Here is an essay on MOOCs by Carlo Salerno, a director with Education Sales and Marketing at Xerox Education Services Group. His thesis is that the MOOC in its current form is encoded with a fatal economic flaw that makes it all but certain to fail. He asks: "Is there a model out there, or an institution/student mix that could effectively utilize MOOCs in such a way as to get around this flaw? It’s hard to tell. Recent articles on Inside Higher Ed have suggested that distance education providers (like the University of Maryland’s University College – UMUC) may opt to certify the MOOCs that come out of these elite schools and bake them into their own online programs. Others suggest that MOOCs could be certified by other schools and embedded in prior learning portfolios. In both cases, though, the fundamental problem remains the same."