Truth and Consequences
31 views | +0 today
Follow
 
Rescooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz from Amazing Science
onto Truth and Consequences
Scoop.it!

The Brain Is Not Computable: Why Singularity Will Not Happen and Humans Will Assimilate Machines

The Brain Is Not Computable: Why Singularity Will Not Happen and Humans Will Assimilate Machines | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
A leading neuroscientist says Kurzweil’s Singularity isn’t going to happen. Instead, humans will assimilate machines.

 

Miguel Nicolelis, a top neuroscientist at Duke University, says computers will never replicate the human brain and that the technological Singularity is “a bunch of hot air.”

 

“The brain is not computable and no engineering can reproduce it,” says Nicolelis, author of several pioneering papers on brain-machine interfaces.

 

The Singularity, of course, is that moment when a computer super-intelligence emerges and changes the world in ways beyond our comprehension.

 

Among the idea’s promoters are futurist Ray Kurzweil, recently hired on at Google as a director of engineering, who has been predicting that not only will machine intelligence exceed our own, but people will be able to download their thoughts and memories into computers (see “Ray Kurzweil Plans to Create a Mind at Google—and Have It Serve You”). 

 

Nicolelis calls that idea sheer bunk. “Downloads will never happen,” he said during remarks made at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science in Boston on Sunday. “There are a lot of people selling the idea that you can mimic the brain with a computer.”

 

The debate over whether the brain is a kind of computer has been running for decades. Many scientists think it’s possible, in theory, for a computer to equal the brain given sufficient computer power and an understanding of how the brain works.

 

Kurzweil delves into the idea of “reverse-engineering” the brain in his latest book, How to Create a Mind: The Secret of Human Thought Revealed, in which he says even though the brain may be immensely complex, “the fact that it contains many billions of cells and trillions of connections does not necessarily make its primary method complex.”

 

But Nicolelis is in a camp that thinks that human consciousness (and if you believe in it, the soul) simply can’t be replicated in silicon. That’s because its most important features are the result of unpredictable, nonlinear interactions among billions of cells, Nicolelis says.

 

“You can’t predict whether the stock market will go up or down because you can’t compute it,” he says. “You could have all the computer chips ever in the world and you won’t create a consciousness.”

 

The neuroscientist, originally from Brazil, instead thinks that humans will increasingly subsume machines (an idea, incidentally, that’s also part of Kurzweil’s predictions).

 

In a study published last week, for instance, Nicolelis’s group at Duke used brain implants to allow mice to sense infrared light, something mammals can’t normally perceive. They did it by wiring a head-mounted infrared sensor to electrodes implanted into a part of the brain called the somatosensory cortex.

 

The experiment, in which several mice were able to follow sensory cues from the infrared detector to obtain a reward, was the first ever to use a neural implant to add a new sense to an animal, Nicolelis says.  


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald
Bernhard H. Schmitz's insight:

I agree that too many people think it would be sufficient to plug a bunch of neurons together and consciousness will happen. Ridiculous. But I am convinced that it is not necessary to simulate a brain or reverse engineer it. Brains are developed by random incidents and evolution - and it's a mess. I am strongly convinced that a conscious mechanism will be developed from scratch. And it will outwit us.

more...
Helen Teague's curator insight, July 16, 2014 12:48 PM

Extremely timely and worth the time to read...unpredictability and spontaneous is difficult to engineer

Bernhard H. Schmitz's comment, July 16, 2014 2:33 PM
I agree that too many people think it would be sufficient to plug a bunch of neurons together and consciousness will happen. Ridiculous. But I am convinced that it is not necessary to simulate a brain or reverse engineer it. Brains are developed by random incidents and evolution - and it's a mess. I am strongly convinced that a conscious mechanism will be developed from scratch. And it will outwit us.
Marco Bertolini's comment, July 17, 2014 2:52 AM
@ Bernard Schmitz : I think you have a point there and I like the verty elegant way you put it : a conscious mecanism coming out from the chaos.
Your new post is loading...
Your new post is loading...
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

The Likely Cause of Addiction Has Been Discovered, and It Is Not What You Think

The Likely Cause of Addiction Has Been Discovered, and It Is Not What You Think | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
New evidence about addiction isn't just a challenge to us politically. It doesn't just force us to change our minds. It forces us to change our hearts.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

I asked FBI to validate forensic hair analysis – they couldn't

I asked FBI to validate forensic hair analysis – they couldn't | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
He's the man who got the FBI to admit that hair analysis was flawed evidence, and now campaigner Peter Neufeld says there's a bigger problem to tackle
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

The FBI Faked an Entire Field of Forensic Science

The FBI Faked an Entire Field of Forensic Science | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
For more stories like this, like Slate on Facebook and follow us on Twitter. The Washington Post published a story so horrifying this weekend that it would stop your breath: “The Justice Department and FBI have formally acknowledged that nearly every examiner in an elite FBI forensic unit gave flawed...
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

Baltimore Protesters Jailed Without Food For Days, Attorneys Say

Baltimore Protesters Jailed Without Food For Days, Attorneys Say | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
“I’ve been a lawyer at the public defender’s office for 20 years and I’ve never seen anything quite like this.”
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

Scientists have created an organic farm that stores more carbon than it emits

Scientists have created an organic farm that stores more carbon than it emits | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
Agriculture contributes approximately 35 percent of the planet's greenhouse gas emissions, but scientists in China believe they've found a way to make the (undeniably essential) practice more sustainable, by successfully turning a farm into a...
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

'People skills' have a dark side — and we're just now understanding it

'People skills' have a dark side — and we're just now understanding it | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
The notion that people smarts might help you succeed got a boost when the phrase "emotional intelligence" entered the mainstream.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

The Chances of Another Chernobyl Before 2050? 50%, Say Safety Specialists | MIT Technology Review

The Chances of Another Chernobyl Before 2050? 50%, Say Safety Specialists | MIT Technology Review | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
And there’s a 50:50 chance of a Three Mile Island-scale disaster in the next 10 years, according to the largest statistical analysis of nuclear accidents ever undertaken.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

How Synthetic Organisms Could Terraform the Earth | MIT Technology Review

How Synthetic Organisms Could Terraform the Earth | MIT Technology Review | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
One way to combat climate change could be to release synthetic organisms that sequestrate carbon. How this can be done safely is a question bioengineers are now beginning to address.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

The 10 mistakes we all make when interpreting research

The 10 mistakes we all make when interpreting research | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
This article was written by Will Grant and Rod Lamberts from the Australian National Centre for the Public Awareness of Science (CPAS) at the Australian National University. It was originally published by The Conversation . UNDERSTANDING RESEARCH:...
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

This Might Be The Most Worst Case Of Police Brutality Ever Caught On Tape

In all, 10 cops arrived at the scene. They were all white.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

Speaking a second language may change how you see the world

Speaking a second language may change how you see the world | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
Research suggests speaking English nudges Germans to focus on process over goals
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

Sixth personality trait measures your Machiavellian potential

Sixth personality trait measures your Machiavellian potential | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
How much Cersei do you have in you? Standard psychology tests have been overlooking a crucial aspect of our personalities
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

The secret to happiness expressed as one neat mathematical formula

The secret to happiness expressed as one neat mathematical formula | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
What is happiness and how can we get more of it? For many years scientists have been trying to define the joy and well-being of happiness, how people come to experience it and how to help them get a bit more of it in their lives. What we do know...
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

Court Rules NSA Bulk Data Collection Was Never Authorized By Congress | WIRED

Court Rules NSA Bulk Data Collection Was Never Authorized By Congress | WIRED | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
The United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit ruled on Thursday that the NSA's bulk collection of phone metadata was not authorized under the Patriot Act and was therefore illegal.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

Psychologists met in secret with Bush officials to help justify torture – report

Psychologists met in secret with Bush officials to help justify torture – report | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
Newly disclosed emails reveal American Psychological Association coordinated with officials in CIA and White House to help ethically justify detainee program
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

America's largest psychological organization allegedly worked with the CIA on torture in secret

America's largest psychological organization allegedly worked with the CIA on torture in secret | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
"Widespread and secret complicity."
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

Depression can physically change your DNA, study suggests

Depression can physically change your DNA, study suggests | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
Researchers from the UK have found evidence that depression doesn't just change our brains, it can also alter our DNA and the way our cells generate energy. A team from the Wellcome Trust Centre for Human Genetics investigated the genomes of more...
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

Warming’s role in extreme weather quantified

Warming’s role in extreme weather quantified | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
Scientists calculate how much to blame human-driven climate change for extreme high temperatures and heavy rainfall.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

Study links brain anatomy, academic achievement, and family income

Study links brain anatomy, academic achievement, and family income | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
Many years of research have shown that for students from lower-income families, standardized test scores and other measures of academic success tend to lag behind those of wealthier students. A new study offers another dimension to this so-called "achievement gap": After imaging the brains of high- and low-income students, they found that the higher-income students had thicker brain cortex in areas associated with visual perception and knowledge accumulation. Furthermore, these differences also
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

This May Not Surprise You: Only 10% Of Managers Have What It Takes To Be Managers

This May Not Surprise You: Only 10% Of Managers Have What It Takes To Be Managers | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
It's actually really, really hard to be a great boss. And the qualities that make people great bosses are not how we decide who gets promoted.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

Black holes don’t erase information, scientists say

Black holes don’t erase information, scientists say | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
Shred a document, and you can piece it back together. But send information into a black hole, and it's lost forever. A new study finds that -- contrary to what some physicists have argued for the years -- information is not lost once it has entered a black hole. The research presents explicit calculations showing how information is, in fact, preserved.
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

Eating the Sun: Can Humans Be Hacked to Do Photosynthesis?

Eating the Sun: Can Humans Be Hacked to Do Photosynthesis? | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
Several animals can already do photosynthesis. Will humans follow suit?
more...
No comment yet.
Scooped by Bernhard H. Schmitz
Scoop.it!

Incredible chart shows how intelligence changes as we age

Incredible chart shows how intelligence changes as we age | Truth and Consequences | Scoop.it
"At almost any given age, most of us are getting better at some things and worse at others."
Bernhard H. Schmitz's insight:

Information, Comprehension, and Vocabulary peak at 50

more...
No comment yet.