The final phase of the relations between the European Community (EC) and Turkey under the Ankara Association Agreement 1963 was to achieve the EC-Turkey Customs Union. This final phase entered into force on 1 July 1996.
The scope of this customs union, based on the status of goods in free circulation, is however limited to industrial products and processed agricultural products. It does not cover:
- agricultural products, as defined in Annex I of the Amsterdam Treaty;
- coal and steel products
These two categories are subject only to preferential agreements based on their originating status.