Unit 6 (Agriculture)
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This little piggy is going to China

This little piggy is going to China | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it

This photoblog will also link you to a full article and video that explains how the American pork industry is supplying China's demand for protein as globalization forces (among others) has led the Chinese consumers to eat 10% more meat than they did just 5 years ago.  WHat impact will this have on American agriculture?  How to we explain fo the rise in meat demand in China?    


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Adrian Bahan (MNPS)'s curator insight, March 7, 2013 8:28 PM

Read the linked article. How is China dealing with its increasing appitite for meat?

Paige McClatchy's curator insight, December 14, 2013 5:30 PM

Chinese farmers cannot keep with with Chinese demand from pork, so America is stepping in to fill the gap. The globalization of American pork seems like it would benefit American farmers and Chinese consumers, but the environmental cost of raising so many extra pigs on American land must be considered, as well as transportation costs to ship it to China.

Jacob Crowell's curator insight, December 15, 2014 1:35 PM

We never focus on the goods leaving the United States and being imported to China. American pork is filling the demand in China and because globalization has made it cheap to ship exports, China is responding by eating more pork because it is affordable. This is important in keeping American exporting business afloat. There are plenty of pigs in the US to provide large numbers to foreign countries. I also find it interesting that what Americans would consider a staple of so called "Chinese food" is being exported from the US. 

Unit 6 (Agriculture)
Agriculture and Land Use
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Align trade and agricultural development policies better to achieve food security - FAO (2015)

Align trade and agricultural development policies better to achieve food security - FAO (2015) | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it

Rules governing international trade of food and agricultural products should be crafted with an eye to improving countries' food security and other development objectives. For this, a pragmatic approach that would align agricultural and trade policies at the national level is needed... 

The expected increase in global trade of farm products along with shifting patterns of trade and multiples sources of risks to global supplies will give trade and its governance a heightened influence over the extent and nature of food security everywhere... 

FAO report aims to reduce the current polarization of views on agricultural trade, wherein some insist that free trade leads to more available and accessible food while others, noting the recent bout of volatile food prices, insist on the need for a more cautious approach to trade, including a variety of safeguards for developing countries... 

The role of trade varies enormously with country characteristics, such as income, economic and landholding structure, the stage of agricultural development and the degree of integration of farmers in global value chains. Amid such variety in country conditions, international rules for formulating national trade policies should be supportive of efforts to mitigate disruptions that affect any of the four dimensions of food security: availability, access, utilization and stability.

Balancing short-run and long-run objectives is becoming vitally important considering that the nature of disruptions varies enormously and that market shocks will likely become more frequent due to geopolitical, weather and policy-induced uncertainties. While efforts to intervene and shield domestic markets from global price volatility could in fact lead to increased domestic price volatility, agricultural incentives play an important role in in boosting agricultural production and efficiency and fostering broader economic growth.

The global trade arena has changed notably in the past decade, with trade in food alone nearly tripling in value terms, driven in particular by fruits, vegetables, fish, meat and dairy products – all high-value categories where standards are typically more important than in staple commodities such as cereal grains... 

Latin America has become the largest net exporter of food, replacing North America, and ushering in a new political map of South-South trade flows... Agricultural commodity imports tend to be dispersed among many countries, exports are concentrated in a few – such as Brazil with sugar, or the United States with coarse grains – which makes supply more vulnerable to sudden disruptions... 

New and subtler dynamics are increasingly driving trade patterns, including the emergence of global value chains and vertical integration within agricultural production and marketing. Such developments, wherein market power and standardization may matter as much as price, raise questions about the assumption of competitive markets and traditional efforts to harness comparative advantages, although participation in value chains also offer important income-generating opportunities to smallholder farmers.

The "supermarket revolution" in many developing countries is also changing the balance... On the one hand, retail chains often procure goods directly, shaking up habits as shown by the rapid halving of the market share of the top three banana-trading multinational companies from 70 percent in 2002 to 37 percent today. On the other hand, while supermarkets tend to benefit lower-income urban consumers, producers may suffer if they lack the ability to make investments necessary to meet volume, cost, quality and consistency standards.

The... report offers a nuanced counterpoint to the often ideological clash between advocates of protected and open markets, which often stem from differences in the definitions of trade and food security. In reality, countries may seek to follow different strategies along the policy continuum from prioritizing own production towards relying on more open markets at different times in their development trajectory, depending on how their circumstances change over time.

Moreover, the distinction between formally protected and liberal markets often fades due to the way trade rules are actually implemented... Appropriate policies often depend on the extent to which national markets are developed and behave competitively and offer participants tools to manage risk. Where these conditions do not yet apply, "domestic support policies should not be rejected out of hand"... 

Mainstreaming food security – itself a function of multiple sectors of economies that change over time – into the trade policy decision-making process is a way to make trade an "enabler" of sustainable development and the core goal of eradicating hunger.

 

http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/357439/icode/

 


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How American Agriculture Works

How American Agriculture Works | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it
There really are two different Americas: the heartland, and the coasts....

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Bob Beaven's curator insight, January 29, 2015 2:38 PM

These maps are interesting, in the fact that the heartland of the United States differs so much from either coast.  Both the coasts, as seen in the first map grow fruits and vegetables.  The center of the country grows wheat, and wheat is the dominant  crop of the country.  This might account for the reason why fruits and vegetables are more expensive than grain based products.  The second map helps to drive home this point even further, of how different the coasts are from the heartland.  What I also thought was funny, however, was the author's comment that it looks like an electoral map.  Perhaps, the reason heartland states tend to side with each other and republicans is because of shared interests in the political arena.

Adriene Mannas's curator insight, March 22, 2015 10:24 AM

Unit 5 Agricultural and Rural Land Use

 

This picture and article talks about the main use of the agricultural growth in the United States. It shows how most and almost all of the agribusiness is in the growth of feed and food for animals on the ranches rather than humans. The amount of money made is astounding with how far the table tilts toward animal feed.

 

This relates to Human Geography because agriculture is one of the main points. It shows how people use agribusiness and ow it leans more toward the consumption of animals rather than humans. 

Daniel Lindahl's curator insight, May 25, 2015 1:22 PM

This link consists of two maps that show agricultural land use in America. Nearly all of the "breadbasket region" is used not to feed people, but rather to create feed for cows and other animals. 

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How American Agriculture Works

How American Agriculture Works | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it
There really are two different Americas: the heartland, and the coasts....

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Bob Beaven's curator insight, January 29, 2015 2:38 PM

These maps are interesting, in the fact that the heartland of the United States differs so much from either coast.  Both the coasts, as seen in the first map grow fruits and vegetables.  The center of the country grows wheat, and wheat is the dominant  crop of the country.  This might account for the reason why fruits and vegetables are more expensive than grain based products.  The second map helps to drive home this point even further, of how different the coasts are from the heartland.  What I also thought was funny, however, was the author's comment that it looks like an electoral map.  Perhaps, the reason heartland states tend to side with each other and republicans is because of shared interests in the political arena.

Adriene Mannas's curator insight, March 22, 2015 10:24 AM

Unit 5 Agricultural and Rural Land Use

 

This picture and article talks about the main use of the agricultural growth in the United States. It shows how most and almost all of the agribusiness is in the growth of feed and food for animals on the ranches rather than humans. The amount of money made is astounding with how far the table tilts toward animal feed.

 

This relates to Human Geography because agriculture is one of the main points. It shows how people use agribusiness and ow it leans more toward the consumption of animals rather than humans. 

Daniel Lindahl's curator insight, May 25, 2015 1:22 PM

This link consists of two maps that show agricultural land use in America. Nearly all of the "breadbasket region" is used not to feed people, but rather to create feed for cows and other animals. 

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New Report: Achieving Food Security in the Face of Climate Change

New Report: Achieving Food Security in the Face of Climate Change | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it

Interesting new report from the Commission on Sustainable Agriculture and Climate Change with recommendations for policymakers.


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The bugs that ate Monsanto

The bugs that ate Monsanto | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it
First Roundup-resistant superweeds, and now corn rootworms, a common pest, have grown resistant to Monsanto's Bt corn. The result is bad for more than just the company's stock prices.

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How to Make the Food System More Energy Efficient

Changes in agriculture, policy and personal behaviors can reduce the energy a nation uses to feed itself and the greenhouse gases it emits...

 

Great recent article from Scientific American.


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Record cereal prices stoke fears of global food crisis

Record cereal prices stoke fears of global food crisis | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it
Severe drought in US - largest exporter of corn, soya beans and wheat - pushes up prices and revives memories of 2007-08 riots...

 

This recurrence of the global food crisis caused either by rising commodity prices or extreme weather events related to climate change is a strong indicator of the validity of John Michael Greer's theory of the catabolic collapse of civilisations.


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The Farm Bill: What's in it for Organic Agriculture - Farm Futures

The Farm Bill: What's in it for Organic Agriculture - Farm Futures | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it
The Farm Bill: What's in it for Organic Agriculture Farm Futures The organic agriculture industry is growing at a record pace as more than 25,000 certified organic operations in 120 countries register with the USDA Ag Marketing Service – a trend...
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Growing use of drones poised to transform agriculture - USA TODAY

Growing use of drones poised to transform agriculture - USA TODAY | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it
Wall Street Journal Growing use of drones poised to transform agriculture USA TODAY That's because agriculture operations span large distances and are mostly free of privacy and safety concerns that have dogged the use of these aerial high-fliers...
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Technology and Agriculture - India

Technology and Agriculture - India | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it
A short report on Technology and Agriculture based in India.

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How cities can embrace urban agriculture and weaken the grip of 'big food'

How cities can embrace urban agriculture and weaken the grip of 'big food' | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it
Many city governments around the world are encouraging agriculture in urban areas--so long as it stays small scale and doesn't challenge the status quo.

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Urban Agriculture: Industrial-Sized Rooftop Farm Planned for Berlin

Urban Agriculture: Industrial-Sized Rooftop Farm Planned for Berlin | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it
It is hardly a logical spot for a farm, but three Berliners have earmarked a massive former factory roof for an unusual urban agriculture venture.

 

Urban agriculture within an industrial landscape is reshaping our cities, food systems and rural areas. What economic factors are making this happen?  What cultural factors explain the growth of this phenomenon?  


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Mr. Gresham's curator insight, April 10, 2014 10:19 AM

I wonder what Von Thunen would think of this!

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Precipitation Mapping

Precipitation Mapping | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it

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Seth Dixon's curator insight, November 21, 2013 3:32 PM

In New Hampshire they are doing great work to make mapping data useful in the classroom.  This site is one that they use to show how students can map locally relevant data from an online data set.  CoCoRaHS (Community Collaborative Rain, Hail & Snow Network)  is a crowd-sourced network that gathers North American precipitation data.  The data (especially the total precipitation summary) can be easily copied into as spread sheet and saved as a CSV file (which can be uploaded to ArcGIS online).


Tagsmapping, CSV, water, GISESRIgeography education, geospatial, edtech.

Edelin Espino's curator insight, September 30, 2014 9:42 PM

This is  COCORAHS. people from different places put this measurement tools to measure the rain fall, and it is different everywhere. this is cool in my opinion.

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How to feed 7 billion of us without ruining the planet

How to feed 7 billion of us without ruining the planet | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it
A new study says feeding all 7 billion of us is possible with the resources at hand -- we'll just have to rethink how and where we're farming.

 

Excellent article from The Grist summarising a new Nature study on how are current industrialised farming system is failing the feed the world and what can be done about it.


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Inside The Indiana Megadairy Making Coca-Cola's New Milk

Inside The Indiana Megadairy Making Coca-Cola's New Milk | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it
Coca-Cola got a lot of attention in November when it announced it was going into the milk business. In fact, its extra-nutritious milk product was invented by some dairy farmers in Indiana.

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Courtney Barrowman's curator insight, January 23, 2015 12:25 PM

unit 5

Norka McAlister's curator insight, February 2, 2015 5:11 PM

As the main producer of certain crops and hogs, the state of Indiana has been chosen by Coca-Cola to spearhead a new innovative project regarding an improved flavor of milk in the future. Indiana’s prime location and abundance of raw materials positively contributed to the decision to establish the project’s headquarters in this state. As a result, it is expected that this innovation will boost Indiana’s economy and create for jobs and advancements in technology. This project allows Coca-Cola the opportunity to expand its brand and offer healthier beverage options to the consumer.

Katie's curator insight, March 23, 2015 11:34 PM

This article is about how coco cola is going into the milk business. There source for milk is from Fair Oaks Farm. This dairy is Americas one and only dairy theme park. I think this would be an example of large scale commercial agriculture and agribusiness.  

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How to feed 7 billion of us without ruining the planet

How to feed 7 billion of us without ruining the planet | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it
A new study says feeding all 7 billion of us is possible with the resources at hand -- we'll just have to rethink how and where we're farming.

 

Excellent article from The Grist summarising a new Nature study on how are current industrialised farming system is failing the feed the world and what can be done about it.


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FAO report: "Energy-smart" agriculture needed to escape fossil fuel trap

FAO report:  "Energy-smart" agriculture needed to escape fossil fuel trap | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it

High and fluctuating prices of fossil fuels and doubts regarding their future availability mean that agri-food systems need to shift to an "energy-smart" model, according to the report Energy-Smart Food for People and Climate.

 

Mandatory reading for all policymakers involved in the debate on the European Common Agricultural Policy reform.


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Why Agriculture Needs to Catch Up on Climate Change Action

Why Agriculture Needs to Catch Up on Climate Change Action | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it
Agriculture is one of the first sectors that will be seriously affected by climate change, yet the sector is far behind in quantifying and reducing its carbon footprint.

 

Good article from GreenBiz.com.


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The world is closer to a food crisis than most people realise

The world is closer to a food crisis than most people realise | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it
Lester R.Brown: Unless we move quickly to adopt new population, energy, and water policies, the goal of eradicating hunger will remain just that...

 

Another warning but no one is listening until it is too late and then we will get the "free" rock concerts again.


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Eli Levine's curator insight, March 11, 2014 1:29 PM

This should be truly terrifying to thsoe who hold political and social power at our present juncture.

 

Yet what are they doing to mitigate the problems of these impending crises, other than to prepare civilization for marshal law?  How are they actually helping others (and themselves) through the constant resorting to the jack-boot?

 

Not very enlightened.

 

Not every inspired.


Not very original.

 

Think abouti it.

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5 reasons to upgrade technology

5 reasons to upgrade technology | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it
Adam Gittins, HTS Ag, lists five reasons why you should upgrade your older equipment with the latest precision ag technology.
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Tweet from @StateDept

Tweet from @StateDept | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it
Tomorrow is #WorldWaterDay! Did you know agriculture and food production accounts for 70% of global water use? http://t.co/ELPfR5EpWi
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Farming in America: 'There's a growing discontent' - CNBC.com

Farming in America: 'There's a growing discontent' - CNBC.com | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it
CNBC.com Farming in America: 'There's a growing discontent' CNBC.com "We have a farming model now that is antagonistic to the enjoyment of watching seeds grow and seeing a new born animal," said the 26-year-old Kempf, who is chief executive of...
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Nanomaterials in fertilizer products could threaten soil health, agriculture | Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy

Nanomaterials in fertilizer products could threaten soil health, agriculture | Institute for Agriculture and Trade Policy | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it

"“In light of published research, the Obama administration should institute an immediate moratorium on fertilizing with biosolids from sewage treatment plants near nanomaterial fabrication facilities. A moratorium would give researchers time to determine whether nanomaterials in soil can be made safe and to research alternatives to building soil heath, rather than depending on fertilization with biosolids.” says IATP’s Dr. Steve Suppan.

Over time, the report explains, nanomaterials in these agricultural inputs can accumulate and harm soil health. More research is urgently needed to adequately understand possible long-term impacts of nanotechnology.

“As agri-nanotechnology rapidly enters the market, can soil health and everything that depends on it can be sustained without regulation?” asks Suppan. “That’s the question regulators, researchers and anyone involved in our food system should be asking themselves.”

The report also details risks specific to farmers and farmworkers applying dried biosolids that incorporate nanomaterials, including inflammation of the lungs, fibrosis and other toxicological impacts."

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Agriculture Co. WordPress Template for Business Websites

Agriculture Co. WordPress Template for Business Websites | Unit 6 (Agriculture) | Scoop.it
Agricultural Co WordPress Template is a modern responsive theme with Bootstrap and Cherry Framework for making agricultural business websites.

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Rethinking Agriculture

"Growing Power is a national nonprofit organization and land trust supporting people from diverse backgrounds, and the environments in which they live, by helping to provide equal access to healthy, high-quality, safe and affordable food for people in all communities."

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Steven Flis's curator insight, December 17, 2013 5:56 AM

with the increasing numbers of urban citizens in years to come the key to success in the city will be its ability to adapted to its growing enviroment. It would be nearly impossible for cities to exsit in the future with the current ways of agriculuture, there needs to be a change in the way things are done. Thats why this next gen way of agriculuture is going to take off in urban areas. with the ability to have full farms on rooftops the city will be able to self sustain itself more properly than it does in current times.

Jacqueline Landry's curator insight, December 17, 2013 6:40 PM

For the past three years I have had the luxury of having a garden in my backyard, it is a lot of work but there is nothing better than knowing where my food is coming from. I enjoy going in my backyard and being able to grab vegetables whenever I need them. I also go to farmers markets for vegetables that I don't grow in my own garden.  I would defeniately support local people to get good quality food. 

Lauren Shigemasa's curator insight, January 23, 2014 1:28 AM

a powerful way to increase access to healthy foods! this organization called Growing Power is using urban gardening not only to create a sustainable food source for its neighbors, but also provides a system so we can donate and send a week's worth of fresh fruit/vegetables to any surrounding community in need. so amazing!