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Exploring the history of Catacombs

Exploring the history of Catacombs | Traveling Through Time | Scoop.it

Beneath the city streets that travellers walk on each day, dark labyrinths of underground catacombs are passageways to the past, to a time when the ghostly tunnels served as burial grounds for millions of people.


The catacombs of Rome, which date back to the 1st Century and were among the first ever built, were constructed as underground tombs, first by Jewish communities and then by Christian communities. There are only six known Jewish catacombs and around 40 or more Christian catacombs.


In Ancient Rome, it was not permitted for bodies to be buried within the city walls. So while pagans cremated their dead, Christians, who were not legally allowed to practice their religion, turned to underground cemeteries, built beneath land owned by the city’s few rich Christian families. The Jewish population was already implementing this practice when Christians began doing so around the 2nd Century.


The use of catacombs in Rome expanded during the 2nd and 3rd Centuries, as the illegal religion of Christianity grew in popularity. Some areas of the tunnels even became shrines for martyrs buried there. But after Christianity was legalized in 313 AD, funerals moved above ground, and by the 5th Century, the use of catacombs as grave sites dwindled, though they were still revered as sacred sites where pilgrims would come to worship.


The Rome catacombs then fell victim to pillaging by Germanic invaders around the early 9th Century. As a result, relics of Christian martyrs and saints were moved from the catacombs to churches in the city centre. Eventually, the underground burial tunnels were abandoned altogether – only to be rediscovered via excavations in the 1600s.


Today, travellers from all over the world visit Rome to explore its 600km network of catacombs, spread out over five storeys underground near the Park of the Tombs of Via Latina. Dedicated to Christian saints, they are adorned with some of the earliest Christian artwork in the world, dating back to the 2nd Century, featuring paintings on the tunnel walls that depict ancient life. Sacred catacombs open to the public include the Catacombs of Priscilla (Via Salaria, 430), the Catacombs of St Callixtus (Via Appia Antica, 110-126) and the Catacombs of St Agnes (Via Nomentana, 349). The Vatican provides details on how to visit these and other holy burial sites. A few Jewish catacombs, including the catacombs on the Vigna Randanini and those in the Villa Torlonia, are also open to the public -- though some by appointment.

 

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Via Mariano Pallottini, Sharla Shults
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Awakenings: Shootout at the OK Corral

Awakenings: Shootout at the OK Corral | Traveling Through Time | Scoop.it

This Day in History: October 26, 1881

 

Cowboys, Tombstone and Wyatt Earp were destined to collide and by the spring of 1881, it was apparent they were already on that collision course. The most famous gunfight showdown in history featured thirty shots fired in thirty seconds that left three cowboys dead along with Virgil and Morgan Earp wounded.

 

I don't know why this isn't a national holiday. This is big. This is HUGE. Gigantic!!


Via Sharla Shults
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Too Much Introspection or Me, Me, Me

Too Much Introspection or Me, Me, Me | Traveling Through Time | Scoop.it
It is not often that I can have an instant epiphany while reading a blog post. It is even less likely for me to have one when reading a Freshly Pressed post. I had one this morning though. I won&#8...
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Is Time Travel Loopy? Or Is It Just Me?

Is Time Travel Loopy? Or Is It Just Me? | Traveling Through Time | Scoop.it

Over the last couple of days, I have been ruminating my own theory on time travel. On Tuesday night, JD and I went to see the time-travel-actioner-cum-mind-screw-thriller, Looper. 

 

 

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Opinion: 24 hours from World War III - The Cuban Missile Crisis remembered - NorthJersey.com

Opinion: 24 hours from World War III - The Cuban Missile Crisis remembered - NorthJersey.com | Traveling Through Time | Scoop.it
Had President Kennedy been forced to choose a response in the first 48 hours after an American spy plane discovered the Soviets sneaking nuclear-tipped missiles into Cuba, RFK had no doubt that his brother would have chosen an air strike against...

 

A strange time to remember. I think I was the only person I knew who was absolutely sure it was going to turn out to be a big bunch of nothing. My personal intuition was not screaming its usual warning of danger, but apparently everyone else was sure the world was about it end. It was long ago ... Now playing brinksmanship with nuclear weapons is so commonplace that no one pays attention to it. It may not even make headlines. Times have changed a lot!

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Achieving Fame With Obscurity: A Rare If Peculiar Achievement

Achieving Fame With Obscurity: A Rare If Peculiar Achievement | Traveling Through Time | Scoop.it
I was stunned by how many hits I got  on my site the other day. It just happened. For some reason, a Google search for the première episode of “Criminal Minds,” put my little blog at th...
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'Won't Back Down' gets a D+ for a public school polemic 1/2 - Chicago Tribune (blog)

'Won't Back Down' gets a D+ for a public school polemic 1/2 - Chicago Tribune (blog) | Traveling Through Time | Scoop.it
Film.com'Won't Back Down' gets a D+ for a public school polemic 1/2Chicago Tribune (blog)Bored and visibly sneering as she fiddles with her cellphone while sitting at her desk, the grade school teacher barely takes notice of the sweet young girl...
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Four Rules of Time-Travel Movies

Four Rules of Time-Travel Movies | Traveling Through Time | Scoop.it
In Looper, Bruce Willis warns not to discuss the specifics of going back to the future.
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A look back at the Blizzard of 1978 - Boston.com

A look back at the Blizzard of 1978 - Boston.com | Traveling Through Time | Scoop.it

When the storm began moving into eastern Massachusetts on the afternoon of Feb. 6, thousands of people were freed from their jobs so they could get home safely. But the wind-blown snows began falling at well over an inch an hour, and soon the occupants of some 3,000 cars and 500 trucks became stranded in rapidly-developing snowdrifts along Rt. 128. Fourteen people would die from carbon monoxide poisoning as they huddled in their snow-trapped vehicles.

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Politically Speaking: Historian tickled over two Lincoln films, even vampire killer version

Politically Speaking: Historian tickled over two Lincoln films, even vampire killer version | Traveling Through Time | Scoop.it
Noted historian Doris Kearns Goodwin, who will speak at 7:30 p.m. Wednesday in Sioux City, can now join her husband in being involved in films directed by top shelf directors looking back at a notable time in American history.
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If we could see the future …

If we could see the future … | Traveling Through Time | Scoop.it
It’s such a bright shiny day. I wonder how many more of these we will have before the sullen skies of November arrive or worse, the bright white skies that presage the  coming snow. I’m...
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The President’s Party: When We and the World Were So Much Younger …

The President’s Party: When We and the World Were So Much Younger … | Traveling Through Time | Scoop.it

I wrote this way back in 1993. It was a lifetime ago. The world was different. We were different. We could never have imagined the world in which we now live. August 1993 – Garry and I, going to President Clinton's post vacation press party ... It was long ago in a galaxy far, far away.

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'Looper' review: Engaging and smart, sci-fi meets suspense

'Looper' review:  Engaging and smart, sci-fi meets suspense | Traveling Through Time | Scoop.it
I cannot imagine how a film could be more enjoyable than combining Rian Johnson’s unique scripts, Joseph Gordon-Levitt’s incredible talent, and Bruce Willis’ fu...

 

The reviews on this keep coming in pm "Looper" and they are all good! It's been a long time since an intelligent time travel movie hit the big screen. The last really good one was Crichton's "Timeline," ... a long dry spell.

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Gunfight at the OK Corral

Gunfight at the OK Corral | Traveling Through Time | Scoop.it
Music: Gunfight at the OK Corral For my Brother Richard Song: “Gunfight at the OK Corral” by Frankie Laine Used very effectively throughout the movie. Note the powerful use of whistling...
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Time-traveling 'Looper' starts strong, remains intriguing ★★★

Time-traveling 'Looper' starts strong, remains intriguing ★★★ | Traveling Through Time | Scoop.it
For about an hour "Looper" really cooks. Its second half is more of a medium boil, and less fun. But watching it, I realized how few commercial entertainments hold up straight through to the end-point.

 

A new time travel movie? Be still my heart!!

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Best Time Travel Movies Ever

Best Time Travel Movies Ever | Traveling Through Time | Scoop.it

Time travel movie is always regarded as one of the most attractive science fiction films that give us special impressions. Whether the movie tells a story about a trip to the past or to the future or both of them, it can’t make audiences keep away from the TV screen. “Somewhere in Time” in 1980, “Back to the Future” in 1985, “Millennium” released in 1989, “Prime” in 2004 and “A Sound of Thunder” in 2005 and so on are considered as some among the most best time travel movies of all time. Let's review the history of science fiction movies through the photos as following to discover more favorite films: (http://fb.me/KyrUWRWf)


Via Jeff Bonsteel, Marilyn Armstrong
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