ASM publications follow a simple set of guidelines. First, we believe strongly that good science should be published in its entirety after peer review. Accordingly, we require that all primary data be accessible, that DNA sequences be filed in GenBank, that structural coordinates be available, etc. Second, we also understand that science should do no harm. Accordingly, we require that all papers have vetted animal use and human subject protocols and that appropriate biosafety and biosecurity procedures have been followed. We also have set guidelines based on principles set forth by the National Academy of Sciences and the NSABB that attempt to deal with experiments in seven categories most likely to fall into “dual use research of concern” (2). These categories are “yellow lights” or “caution signals” that require extra attention to be sure that the work does not cause or have the potential to cause harm.
A reasoned, careful analysis of a thorny problem. But again, letting the NSABB speak for the world.