There are many things that Afghan women are not allowed to do. Among these things are choosing marriage mates, voting, working and their right to inheritance has been taken away.
There are many organizations that have tried to take over Afhghanistan in the past. Among these organizations is The Taliban. Under Taliban rule, women were forbidden to work, could not leave their houses alone, they were not allowed to seek medical help from a male doctor and they were forced to wear the all-covering Burqa. After all this their financial situation diteriorated greatly. Some women were forced to be beggars and even prostitutes in order to provide for their families.
After the five-year-long Taliban rule the political and cultural position of Afghan women has improved substantially. Men and women now have equal rights. Included in this privelege, women have been allowed back to work, no longer are forced to wear a burqa and have even been appointed to prominent positions in government. However, repression is still prominent in some rural areas. They are still forced into marriages and numerous schools for girls have been burned down.
There are several organizations that are helping with this issue. A couple of those are RAWA(Revolutionary Association of the Women of Afghanistan) and AWO(Afghan Womens' Organization). RAWA is the oldest organization made for Afghan women struggling for peace, freedom, democracy and Afghan womens' rights since 1977. Their founder, Meena, was a victim of martyrdom in 1987. Their slogan is "If you are a freedom-loving, anti-fundementalist, you are with RAWA. Support and help us." AWO works with refugees and imigrants, and those who have experienced wars and persecution with a special focus on women and their families. Its mission is to improve their quality of life and to promote their social and economical inclusion in order to enable them to become contributing members to Afghan society and to live in dignity.
Argentina is moving backwards in terms of maternal mortality, with a rate three times higher than those of its neighbours Chile and Uruguay. Maternal deaths, which are actually increasing, are often the result of unsafe abortions, in a country where the practice is illegal. These are the conclusions of social organisations that monitor the official statistics on deaths of healthy young women from pregnancy-related causes. Complications related to pregnancy and childbirth are the main cause of death among young women, and many of these deaths are the result of abortion, which is only legal in this country in specific circumstances, such as rape. According to the latest Health Ministry statistics, from 2009, the maternal mortality rate that year was 55 per 100,000 live births, higher than the 2008 figure of 44 per 100,000 live births. The ministry attributed the rise to the H1N1 flu epidemic. Under the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) adopted in 2000, one of which is to reduce maternal mortality by 75 percent by 2015, from 1990 levels, Argentina's target is 13 maternal deaths for every 100,000 live births by 2015. As part of MDG 5, on maternal health, Argentina has also made a commitment to close the gap in the mortality rate between the different provinces. But the gap keeps growing, especially between Buenos Aires and northern provinces like Jujuy or Formosa, where maternal mortality is at least twice the national average.The Foundation for Studies and Research on Women (FEIM) warned that there is also "a high level of underreporting" of maternal deaths, a large proportion of which she said are "preventable or avoidable." FEIM director Dr. Mabel Bianco told IPS that although Argentina has health and sex education programmes that are essential to addressing the problem, the public is still largely unaware of the services that are available, such as free birth control. In neighbouring countries like Chile or Uruguay, where universal access to such programmes has been guaranteed "for decades," the results are clear, she said. In Chile, the maternal mortality rate is 20 per 100,000 live births, while in Uruguay it is 15 per 100,000, she noted, citing statistics from 2005.
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