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Attrition: Kinder And Gentler UAV Attacks - Strategy Page

Attrition: Kinder And Gentler UAV Attacks - Strategy Page | www.twobirds.com | Scoop.it
Attrition: Kinder And Gentler UAV Attacks Strategy Page April 1, 2014: The U.S. has sharply reduced its UAV missile attacks in Pakistan's tribal territories. In 2013 there were only 27 such attacks compared to 128 in 2010, the peak year.
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6 year ban on drones is lifted - UAV Jobs Report

6 year ban on drones is lifted - UAV Jobs Report | www.twobirds.com | Scoop.it
Historic Day – Judge Rules – No Ban on Flying Drones for Profit. All drone operators who have been waiting for this unlawful ban are celebrating today. Here are a series of stories compiled about this historic decision.
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Drone Testing Coming to Six States, Jobs to Follow

Dec. 30 (Bloomberg) -- The U.S. approved drone test centers in six states, including New York, as the start of research efforts to eventually allow civilian ...
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New UAV from senseFly - eBee

New UAV from senseFly - eBee | www.twobirds.com | Scoop.it

The eBee is lightweight enough to be launched by hand. It is fully autonomous during its entire flight. When it comes to landing, the eBee can either land in a circular clearing or, when space is limited, use its advanced ground sensing technology to make a fully autonomous straight-line landing.


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FS2004/FSX - Royal Jordanian Boeing 777-200ER

FS2004/FSX - Royal Jordanian Boeing 777-200ER | www.twobirds.com | Scoop.it
FS2004/FSX - Royal Jordanian Boeing 777-200ER. Fictious repaint of the Project Open Sky B777-200 v2 in the current livery of Royal Jordanian Airlines. They never took up the option to lease 777s, b...

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Jordanians demand constitutional reforms

Jordanians demand constitutional reforms | www.twobirds.com | Scoop.it

AMMAN — More than 1,000 Jordanians demonstrated on Friday in Amman's city centre to demand constitutional reforms and dissolution of parliament. "The people want to reform the regime and constitution. The people want to dissolve parliament. Change and reform is a popular demand," the protesters chanted outside Al-Husseini mosque after midday prayers.


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Best of Riyadh Saudi Arabia - Know Everything about Riyadh Saudi Arabia

Best of Riyadh Saudi Arabia - Know Everything about Riyadh Saudi Arabia | www.twobirds.com | Scoop.it
Know Everything about Riyadh Saudi Arabia

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Saudi Arabia's Links to Terrorism :: Middle East Forum #Syria

Saudi Arabia's Links to Terrorism :: Middle East Forum #Syria | www.twobirds.com | Scoop.it
Saudi Arabia's Links to Terrorism :: Middle East Forum

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Juan Carlos Hernandez's curator insight, September 16, 2013 7:03 AM

Saudi Arabia's Links to Terrorism :: Middle East Forum #Syria

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On drones and farming - Fort Dodge Messenger

On drones and farming - Fort Dodge Messenger | www.twobirds.com | Scoop.it
Fort Dodge Messenger On drones and farming Fort Dodge Messenger New on the agricultural horizon are drones-or unmanned aerial vehicles - touted as the "next big thing" in agriculture, helping producers make better use of their farm land, increasing...
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Drones flying toward commercial uses, participants in Broken Arrow summit say - Tulsa World

Drones flying toward commercial uses, participants in Broken Arrow summit say - Tulsa World | www.twobirds.com | Scoop.it
Drones flying toward commercial uses, participants in Broken Arrow summit say Tulsa World Curtis Sprague of Broken Arrow-based Tactical Electronics discusses a helicopter-style drone, which carries infrared and high-definition cameras, during the...
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Armed UAV Operations 10 Years On

Armed UAV Operations 10 Years On | www.twobirds.com | Scoop.it

One of the most iconic images of the American-led wars in Iraq and Afghanistan -- as well as global U.S. counterterrorism efforts -- has been the armed unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), specifically the MQ-1 "Predator" and the MQ-9 "Reaper." Unarmed RQ-1 Predators (which first flew in 1994) were flying over Afghanistan well before the 9/11 attacks. Less than a month after the attacks, an armed variant already in development was deployed for the first time.

 

In the decade since, the Predator has clocked more than a million flight hours. And while U.S. Air Force procurement ceased in early 2011 -- with more than 250 airframes purchased -- the follow-on MQ-9 Reaper has already been procured in numbers and production continues. Predators and Reapers continue to be employed in a broad spectrum of roles, including close air support (CAS), when forward air controllers communicate with UAV operators to release ordnance with friendly troops in the vicinity (CAS is one of the more challenging missions even for manned aircraft because of the heightened risk of friendly casualties). Officially designated "armed, multi-mission, medium-altitude, long endurance, remotely piloted aircraft," the second to last distinction is the Predator and Reaper's principal value: the ability to loiter for extended periods, in some cases for more than 24 hours.

 

This ability affords unprecedented situational awareness and physical presence over the battlefield. The implications of this are still being understood, but it is clear that it allows, for example, the sustained and constant monitoring of main supply routes for attempts to emplace improvised explosive devices (IEDs) or the ability to establish a more sophisticated understanding of high-value targets' living patterns. In addition, live, full-motion video for ground controllers is available to lower and lower echelons to an unprecedented degree.

 

As the procurement of Predators and Reapers and the training of operators accelerated -- particularly under the tenure of former U.S. Defense Secretary Robert Gates, beginning in 2006 -- the number of UAV "orbits" skyrocketed (an orbit is a single, continuous presence requiring more than one UAV airframe per orbit). There are now more than 50 such orbits in the U.S. Central Command area of operations alone (counting several maintained by the larger, unarmed RQ-4 "Global Hawk"). The U.S. Air Force expects to be capable of maintaining 65 orbits globally by 2013, with the combined total of flight hours for Predator and Reaper operations reaching about 2 million around the same time. In 2005, UAVs made up about 5 percent of the military aircraft fleet. They have since grown to 30 percent, though most are small, hand-launched and unarmed tactical UAVs.

 

The Counterterrorism Value

 

One of the most notable uses of the Predator and Reaper has been in the counterterrorism role, both as an intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) platform and as an on-call strike platform. These armed UAVs are operated both by the U.S. Air Force and, in some cases (as with operations conducted over Pakistan), the CIA. Even before the 9/11 attacks, the armed Predator then in development was being considered as a means not only of keeping tabs on Osama bin Laden but also of killing him. Since then, armed UAVs have proved their worth both in the offensive strike role against specific targets and as a means of maintaining a constant level of threat.

 

The value of the counterterrorism ISR that can be collected by large UAVs alone is limited since so much depends on how and where they are deployed and what they are looking for. This mission requires not only sophisticated signals but also actionable human intelligence. But as a front-line element of a larger, integrated collection strategy, the armed UAV has proved to be a viable and enduring element of the U.S. counterterrorism strategy worldwide.

 

The ability to loiter is central and has a value far beyond the physical capabilities of a single airframe in a specific orbit. Operating higher than helicopters and with a lower signature than manned, jet-powered fighter aircraft, the UAV is neither visibly or audibly obvious (though the degree of inconspicuousness depends on, among other things, weather and altitude). Because UAVs are so discreet, potential targets must work under the assumption that an armed UAV is orbiting within striking distance at all times.

 

Such a constant threat can place considerable psychological pressure on the prey, even when the predator is large and loud. During the two battles of Fallujah, Iraq, in April and November of 2004, AC-130 gunships proved particularly devastating for insurgents pinned in certain quadrants of the city, but AC-130s were limited in number and availability. When it was not possible to keep an AC-130 on station at night (in order to keep the insurgents' heads down), unarmed C-130 transports were flown in the same orbits at altitudes where the distinctive sound of a C-130 could be clearly discerned on the ground, thus maintaining the perception of a possible AC-130 reprisal against any insurgent offensive.

 

Indeed, it is difficult to overstate the psychological and operational impact of this tactic on a group that experiences successful strikes on its members, even if the strikes are conducted only rarely. Counterterrorism targets in areas where UAVs are known to operate must work under tight communications discipline and constraints, since having their cellular or satellite phone conversations tapped risks not only penetration of communications but immediate and potentially lethal attacks.

 

The UAV threat was hardly the only factor, but consider how Osama bin Laden's communiques declined from comparatively regular and timely videos to rare audiotapes. In 2001, bin Laden was operating with immense freedom of maneuver and impunity despite the manhunt already under way for him. That situation changed even as he fled to Pakistan, and the combination of aggressive signals as well as UAV- and space-based ISR efforts further constrained his operational bandwidth and relevance as he was forced to focus more and more on his own personal survival.

 

The UAV threat affects not only the targeted individuals themselves but also their entire organizations. When the failure to adhere to security protocols can immediately yield lethal results, the natural response is to constrict communications and cease contact with untrusted allies, affiliates and subordinates. When the minutiae of security protocols start to matter, the standard for having full faith, trust and confidence among those belonging to or connected with a terrorist organization become much higher. And the more that organization's survival is at stake, the more it must focus on survival, thereby reducing its capacity to engage in ambitious operations. On a deeper level, there is also the value of sowing distrust and paranoia within an organization. This has the same ultimate effect of increasing internal distrust and thereby undermining the spare capacity for the pursuit of larger, external objectives.

 

The Evolving Geography

 

While armed Predators first operated in the Afghanistan-Pakistan theater, it was the darkest days of the Iraq War, at the height of the violence there from 2005 to 2007, that saw the strongest demand for them. As the main effort shifted from Iraq to Afghanistan, UAV operations began to shift with them. While UAVs will remain in high demand in Afghanistan even as the drawdown of forces continues there in 2012, the end of armed UAV operations in Iraq and the continued expansion of the U.S. Air Force's Reaper fleet mean that considerable bandwidth is being freed up for operations in other parts of the world. (In Iraq, some UAVs may continue to be operated over northern Kurdish areas in coordination with Turkey, and some private security contractors are operating a small fleet of unarmed UAVs as part of protection efforts in coordination with the U.S. State Department's Diplomatic Security Service.)

 

There are obvious diplomatic and operational limitations to the employment of armed UAVs. Diplomatically, however, they also have demonstrated some value as an intermediate step between purely clandestine operations run by the CIA and the overt deployment of uniformed personnel and manned aircraft. Operationally, while Predators and Reapers lack the sort of low-observability profile of the RQ-170 (one of which was lost over Iran in 2011), UAVs lack pilots and pose no risk of human personnel being taken captive. A UAV that crashes in Iran has far fewer political ramifications than a piloted aircraft, making its deployment an easier decision for political leaders.

 

Indeed, the last decade has seen the maturation of the armed UAV, including its underlying architecture and doctrines. And while more than 50 Predators and Reapers have been lost in Iraq and Afghanistan and in training over the past decade, the aircraft are now essentially as safe and reliable as a manned F-16C/D but far cheaper to procure, maintain and operate. And over the next 10 years, the Pentagon plans to grow its UAV fleet about 35 percent. The U.S. Air Force plans to buy 288 more Reapers -- 48 per year from now through 2016 -- and money for UAVs has remained largely untouched even as budget cuts intensify at the Pentagon.

 

So while armed UAVs are merely one tool of a much broader and more sophisticated counterterrorism strategy, they can be expected to be valuable for the foreseeable future, and employed in areas of the world beyond Pakistan, Somalia and Yemen (even along the U.S.-Mexico border in an unarmed role for border patrol and counternarcotics missions). And despite an enormous breach in U.S.-Pakistani relations following the deaths of two dozen Pakistani military personnel in a cross-border incident in November and the consequent ejection of the CIA from Shamsi airfield in Pakistan (from which it had operated armed UAVs since October 2001), existing UAV orbits have been largely maintained. On Jan. 10, the first strike on Pakistani territory since November took place in North Waziristan agency of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas.


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Drone Laws Restrict Civilian UAV's but allow Government

In this Video Luke Rudkowski talks to Colin Guinn, the Chief Innovations Officer and creator of the DJI Phantom. DJI Innovations creates a consumer unmanned ...
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Jordanians Vote for Newly Empowered Parliament - ABC News

Jordanians Vote for Newly Empowered Parliament - ABC News | www.twobirds.com | Scoop.it
ABC News Jordanians Vote for Newly Empowered Parliament ABC News Jordanians voted Wednesday for a parliament touted to be the most powerful in the kingdom's history, but with much of the opposition boycotting it is unclear how far the vote and its...

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The Emergence Of Mobile Learning For Higher Education In Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia | The Upside Learning Blog

The Emergence Of Mobile Learning For Higher Education In Kingdom Of Saudi Arabia | The Upside Learning Blog | www.twobirds.com | Scoop.it

Mobile Learning in Saudi Arabia is rapidly growing.


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Josh Macho's curator insight, April 27, 2014 1:27 PM

This article outlines the increasing amount of Saudi Arabians accessing mobile learning to pursue higher education. Mobile subscriber rates have increased by almost 175% in the last 5 years. The increase in education numbers as well as quality has helped Saudi Arabia grow to new levels.

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Top Report-Construction in Saudi Arabia - Key Trends and Opportunities to 2017

Top Report-Construction in Saudi Arabia - Key Trends and Opportunities to 2017 | www.twobirds.com | Scoop.it
Construction in Saudi Arabia - Key Trends and Opportunities to 2017

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jeniferdsouza's curator insight, February 21, 2014 1:26 AM
This report provides detailed market analysis, information and insights into the Saudi Arabian construction industry including:

 

The Saudi Arabian construction industry's growth prospects by market, project type and type of construction activityAnalysis of equipment, material and service costs across each project type within Saudi ArabiaCritical insight into the impact of industry trends and issues, and the risks and opportunities they present to participants in the Saudi Arabian construction industryAssessment of the competitive forces facing the construction industry in Saudi Arabia, and profiles of the leading operatorsData highlights of the largest construction projects in Saudi Arabia.

 

Browse Full Report With TOC: http://www.marketresearchreports.biz/analysis-details/construction-in-saudi-arabia-key-trends-and-opportunities-to-2017

 

 

Executive summary

 

The Saudi Arabian construction industry registered a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 6.94% during the review period (2008–2012). Industry expansion was supported by the government’s initiatives to transform the country from an oil-based economy to one more reliant on manufacturing and services. This resulted in significant investments in infrastructure development, which positively affected other markets in the industry. Population growth and a rise in disposable income also increased the demand for residential, commercial and institutional buildings. The industry is expected to record a forecast-period (2012–2017) CAGR of 5.54%, driven by an increase in government expenditure on infrastructure construction.

 

Scope

 

This report provides a comprehensive analysis of the construction industry in Saudi Arabia. It provides:

 

Historical (2008-2012) and forecast (2013-2017) valuations of the construction industry in Saudi Arabia using construction output and value-add methodsSegmentation by sector (commercial, industrial, infrastructure, institutional and residential) and by project typeBreakdown of values within each project type, by type of activity (new construction, repair and maintenance, refurbishment and demolition) and by type of cost (materials, equipment and services)Analysis of key construction industry issues, including regulation, cost management, funding and pricingAssessment of the competitive environment using Porter’s Five Forces analysisDetailed profiles of the leading construction companies in Saudi Arabia

 

To Get Download Full Report with TOC: http://www.marketresearchreports.biz/sample/sample/188520

 

Reasons to buy

 

Identify and evaluate market opportunities using Timetric's standardized valuation and forecasting methodologiesAssess market growth potential at a micro-level with over 600 time-series data forecastsUnderstand the latest industry and market trendsFormulate and validate business strategies using Timetric's critical and actionable insightAssess business risks, including cost, regulatory and competitive pressuresEvaluate competitive risk and success factors

 

Key highlights

 

According to the Central Department of Statistics and Information, Saudi Arabia’s population increased from 28.4 million in 2011 to 29.2 million in 2012, registering an annual growth of 2.9%. This growth was significantly lower than the last five-year (2008–2012) average rate of 3.2%, as the birth rate (per 1,000) declined from 23.6 in 2007 to 21.8 in 2012. The gender distribution of the population remains skewed, with males accounting for 55% of the total population and females accounting for 45.0%. According to UN estimates, Saudi Arabia’s population is expected to reach 33.5 million by 2020.The unemployment rate averaged at 5.37% during 2009–2012, but fell to 5.1% in 2013. The reduction has been attributed to government policies in early 2013, aimed at reducing the number of unskilled expatriates in the labor force, which initially had an adverse effect on sectors that were dependent on that form of labor. However, it has resulted in a number of individuals being able to find jobs. Timetric expects this scheme, along with the general economic performance, to bring the unemployment rate down to 4.9% by 2017.

 

To Read Complete Report with TOC: http://www.marketresearchreports.biz/analysis/188520

 

Table of contents

 

1 Executive Summary


2 Market Overview

2.1 The Domestic Economy

2.2 Key Trends and Issues

2.3 Key Construction Indicators

2.4 Benchmarking by Market Size and Growth

2.5 Price Dynamics

 

3 Commercial Construction

3.1 Performance Outlook

3.2 Key Trends and Issues

3.3 Data and Project Highlights

 

4 Industrial Construction

4.1 Performance Outlook

4.2 Key Trends and Issues

4.3 Data and Project Highlights

 

5 Infrastructure Construction

5.1 Performance Outlook

5.2 Key Trends and Issues

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Abraham Chen's curator insight, March 17, 2014 11:13 AM
Saudi Arabia is attempting to diversify their economy so that they can eventually become less dependent on their main resource of natural gas. They government supports the industrialization of the country because it will facilitate Saudi Arabia’s adaption from a oil based economy to one that also involves manufacturing and services. The demand for a shift into a manufacturing comes from the recent rise in disposable income and increased the demand for residential, commercial and institutional buildings. “The country’s population growth has caused housing demand to outstrip supply. Demand for affordable housing is particularly strong, with low and middle-income households making up over 75.0% of the unmet demand. The government is making large-scale investments in developing low-income housing. Government policies, low interest rates, easy credit accessibility, demographics, and the large housing deficit will continue to support growth in low-income residential property demand in the country.” The increased demand for housing along with the large amount of tourists that come to Saudi Arabia during religious holidays make it important for the country to expand their manufacturing of buildings both, residential and commercial. This rise of a new industry (other than oil) will allow Saudi Arabia to expand without fear of disaster in the case of an oil crisis.
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The Best And Worst Words To Use On Your Résumé

The Best And Worst Words To Use On Your Résumé | www.twobirds.com | Scoop.it
One recent study showed that recruiters spend all of 6.25 seconds looking at a candidate’s résumé before deciding whether he or she is fit for a job. A new survey of 2,200 hiring managers and human resource staffers by jobs website CareerBuilder shows that your résumé may get a bit [...]

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