Night Train Red Dust: Poems of the Iron Range by Sheila Packa -- Histories of the People and the Place
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Night Train Red Dust: Poems of the Iron Range by Sheila Packa -- Histories of the People and the Place
As I worked on my new book, I posted these cool links about people, places, and things on the Iron Range. This is the "understory" of the stories in Night Train Red Dust: Poems of the Iron Range is published by Wildwood River, a confluence of the arts.  Enjoy!  For more information, go to my website: <a href="http://sheilapacka.com" rel="nofollow">http://sheilapacka.com</a> and <a href="http://wildwoodriver.com" rel="nofollow">http://wildwoodriver.com</a>
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Onigamiinsing Dibaajimowinan - Duluth's Stories

Onigamiinsing Dibaajimowinan - Duluth's Stories | Night Train Red Dust: Poems of the Iron Range by Sheila Packa -- Histories of the People and the Place | Scoop.it
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Stories about the history of Northeast Minnesota.

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The Finns in America (European Reading Room, Library of Congress)

The Finns in America (European Reading Room, Library of Congress) | Night Train Red Dust: Poems of the Iron Range by Sheila Packa -- Histories of the People and the Place | Scoop.it
The Finns in America (European Reading Room, Library of Congress).
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Paul Buffalo Biography -- Tim Roufs -- University of Minnesota Duluth

Paul Buffalo Biography -- Tim Roufs -- University of Minnesota Duluth | Night Train Red Dust: Poems of the Iron Range by Sheila Packa -- Histories of the People and the Place | Scoop.it
An Ethnographic Biography of Paul Buffalo, Anishinabe/Chippewa/Ojibwa Elder, Leech Lake Minnesota, b. 1900
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He shares his memories of Finnish immigrants.

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Tyomies Society (Superior, WI), Records

Tyomies Society (Superior, WI), Records Finding Aid

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This was an important Finnish American publication. 

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Finnish Americans - History, Modern era, The first finns in america

Finnish Americans - History, Modern era, The first finns in america | Night Train Red Dust: Poems of the Iron Range by Sheila Packa -- Histories of the People and the Place | Scoop.it
Du-Ha
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Overview of Finnish American immigrant experience.

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Mesabi Range Strike, 1907

Mesabi Range Strike, 1907 | Night Train Red Dust: Poems of the Iron Range by Sheila Packa -- Histories of the People and the Place | Scoop.it
Courtesy of the Minnesota Historical SocietyUnderground miner, Mesabi Range, c.1906.Tired of ethnic discrimination as well as dangerous working conditions, low wages, and long work days, immigrant iron miners on the Mesabi Range in northeastern Minnesota went on strike on
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Building the Fortune that Built Glensheen

Building the Fortune that Built Glensheen | Night Train Red Dust: Poems of the Iron Range by Sheila Packa -- Histories of the People and the Place | Scoop.it
When Chester Congdon moved his growing family to Duluth in 1892, he was a competent yet unremarkable attorney. He had been practicing in St. Paul for about ten years, beginning his career as assist...
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Stories about the discovery of ore, the Merritt brothers, and other noteworthy Iron Range history. 

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Minnesota Discovery Center

Minnesota Discovery Center | Night Train Red Dust: Poems of the Iron Range by Sheila Packa -- Histories of the People and the Place | Scoop.it
The Museum of the Iron Range
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Sami reindeer herders were imported to North America...

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Beautiful Photos of the Mesabi Iron Range : Facebook Group

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https://www.facebook.com/groups/445401652230808/

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‘A hundred years went by’ - Minnesota Brown

‘A hundred years went by’ - Minnesota Brown | Night Train Red Dust: Poems of the Iron Range by Sheila Packa -- Histories of the People and the Place | Scoop.it
Aaron J. Brown, author of "Overburden: Modern Life on the Iron Range," reviews Sheila Packa's "Night Train, Red Dust: Poems of the Iron Range."
Sheila Packa's insight:

"Taken together, Packa’s poems act like a pack of strikers jumping the berm of an iron mine, hoping that in number one of them would avoid the bulls to reach the works. The elements of poems overlap, but the mission, the theme, each follows its own path. What it means to be an immigrant, what it is to be cheated, what it is to work your life out through your arms.

"More than that, though, also the landscape. The colors. The odd mix of isolation and community comprising life on the Iron Range. I’m no regular reader of poetry, certainly not in the form of anthologies like this. But “Night Train, Red Dust” resonated with me; like songs mixed onto a great album, back when albums meant something. I read this with the windows open and frogs practically screaming out in the swamp. There was a light breeze. Goosebumps speckled my arms for most of the evening."

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Finnish Genealogy: Passenger Lists

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This article explains how immigrants travelled from Finland to upper Michigan and Minnesota.  

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The Soudan Underground Mine becomes the site of research into neutrinos and dark matter. brochure.pdf

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Minnesota in a Century of Change MN%20in%20a%20Century%20of%20Change%20-%20years%20of%20change%20on%20the%20iron%20range.pdf

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interesting summary of the people and culture in the beginning of the mining era

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Banned from public accommodations across the Iron Range in the '20s, Finns opened their own 160-acre park

Banned from public accommodations across the Iron Range in the '20s, Finns opened their own 160-acre park | Night Train Red Dust: Poems of the Iron Range by Sheila Packa -- Histories of the People and the Place | Scoop.it
Located near Hibbing, Mesaba Co-op Park is one of the few remaining continuously operated cooperative parks in the country. A gathering place of the Finnish cooperative movement, the park served the ethnic political radicals who energized the Iron Range labor movement and Minnesota’s Farmer-Labor party.
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Under The Red Star - festival

October is Women’s History Month and the Department of History is pleased to announce a virtual film festival consisting of films by Professor Kelly Saxberg…
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This important film of labor history in Thunder Bay, Ontario features Finnish-Canadian Sanna Kallio Kannasto, labor and women's rights activist, and Tommy Hill (Tomio Maki).  Sanna Kannasto visited Hibbing, MInnesota in 1925, scheduled to do public speaking. She was arrested for crossing the border illegally.  This arrest was a pretense. Obviously, her radical politics, her commitment to socialist causes (which caused Canada to consider her a dangerous agitator) was the primary threat.  She advocated the abolition of child labor, women's suffrage, and availability birth control.  She lived with her boyfriend and took his last name. They had a child together, but her boyfriend committed many infidelities and later married another woman.   Sanna was married to the socialist cause.   

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Friends of Sax-Zim Bog - home

Friends of Sax-Zim Bog - home | Night Train Red Dust: Poems of the Iron Range by Sheila Packa -- Histories of the People and the Place | Scoop.it
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Mission Statement: To support, promote and protect the Sax-Zim Bog Important Bird Area (IBA) through land preservation, education, research and communication. 

 

Find out about birding trips, the unusual flora and fauna of the bog, and research projects.  

 Here is a map to birding locations: 

http://birdnation.squarespace.com/storage/Sax-Zim%20Birding%20Map.pdf

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iron ore & taconite

iron ore & taconite | Night Train Red Dust: Poems of the Iron Range by Sheila Packa -- Histories of the People and the Place | Scoop.it
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The first load of iron ore through the Soo Locks amounted to 132 tons in August 1855. Total ore tonnage that year was 1,447. During the 1860 shipping season 120,000 tons of ore passed through the Soo Locks. One century later the total volume of downbound iron recorded at the Soo exceeded 100 million tons.

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Full text of "The Minnesota Arrowhead country"

Full text of "The Minnesota Arrowhead country" | Night Train Red Dust: Poems of the Iron Range by Sheila Packa -- Histories of the People and the Place | Scoop.it

With

Sheila Packa's insight:

with an introduction by Margaret Culkin Banning.  There is a new edition now with a new introduction by Cathy Wurzer. The WPA Guide to the Minnesota Arrowhead Country, first published in 1941, offers a lively and detailed introduction to the northeastern part of the state, long famed for the breathtaking beauty of its landscape, the colorful variety of its ethnic groups, and the worldwide impact of its industries.  Also see The WPA Guide to Minnesota (Borealis Books).

 

 

 

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