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GlaxoSmithKline steps in to fund flu vaccine program

GlaxoSmithKline steps in to fund flu vaccine program | Virology News | Scoop.it
A pharmaceutical giant is picking up the federal government's slack in funding a program aimed at curbing flu infections.

 

...and will inevitably own it....

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Virology News
Topical news snippets about viruses that affect people.  And other things. Like zombies B-)
Curated by Ed Rybicki
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Smallest-reported artificial virus could help advance gene therapy

Gene therapy is a kind of experimental treatment that is designed to fix faulty genetic material and help a patient fight off or recover from a disease. Now scientists have engineered the smallest-reported virus-like shell that can self-assemble. It could someday carry potentially therapeutic DNA or RNA and transfer it to human cells.
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Two more die in Crimean-Congo virus flare-up  

Two more die in Crimean-Congo virus flare-up    | Virology News | Scoop.it
LAHORE: Two more Congo patients died in Lahore and Peshawar on Saturday as the deadly virus cases intensified and remained uncontrolled across the country.
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Chikungunya virus not likely to infect twice

Here’s good news for anyone affected by chikungunya this year: the virus is unlikely to infect them ever again. This has been confirmed to TOI by virologists from AIIMS who said that the chikungunya virus has only one serotype and hence the risk of repeated infection is minimal.
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Zoo elephant tests positive for herpes virus

Zoo elephant tests positive for herpes virus | Virology News | Scoop.it
An Asian elephant at the Oklahoma City Zoo has tested positive for the EEHV1A virus for the second time in five months, a zoo official aid Friday. Low levels of the virus were detected in Achara's blood in a round of testing done this week. Each of the zoo's five elephants is tested weekl
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Brazil to begin Zika vaccine trials in humans

Spread the newsBrazil to begin Zika vaccine trials in humans RIO DE JANEIRO – Brazil will begin testing a vaccine
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Fears deadly ‘new Ebola’ virus heading to BRITAIN on tick invasion. Not.

Fears deadly ‘new Ebola’ virus heading to BRITAIN on tick invasion. Not. | Virology News | Scoop.it
“The risk to the wider population is negligible as the tick that carries CCHF is not established in the UK and it cannot survive here.”
Ed Rybicki's insight:
“The risk to the wider population is negligible as the tick that carries CCHF is not established in the UK and it cannot survive here.” And it is endemic where I live, and I've never met anyone who is even seropositive?
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Background to Ebola's 40th: The Discovery of Filoviruses

Background to Ebola's 40th: The Discovery of Filoviruses | Virology News | Scoop.it
Ebola is 40 today! The discovery of filoviruses: Marburg and Ebola Marburg virus In 1967, the world was introduced to a new virus: thirty-one people in Marburg and Frankfurt in Germany, and Belgrade in the then Yugoslavia, became infected in a linked outbreak with a novel haemorrhagic fever agent. Twenty-five of them were laboratory workers associated…
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The global burden of viral hepatitis from 1990 to 2013

The global burden of viral hepatitis from 1990 to 2013 | Virology News | Scoop.it
Viral hepatitis is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Unlike most communicable diseases, the absolute burden and relative rank of viral hepatitis increased between 1990 and 2013. The enormous health loss attributable to viral hepatitis, and the availability of effective vaccines and treatments, suggests an important opportunity to improve public health.

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Donald A Henderson: obituary in The Lancet

Donald A Henderson: obituary in The Lancet | Virology News | Scoop.it


Epidemiologist credited with eradicating smallpox. Born on Sept 7, 1928, in Lakewood, OH, USA, he died of complications from a broken hip on Aug 19, 2016, in Towson, MD, USA, aged 87 years.

When Donald “D A” Henderson took the helm of WHO's global campaign to end smallpox in 1966, he faced scepticism from the public health community that the disease affecting at least 10 million people in more than 50 countries at the time could be eradicated. Over the next 11 years, thousands of health workers vaccinated people in smallpox hotspots in Africa, Brazil, and South Asia using a newly developed freeze-dried vaccine administered via a jet gun that injected it further into the skin. But rather than vaccinate large swaths of the population, they adopted a strategy developed by epidemiologist William Foege to identify and isolate people with the disease and vaccinate everyone in close proximity, and in turn everyone in contact with those people. The last case of smallpox was recorded in Somalia in 1977 and 3 years later WHO declared it eradicated.

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Science fiction: Boldly going for 50 years

Science fiction: Boldly going for 50 years | Virology News | Scoop.it
Sidney Perkowitz scans the impacts of Star Trek on science, technology and society.
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H5N1 outbreaks necessitate development of safe and effective influenza vaccine technologies for sub-Saharan Africa


Africa is experiencing reoccurrence of avian influenza outbreaks with huge negative impact on the economy of the continent as a result of high mortality rate and extreme contagiousness of the disease. The epidemiology of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) in Africa during the 2006-2008 outbreaks was complex and linked to movements of poultry commodities and wild birds. The peculiar risk factors, negative economic impact and the potential of being used as a biological weapon necessitates the development of a comprehensive control programme for the prevention or eradication of the disease. It is the opinion of this paper that development of new influenza vaccine technologies will provide affordable comprehensive control programmes for avian influenza prevention in Africa. To keep pace with the variability of the viruses, there is need for frequent redesign of avian influenza (AI) vaccines to match the circulating subtypes and on this is predicated the necessity of the development of influenza vaccine technology for a country, zone or region. The new vaccine technologies have been shown to have the potentials of giving vaccines with required criteria of purity, safety, efficacy, potency, low cost and short response time. The concept of most new vaccine technologies is biased towards removal of influenza virus from the system of vaccine development and at the same time obtaining more effective, potent and safe influenza vaccines. The new influenza vaccine technologies include gene-based, genomics-based, subunit, plant-based, VLPs and universal vaccine technologies. These technologies have the potential to provide vaccines that will not just be used as intervention strategies to lessen severity of the disease but as preventative vaccination. Also routine vaccination will not just be as a tool of last option in disease endemic areas, but one to prevent the disease.

Key words: Technologies, avian influenza, vaccine, eradication, prevention, comprehensive, control, programme.
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And they mention plants!
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Ugandan Government Says It’s Contained Yellow Fever Outbreak

Ugandan Government Says It’s Contained Yellow Fever Outbreak | Virology News | Scoop.it
An outbreak of the hemorrhagic yellow fever disease in Uganda that killed three people earlier this year has ended, health authorities in the East African nation said.
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In Uganda, Fort Detrick Researchers Seek Key to Ebola Virus

In Uganda, Fort Detrick Researchers Seek Key to Ebola Virus | Virology News | Scoop.it
Army researchers from Fort Detrick are developing relationships with Ebola survivors in Uganda.
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Anthrax? Ebola? No, the REAL killer is...flu!

Anthrax? Ebola? No, the REAL killer is...flu! | Virology News | Scoop.it
Influenza kills between 250,000 and 500,000 people worldwide every year. The virus travels efficiently via large airborne droplets, when infected people sneeze, cough or talk.
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I thought 400K, but hey, I could be wrong...?
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Deer Orbivirus Spreading Throughout Illinois

Deer Orbivirus Spreading Throughout Illinois | Virology News | Scoop.it
Deer hunting season doesn't start for a couple more weeks, but a virus has already taken out dozens of deer.
Ed Rybicki's insight:
Epizootic hemorrhagic disease (EHD) - an orbivirus. We can vaccines against those...B-)
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DNA-Based Vaccine Guards Against Zika in Monkey Study

THURSDAY, Sept. 22, 2016 (HealthDay News) -- An experimental DNA-based vaccine protected monkeys from infection with the birth defects-causing Zika virus, and it has proceeded to human safety trials, researchers report.
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Rift Valley fever outbreak in Niger kills 21

Health workers in western Niger are racing to contain an outbreak of Rift Valley fever that has killed at least 21 people over the past month, an aid agency said on Wednesday [21 Sep 2016].

The highly contagious disease, which is transmitted to humans by mosquitoes or close contact with contaminated animals, has infected 52 people in Niger's western region of Tahoua since late August, the country's health ministry said.

The Alliance for International Medical Action (ALIMA) and Niger's health authorities have opened an emergency treatment center, in the region's hardest-hit district of Tchintabaraden, to look after the infected and stop the disease from spreading.

"Unfortunately, the 52 severe cases officially registered at present only represent the tip of the iceberg," ALIMA's medical coordinator Oumarou Maidadji said in a statement.

With no specific treatment or effective human vaccine, Rift Valley fever can cause blindness and severe haemorrhaging, leading the victim to vomit blood or even bleed to death.

Herders and farmers [and veterinarians] are deemed at higher risk of infection from the disease, which can devastate livestock.

Niger's health ministry said people in the Tahoua region, especially pastoralists, should avoid handling meat from infected animals, boil raw milk before consumption, and ensure that the corpses of dead animals are buried carefully.

ALIMA is also working with local partners and doctors to provide a mobile clinic which travels the region to inform the public about the disease and how to prevent it from spreading.
Ed Rybicki's insight:
A real, as opposed to the previous imaginary threat.
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Angola, Congo yellow fever outbreak under control : WHO

Angola, Congo yellow fever outbreak under control : WHO | Virology News | Scoop.it
A yellow fever outbreak in Angola and Congo has been brought under control by a major vaccination campaign, the World Health Organization’s director of infectious hazard management Sylvie Briand has said. “One (piece of) good news is that this outbreak is under control now. We haven’t had any new cases in Angola since June 23, …
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Is Another Zika Brewing in the Caribbean?

Is Another Zika Brewing in the Caribbean? | Virology News | Scoop.it
Researchers have identified an illness that is carried by mosquitoes and has never been seen in the Caribbean.
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Ebola discovered in Belgium 40 years ago

Ebola discovered in Belgium 40 years ago | Virology News | Scoop.it

The Antwerp Institute of Tropical Medicine (ITM) is staging a week-long international conference to mark the 40th anniversary of the discovery of the Ebola virus. | Daily {adj} news in English. 

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New development of medicines for priority diseases in Africa

New development of medicines for priority diseases in Africa | Virology News | Scoop.it
Infectious diseases disproportionately affect low-income and middle-income countries, yet many do not have optimal therapies or vaccines,1, 2 as underscored by the west African Ebola virus outbreak.3 Product developers are increasingly focusing on Africa and countries with high disease burden. However, regulatory processes and systems in many African countries are weak and unclear.4, 5 For these reasons, in 2006 WHO established the African Vaccine Regulatory Forum (AVAREF) to build capacity of regulatory and ethics agencies, and improve harmonisation of practices in support of product development. AVAREF has played a crucial role in the successful development of several vaccines and Ebola virus therapies.6, 7

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NIH scientists publish new metric to measure the influence of scientific research

NIH scientists publish new metric to measure the influence of scientific research | Virology News | Scoop.it
A New Metric That Uses Citation Rates to Measure Influence at the Article Level.
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Lassa Fever: 5 Cases of disease confirmed in Nigeria

Lassa Fever: 5 Cases of disease confirmed in Nigeria | Virology News | Scoop.it
Ihekweazu said in the statement that the case reported from Gombe died on August 22, 2016, while other cases are still alive.
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