The chikungunya virus (CHIKV) recently caused explosive outbreaks in Indian Ocean islands and India. During these episodes, the virus was mainly spread to humans through the bite of the mosquito Aedes albopictus. Concomitantly to the description of symptoms of an unexpected severity in infants and elderly patients, a viral genome microevolution has been highlighted, in particular consisting in the acquisition of an A226V mutation in the gene encoding envelope glycoprotein E1, which was later found to confer an increased fitness for A. albopictus. We previously decrypted the entry pathway used by CHIKV to infect human epithelial cells and showed that these mechanisms are modulated by the E1-A226V mutation. In this report we investigated the conditions for CHIKV entry into mosquito cells and we assessed the consequence of E1 gene mutation on these parameters.