Useful AOD Reports & Resources
6.1K views | +0 today
Follow
 
Scooped by ReGenUC
onto Useful AOD Reports & Resources
Scoop.it!

Illicit Drug Data Report 2013-14 (Aus)

Illicit Drug Data Report 2013-14 (Aus) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

The Illicit Drug Data Report is produced by the Australian Crime Commission and is recognised as one of the most valuable tools for law enforcement agencies, policy and decision makers, research bodies and other stakeholders in developing strategies to combat the threat posed by illicit drugs. It provides a statistical overview of illicit drug arrests and seizures as well as profiling the current situation, national impact and the emerging trends and threats of illicit drugs in Australia.

ReGenUC's insight:

See related coverage of the report's findings: http://sco.lt/5hzsiP. You can see Justice Minister Michael Keenan's accompanying media release here: http://sco.lt/5gDt9V. 

more...
No comment yet.
Useful AOD Reports & Resources
A collection of good AOD research and resources
Curated by ReGenUC
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

Screening for underage drinking and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition alcohol use disorder in rural primary care practice (USA)

The study considered here used computer-based self-assessments to screen young people for alcohol use disorders. Modern technologies present new opportunities for increasing rates of screening among young people, as explored in other Effectiveness Bank analyses including assessment and feedback by email for university students, web-based alcohol screening and brief intervention for university students, and text-message-based drinking assessments and brief interventions for young adults discharged from the emergency department.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

Alcohol: taking a population perspective 

Alcohol: taking a population perspective  | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

Alcohol consumption is a global phenomenon, as is the resultant health, social and economic harm. The nature of these harms varies with different drinking patterns and with the societal and political responses to the burden of harm; nevertheless, alcohol-related chronic diseases have a major effect on health. Strong evidence exists for the effectiveness of different strategies to minimize this damage and those policies that target price, availability and marketing of alcohol come out best, whereas those using education and information are much less effective. However, these policies can be portrayed as anti-libertarian and so viewing them in the context of alcohol-related harm to those other than the drinker, such as the most vulnerable in society, is important. When this strategy is successful, as in Scotland, it has been possible to pass strong and effective legislation, such as for a minimum unit price for alcohol.

ReGenUC's insight:

New study by NDRI's William Gilmore and Tanya Chikritzhs highlights the need for changes in public attitudes to drive political progress on implementing greater regulation of alcohol to reduce public health impacts. 

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

Australian Burden of Disease Study: impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2011 (AIHW)

Australian Burden of Disease Study: impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2011 (AIHW) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

This report analyses the impact of nearly 200 diseases and injuries in terms of living with illness (non-fatal burden) and premature death (fatal burden). The study found that chronic diseases such as cancer, cardiovascular diseases, mental and substance use disorders, and musculoskeletal conditions, along with injury contributed the most burden in Australia in 2011. 

ReGenUC's insight:

The study found that almost one third of the overall disease burden could be prevented by removing exposure to risk factors such as tobacco use, high body mass, alcohol use, physical inactivity and high blood pressure.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

The Drugs Wheel: a new model for substance awareness (video)

The Drugs Wheel by Mark Adley is a new model for substance awareness
ReGenUC's insight:

New videos on using the Drugs Wheel.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

Safer scoring? Cryptomarkets, social supply and drug market violence

By Monica Barratt and Jason Ferris in Internet-based surveying and Drugs And Alcohol. Background: Cryptomarkets are digital platforms that use anonymising software (e.g. Tor) and cryptocurrencies (e.g. Bitcoin) to facilitate trade of goods and
ReGenUC's insight:

Nice piece of research by Monica, Jason and Adam highlighting what we've been hearing anecdotally for some time: purchasing drugs through cryptomarkets carries substantially less risk of threats and violence for the consumer.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

The impact of a Housing First randomized controlled trial on substance use problems among homeless individuals with mental illness (Canada)

This intervention based on housing first led to significantly greater reductions in drinking problems after 14 months, but not in problems with other substances.
ReGenUC's insight:

The study's findings emphasise the importance of holistic approaches to AOD treatment. Obviously, stable housing is a huge enabler of change, but other supports are required.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

Monitoring and evaluating Scotland’s alcohol strategy: Final annual report

The final report evaluating Scotland’s alcohol strategy concludes that while some evidence-based interventions have been implemented, failure to implement minimum unit pricing is likely to have limited the strategy’s contribution to declines in both alcohol consumption and related harm.

ReGenUC's insight:

See today's related post on the missed opportunity to introduce volumetric taxation in Australia: http://sco.lt/6jRhzt.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

Achievements and challenges in introducing a harm reduction programme in Kenya

Since 2011–2012 Kenya has successfully introduced and implemented a comprehensive harm reduction programme to tackle a sub-epidemic of HIV among people who inject drugs (PWID).
ReGenUC's insight:

Community Action on Harm Reduction report.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

How are funding cuts affecting drug and alcohol services? (UK)

The State of the Sector report, conducted by the Recovery Partnership, is documenting serious concerns about the declining ability of the substance misuse sector to meet the needs of those it serves. The first survey, covering 2013, provided a snapshot of the experiences of drug and alcohol treatment services as they entered a new delivery…
ReGenUC's insight:

Includes link to the new report, highlighting the impact of funding cuts on sector capacity.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

Do no harm - Health, human rights and people who use drugs

Do no harm - Health, human rights and people who use drugs | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
Evidence supports the need for a shift in the global approach to drug use. In this report, Do no harm: health, human rights and people who use drugs, UNAIDS shows what works to reduce the impact of HIV and other harms related to drug use. Countries that have moved away from laws and policies that are harmful to people who use drugs and that have increased investment in harm reduction have reduced new HIV infections and improved health outcomes. These policies also deliver broader social benefits, such as lower levels of drug-related crime and reduced pressure on health-care and criminal justice systems.
ReGenUC's insight:

New report from UNAIDS released ahead of the special sitting of the UN General Assembly highlights the need for change to global drug policy.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

Growing traffic and scams drive downtime and instability across dark web drug marketplaces (Aus)

Growing traffic and scams drive downtime and instability across dark web drug marketplaces (Aus) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

Large drug marketplaces on the dark web cannot keep up with high traffic following the disappearance of their competitors through scams and security concerns, new research by NDARC reveals.

ReGenUC's insight:

See the full Drugs and New Technologies bulletin: https://ndarc.med.unsw.edu.au/resource/drugs-and-new-technologies-issue-6-march-2016.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

Prohibiting drugs has ironically only created more drugs: the world against the NPS problem

Prohibiting drugs has ironically only created more drugs: the world against the NPS problem | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
Novel Psychoactive Substances have sometimes referred to in the international political and media discourse as “legal highs”—a term initially coined by those marketing them, and then latched onto by the media. But it is an increasingly unhelpful term, not least because many of them are no longer legal in many jurisdictions. There are a huge range of drugs that come under this broad NPS heading, and they include substances that are similar to or mimic more familiar illegal drugs including psychedelics, stimulants, opiates, and cannabis. The European Drug Monitoring Center has observed more than 602 different NPS, with 101 new NPS emerging during 2014 alone[1].
ReGenUC's insight:

Transform's Steve Rolles on the role of prohibition in driving the rise of 'legal highs' and the urgent need for changes to global drug policy.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

Effects of alcohol, methamphetamine, and marijuana exposure on the placenta (USA)

In the United States, prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) is the most common preventable cause of developmental delay. Animal studies have shown some of the adverse effects of PAE on placental development, but few studies have examined these effects in humans. This is the first study to examine the effects of prenatal exposure to methamphetamine, marijuana, and cigarette smoking on human placental development.
ReGenUC's insight:

See today's related post with more detail on the impacts of in utero cannabis exposure on infants: http://sco.lt/8E7J7x

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

Ketamine found more effective for treating highly-agitated patients during transport to hospital (USA)

Scientists have shown that ketamine is far more effective than the more commonly used haloperidol for treating highly-agitated patients prior to hospitalization. Patients were sedated in five minutes on average when treated with ketamine -- 12 minutes faster than the average sedation time using haloperidol. The increased efficacy in sedation does come with a trade-off; the rate of complications and need for intubation both increase markedly for patients treated with ketamine.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

Drug checking brief (NSW)

Drug checking brief (NSW) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
This brief provides answers to key questions about drug checking services, like ... what are drug-checking services? Why check drugs? What do drug checking services look like around the world?
ReGenUC's insight:

An updated version of Unharm's briefing to the NSW Govt on the proposed establishment of drug checking at music festivals.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

Report on Supervised Injection Facilities Released 

Report on Supervised Injection Facilities Released  | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

In the midst of growing debate and public interest in supervised injection facilities, Harm Reduction Coalition has released a meeting summary of a consultation on alternatives to public injecting.

ReGenUC's insight:

HRC's report is the result of a 2015 consultation with international law enforcement and public health experts to understand the local dynamics shaping the establishment and implementation of supervised injection facilities in Frankfurt, Germany; Sydney, Australia; and Vancouver, Canada.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

AMA president elect Steven Robson to revive lockout law debate in Canberra

AMA president elect Steven Robson to revive lockout law debate in Canberra | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
The incoming AMA president has set his sights on lock-out laws.
ReGenUC's insight:

See recent coverage of the ACT Govt's white paper on alcohol reform: http://sco.lt/5Una2T.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

Effectiveness of Scotland’s National Naloxone Programme for reducing opioid-related deaths: a before (2006–10) versus after (2011–13) comparison

n 2011 Scotland became the first country to fund a national policy of distributing the opiate-blocker naloxone to prevent deaths involving opiate-type drugs. According to this evaluation it did prevent deaths where the effect was most likely to be seen – in the weeks after release from prison.
ReGenUC's insight:

See also this great Naloxone video from Canada: http://sco.lt/5yVsaf

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

Imodium abuse: Anti-diarrhea medication containing loperamide dangerous for self-treatment of opiod addiction (USA)

The over-the-counter anti-diarrhea medication Imodium, or its key ingredient loperamide, is increasingly being abused by people attempting to self-treat their opioid addiction, with sometime fatal results.
ReGenUC's insight:

On a related note, in our withdrawal services, we typically see constipation (rather than diarrhea) as a concern during opioid withdrawal. It's one of the reasons we've made substantial changes to the menus in our withdrawal units.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

Naloxone Saves Lives (Canada)

This is "Naloxone Saves Lives - April 28" by hellocoolworld on Vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people who love them.
ReGenUC's insight:

Terrific video on how to spot signs of opioid overdose and save someone's life by providing essential first aid and using naloxone. While the kits used here are slightly different to those available in Australia, the same basic practices apply. If you would like to learn more about how to use naloxone, we're providing brief training for people who use opioids, friends and family members. We're keen to get naloxone into as many hands as possible, so are supporting people to obtain their own life-saving kits. Call us for more info: 1800 700 514,

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

National opioid pharmacotherapy statistics (NOPSAD) 2015 (Aus)

National opioid pharmacotherapy statistics (NOPSAD) 2015 (Aus) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

The National Opioid Pharmacotherapy Statistics Annual Data (NOPSAD) collection provides information on a snapshot day in June 2015 on clients receiving opioid pharmacotherapy treatment, the doctors prescribing opioid pharmacotherapy drugs, and the dosing points (such as pharmacies) that clients attend to receive their medication.

ReGenUC's insight:

Summary of AIHW data.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

Reducing Preventable Deaths Among People Who Use Drugs: report and recommendations

Reducing Preventable Deaths Among People Who Use Drugs: report and recommendations | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
My Fellowship findings and recommendations have now been uploaded to the Winston Churchill Memorial Trust website. This feels like quite an achievement since it was way back in September 2014 when I submitted my application, with my travels eventually taking place in October 2015 following months of preparation. The whole experience has been incredible to date…
ReGenUC's insight:

New report by Kirsten Horsburgh, based on her study of Sydney's Medically Supervised Injecting Centre.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

Dunne: Launch of the New Zealand Drug Harm Index

Dunne: Launch of the New Zealand Drug Harm Index | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

The New Zealand Drug Harm Index 2016 estimates the social cost of drug-related harms and intervention costs in 2014/15 as NZ$1.8 billion.

ReGenUC's insight:

Associate Minister of Health Peter Dunne launches the new report. You can see the full document here: http://www.health.govt.nz/publication/research-report-new-zealand-drug-harm-index-2016

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

Russian drug policies fuel Europe's worst HIV epidemic

Russian drug policies fuel Europe's worst HIV epidemic | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is in retreat almost universally – but not in Russia. As infection rates drop globally, Russia has seen increases of 8 to 10 percent annually over the last decade. The number of Russians living with HIV surpassed 1 million, according to official data release in January, but experts believe the real number to be closer to 1.5 million. The head of Russia’s Federal AIDS Center recently described the situation as a “national catastrophe.”
ReGenUC's insight:

HRW's Tanya Cooper highlights the importance of harm reduction to public health.

more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by ReGenUC
Scoop.it!

Research finds evidence of lung abnormalities in light-use waterpipe smokers (USA)

A study of light-use hookah or waterpipe smokers found evidence of lung function abnormalities, including marked changes in cells lining the airways, a new study shows.
ReGenUC's insight:

Highlighting the potential harms associated with use of any form of water pipes.

more...
No comment yet.