Unit 7 (Urban Development)
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Can green urbanism save our cities?

Can green urbanism save our cities? | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it
There is no turning back and the number of people that share the world’s limited resources continues to rise.

 

Dr. Steffen Lehmann, UNESCO chair in sustainable urban development for Asia and the Pacific

 

He explains, “We can’t go on when 20 percent of population uses up 80 percent of the resources. As planners we have to remember that consumption is a consequence of demand, and demand is a consequence of design.” He continues, “Much of green urbanism is common sense urbanism. It is easy to reduce the demand with good design and green urbanism has to become the norm for all urban developments.”

 

Lehmann’s model for green urbanism is based on three pillars: energy and materials; water and biodiversity; urban planning and transport. The premise is that an efficient interaction between the three will translate to a successful model. “Green urbanism is interdisciplinary,” Dr. Lehmann believes. “It requires the collaboration of landscape architects, engineers, urban planners, ecologists, transport planners, physicists, psychologists, economists and other specialists, in addition to architects and urban planners. Green urbanism makes every effort to minimize the use of energy, water and materials at each stage of the city’s life cycle.


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If Roads Were Like Bike Lanes

If Roads Were Like Bike Lanes | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it
For those brief moments that you happen to be in a bike lane, biking in the city is wonderful. But it always seems that bike lanes end before they even begin, just like a summer romance or a slice ...

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Seth Dixon's curator insight, November 10, 2014 9:14 AM

It's just a joke, but good comedy has a nugget of truth that shines a light on the inconsistencies of the human experience.  This really highlights the priorities given to various modes of transportation as we allocate public space for them. 


Tags: transportation, planning.

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11 Signs Your Hood Is Being Gentrified

11 Signs Your Hood Is Being Gentrified | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it
A Washington, D.C., resident describes the changes and privilege that have moved into her longtime neighborhood.

 

Tags: neighborhood, gentrification, urban, place, culture, economic, Washington DC.


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Emily Bian's curator insight, March 22, 2015 8:48 PM

7) Uneven development, zones of abandonment, disamenity, and gentrification

This article was written by a woman who noticed a lot of changes in Washington D.C. Gentrification led to these many changes, by becoming not as unique and urbanizing at other people's expense. She describes gentrification as remodeling very quickly and ferociously. A lot of the things she says are for the general good of the people, like installing street lights, but don't take into consideration the people who don't appreciate the changes. Stores like walmart are taking over the family owned stores, and more people are moving in. 

This article describes gentrification perfectly, and I like her pictures to go along with it. I think this would help introduce this vocab term to new students. 

Lydia Tsao's curator insight, March 24, 2015 12:29 AM

Sadly, gentrification happens all across the world. Poor populations in cities are disadvantaged and often have to move out due to wealthier populations moving in. One of the signs I found most disturbing was that police will start patrolling the areas where wealthier and poorer populations mix. This is a sad reality. Police do this to ensure that crime rates are low as poor people would be more tempted to commit crimes in wealthier neighborhoods. I do think this police patrolling has racist roots since the poorer population in Washington D.C. is mostly black. Words like "renewal" and "redevelopment" hide the sad reality behind gentrification/

Ricardo Cabeza de Vaca's curator insight, May 25, 2015 9:36 PM

I believe this article is very interesting because it shows how gentrification can change a neighborhood. I believe gentrification is a little bit of a negative thing because it adds geographical uniformity to our modern society and yes that could be good thing in measure. The article states now police patrol every street, Walmart's and 7-11's start showing up, areas will start becoming more aesthetically pleasing, but is that really a good thing? I believe that sometimes while you are driving by it is better to have a change in your surrounding, rather than seeing the same thing over and over again even if it is more modern.

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The Great Lakes: A Huge Untapped Wind Energy Reservoir - CleanTechnica

The Great Lakes: A Huge Untapped Wind Energy Reservoir - CleanTechnica | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it
 
The winds of Lake Michigan --- and the rest of the Great Lakes --- are an untapped reservoir of renewable energy, according to a project which recently monitored the wind over the Lakes at the height of commercial turbines.

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What is Green Urbanism? Holistic Principles to Transform Cities for Sustainability | InTechOpen

What is Green Urbanism? Holistic Principles to Transform Cities for Sustainability | InTechOpen | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it
What is Green Urbanism? Holistic Principles to Transform Cities for Sustainability | InTechOpen, Published on: 2011-09-06. Authors: Steffen Lehmann (What is Green Urbanism?
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America's Most Bikeable Neighborhoods

America's Most Bikeable Neighborhoods | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it

'In honor of Bike to Work Day, we pulled together a list of America's most bike-friendly neighborhoods.'

The neighborhood rankings below are based on the latest neighborhood-level data provided to us by Walk Score (Walk Score measures walkability, Bike Score measures bikeability).

 

Bike Score places neighborhoods and cities into four categories based on a 100-point score (ranked on bike lanes, hills, destinations and road connectivity, and bike commuting mode share): Biker's Paradise (90-10), Very Bikeable (70-89), Bikeable (50-69), and Somewhat Bikeable (0-49). The data here cover more than 7,000 neighborhoods across the United States and the table at the article link shows America's 25 most bikeable neighborhoods.


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Jim Gramata's curator insight, May 20, 2013 2:37 PM

Bike the Drive this weekend in Chicago!

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Benchmarking the Walkability of Global Cities

Benchmarking the Walkability of Global Cities | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it

The world is becoming increasingly urban: by 2010 more than half the worlds population was living in an urban area and by 2050 that figure may rise to 70%. As these mega-cities become increasingly dense and over-populated, the transport systems that support them are struggling to cope. Cities around the world are realizing they will have to become walkable and bikeable in order to function in the future.

One global organisation is working to connect and empower governments, citizens and communities to achieve a walkable future. Walk21 is a non-profit with the vision to “create a world where people choose and are able to walk as a way to travel, to be healthy and to relax” and champions the International Charter for Walking, which prioritizes the following characteristics:

Inclusive MobilityIntegrated NetworksLess CrimePromotion of WalkingSpaces for peopleSpatial PlanningSupported AuthoritiesReducing Road Danger
Find more information and links at the article...
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Suburban sprawl accounts for 50 percent of US household carbon footprint

Suburban sprawl accounts for 50 percent of US household carbon footprint | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it
Washington DC (SPX) Jan 30, 2014 -
Many U.S. cities are taking steps to grow urban centers in an attempt to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. But a challenge is the significant carbon footprint of spacious suburban living, which in ma

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Ricardo Cabeza de Vaca's curator insight, May 26, 2015 8:46 PM

I think this article is very thought provoking because it shows how suburbs are damaging to the environment. This article informs you on how even though suburbs only account for 4.3% of the global population they are responsible for 20% for the worldwide greenhouse gas emissions. This is a serious detriment to our environment and should be telling us that we should put the Earth first rather than our luxuries. We should change the demographics of our suburbs and help reduce our carbon footprint.

Altaira Wallquist's curator insight, May 26, 2015 11:06 PM

This article covers the detrimental environmental impacts of suburban sprawl. It gives information and statistics specifically on carbon footprints.

 

This connects to the Unit 7 TEK on the environmental impacts of urban spaces, specifically air quality. This connects because it show how the environment is effected and gives statistics to help with visualization of the environmental problems of urbanization and urban sprawl.

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Suburban sprawl cancels carbon footprint savings of dense urban cores

Suburban sprawl cancels carbon footprint savings of dense urban cores | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it
According to a new study by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, population-dense cities contribute less greenhouse gas emissions per person than other areas of the country, but these cities' extensive suburbs essentially wipe out...

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How suburban sprawl makes wildfires more deadly

How suburban sprawl makes wildfires more deadly | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it
Exurban development patterns not only worsen climate change, they also make residents more vulnerable to one of its effects.

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Is Suburban Sprawl on Its Way Back?

Is Suburban Sprawl on Its Way Back? | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it

“ Does the return of the housing market mean the return of suburban sprawl?”


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World Bank chief urges China to better manage urbanization - Reuters

World Bank chief urges China to better manage urbanization - Reuters | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it
Economic Times World Bank chief urges China to better manage urbanization Reuters BEIJING (Reuters) - China must plan its massive urbanization better to limit environmental damage and to ensure that millions of migrants benefit more...

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Urban Design for New American Cities

Urban Design for New American Cities | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it

Around many of our Gateway Cities like New York, Washington DC and San Francisco, are sprouting "New Cities", complete with their own infrastructure, neighborhoods, employment centers and cultural identity.


With exploding global populations, much of the talk around urbanization revolves around cities in Asia, Africa and Latin America. But here at home in the United States, a new type of city form is taking shape. Around many of our Gateway Cities like New York, Washington DC and San Francisco, are sprouting "New Cities", complete with their own infrastructure, neighborhoods, employment centers and cultural identity.

 

The timing of these "New Cities" is good, since in recent years there has been a resurgence of ideas of urban planning that promote mix of uses, walkability and transit oriented development. However, New Cities confront us with many unprecedented realities that we must consider and analyze in depth before we rubber-stamp our current formulas for creating vibrant urban communities. These places are inherently different from Gateway Cities, Suburban Settlements or Rural Areas. They have a DNA of their own, which requires a more tailored response...


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Ricardo Cabeza de Vaca's curator insight, May 26, 2015 9:00 PM

I believe this article is very interesting. It reminds us that because of changing times we also need to change the demographics of our cities. With exploding populations it is time to come up with a "New City' a different type of city with a new type of infrastructure. Around huge population centers these new cities are popping up and are creating a very different environment. These cities are creating permanent, affordable and very diverse places to live. They are creating a positive place for the people that move to these cities. A city of the future and for the future.

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11 Signs Your Hood Is Being Gentrified

11 Signs Your Hood Is Being Gentrified | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it
A Washington, D.C., resident describes the changes and privilege that have moved into her longtime neighborhood.

 

Tags: neighborhood, gentrification, urban, place, culture, economic, Washington DC.


Via Seth Dixon, Anthony Bidwell
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Emily Bian's curator insight, March 22, 2015 8:48 PM

7) Uneven development, zones of abandonment, disamenity, and gentrification

This article was written by a woman who noticed a lot of changes in Washington D.C. Gentrification led to these many changes, by becoming not as unique and urbanizing at other people's expense. She describes gentrification as remodeling very quickly and ferociously. A lot of the things she says are for the general good of the people, like installing street lights, but don't take into consideration the people who don't appreciate the changes. Stores like walmart are taking over the family owned stores, and more people are moving in. 

This article describes gentrification perfectly, and I like her pictures to go along with it. I think this would help introduce this vocab term to new students. 

Lydia Tsao's curator insight, March 24, 2015 12:29 AM

Sadly, gentrification happens all across the world. Poor populations in cities are disadvantaged and often have to move out due to wealthier populations moving in. One of the signs I found most disturbing was that police will start patrolling the areas where wealthier and poorer populations mix. This is a sad reality. Police do this to ensure that crime rates are low as poor people would be more tempted to commit crimes in wealthier neighborhoods. I do think this police patrolling has racist roots since the poorer population in Washington D.C. is mostly black. Words like "renewal" and "redevelopment" hide the sad reality behind gentrification/

Ricardo Cabeza de Vaca's curator insight, May 25, 2015 9:36 PM

I believe this article is very interesting because it shows how gentrification can change a neighborhood. I believe gentrification is a little bit of a negative thing because it adds geographical uniformity to our modern society and yes that could be good thing in measure. The article states now police patrol every street, Walmart's and 7-11's start showing up, areas will start becoming more aesthetically pleasing, but is that really a good thing? I believe that sometimes while you are driving by it is better to have a change in your surrounding, rather than seeing the same thing over and over again even if it is more modern.

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The United Bike Lanes of America

The United Bike Lanes of America | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it
What do America's bike paths look like from coast coast and how do bike lanes in cities stack up?

 

Tags: transportation, planning.


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Michael Mazo's curator insight, December 13, 2014 1:50 PM

With the rise in gas emissions, everyone is trying to make a stride towards reducing this effect and cleaning up our society. One way in particular is using a bike to get to work. Although it may not seem like something we are used to, it is definitely something we should start getting used to. Looking at this map of the bike lanes in america we see a large amount of the west coast and east coast dedicated towards pushing the issue so that bikes become more prevalent. In theory using bikes will not only reduce emission but it makes for a healthier human body by exerting physical activity instead of sitting back and cruising your way to work. To my knowledge if we try for pushing the issue with more bikes then we are also helping our environment 

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The ghastly tragedy of the suburbs

The ghastly tragedy of the suburbs | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it
In James Howard Kunstler's view, public spaces should be inspired centers of civic life and the physical manifestation of the common good. Instead, he argues, what we have in America is a nation of places not worth caring about.

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Kevin Barker's curator insight, January 21, 2015 9:02 AM

This could become something of a fixation for me.  Plano TX is seen on many levels of a great suburban city but here is one way it is lacking most.

Linda Denty's curator insight, February 3, 2015 5:41 PM
Strong language used in this!
Zeke Robinson's curator insight, May 26, 2015 9:23 PM

i disagree with this guy, for suburbs bring us close and save space and its good that we have them.

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Can green urbanism save our cities?

Can green urbanism save our cities? | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it
There is no turning back and the number of people that share the world’s limited resources continues to rise.

 

Dr. Steffen Lehmann, UNESCO chair in sustainable urban development for Asia and the Pacific

 

He explains, “We can’t go on when 20 percent of population uses up 80 percent of the resources. As planners we have to remember that consumption is a consequence of demand, and demand is a consequence of design.” He continues, “Much of green urbanism is common sense urbanism. It is easy to reduce the demand with good design and green urbanism has to become the norm for all urban developments.”

 

Lehmann’s model for green urbanism is based on three pillars: energy and materials; water and biodiversity; urban planning and transport. The premise is that an efficient interaction between the three will translate to a successful model. “Green urbanism is interdisciplinary,” Dr. Lehmann believes. “It requires the collaboration of landscape architects, engineers, urban planners, ecologists, transport planners, physicists, psychologists, economists and other specialists, in addition to architects and urban planners. Green urbanism makes every effort to minimize the use of energy, water and materials at each stage of the city’s life cycle.


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The 12 Rules of Sustainable Urbanism | Sustainable Cities Collective

The 12 Rules of Sustainable Urbanism | Sustainable Cities Collective | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it

The 12 rules of sustainable urbanism are enshrined in the Freiburg Charter, a document produced by what is possibly the world's most sustainable city; the city which won the World Habitat Award in 2013 (for which prize in 2014 nominations are now...


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Ricardo Cabeza de Vaca's curator insight, May 26, 2015 12:57 AM

I believe this article is very interesting because I believe it explains the basis on how every city should look like. The rules of Sustainable Urbanism which are in the Freiburg Charter depict how every city should look like. It adds diversity in the environment (by doing so it takes away placelessness) and creates a great place to live in. I think this article should tell us that we should build more cities like this. 

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Using Smartphones to Improve Walkability

Using Smartphones to Improve Walkability | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it

When it comes to walking in the city, our smartphones provide us with pedestrian sat-nav, reviews of the best places to visit and even measure how many calories we’re burning. In fact, recent research suggests that our phones are encouraging us to even explore more places.

 

Now, a new mobile app provides an essential tool for the walkable lifestyle. It enables people to check the walkability of the street they’re standing in, as well as discover new walkable streets in other areas and add their own reviews.

The free app uses over 600,000 street ratings from Walkonomics.com, covering every street in San Francisco, New York and England. But unlike other walkability apps, which only measure how many destinations are within walking distance, the Walkonomics app provides 5-star ratings for 8 different categories of pedestrian-friendliness:

Road safetyEasy to crossPavement/SidewalkHillinessNavigationFear of crimeSmart & beautifulFun & relaxing

 

The Walkonomics mobile app provides a crowdsourcing tool for events, allowing more people to be involved, add reviews and post suggestions. With more cities to be added, the app has the potential to become the new ‘must-have’ app for not only discovering and enjoying walkable streets, but also transforming and making streets more pedestrian-friendly...


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Suburbs Without Borders: Photos of American Sprawl in Mexico

Suburbs Without Borders: Photos of American Sprawl in Mexico | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it

December 20, 2013 — This collision of cultures fascinates photographer Anthony Marchetti, whose series Occidente Nuevo and Little Boxes document the banality of suburban sprawl that has migrated south from San Diego into the regions around Tijuana.

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The true costs of suburban sprawl

The true costs of suburban sprawl | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it
Across Canada, municipalities and innovators are beginning to look at policies meant to encourage higher density and efficiency

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Suburban sprawl to power cities of the future

Suburban sprawl to power cities of the future | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it
A city’s suburbs could hold the solution to dwindling fuel supplies by producing enough energy to power residents’ cars and even top up power resources, pioneering new research has found.

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Event: Innovative Approaches to Managing Suburban Sprawl - January 20, 2014 - Spacing Vancouver

Event: Innovative Approaches to Managing Suburban Sprawl - January 20, 2014 - Spacing Vancouver | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it
The Canadian Urban Institute and Sustainable Prosperity in collaboration with Simon Fraser University  and the Urban Development Institute invite you to attend: Suburban Sprawl Innovative approaches to managing suburban sprawl in Canada.

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Visualizing Sustainable Urbanization

Visualizing Sustainable Urbanization | Unit 7 (Urban Development) | Scoop.it

In a Sustainable City, the use of renewable resources is emphazised, resource consumption is minimized and resources are managed in a way that maximizes recovery and reuse.
New system solutions provide scope for synergies between sewage, waste and energy production and enable coordination with efficient land use, landscape planning and transport systems. This is illustrated by the eco-cycle model which is essential for a definitive shift from linear to circular resource flows.


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Emily Bian's curator insight, May 22, 2015 9:27 AM

Sustainability is the survival of the environment to be able to sustain future generations. Environmental sustainability is a critical issue due to mass consumption, pollution, climate change, and things like deforestation and desertification. 

People are using more renewable resources and trying to cut down on mass consumption. 

This is a good diagram and article to read for APHUG students for them to learn about sustainability and how that affects the people living on this earth. 

Anna Sasaki's curator insight, May 27, 2015 3:08 AM

Sustainability derives from the utilization of renewable resources. There are new and improved methods of the disposal of waste and more eco-friendly ways of transportation and landscape planning. This model insinuates the different ingredients needed to create a sustainable city.

This ties into master planned cities, since the cities have to take into account these fundamental rules of sustainability, as well as the small details which could potentially have grand repercussions.