Values Education in Geography
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Values Education in Geography
Useful resources for pre-service and current geography teachers in Australia, particularly NSW. Resources aimed at helping develop a deeper understanding of values education and ways values can be taught in the Geography classroom. Set up specifically for students studying EDCZ25800 at Avondale College, but available for all geography educators.
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The Other Hat... Teaching discernment in the 21st century.

Courtney Mallon's comment, May 2, 2015 11:48 PM
De Bono's 6 thinking hats covers all aspects of critical thinking, analyzing, evaluating, creative thinking, reflecting, problem-solving. The sixth purple hat of ethics and beliefs enables the students to think and discuss how something impacts their own spiritual life. Through this students will gain knowledge and a broader understanding of the many ways God is involved in everyones lives. This hat forces the students to relate and see the importance of seeing things through a spiritual aspect as it is just as important as all the other hats of thinking, if not the most important. The 6 hats push the students harder to reach their potential and make them think harder than what they usually would.
Karen Breznikar's comment, May 7, 2015 12:18 AM
The purple hat allows students to think about ethics and values and how a certain viewpoint fits with their beliefs and God's will in their lives. It is different to De Bono's six hats and therefore a different way of thinking.
Frida Reierson's comment, October 27, 2015 9:41 PM
According to De Bono, an individual may react to a dilemma or challenge by viewing the situation through a variety of thinking methods. The six hats are a metaphor for the "positive, cautionary, factual, creative, evaluative and reflective" approaches one might take. However, Beverly Christian argues that from a biblical view, a purple hat of discernment should be added to De Bono's six. Especially in education, this hat can be used to challenge the students to consider the Christian aspects of an issue and respond to choices with the perfect example of Jesus in mind. After reading the article, I must say that I have received a better understanding of how to effectively teach students about values and morals.
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Values Education in Australian Schools.pdf

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Values education is addressed in both the state and independent sector. 

Courtney Mallon's comment, October 20, 2015 6:45 AM
Implementing values in lessons and the whole school as a broad positively affects the way teachers and students relate and communicate. The classroom activities become more focused and calm and enables students to become better self-managers. When students develop on values and ethics it enables students to use the purple thinking hat which helps develop reflection capacities. Values in education are more so affective when it is a whole school approach.
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Teaching Students the ABCs of Resilience

Teaching Students the ABCs of Resilience | Values Education in Geography |
From natural disasters to economic meltdowns, from wars abroad to tragic shootings close to home, this year brought to light the increasing complexity of the world in which we raise kids. Our natural
Frida Reierson's comment, May 10, 2015 1:11 AM
When reading this article, I was amazed at how simple yet enlightening the "formula" for resilience is. Although the ABC model seems obvious, a lot of people remain oblivious to the fact that they themselves are in control of the consequences of adversity. It is all about one's mind-set! In between adversity lies "belief". This is why two people may respond completely differently to the exact same challenge. In my opinion, the ABC model is an amazing teaching tool that should, by all means, be used in school (whether directly or indirectly). After reading this article, I definitely want to tell others about this formula.
Nathaniel Amuimuia's comment, November 9, 2015 10:35 PM
How true this article is, how students can react differently to the same result. Its a good idea to remember this when teaching but we should be able to teach the ABCs of resilliance. This article puts it in a simple way.
Jennifer Scott's comment, November 13, 2015 3:15 AM
This was a very interesting article. I would recommend it to any teacher or teacher in training. This article is right, we don’t know what external factors that are influencing students to under achieve. Sometime it can take one person (like a teacher) to a make a positive difference in a student life. This can make a huge difference to that student by helping them to deal with problems in a realistic way.
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Values Activities for the Geography Classroom.pdf

Gavin Bowyer's comment, March 20, 2013 9:27 PM
Values education is aiming to create a socially aware and responsible generation. Of course, Geography is a powerful tool in students understanding the state of the world around them - which is an integral part of growing a well rounded and accurate world view. The main aim of this website is to equip teachers (with useful worksheets) with the theory and some practical tools of encouraging students to explore their own values associated with their relation to the world around them and develop their sense of social justice and values.
Rachel Goods's comment, October 10, 2013 5:47 AM
This website provides theory worksheet that are good for inside the classroom, that are designed to make the students aware of the world around them. This can also help with them being responsible for their own actions, inside and outside the classroom when it comes to issues of the wider world community.
Jordan Maua's comment, November 3, 2013 8:38 PM
After reading this website it provides worksheets for students to understand the world around them and their relation to the world. through each of these worksheets students are able to learn through a number of different ways e.g. issue maps to the oxford debate. This website offeres different ways to teach students rather then just stand in front of them and lecture them about the diffrent topics geography has to offer. Rather have them do worksheets where they have the opportunity to get involved with their work.
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Teaching Values

Pete Morris, Santa Monica College Geography
Jordan Macpherson's comment, May 6, 2013 11:57 PM
Peter Morris, i believe, has not just summed up the qualities you should have as a Geography teacher, but the qualities that every teacher should strive to achieve. So if you do want to be a successful teacher, i suggest you strive to encapsulate all of these qualities.
Jordan Maua's comment, August 22, 2013 5:29 PM
Peter Morris chooses 4 topics that a geography teacher should have but there has to be more. He describes each of them really well and gives reasoning behind each of them but why only Geography teachers??? I believe that all teachers should have these qualities and more because every student is different. Good read and I do agree with Morris, but I believe there should be more
Michelle Waters's comment, May 20, 2015 12:30 AM
The 6 hats provide some awesome ways to approach stage 6 Geography. Imagination is a wonderful element that should not be forgotten in the Geography classroom. It allows students to creatively (note the green hat) conceive ideas that deal with geographical issues. In order to do this, students should require of themselves empathy and humility. This includes having heartfelt concern for others and understanding that all places are important and that they are to be treasured in this way. By doing this, our stage 6 geography students will become truly remarkable local and global citizens.
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"Developing a Nexus Between Christian Worldview and the Social Sciences" by Beverly Christian

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An interesting perspective on the importance of and how to develop a Christian world view within the context of social science subjects including Geography.  Some valuable and insiteful points are made. 

Rachel Goods's comment, September 23, 2013 10:47 PM
Geography can be very made up of opinions and how people see the world, as teachers we need to remember this. We need to make sure that we are prepared for different responses and have a brief idea of how we are going to handle these, to make sure no one feels that they are wrong or give them a negative thoughts on your class. You don't want your students to be scared to speak out.
Jordan Maua's comment, November 3, 2013 8:46 PM
Being teachers we need to be ready to be put on the spot at abnytime on topics that do not relate to our class that we are teaching. Even though this is a free country and we can say what we want we have to be careful on what we say because we are voicing our opinion and it could be against a students view on that topic. With voicing our opinion i could turn the student to believe what we say instead of figuring it out on their own. we want students to speak out BUT know what they stand for when they speak out. too many students speak out and have no clue on what they are speaking out on. With knowing what you stand for you will not fall for anything.
Jordan Maua's comment, November 3, 2013 8:46 PM
Being teachers we need to be ready to be put on the spot at abnytime on topics that do not relate to our class that we are teaching. Even though this is a free country and we can say what we want we have to be careful on what we say because we are voicing our opinion and it could be against a students view on that topic. With voicing our opinion i could turn the student to believe what we say instead of figuring it out on their own. we want students to speak out BUT know what they stand for when they speak out. too many students speak out and have no clue on what they are speaking out on. With knowing what you stand for you will not fall for anything.
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Raising a Moral Child

Raising a Moral Child | Values Education in Geography |

Interesting insigThe tactics are different from those used for encouraging achievement.

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Interesting insight into raising children / students with morals. (something that is intrinsic to the nature and teaching of geography.) Despite the fact that this article discusses mainly toddlers - 6yrs, There are relevant points to consider in the high school setting. Take a moment to ask yourself - as a Geography Educator, what am I doing to raise and educate moral students who will become active, involved and considerate members of society?

Ben Woodham's comment, September 1, 2015 7:51 AM
This article presents a variety of evidence relating to young children and the ways in which they understand morals. Although the research involves mainly younger students it can still be very relevant to senior students involved in Stage 5 and 6 Geography. Geography is a subject that has morals at the centre of it especially in regard to environmental issues and humanitarian responses. Getting students to think about these concepts and develop ideas about how to respond to these issues encourages higher order thinking and allows students to become active members in society. The study shows the difference between using rewards and praise and indicates that rewards run the risk of leading children only to act "when a carrot is offered, rather than sharing intrinsically for their own sake". In geography we must as educators promote justice and get students to develop an understanding of what is right. I believe that ethics and morals should be at the centre of this. The article shows that in order to promote justice we must be examples to our students. Studies have clearly shown that actions speak much louder than words, being a role model is far more effective than preaching to the students.
Josh Waring's comment, November 22, 2015 4:47 PM
I found it particularly interesting that praising attempts rather than success tends to lead to more motivated workers. This makes you wonder why we are so grade orientated as teachers! Praise the students efforts over their success and they will become more motivated to do well. Teaching morals in Geography and allowing students to reflect these morals through their research and actions regarding the environment becomes a reflection on their character. We are role models for our students and need to act and teach accordingly to this.
Michelle Waters's comment, May 23, 10:08 PM
This article brings to the surface the important issue or raising a moral child. This is applicable in the geography classroom in that we as teachers want our students to make decisions based on what is right and wrong. To do this, we can praise our students’ efforts, rather than their achievement, reminding them that it is more important to do the best they can rather than get the highest mark. The article also highlights that we should praise students’ characters when they do something helpful rather than their actions. It is however imperative to understand that character causes action and that action also shapes character. They are interlinked.
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Teach Compassion Using Online Games

Teach Compassion Using Online Games | Values Education in Geography |
What is it? I have posted before about a website called Free Rice. This vocabulary game has the added benefit of donating rice to help end world hunger. For each correct answer, Free Rice donates 20 grains of rice on your behalf.
Matt Bond's comment, November 27, 2015 6:25 PM
One of the best ways to teach Geography is to get the students to feel as if they are doing something to change the world. By doing this they are changing the world which will allow the students to feel good about completing a task like this. This is also a great way to get cross curriculum activities in the classroom as well. Not only does it build for students their knowledge but also a sense of compassion, and understanding which is vital for geography.
Jared Bocala's comment, April 26, 8:12 AM
I really like this idea presented in the article. Every student loves a little online game...they get excited just by mentioning it. The games are great too. I've played some of these games before and it can really get addictive, which is a good thing in this situation. Compassion and loving the idea of giving is something I would really like my students to add to their character. And these games are great ways for me to use to serve that purpose.
Frida Reierson's comment, May 25, 9:40 PM
These games, explained by Kelly Tenkely, can serve as awesome tools in getting the students motivated about Geography learning. Furthermore, they may assist in personal development of traits such as compassion and generosity within the students. While expanding their knowledge, the students are also practically helping (whether it be through donated rice, corn or kibble) people or animals. In my opinion, instilling a sense of empathy within the students is one of the main goals in Geography, as it will lead individuals to "care" about and work towards understanding others.
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Developing a Nexus Between Christian Worldview and the Social Sciences in Pre-Service Teachers.pdf

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Values Education in Geography.pdf

Leigha Tew's comment, April 2, 2013 12:38 AM
Geography teaching is about introducing students to issues on a global, national and local level. As teachers, it is our role to guide students to become critical and informed citizens and values education builds on this responsibility in that we should notice and assist in how they interpret and respond to geographical issues. The Federal Governments nine core values are a brilliant summation of key Australian values. I believe, however, that they could improve by adopting two of the Tasmanian values from the Tasmanian Essential Learning Framework: resilience and creativity. Values education in geography is in essence the application of the facts and knowledge. Like the saying goes, Science can informs you how to take over the world, Humanities informs you whether or not you should. Geography is both science and humanities, and the ethics of citizenship at any scale are integral to any geographical understanding. The geography classroom should extend beyond books and knowledge, it is through practical relationships that students understand the application of ethics and values education. Values education in Geography is clearly guided in the Standards and National Framework through valid suggestions of implementations in schools, however, it is the teacher’s responsibility to ensure practical and effective values education.
Rachel Goods's comment, October 10, 2013 5:54 AM
I think the nine core values are a good summary of the way geography should be taught. As geography has a lot to do with world issues and making the students aware of this and finding where they stand on certain topics. These nine core values can only be implemented properly if the students are passionate about what they are learning and if it is relevant to them and how they live.
Jordan Maua's comment, November 3, 2013 8:29 PM
The nine core values behind Geography should not only be taught and learnt gro Geography but all subjects of the schooling system. With these 9 core values students are able to emphasize and relate to Geography work a lot more easily. The big question I ask is how are we as teachers supposed to implement these core values if the students don't put in the effort to learn these values off us. HOW can we as teacher get these values hammered into the heads of the students of the 21st century?
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"The Other Hat" by Beverly J. Christian

The 21st century is placing new demands on teachers and schools. Children are growing up in a society that is characterised by exponential change, escalating social issues and everchanging technology.
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Values education is an integral and essential part of education today. One of the key values to teach students is that of discernment. In this article, Beverly.J. Christian clearly addresses why this is such an important value and gives valuable tips on how to teach it.  Discernment is one value that fits well in the teaching of Geography. 

Rachel Goods's comment, May 13, 2013 9:04 PM
As teachers we need to be able to deal with the changes that occur in our world today, it is constantly changing and we need to be able to critically address different issues. The students will benefit from our knowledge in their school life and have a better understanding of the world we live in.
Jordan Maua's comment, August 22, 2013 5:33 PM
This world is changing day by day and students are struggling to gather how to act and what to learn for when they leave school and enter the real world. As teachers we have to gather information about these changes and help the students along their journey. We have to understand the changes and then put it to work in our lives and then the students can learn from us. We are one of the biggest role models in a students life other then their parents.
Matt Bond's comment, November 27, 2015 6:29 PM
In this world of ever changing ness, as teachers we need to be continuously changing with it. Gone are the days where in the work place you have to write large amounts and work individually, but as an educational society we still force our students to do this. As and education whole, we can't keep up which is having effects on students. We as teachers need to be setting the example of effective teaching practices. We should be allowing students to work as teams with ICT and build on the qualities that are necessary for the students to be able to live in this changing world.
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Oil or orangutans: can consumers choose?

Oil or orangutans: can consumers choose? | Values Education in Geography |
THE deaths of thousands of orangutans amid widespread environmental degradation have been laid at the door of the oil palm industry.
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Using current issues to teach values in Geography is invaluable. 


Ashleigh Wrankmore's comment, April 14, 2014 9:21 PM
I was impressed at the well-rounded view of this article - showing that although palm oil production is causing the deaths of so many beautiful Orangutans, it is also growing the economy in parts of PNG and is sustainable. Rather than just talking about the negatives of palm oil, which could have quite easily been done, they have also tried to give examples of where that kind of thing can work if it is managed correctly. Interesting read in a current world geography issue.
Karina Parker's comment, May 27, 2014 7:57 AM
I first became aware of the danger of palm oil to the orangutang population and other animals in one of my geography classes last year. Current issues like this are great for students to be aware of. Students can become really engaged in emotive articles like these and become passionate about trying to do their part to help. Articles like this can help students start to think of geography outside of the classroom.
Jennifer Scott's comment, November 13, 2015 3:31 AM
This article is informative about global issues, and can be analyses within classroom in 3 different ways. One, people in the palm oil industry use this as a way to get out of poverty. 2 ecosystems and how deforestation is damaging the environment. 3, Will this cause the extinction of Orangutans? This article is a great tool in encouraging higher order thinking within students.