The Brazilian government's 'pacification' initiative has led to drug busts and shootouts in Rio's favelas.
Just a few months before Rio de Janeiro welcomes visitors for the World Cup, and two years before it hosts the Olympics, security within the city remains a major issue. The government currently promotes the policy of "pacification", where security forces engage in raids, drug busts, and even gunfights with suspected gang members. This pacification policy is supposed to pave the way for the development of long-neglected favelas in Rio, Brazil's second-biggest city and home to 11 million people. However, many of the favelas remain in the hands of an army of drug dealers and criminals who are not willing to step down or be pacified.
Sometimes a single unlikely idea can have massive impact across the world. Sir Harold Evans, the author of They Made America, describes how frustration drove...
The economies of scale that globalization depends on, relies on logistics and transportation networks that can handle this high-volume. In a word, the container, as mundane as it may seem, facilitated the era within which we live today.
With 23 official languages-- rising to 24 in July-- the European Union is knee-deep in translation. Must every document be translated into Latvian and Irish? Or should the EU simplify matters by making English its working language?
You can go to almost any cubic foot of ocean, stream, coral, backyard, ice shelves even, and if you look, you'll find scores of little animals and plants busy making a living.
This provides an interesting look at the way commercial agriculture impacts biodiversity. Being from Iowa, I have a good sense of the importance of agriculture to the state's economic well-being, but is the cost of giant yields truly worth the "biological desert?"
"Many of us have heard the stories of how our parents or grandparents had to walk miles in the snow to get to school. Perhaps some of these tales were a tad embellished, but we got the point. A lot of American kids have the luxury of being driven in a warm car or bus to a good school nearby. This is not the case for the children in this gallery.
The photos you are about to see are snapshots of the treacherous trips kids around the world take each day to get an education. Considering there are currently 61 million children worldwide who are not receiving an education—the majority of which are girls—these walks are seen as being well worth the risk.
In the above photo, students in Indonesia hold tight while crossing a collapsed bridge to get to school in Banten village on January 19, 2012.Flooding from the Ciberang river broke a pillar supporting the suspension bridge, which was built in 2001."
"Mexico City is a giant laboratory of urban morphology. Its 20 million residents live in neighborhoods based on a wide spectrum of plans. The colonial center (above) was built on the foundations of Tenochtitlan, capital of the Aztec empire. The old city was on an island in Lake Texcoco. The lake was drained to prevent flooding as the city expanded.
It is possible in many cities to identify zones with a particular type of land use - eg a residential zone. Often these zones have developed due to a combination of economic and social factors. In some cases planners may have tried to separate out some land uses, eg an airport is separated from a large housing estate.
The concentric and sector models in one news article? The BBC is showing once again the possibilities available if only the United States taught more geography in the schools.
"What could be simpler than the Middle East? A well-known Egyptian blogger who writes under the pseudonym The Big Pharaoh put together this chart laying out the region’s rivalries and alliances. He’s kindly granted me permission to post it, so that Americans might better understand the region. The joke is that it’s not a joke; this is actually pretty accurate."
By 2025, the developing world will be home to 29 megacities.
Through this interactive mapping feature with rich call-out boxes, the reader can explore the latest UN estimates and forecasts on the growth of megacities (urban areas with over 10 million residents). These 'cities on steroids' have been growing tremendously since the 1950s and present a unique set of geographic challenges and opportunities for their residents.
In conservative parts of India, women were expected to be shy, and reserved -- seen, and not heard. But that's changing, as more girls become educated and aspire to independence. And 12-year-old Sarita Meena is the embodiment of that change.