Though Japanese architect Kisho Kurokawa designed and planned Astana, Soviet theories on architecture, planning, and urbanism continue to shape the city’s built environment. A monumental, central axis and monolithic high-rise apartment blocks are legacies of Soviet architects and planners.
This aforementioned monumental axis dominates Astana’s layout. Buildings of civic and commercial importance are sequentially organized and framed by the broad arch of the KazMunaiGas building and the massive, golden-panelled, conical structures at the center of the House of the Ministries, which the axis bisects. Symmetrical in form and composed of geometrical shapes, this axis bestows order and harmony on Astana’s grid.