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Working with trauma and substance use (Aus)

Working with trauma and substance use (Aus) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

This is one of ours.

It's to support AOD workers in responding to trauma histories amongst service users.

Available for free download.

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Useful AOD Reports & Resources
A collection of good AOD research and resources
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The Alcohol Policy Environment and Policy Subgroups as Predictors of Binge Drinking Measures Among US Adults

A 10 percentage point higher alcohol policy environment score, which reflected increased policy effectiveness and implementation, was associated with an 8% lower adjusted odds of binge drinking and binge drinking 5 or more times, and a 10% lower adjusted odds of consuming 10 or more drinks. Policies that targeted the general population rather than the underage population, alcohol consumption rather than impaired driving, and raising the price or reducing the availability of alcohol had the strongest independent associations with reduced binge drinking. Alcohol taxes and outlet density accounted for approximately half of the effect magnitude observed for all policies.
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Peers, but not peer pressure, key to prescription drug misuse among young adults (USA)

Peers, but not peer pressure, key to prescription drug misuse among young adults (USA) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
Current efforts to prevent prescription drug misuse among young adults need to consider peers — but not peer pressure — according to a new study.
ReGenUC's insight:

These seem like sensible findings.

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Dissemination of a computer-based psychological treatment in a drug and alcohol clinical service: an observational study (Aus)

There is emerging evidence for the potential of computer-based psychological treatments (CBPT) as an add-on to usual clinical practice in the management of health problems.
ReGenUC's insight:

The message from this study is that consumers are open to computer-based interventions, but that workers need to be supported to include them effectively within their practice.

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Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2012-13

Alcohol and other drug treatment services in Australia 2012-13 | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

Over 700 agencies provided over 160,000 treatment episodes for alcohol and other drug issues to an estimated 108,000 clients in Australia in 2012–13. Most episodes were for clients receiving treatment for their own drug use, and these clients tended to be male and in their 20s and 30s. Alcohol was the most common principal drug of concern, accounting for almost half of these closed episodes, and counselling was the most common type of treatment.

ReGenUC's insight:

The latest of AIHW's annual reports on Aus treatment services.

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Living Sober

Living Sober | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
A community website designed to support people who wish to free themselves from the clutches of alcohol. Living Sober is not for profit, nor is it concerned with alcohol reform or public policy. It is about self-education and empowerment, based firmly around the concept of community.
ReGenUC's insight:

A new initiative in NZ.

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“I don’t really like the pub […]”: reflections on young people and pre-loading alcohol (UK)

Recent research (Barton and Husk, 2012) suggested that in the UK we are seeing a shift from the traditional “pub-club” drinking pattern to a “home-pub-club” pattern. In the latter model often excessive early evening drinking is occurring in the private sphere in the absence of external control, leading to problems when the drinkers enter the public sphere. Moreover, pre-loading has become a key aspect in the drinking patterns of many of the Night Time Economy (NTE) population with around 60-70 per cent of people drinking some alcohol prior to going out. In the previous work (Barton and Husk, 2012) 50 per cent of people were drinking significant quantities of alcohol prior to entering the NTE. The paper aims to discuss these issues.

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Opiate and crack use continues to fall, alongside significant decrease in injecting (UK)

Opiate and crack use continues to fall, alongside significant decrease in injecting (UK) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
The number of opiate and crack cocaine users in England has fallen again according to independent research published today by PHE.
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On Language - Isaac Jackson, Urban Survivors Union (USA)

From the filming of "We ARE the People: Drug User Organizing in the United States"
ReGenUC's insight:

A nice intro to the importance of language in reducing stigma and supporting change in people's lives.

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PTSD Symptom Reports of Patients Evaluated for the New Mexico Medical Cannabis Program

Background: New Mexico was the first state to list post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as a condition for the use of medical cannabis. There are no published studies, other than case reports, of the effects of cannabis on PTSD symptoms. The purpose of the study was to report and statistically analyze psychometric data on PTSD symptoms collected during 80 psychiatric evaluations of patients applying to the New Mexico Medical Cannabis Program from 2009 to 2011. Methods: The Clinician Administered Posttraumatic Scale for DSM-IV (CAPS) was administered retrospectively and symptom scores were then collected and compared in a retrospective chart review of the first 80 patients evaluated. Results: Greater than 75% reduction in CAPS symptom scores were reported when patients were using cannabis compared to when they were not. Conclusions: Cannabis is associated with reductions in PTSD symptoms in some patients, and prospective, placebo-controlled study is needed to determine efficacy of cannabis and its constituents in treating PTSD.

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European Harm Reduction Conference Presentations

European Harm Reduction Conference Presentations | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

Presentations from the recent conference: http://www.harmreduction.ch/en/

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New ACT Drug Laws - April 2014

New ACT Drug Laws - April 2014 | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

On 17 April 2014, changes announced by the Attorney General Simon Corbell MLA to the Criminal Code (Controlled Drugs) Legislation Amendment Regulation 2014 came into effect. The changes are adjusting some of the legal thresholds that differentiate between personal use offences and trafficking offences for some drugs, moving to a mixed weight assessment of prohibited drug quantities and banning a range of new psychoactive substances. 

ReGenUC's insight:

Thanks to ATODA for this background on the ACT changes.

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The non-medical use of tramadol in the UK

PubMed comprises more than 23 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites.
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Early Findings from National Online Survey of Novel Psychoactives (Scotland)

The national online survey of novel psychoactive drugs being carried out by the Centre for Drug Misuse Research launched in March 2014. We are committed to early reporting of the emerging findings from this survey.

ReGenUC's insight:

Indicating people experiencing harms associated with novel psychoactives are unlikely to seek medical help.

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Study suggests federal law to combat use of 'club drugs' has done more harm than good

A federal law enacted to combat the use of 'club drugs' such as ecstasy -- and today's variation known as molly -- has failed to reduce the drugs' popularity and, instead, has further endangered users by hampering the use of measures to protect them.
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Cross-country comparison of waterpipe use: nationally representative data from 13 low and middle-income countries from the Global Adult Tobacco Survey

Evidence shows that smoking tobacco using a waterpipe is significantly associated with diseases. Despite this, waterpipe use seems to be increasing worldwide, though nationally representative data are not widely available. The Global Adult Tobacco Survey (GATS) provides an opportunity to measure various indicators of waterpipe use from nationally representative surveys.

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Quantifying the influence of tobacco industry on EU governance: automated content analysis of the EU Tobacco Products Directive

The tobacco industry spends large sums lobbying the European Union (EU) institutions, yet whether such lobbying significantly affects tobacco policy is not well understood. We used novel quantitative text mining techniques to evaluate the impact of industry pressure on the contested EU Tobacco Products Directive revision.

ReGenUC's insight:

Analysis finds industry lobbying 'associated with significant policy shifts'.

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National Alcohol and Drug Knowledgebase (Aus)

Welcome to the National Alcohol and Drug Knowledgebase (NADK). This website draws on the highest quality Australian data to provide accurate and easy-to-understand information about alcohol and other drugs. A series of frequently asked questions (FAQs) is used to present data in an easily understood manner.

ReGenUC's insight:

Looks like a useful source of credible, current Australian AOD data.  Well done NCETA!

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▶ "Treatment as Prevention?" - What does the future hold for injecting drug users? (Aus) - video

Treatment as Prevention (TasP) for hepatitis C is a new initiative being explored following its debated success with-in the HIV prevention arena. TasP raises...
ReGenUC's insight:

Check out AIVL's recent webinar.  You can read more about the speakers and their presentations here: http://www.aivl.org.au/database/sites/default/files/treatment_as_prevention_info_for_participants.pdf

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How should we measure addiction recovery? Analysis of service provider perspectives using online Delphi groups, Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy, Informa Healthcare (UK)

How should we measure addiction recovery? Analysis of service provider perspectives using online Delphi groups, Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy, Informa Healthcare (UK) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it
The findings confirmed that measuring recovery is a complex process that extends beyond simple quantitative measures of drug use and offending and encompasses other less tangible social, psychological, physical, financial, and spiritual changes. Furthermore, the nature of the identified changes indicated that the boundary between recovery from addiction and simply seeking to achieve a good quality of life is unclear (who, after all, would not want better health and well-being, financial security, secure housing, reciprocal relationships and plans for the future?).
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Business as usual? A status report on new psychoactive substances (NPS) and ‘club drugs' in the UK

Since 2008-2009, there has been a significant increase in interest in, and probable use of, a new breed of synthetic drugs, which can be grouped together under the term New Psychoactive Substances (NPS).

ReGenUC's insight:

New report from DrugScope

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Caregiver Curriculum on FASD 2014

Welcome to the Caregiver Curriculum on FASD (Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder) 2014! The purpose of this curriculum is to provide a venue for caregivers including foster parents, families, kinship care, youth and child care workers, child welfare services, and others trying to understand and cope with many of the life challenges faced by children with FASD.

ReGenUC's insight:

A nice set of resources from Canada.

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ATDC Conference 2014 Visions and Values: Setting the scene for the future (Tas)

The ATDC 2014 Conference, Visions and Values: Setting the scene for the future, was held at Hobart’s Hotel Grand Chancellor on 7-8 May, 2014 and offered a wide range of excellent plenary, breakout and workshop sessions to provoke thought about what the future holds for the way our services conduct their business.

Below is a list of presenters and their presentations.  We have permission to publish the presentations for most of these; click on the presentation title to access these

ReGenUC's insight:

Beau Kilmer, Adrian Carter & Robert Ali's keynotes on Day One were crackers.  Our presentation on web-based approaches is there too.

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Injecting NPS advice for New Psychoactive Substances (Scotland)

Injecting NPS advice for New Psychoactive Substances (Scotland) | Useful AOD Reports & Resources | Scoop.it

SDF in conjunction with NHS GGC and Frontier Medical have created a new advice booklet for people injecting New Psychoative Substances (NPS).  The guide is intended to inform people of the risks associated with injecting NPS, drugs commonly called legal highs, or any unidentified white powders. 

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Prize-based Contingency Management for the Treatment of Substance Abusers: A Meta-analysis

Conclusion: Adding prize-based contingency management to behavioral support for substance use disorders can increase short-term abstinence but the effect does not appear to persist to 6 months.

ReGenUC's insight:

An interesting addition to discussion of incentive-based treatment.

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Opioid substitution therapy as a strategy to reduce deaths in prison: retrospective cohort study (Aus)

Conclusions: Mortality of opioid-dependent prisoners was significantly lower while in receipt of OST.

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