day of activism and awareness. Too often, fear of rabies pitches people against dogs. But when dogs are vaccinated it stops the disease at its source and prevents human deaths. In celebration of the interdependence of human and animal health, this year’s theme is #TogetherAgainstRabies. All BioMed Central articles are open access and therefore freely available online.
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Ebola Doctor Shortage Eases as Volunteers Step Forward

Ebola Doctor Shortage Eases as Volunteers Step Forward | Virology News | Scoop.it
Even with the volunteers, experts say, there will be a long gap before hospitals can be fully staffed to care for the growing numbers of Ebola patients.

Via Paul Kim
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Ebola Cases Could Reach 1.4 Million Within Four Months, C.D.C. Estimates

Ebola Cases Could Reach 1.4 Million Within Four Months, C.D.C. Estimates | Virology News | Scoop.it
In the worst case, Liberia and Sierra Leone could have 21,000 cases by Sept. 30 and 1.4 million by Jan. 20; in the best model, the epidemic in both countries would be “almost ended” by then.
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Ebola Epidemic Worsening, Sierra Leone Expands Quarantine Restrictions

Ebola Epidemic Worsening, Sierra Leone Expands Quarantine Restrictions | Virology News | Scoop.it
More than a quarter of Sierra Leone is now sealed off after officials placed quarantine restrictions on hundreds of thousands more citizens.
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