Useful AOD Reports & Resources
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Smoking and quitting smoking among prisoners 2012

This bulletin presents results from the 2012 National Prisoner Health Data Collection (NPHDC), focusing on smoking and smoking cessation behaviours of prisoners in Australia.
ReGenUC's insight:

Report by the Australian Institute for Health and Welfare.

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Useful AOD Reports & Resources
A collection of good AOD research and resources
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Australian National Drug Strategy 2017-2026 released

Australian National Drug Strategy 2017-2026 released | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

For the first time, Australia has a long-term framework for reducing and preventing the harms associated with alcohol and other drugs through the agreement of a ten-year National Drug Strategy. This is a national strategic framework built on the principles of partnerships, coordination and collaboration, national direction and jurisdictional implementation, and evidence-informed responses.

ReGenUC's insight:

We haven't seen any announcements in relation to the new National Drug Strategy. It's a bit odd that such an important document would be released with no publicity. At first reading, there doesn't appear to be anything too controversial in the new strategy, but there is no mention of drug checking services as a harm reduction measure or of drug law reform.

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Drug strategy 2017 (UK)

Drug strategy 2017 (UK) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
The drug strategy 2017 sets out how the government and its partners, at local, national and international levels, will take new action to tackle drug misuse and the harms it causes.
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It's Time for the U.S. to Decriminalize Drug Use and Possession

It's Time for the U.S. to Decriminalize Drug Use and Possession | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

By any measure and every metric, the U.S. war on drugs — a constellation of laws and policies that seeks to prevent the use of certain drugs, primarily through punishment and coercion — has been a catastrophic failure. Indeed, federal and state policies that are designed to be “tough” on people who use and sell illegal drugs have helped over-fill our jails and prisons, permanently branded millions of otherwise law-abiding civilians as “criminals”, and exacerbated drug-related death, disease and suffering — all while failing at their stated aims.

ReGenUC's insight:

New DPA report. See today's related post on Oregon's proposal to reduce criminal penalties for possession of methamphetamine, heroin and MDMA: http://sco.lt/7F4sXx

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AOD Guidelines for Journalists (Aus)

The evidence is clear. Reporting stories about deaths from drug use can counter-intuitively make it more attractive for people to use drugs, not less. It can also lead to knee-jerk policy responses that are not evidence-based and can be counterproductive. Media-driven policy-making has the potential to increase rather than decrease harm.

Journalists can help reduce drug-related harm by understanding the complex interaction between media reporting, drug policy and drug-related harm. To assist journalists in providing critical analysis of drug-related issues and events, which has the potential to help reduce harms from drug use, we have developed the following guidelines.

ReGenUC's insight:

Check out AOD Media Watch's guidelines for AOD reporting. They're not intended to provide a comprehensive resource, but a practical guide for journalists who are willing to consider the potential impacts of poor media practice on the people they write about, their families, service providers, policy makers and the wider community.

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Public expenditure on supply reduction policies (EU)

Evaluating drug policy is an integral part of a cost-efficient approach to tackle illicit drugs. This report takes a first step towards a systematic analysis, by examining a set of representative attempts to estimate public expenditure on supply reduction interventions.

ReGenUC's insight:

See NDARC's analysis of Australian drug policy spending: http://sco.lt/6yicgz.

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World Drug Report 2017

World Drug Report 2017 | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

To celebrate 20 years since its inception, the World Drug Report 2017 is presented in a new five-booklet format designed to improve reader friendliness while maintaining the wealth of information contained within.

ReGenUC's insight:

See related media coverage: http://sco.lt/9Lsdn7

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Further support for genetic factors underlying addictions (USA)

Impairment of a particular gene raises increases susceptibility to opioid addiction liability as well as vulnerability to binge eating according to a new study. Dysfunction of the gene, casein kinase1-epsilon (CSNK1E), increases opioid's euphoric response and produces a marked increase in sensitivity to binge eating in a female experimental model but not in the male.
ReGenUC's insight:

Researchers suggest that the CSNK1E gene may also have a role in increasing risk of alcohol dependence.

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High-risk drug use and new psychoactive substances (Europe)

This report provides a first look at the emergence of more problematic forms of use of new psychoactive substances among a range of demographic groups, including opioid and amphetamine injectors, prisoners, the homeless and men who have sex with men. It explores, in particular, the use of synthetic cathinones, synthetic cannabinoids and new synthetic opioids, as well as related harms and responses.

ReGenUC's insight:

Another in the new series of EMCDDA reports, this one focusing on NPS, their current impacts and future implications for public health and drug policy.

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Drug consumption rooms: an overview of provision and evidence (EU)

Supervised drug consumption facilities, where illicit drugs can be used under the supervision of trained staff, have been operating in Europe for the last three decades. These facilities primarily aim to reduce the acute risks of disease transmission through unhygienic injecting, prevent drug-related overdose deaths and connect high-risk drug users with addiction treatment and other health and social services.

ReGenUC's insight:

New EMCDDA resource with background info and key components of successful DCR models.

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Police diversion for cannabis offences: Assessing outcomes and cost-effectiveness (Aus)

Police diversion is widely utilised as an intervention for minor cannabis offending in Australia. This study compared the cost-effectiveness and outcomes of three kinds of diversions - cautions, expiation and warnings - with the traditional criminal justice system response of charging the offender. 

ReGenUC's insight:

Study by Marian Shanahan, Caitlin Hughes and Tim McSweeney finds reduction in drug use and offending, compared with those who were charged.

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The number of cigarettes smoked per year around the world, mapped

The number of cigarettes smoked per year around the world, mapped | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
China is the world's biggest consumer of cigarettes, adults there smoke a huge 4124 each a year (11-12 a day), according to data from the World Health Organisation. In a close second is Belarus (3831 cigarettes smoked per adult, per year), then Lebanon (3023), Macedonia (2732), and Russia (2690).
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Australian methamphetamine user outcomes

Illicit drug use costs Australia billions of dollars every year in lost productivity and healthcare and crime costs. This paper examines the demographics of methamphetamine users and their employment, education and health outcomes using data from the National Drug Strategy Household Survey, the Drug Use Monitoring in Australia program, the Alcohol and Other Drug Treatment Services data collection and the National Prisoner Health Data Collection. Across all data sources, methamphetamine users reported worse employment, education, housing and health outcomes than those who used other illicit drugs and those who did not use drugs. In the general population, this effect was more pronounced for crystal methamphetamine users than for users of other forms of methamphetamines.

ReGenUC's insight:

New report from the Australian Institute of Criminology estimates the costs of organised crime related illicit drug activity at $4.4 billion in 2013-14. See this related coverage from Xinhua News: http://news.xinhuanet.com/english/2017-05/28/c_136322788.htm

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Global Drug Survey 2017 results released! 

Global Drug Survey 2017 results released!  | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

An increase in the purity of recreational drugs has lead to a major increase in UK cocaine users being admitted to A&E departments according to a study out today.

ReGenUC's insight:

See the key GDS2017 findings here. This year's survey includes data from more than 115,000 people (over 5,000 in Aus).

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Reducing Harm, Supporting Recovery 2017 – 2025 (Ireland)

Ireland’s "Reducing Harm, Supporting Recovery" strategy sets out the Government’s response to addressing the harm caused by substance misuse in our society ove
ReGenUC's insight:

Ireland's new national drug strategy. See related coverage: http://sco.lt/4yHjdZ

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Evaluating drug policy: a seven-step guide to support the commissioning and managing of evaluations (EU)

Irish drugs and alcohol research, data, policy and sources of evidence on prevention, treatment, rehabilitation, crime and consequences.
ReGenUC's insight:

Nice policy resource from EMCDDA

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On-site ecstasy pill-testing services may reduce user risks at concerts and raves (USA)

At least some recreational users of illegal drugs may choose not to take them if tests show the pills are adulterated or fake, shows data collected over five years by volunteers who tested pills free of charge at music festivals and raves across the United States.

ReGenUC's insight:

Johns Hopkins analysis highlights the potential value of drug checking services in preventing harm. See today's related post on concerns about drug purity amongst Canadian festival goers: http://sco.lt/5JvkhN

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Australian Criminal Intelligence Commission Illicit Drug Data Report

Our Illicit Drug Data Report (IDDR) informs Australia’s understanding of the illicit drug threat and focuses coll
ReGenUC's insight:

See related coverage: http://sco.lt/5dMbU9  http://sco.lt/6D4UEr

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Guides to the Alcohol Industry (Aus)

Guides to the Alcohol Industry (Aus) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
The McCusker Centre has released a series of guides to the major alcohol companies, sales outlets, and alcohol industry peak bodies and representative groups in Australia.

The three guides are available in the boxes that follow.
ReGenUC's insight:

Some good resources here for those with an interest in Australian alcohol policy (and how it is influenced).

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Research Review: The effectiveness of multidimensional family therapy in treating adolescents with multiple behavior problems – a meta-analysis

Review finds multidimensional family therapy more effective than group therapies and other psychosocial therapies, particularly among adolescents with severe substance use and other behavioural problems.

ReGenUC's insight:

With some obvious implications for treatment services working with young people.

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Naltrexone: Injectable or oral? (USA)

Medications can help people who drink excessive amounts of alcohol. One medication that can reduce alcohol craving and help promote recovery is naltrexone, which is approved for treatment of alcohol dependence by the Food and Drug Administration. It is available in two forms – injectable and oral. A pilot study evaluated the feasibility of injectable versus oral naltrexone, administered in a hospital setting to enhance treatment compliance when patients leave the hospital.
ReGenUC's insight:

US study finds both oral and injected naltrexone reduced alcohol consumption and increased medication compliance.

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Preventing overdose deaths in Europe 

It is estimated that over 70 000 lives were lost to drug overdoses in Europe in the first decade of the twenty-first century. Reducing drug-related deaths therefore remains a major challenge for public health policy. This analysis describes some of the factors that increase the risk of fatal and non-fatal overdoses and a number of interventions developed to prevent these events.

ReGenUC's insight:

New EMCDDA resource featuring background info and description of key success factors for peer naloxone distribution.

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Publishing Addiction Science

Publishing Addiction Science is a comprehensive guide for addiction scientists facing the complex process of contributing to scholarly journals. Written by an international group of addiction journal editors and their colleagues, it discusses how to write research articles and systematic reviews, choose a journal, respond to reviewers’ reports, become a reviewer, and resolve the often difficult authorship, ethical and citation issues that arise in addiction science publishing.

 

ReGenUC's insight:

A nice resource for researchers and other seeking to contribute to the AOD evidence base.

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National Drug Strategy Household Survey (NDSHS) 2016 key findings (AIHW)

The 2016 NDSHS show that younger people (aged under 30) were smoking less, drinking less and using fewer illicit drugs in 2016 than in 2001. However, for people in their 40s, 50s and 60s, there was little to no change in drug usage behaviours over this period but their use of some drugs has increased between 2013 and 2016.

ReGenUC's insight:

See today's initial commentary on the 2016 findings by Nicole Lee: http://sco.lt/5uSHRp

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Peter Dunne says 'Class C' drugs like cannabis should be made legal and regulated (NZ)

Peter Dunne says 'Class C' drugs like cannabis should be made legal and regulated (NZ) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
Government minister says legalisation of cannabis is the 'logical way forward'.
ReGenUC's insight:

Peter Dunne continues his advocacy for evidence based policy measures. In contrast, see the latest example of Australian political leaders refusing to recognise calls for policy reform: http://sco.lt/7xmHlB

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ReGenUC's curator insight, May 28, 10:33 PM

Peter Dunne continues his advocacy for evidence based policy measures. In contrast, see the latest example of Australian political leaders refusing to recognise calls for policy reform: http://sco.lt/7xmHlB

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Young people’s statistics from the National Drug Treatment Monitoring System (NDTMS) 1 April 2015 to 31 March 2016 (UK)

The diminishing youth treatment caseload in England is increasingly dominated by under-18s primarily being treated for cannabis use problems as the numbers of primary problem drinkers falls away to just 15% of the caseload.

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