Twit4D
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Twit4D
How Twitter serves (or not) social & political changes
Curated by Elie Levasseur
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Canadian activists put out a simple Twitter hashtag: #OccupyWallStreet. After that, ‘it just went crazy’ by Omar El Akkad

Canadian activists put out a simple Twitter hashtag: #OccupyWallStreet. After that, ‘it just went crazy’ by Omar El Akkad | Twit4D | Scoop.it
The genesis of Occupy Wall Street can be traced back to a group of Canadian activists and a picture of a ballerina poised atop a charging bull.

Fuelled by millions of mostly young protesters around the world, the Occupy Wall Street movement has not only redefined the terms of the debate around income inequality, but also revolutionized the very act of protest. Despite almost no hierarchy, the largely unco-ordinated protesters around the world have managed to speak in a much more unified voice, thanks in large part to social-media outlets – especially Twitter.

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Arab World: Global Voices Bridges on Twitter by Gilad Lotan

Arab World: Global Voices Bridges on Twitter by Gilad Lotan | Twit4D | Scoop.it
This past year has been eventful to say the least in our merry little Middle East and North Africa region. As a part of our end-of-year coverage we look back at some of the major events we covered during 2011. The following post highlights the role of the Global Voices Online community in spreading information on Twitter during the Tunisian and Egyptian revolutions.

The data that feeds this visualization is taken from “The Revolutions were Tweeted“, an International Journal of Communication article mapping out prominent information flows during the Egyptian and Tunisian revolutions. The study uses two datasets of tweets. The first includes 168,663 tweets posted between January 12 and 19, 2011, containing the keyword ‘#sidibouzid' or ‘tunisia'. The second includes 230,270 tweets posted between January 24 and 29, 2011, containing the keyword ‘egypt' or ‘#jan25′.

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U.S. military, Taliban use Twitter to wage war by Ernesto Londoño

U.S. military, Taliban use Twitter to wage war by Ernesto Londoño | Twit4D | Scoop.it
KABUL —The Twitter war began in earnest Sept. 14, in the midst of a sustained attack on the U.S. Embassy in Kabul and the adjacent headquarters of the U.S.-led international military force.

Until then, NATO officials had kept close tabs on the messages posted on two accounts linked to the Taliban’s media arm — but had refrained from engaging or acknowledging them.

U.S. military officials assigned to the International Security Assistance Force, or ISAF, as the coalition is known, took the first shot in what has become a near-daily battle waged with broadsides that must be kept to 140 characters.

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Digital technology driving global social change

Digital technology driving global social change | Twit4D | Scoop.it

Global events in 2011 demonstrated the impact that technology plays in driving social change movements. A new Walden University survey of 11 countries shows that most adults in countries around the world (89%, on average) agree that technology can turn a cause into a movement faster than anything else can. These views were particularly prevalent in Spain (93%), Canada(91%), Brazil (91%), Great Britain (91%) and China (91%).

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Activists get connected by Julia Ioffe

Activists get connected by Julia Ioffe | Twit4D | Scoop.it

“The Soviet Union still exists in Russia because people are still repeating old patterns,” Shkumatov explains. “As soon as someone joins an organisation, he wants to become the general secretary of the Communist party.”
In the past few days, the Russian blogosphere has proved to be a powerful tool in organising such sentiments. A day after disputed election results delivered both a victory and a defeat to the ruling, vaguely Soviet, United Russia party – it won a majority of seats in the Russian parliament, but lost 15 per cent compared with the 2007 electio7 – some 6,000 young people took to Moscow’s streets. As in the case of protests seen around the world, from Cairo to Zucotti Park, they had been brought there by Facebook and Twitter. And they were angry about what they had read on the internet, information that rarely makes it into the “official” Russian press.

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Entretien avec John Krinsky : Occupy Wall Street et la gauche américaine by Pierre- Louis Rolle

Entretien avec John Krinsky : Occupy Wall Street et la gauche américaine by Pierre- Louis Rolle | Twit4D | Scoop.it

John Krinsky est sociologue et dirige le département de sciences politiques de la City University of New York. Dans cet entretien accordé à BullyPulpit.fr il revient sur les origines d’Occupy Wall Street, sa relation avec les syndicats, les minorités, le Parti Démocrate et s’intéresse au devenir de ce mouvement social.

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Russia’s virtual: the new reality? by Julien Nocetti

Russia’s virtual: the new reality? by Julien Nocetti | Twit4D | Scoop.it

In some ways, the Internet has become a full public sphere where citizens can exchange increasingly critical ideas and implement “citizen” projects. During the Egyptian revolution in 2011, people were using blogs and microblogs such as Twitter to form networks, reassuring them that they were not alone in their views. There are certainly signs that this happening in Russia⎯— the collective action groups that sprung up during 2010 summer wildfires were perhaps the first real example of this; organisation ahead of Saturday’s demonstration would be another one. Networks such as these create a common consciousness of public affairs, eventually leading to the creation of a public voice.

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Digital divide and social media: Connectivity doesn’t end the digital divide, skills do by Danica Radovanovic

Digital divide and social media: Connectivity doesn’t end the digital divide, skills do by Danica Radovanovic | Twit4D | Scoop.it

Whether we like it or not, we live in a very unequal and stratified world. We live in societies in which inequality is ignored in education, science, and in the social media. As Internet technologies are rapidly evolving and new digital divides on the Internet emerge, we must move beyond, at some point, a singular concern over Internet access and technological infrastructure issues. We must tackle socio-cultural differences, we must focus on Internet skills, literacies and social media usage.

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Twitter and perceptions of Crisis-related Stress

Twitter and perceptions of Crisis-related Stress | Twit4D | Scoop.it

The purpose of this research project is to determine which indicators might be present in social media data that could shed light on how populations cope with global crises, such as commodity price volatility or the continuing global economic crisis.

In this investigation, the analysis was limited to publicly available data from Twitter for July 2010 through October 2011 in Javanese/Bahasa Indonesia and English. The topics of focus included the affordability/availability of food, fuel, housing and loans.

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Twitter traffic during the riots by John Burn-Murdoch...

Twitter traffic during the riots by John Burn-Murdoch... | Twit4D | Scoop.it
The Guardian has compiled a unique database of more than 2.5m tweets related to the riots, showing that the majority of surging social media traffic occurred after the first verified reports of incidents in an area...
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Tweeting democracy by Ulil Abshar-Abdalla

Tweeting democracy by Ulil Abshar-Abdalla | Twit4D | Scoop.it

The sky-rocketing rise of social media among Indonesian society is pretty astonishing. Its rise has coincided with a more robust civil society that ensued in the wake of democratization movement in 1998 - a movement that eventually toppled the military dictatorship of President Suharto after three decades of a mixed system: political oppression/authoritarianism and economic development. 

 

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The Role of New Media and Communication Technologies in Arab Transitions By Manuel Manrique & Barah Mikaïl

The Role of New Media and Communication Technologies in Arab Transitions By Manuel Manrique & Barah Mikaïl | Twit4D | Scoop.it

Information and Communication Technologies were an important catalyst of the Arab spring. They helped to bring down the Mubarak and Ben Ali regimes by mobilising important parts of the population and creating alternative discourses to authoritarian regimes, which found international backing. However, experiences from other parts of the world suggest that their role in sustaining the transition process in the longer run is less certain. ICTs can nonetheless support democratic consolidation by fostering an open public sphere and helping pro-democracy actors to remain engaged.

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200 most influential Twitter users during the riots: are you on the list? by Lisa Evans

200 most influential Twitter users during the riots: are you on the list? by Lisa Evans | Twit4D | Scoop.it
The Guardian has obtained a database of more than 2.5m twitter messages related to the riots.

These messages - unique records of what happened during the August riots, as they happened - have been used in a range of analyses, including how rumours spread and were eventually debunked.

At the Datablog we have been able to identify the twitter accounts that had the most content retweeted. We also found the most frequently-used hashtags.

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When rioters trashed Vancouver, Twitter fanned the flames – and gathered the evidence by Sunny Dhillon

When rioters trashed Vancouver, Twitter fanned the flames – and gathered the evidence by Sunny Dhillon | Twit4D | Scoop.it
As the clock ticked down on the Vancouver Canucks’ run to the Stanley Cup final, Dave Teixeira’s focus wasn’t on the barroom television broadcasting Game 7. His eyes were glued to Twitter.

The owner of communications firm Dave.ca spied some troubling tweets. More than 150,000 people had gathered downtown to watch the game on a giant outdoor television and reports of violence were pouring in with messages like, “It's getting bad downtown. Fans flipping cars, #Canucks jerseys being burned.” Massive fights were also breaking out, and bottles and bricks were being hurled at overwhelmed police.

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Social Media and the Arab Spring Zeynep Tufekci ITW by Marco Werman

Social Media and the Arab Spring  Zeynep Tufekci ITW by Marco Werman | Twit4D | Scoop.it
On December 17, 2010, a young unemployed man set himself on fire in Tunisia.

Mohammed Bouazizi took that desperate step in protest, after officials had blocked his attempts to make a living selling fruit on the street.

His self-immolation sparked a wave of anti-government protests, first in Tunisia, then all across the Middle East.

And technology and social media have played key roles in many of the pro-democracy movements of the Arab Spring. Anchor Marco Werman speaks with Zeynep Tufekci, a fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet and Society.

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How Luther went viral by the Economist

How Luther went viral by the Economist | Twit4D | Scoop.it
IT IS a familiar-sounding tale: after decades of simmering discontent a new form of media gives opponents of an authoritarian regime a way to express their views, register their solidarity and co-ordinate their actions. The protesters’ message spreads virally through social networks, making it impossible to suppress and highlighting the extent of public support for revolution. The combination of improved publishing technology and social networks is a catalyst for social change where previous efforts had failed.

That’s what happened in the Arab spring. It’s also what happened during the Reformation, nearly 500 years ago, when Martin Luther and his allies took the new media of their day—pamphlets, ballads and woodcuts—and circulated them through social networks to promote their message of religious reform.

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Révolution et contre-révolution en Tunisie : le virtuel miroir du réel by T. Mekki & R. Ferjani

Révolution et contre-révolution en Tunisie : le virtuel miroir du réel by T. Mekki & R. Ferjani | Twit4D | Scoop.it

« Facebook revolution » ou encore « Twitter revolution », c’est ainsi que plusieurs médias internationaux, de CNN à Newsweek, ont étiqueté la révolution tunisienne. Ce traitement médiatique nous renvoie à un processus de branding, réduisant les mouvements sociaux ayant occupé les rues de toutes les villes, faubourgs et zones rurales à une révolution dite « virtuelle ». Les trois cents martyrs de la liberté et de la dignité représentent-ils les retombées d’une stratégie marketing Web 2.0 ou le retour sur investissement d’une campagne de publicité virale ? Nul ne peut nier le rôle joué par Internet dans la révolution tunisienne. Mais l’analyse de cette question sans prise en compte des rapports sociaux nous condamnerait à reproduire les récits lyriques qui ont propagé l’onde de choc tunisienne aux quatre coins du monde.

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Al-Shabab's tweets won't boost its cause

Al-Shabab's tweets won't boost its cause | Twit4D | Scoop.it

Somalia's al-Shabab militants are now using Twitter. You can follow the account @HSMPress – derived from the Shabab's full name, Harakat al-Shabab al-Mujahideen, or Movement of Freedom Fighter Youth – for pithy updates on their violent campaign to bring a rigorous version of conservative Islam to east Africa and beyond, all in 140 characters or less. The account already has more than 3,000 followers. Are the al-Shabab tweeters jealous of their Afghan Taliban counterparts whose own account @alemarahweb has 6,000 followers? Like all Twitter users they'd deny it, of course – and probably be lying. 

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Somalia’s Rebels Embrace Twitter as a Weapon by Jeffrey Gettleman

Somalia’s Rebels Embrace Twitter as a Weapon by Jeffrey Gettleman | Twit4D | Scoop.it
Somalia’s powerful Islamist insurgents, the Shabab, best known for chopping off hands and starving their own people, just opened a Twitter account, and in the past week they have been writing up a storm, bragging about recent attacks and taunting their enemies.

“Your inexperienced boys flee from confrontation & flinch in the face of death,” the Shabab wrote in a post to the Kenyan Army.

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Ethan Zuckerman, Chair of Global Voices on the impact of social media on Africa

Global Voices is a network of bloggers and has amongst it membership a number who were involved in the Arab Spring. In this video, Ethan Zuckerman talks about: why he and colleague set up Global Voices; the speed of coverage of the Arab Spring, particularly Tunisia; the strength and influence of Sub-Saharan African bloggers; the student protests in Gabon; and the ways in which rulers are now aware of the power of social media.

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Kenya army, Somali militia swap Twitter insults by KATHARINE HOURELD

Kenya army, Somali militia swap Twitter insults by KATHARINE HOURELD | Twit4D | Scoop.it

NAIROBI, Kenya (AP) — Kenyan soldiers and members of an extremist Islamist militant group have been fighting each other in Somalia since Kenya invaded two months ago. Now, their spokesmen are taking the battle onto Twitter, with taunts, accusations and insults being directly traded in a rare engagement on the Internet.
The propaganda war on the microblogging website shows the increasingly sophisticated use of media by both sides and underscores that there is often little reliable information about the conflict in Somalia that now directly or indirectly involves a half-dozen nations, analysts say.

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Twitter and the riots: how the news spread by James Ball and Paul Lewis

Twitter and the riots: how the news spread by James Ball and Paul Lewis | Twit4D | Scoop.it

An in-depth analysis of a database of more than 2.6m riot-related tweets has revealed the ways in which the network was used during the disturbances. "Politicians and commentators were quick to claim that social media played an important role in inciting and organising riots, calling for sites such as Twitter to be closed should events of this nature happen again. But our study has found no evidence of significance in the available data that would justify such a course of action in respect to Twitter," said Prof Rob Procter of the University of Manchester, who led a team of academics conducting the analysis

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How the English rioters used social media by Ben Kape...

The UK riots of 2011 were notable partly because of the way they were organised. Here, rioters reveal how they used technology, spreading news of the disturbances via social media. More influential than websites such as Facebook or Twitter was the BlackBerry Messenger system, built into BlackBerry handsets and free to use

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Russian Protesters Get Twitter-Bombed : Discovery News by Jesse Emspak

Russian Protesters Get Twitter-Bombed : Discovery News by Jesse Emspak | Twit4D | Scoop.it
As the protests in Russia demanding new parliamentary elections mount, Twitter-based chatter about them is being drowned out by PCs hijacked by hackers, say security experts.

The pro-government messages were generated by thousands of Twitter accounts that had little activity beforehand. The hashtag is #триумфальная (Triumfalnaya), the name of the square where many protesters gathered.

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Riot rumours: how misinformation spread on Twitter during a time of crisis by the Guardian

Riot rumours: how misinformation spread on Twitter during a time of crisis by the Guardian | Twit4D | Scoop.it

A period of unrest can provoke many untruths, an analysis of 2.6 million tweets suggests. But Twitter is adept at correcting misinformation - particularly if the claim is that a tiger is on the loose in Primrose Hill

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