By focusing on certain categories of mental illness researchers say federal gun law overlooks those at greater risk of violence.
People with serious mental illnesses are three times more likely than those without to commit violent acts against themselves or others -- however this amounts to only about 4% of all firearm homicides. After reading this article do you agree or disagree that there is a false association in the public's mind between mental illness and violence? Why / Why not?
The ATF has been able to trace the smuggled guns' original purchasers in less than half of the 73,684 cases cited in the report.
From 2009 to 2014, more than 73,000 guns that were seized in Mexico were traced to the U.S., according to a new report. Efforts to combat illegal gunrunning have been ineffective and as a result, more than 100,000 people have been killed in battles between drug gangs and security forces. How can we prevent tens of thousands of illegal guns from coming to Mexico from the U.S.?
Although Martin Luther King, Jr. and many others fought and died for racial equality in the United States, recent events have inflicted fresh wounds on the state of race relations in America, which continues to divide blacks and whites.
A recent poll shows that most Americans believe that Dr. King's dream of racial equality has been achieved. In response to the statement, "In America people are not judged by the color of their skin,but by the content of their character," 54% of people surveyed agreed with it, while 45% disagreed. However, while most white Americans agree that King's goal of a color-blind society has been reached, 70% of African-Americans disagree. Among African Americans, 73% said the hate crimes and incidents of policy brutality or misconduct such as with the Ferguson and Staten Island cases have decreased their faith in the system. How does a racial divide kill the American Dream? Do you agree or disagree that Dr. King's dream been deferred? Why?
Way too many residents of U.S. nursing homes are on antipsychotic drugs, critics say. It's often just for the convenience of the staff, to sedate patients agitated by dementia. That's illegal.
Almost 300,000 nursing home residents are currently receiving antipsychotic drugs, usually to suppress the anxiety or aggression that can go with Alzheimer's disease and other dementia. Federal law prohibits the use of antipsychotics and other psychoactive drugs for the convenience of staff. It's called a "chemical restraint." In 2011, a government study found that 88 percent of Medicare claims for antipsychotics prescribed in nursing homes were for treating symptoms of dementia, even though the drugs aren't approved for that. What do you propose to be the necessary steps needed to protect the elderly? Consider the costs of state programs, insurance, medication, nurses, doctors and quality of care in your answer.
72% of US parents agree sometimes a child needs a good, hard spanking, but what are the psychological effects?
The American Academy of Pediatrics advises against spanking because the potential risks outweigh the potential benefits. In fact, a meta-analysis of 88 scientific studies over 62 years found a remarkable 94% consensus that spanking is associated significantly with undesirable behaviors and experiences including aggression and issues of mental health that follow them through their adult lives. Further, the United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child defines physical punishment that causes any degree of pain and discomfort (even light) to be abuse. They argue that eliminating corporal punishment of children is “a key strategy for reducing and preventing all forms of violence in societies.” In thinking about your own upbringing was there ever a time that you felt a spanking was deserved? Does the information shared in this article change how you might raise your own children?
Not enough is being done to combat environmental crime, a threat to global security worth a staggering $213 billion each year, according to a new report from the United Nations and Interpol.
Transnational criminal organizations are making immense profits by exploiting our natural resources to fuel their illicit activities. According to a new report, criminals "from other sectors" are attracted to environmental crime because of "a combination of high profits and low probability of getting caught and convicted. "This applies especially with respect to transnational activities, where enforcement has been virtually non-existent until now." The report also said the criminals' involvement in other activities including drugs, trafficking, violence, murder and corruption "undermined human and state security." The networks involved in environmental crime were also becoming more adept at extracting resources and laundering the products and proceeds of the trade, the report said.What scale and coordination of efforts do you think governments and environmental activists need to do to thwart environmental crime?
Amina Filali swallowed rat poison after being forced to marry the man who raped her. The Moroccan law that allowed this to happen could soon be repealed.
Amina Filali committed suicide by swallowing rat poison in March 2012. She was 16 years old. Her desperate act was due to the fact that she was forced to marry her rapist. Moroccan law allows rapists to escape prosecution by marrying their victim, if she is aged under 18. Amina’s death caused an outcry in Morocco and throughout the region. What shocked people most was that this marriage was sanctioned by law, as well as by a judge who authorized it. It revealed that the state was complicit in covering up a rape. And instead of protecting her as the victim of a crime, the law victimized Amina a second time. This kind of legislation doesn’t just exist in Morocco, but also in Algeria and Tunisia. Today Amnesty International launched a campaign to help put public pressure on these laws. What other steps do you think can be taken to raise awareness to this issue?
PM Nawaz Sharif, don’t let killers get away with murder. #ProtectJournalists in #Pakistan from attacks. http://thndr.it/1mLSA0B
Pakistan is one of the most dangerous countries in the world for journalists because of the extent and severity of attacks on journalists. According to Amnesty International’s research 34 journalists have been killed as a likely consequence of their work since democratic rule was restored in 2008, but only in one case have the perpetrators been brought to justice. Amnesty International is calling on the public to join them in a social media protest. Do you think that will be effective? Why / Why not?
Researchers at the University of Virginia demonstrated tweets could predict certain kinds of crimes if the correct analysis is applied.
There are certain crimes associated with topics of online conversation that produce crimes, researchers say. The study analyzed tweets from the city of Chicago tagged to certain neighborhoods -- measured by individual square kilometers -- and the city's crime database. Using big data in this way gives rise to a new form of predictive policing. When reading the article, consider whether or not their are privacy violations or other legal issues that might thwart this kind of policing?
Long-awaited bill originally drafted to protect women from violence has, bizarrely, endorsed a 'marital right to intercourse', says Ellie Violet Bramley
Domestic violence in Lebanon is reportedly widespread. Recently, there was no legislation protecting women from domestic violence in Lebanon, a country that exonerates rapists who marry their victims. However, a long-awaited bill to protect women has endorsed a marital right to intercourse, leaving little to no choice for married women, especially since maternal custody rights define children as those "who are in the custody of the victim as established in the applicable personal status laws". In Lebanon, the age at which a mother has sole responsibility for her children is determined by scripture. In the Shia sect, for instance, the age of custody for boys is two; for girls it is seven. Is violence against women a different issue than partner abuse? Why / Why Not?
Ali Safran wanted to turn the anniversary of the date she was sexually assaulted into something positive. The Mount Holyoke College senior didn't expect the resulting project in its first year to grow into a nonprofit corporation that inspired legisl...
Ali Safran, now 21, launched Surviving In Numbers on April 1, 2013 -- the start of Sexual Assault Awareness Month. She invited other victims of sexual assault to write on poster board what happened as a result of the attacks, with numbers, then photographed each person holding the poster in front of their face. She arranged to display the photos on campuses in Massachusetts. Word spread. The number of posters grew. If Ali successfully raises $10,000 what do you think the best use of these funds will be?
Multiple adverse events linked to poorer concentration, more aggression, researchers find
According to this article, children who had at least three adverse experiences, such as neglect or physical abuse, had an 80% increased risk of having below-average skills in math, language and literacy. Such children also had more than three times increased likelihood of having attention problems and were nearly three times more likely to have social problems. Armed with this knowledge, what systems or community resources would you put in place to help educate teachers about this issue so that they can help eradicate cycles of violence?
Are you curious about teenagers today and dating? As the mother to boy/girl twins who just turned thirteen years old, I know I sure am, especially when I hear words like Teen Dating Violence (TDV).
Every day in America, nearly one in two teenagers, or about half of all youth who are in a relationship feel they are "being threatened, pressured and/or controlled to do things they do not want to do." Most alarming regarding this data, is that these figures are likely a bit lower than projected as only about a third of teens will tell someone about the abuse he/she is experiencing; only 6% of victims will tell a family member. Is this kind of violence prevalent in your community? What kinds of programs need to be put in place to prevent this type of abuse from happening?
The destruction by militants of many of Iraq’s archaeological treasures has provoked international outcry.
Historically significant sites in Mosul, Nimrud and Hatra have suffered devastating attacks at the hands of ISIL -- ISIL stands for the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, and is used interchangeably with ISIS. The destruction of 1,500 historical manuscripts and of these sites is a turning point in the cultural cleansing of the history and heritage of Arab people. The tourism and antiquities ministry blamed the international community for failing to help Iraq protect its ancient monuments. Do you agree? Should the international community do more to protect these relics?
The United Nations estimates that there are as many as 1.6 million drug users in Afghan cities — about 5.2 percent of the population — up from 940,000 in 2009. As many as 3 million more are believed to be in the countryside.
The profits from opium and heroin are temptingly huge, and the U.N. Office on Drugs and Crime reported that in 2014 Afghan poppy farmers took in about $850 million — more than twice as much as five years before. About 80% of the narcotics derived from Afghan opium poppies are smuggled out by transnational organised criminal groups through Pakistan and Iran, with the rest flowing through Central Asia. Estimates of Taliban income from opium range from $150 million to $200 million each year. According to reports, the USA has already spent 13 years of consolidated effort to eradicate opium crops -- with millions of dollars spent -- to no avail. One proposed solution is to give Afghanistan the opportunity to resolve the global supply problem of medical morphine. Yet a recent policy brief published by the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) has argued against Afghanistan entering the legal opium market. Is the idea of transforming Afghanistan's opium industry from an international drug problem into a viable licit drug export commodity for international markets viable? Why / Why not?
Sixty years of research on campus rape yields scholarly insight into prevention and accountability.
Sexual assault is a significant challenge for colleges and universities nationwide, affecting the health, mental health, and academic success of students. Many schools are working to address sexual assault, but lack assessment tools to understand the scope or nature of the problem. While the White House Task Force stated that nearly 1-in-5 female college students will be assaulted, the Washington Post questioned the validity of the oft-used statistic. Decades of research suggests that victims rarely report sexual assault to law-enforcement. Many victims do not even access formal services, like crisis centers. One way to capture valid data is by using climate surveys. Do you think your campus does enough to prevent sexual assault? In what way would a climate survey help?
Goalkeeper has a November trial date, yet continues to play for U.S. national soccer team.
As the NFL grapples with its domestic-violence crisis, Hope Solo, who has been accused of the same crime, continues to play for her pro soccer team as well as the national team as she awaits trial in November. Solo has pleaded not guilty to two counts of misdemeanor domestic violence in an alleged assault of her sister and 17-year-old nephew last summer in Kirkland, Washington. Unlike some of the biggest NFL stars, Solo, who is their counterpart in women’s soccer and someone touted as a role model, quietly goes about her business of keeping soccer balls from going into the net. When other pro-athletes are banished after massive sponsor, political and/or fan pressure, why is it that Hope Solo is able to keep playing? How much does her gender play a factor?
This chilling PSA from the organization, created by JWT London, only hints at the situation, by showing a woman making tea and anxiously sitting in her kitchen, watching the door, as she listens to the last few minutes of an England game. While we don't see the actual violence, the spot certainly leaves us with a nasty taste in our mouths.
According to this PSA, The World Cup isn't fun and games for everyone -- a shocking statistic comes from the UK's National Centre for Domestic Violence, which has found that domestic violence increases by 25 percent after an England game, win or lose. According to a study conducted by a graduate student at the University of Utah in 2013, just watching your favorite sports team compete stimulates testosterone surges similar to those experienced by the players themselves. However a similar claim that Super Bowl Sunday is "the biggest day of the year for violence against women" was disputed as a case study of how easily an idea congruous with what people want to believe can be implanted in the public consciousness and anointed as "fact" even when there is little or no supporting evidence behind it. According to Snopes, a 2007 study analyzed patterns of women fleeing domestic abuse and found that the highest intake rates of women with children at shelters coincided not with Super Bowl Sunday, but with breaks in the school calendar such as Christmas vacation, spring break, and summer vacation (although that study surveyed when women most often fled from their abusers rather than when they actually experienced the abuse that prompted them to flee). Do you think a link exists between major sporting events and domestic violence, or do you feel like the media is capitalizing on these major events to heighten awareness to an important issue, and if so, is that kind of manipulation ok?
Elliot Rodger's rampage Friday has spurred new questions over what can be done to prevent dangerous people from committing acts of mass violence
By now, you know of the tragic killings in Santa Barbara, California. But did you know that the suspected killer had a well documented history of mental problems? Nonetheless, since he had never been judged to be a danger or legally committed for treatment, he passed the necessary background checks to purchase weapons. This article argues that if the authorities had checked his social media accounts, they may have discovered he was unfit to bear arms.Do you agree that part of the process should include social media checks or is that an invasion or privacy? Further, how do you feel about specific laws which focus on mental illness?
On March 4, Eric Harris and Dylan Klebold sat for this class picture. On April 17, they both went to the prom. What they did next left their school...
The story of the slaughter at Columbine High School opened a sad national conversation about what turned two boys’ souls into poison. It promises to be a long, hard talk, in public and in private, about why smart, privileged kids rot inside. Now 15 years later we are left with the same questions: Do we blame the parents, blame the savage music they listened to, blame violent video games, blame the ease of stockpiling an arsenal, blame the chemistry of cruelty and cliques that has always been a part of high school life but has never been so deadly?
A substantial amount of sexual violence in middle school takes place right under teachers' noses in the classroom, according to a new study.
The study, conducted by researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, found that 27 perce...
Although teachers are trained on how to deal with school bullying, they are less educated on the issue of student-on-student sexual harassment. Do you think issues surrounding sexual violence need to be addressed during early adolescence, before high school?
The Miami Herald investigated 477 deaths of children that were a part of the child welfare system in the State of Florida. It also highlights another critical fact: our nation's most vulnerable cannot be protected on the cheap....
Foster care can be expensive, so too is keeping families together, or supporting children in adoptive placements. In this article, the author argues that supporters of the "parental rights movement" should recognize that, while parental rights are important and we must avoid inappropriate removal of children from families, we must recognize and respect that children have rights too. Failure to do so clearly results in tragic and deadly consequences. What can be done to build a system that reflects our values, where all kids are protected and safe and have a chance to reach their full potential?
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