Metaglossia: The Translation World
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Metaglossia: The Translation World
News about translation, interpreting, intercultural communication, terminology and lexicography - as it happens
Curated by Charles Tiayon
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How Many Words in English?

In order to estimate the number of words in a language, one must first determine what a word is.

For example, is bug a word? Or is it several words? There’s bug “insect,” bug as in, “I drive a Bug,” bug as in “Don’t bug me,” bug as in “eyes that bug out,” and bug as in “Ain’t you the big bug?” Then, there are inflected forms: bugs, bugged, bugging, buggy (crawling with bugs), and debug.

One way to determine the number of words in English is to count the number of entries in a dictionary.

The Oxford English Dictionary contains entries for 171,476 words in current use, and 47,156 obsolete words. Add to these about 9,500 derivative words that are included as subentries. According the OED blog, these numbers add up to about a quarter of a million distinct English words.

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Drown in Inventory or Save a Tree: Why Authors Should Publish eBooks - Business 2 Community

“But when are you going to launch the printed version of the book? I still like leafing through a physical books. It’s unfortunate that you are only launching an e-book.” 

Sure, the thought of launching a print book crossed my mind before I published my recent ebook. However, I was surprised how many times I received the above reaction after my book launch.

Why Launch a Book at all? 

Entrepreneurs (or anyone in general) can gain credibility and outreach by writing a book. If you have a story or even simple lessons to share, chances are someone wants to read it.

 

Why Launch only a Digital Book instead of a Print Copy?

Although, the feeling of flipping through a crisp book with vibrant images never gets old, there are specific strategic reasons to select a digital-only printing, at least for the first book. The reasons I decided to initially only launch an e-book include:

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Rule Change Benefits Native Languages In Oklahoma

A new rule change implemented this year by the Oklahoma State Department of Education allows the state to grant an annual certification to American Indian language instructors to teach tribal languages in public schools.

 

Enlarge imageCredit katiew / Flickr.com

 

The Oklahoman reports that the rule change aims to address the shrinking number of people who are fluent speakers in their native languages. The change also allows students to receive graduation credit for taking the courses.

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State Can Certify American Indian Language Teachers for Public Schools

OKLAHOMA CITY (AP) — A new rule change implemented this year by the Oklahoma State Department of Education allows the state to grant an annual certification to American Indian language instructors to teach tribal languages in public schools.

The rule change aims to address the shrinking number of people who are fluent speakers in their native languages. The change also allows students to receive graduation credit for taking the courses.

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Noticias de la lengua: reedición de El Diccionario ideológico de la lengua española | Noticias de hoy

El diccionario agrupa las palabras de acuerdo a sus relaciones, así abandonan el ‘caos’ alfabético para juntarse por su significado. Su autor fue el español Julio Casares.El hombre detrás del libro Sierra quiere acercar al gran público la figura de su abuelo, «un adelantado de su tiempo» y «una autoridad mundial» en lexicografía. Para ello han creado la página web www.juliocasares.es. «Desde la idea a la palabra; desde la palabra a la idea» es el subtítulo de esta gran obra, que, escribió José María Pemán, fue «el primer esfuerzo gigantesco por sacar el idioma del puro desorden −por ser orden únicamente formal− del índice alfabético e introducir en este un orden conceptual, en el que las palabras se agrupen por afinidades y familias». Casares (Granada, 1877 − Madrid, 1964) «ordenó aquel caos alfabético, donde, por puras coincidencias iniciales, la ‘calandria’ estaba muy cerca de la ‘calabaza’ y la ‘poesía’ era demasiado vecina de la ‘policía’ o del ‘policlínico’», decía Pemán en 1944. Secretario perpetuo de la Real Academia Española desde 1939, Casares había intentado en 1921, en su discurso de ingreso, que el diccionario contase con el respaldo de esta institución, en la que creó el Seminario de Lexicografía y dirigió el Diccionario Histórico. En aquel discurso expuso los criterios que darían lugar a su diccionario, que, comonovedad, presentaba el léxico español clasificado por esferas de significación. Antonio Maura, director de la RAE en aquella época, rechazó la idea por demasiado innovadora y porque le parecía «una quimera». «La Academia tiene olvidado a Casares», dice Sierra, que lamenta que la RAE no reivindique la figura de su abuelo. Le dedicó «parte de su vida» e hizo mucho por difundir su labor en la serie de artículos La Academia trabaja, publicados en ABC. El propio Casares hablaba sobre su diccionario en un folleto de 1944 en el que reconocía que esta obra podía haber sido «la mayor equivocación de su vida» de no haber estado convencido de que podía «prestar un servicio importante a la lengua y al pensamiento hispanos». Desde muy joven sintió «la inquietud de perder» los vocablos poco usados que le salían al paso. Tuvo la suerte de dar con el editor Gustavo Gili, que «buscaba con candil un lexicógrafo español osado y revolucionario que se atreviese a hacer un diccionario analógico de nuestro idioma, donde las voces se agrupasen con arreglo a su significación, prescindiendo de toda rutina alfabética», escribía Casares en aquella época. 
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Le dictionnaire Collins fait de "geek" son mot de l’année 2013 et en élargit le sens

Autrefois réservé aux maniaques de l’informatique, le terme de "geek" a vu son sens s’élargir dans le langage courant. C’est donc en toute logique que le dictionnaire de Collins l’a élu mot de l’année et a modifié sa définition.

 

Alors que le dictionnaire anglais Oxford a élu "selfie" mot de l’année 2013, le concurrent Collins a choisi de privilégier celui de "geek". Jusqu’ici le mot "geek" trimballait un tas d’idées reçues pas toujours très glorieuses pour la personne que l’on affublait du qualificatif. Avec la nouvelle définition du dictionnaire Collins, le mot perd sa connotation négative.

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Rachel Martinez, une traductrice de Mont-Royal s’illustre

Une résidente de Mont-Royal, Rachel Martinez, traductrice agréée, a été finaliste aux derniers «Prix littéraires du Gouverneur général» dans la catégorie ''Traduction française''.

Son ouvrage Les maux d’Ambroise Bukowski (traduction française de Word Nerd de Susin Nielsen) paru aux éditionsLa courte échelle est l’un des rares romans jeunesse sélectionnés dans cette catégorie depuis la création du prix de traduction en 1987.

En outre, Les maux d’Ambroise Bukowski a reçu une distinction d’un organisme d’envergure internationale: il a été inscrit sur la Liste d’honneur 2013 de IBBY (International Board on Books for Young People) pour l’excellence de la traduction française pour le Canada.

Ces distinctions s’ajoutent au prix du Gouverneur général que Rachel Martinez a reçu en 2005 pour Glenn Gould, une vie, version française de la biographie du grand pianiste signée Kevin Bazzana.

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Les mots savoureux de la francophonie réunis dans un dictionnaire

Si les mots du « Petit dictionnaire » de Loïc Depecker n’existaient pas, il aurait fallu les inventer. Au fil des pages, le lecteur part à la découverte des mots d’une francophonie multiple et rafraichissante. Nul besoin de se rapporter aux explications de l’auteur pour comprendre leur signification. Eloquentes et souvent irrévérencieuses, les expressions se passent la plupart du temps de commentaires. 

Le « Petit dictionnaire insolite des mots de la francophonie » n’a rien d’un dictionnaire ordinaire. Les mots qu’il contient n’aideront sûrement pas le lecteur à briller dans les dîners en ville. Ils ne l’aideront pas davantage à s’attirer les faveurs de sa « blonde » (petite amie en canadien). En revanche, le livre regorge d’expressions potaches qui éclairent le lecteur sur cette autre langue française, riche et tristement méconnue.

 

Classés selon de grandes thématiques telles que l’amour, les affaires, la fête ou l’administration, les mots recensés par Loïc Depecker font particulièrement honneur au Canada et à l’Afrique francophone. Rivalisant d’inventivité, les deux régions s'illustrent particulièrement. Ainsi,  à Montréal, rater une occasion se dira « faire patate » quand jeter l’éponge se dira « raccrocher ses patins ».

 

Quelques anglicismes réjouissants attirent également l’attention. Déguster un « chien chaud » n’a rien de surprenant au Canada, de culture nord-américaine. En revanche, un « biznesseur » en Côte d’Ivoire n’a quant à lui rien de recommandable. Ces « affairés » comme on les appelle au Congo, sont en effet des personnes qui mènent un commerce douteux.

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Environmental and Urban Economics: The Academic Economist's Ego: Evidence from Google Scholar Registration by Gender

Go to Google Scholar and search under economics starting from the most cited economist (Karl Marx) and descend down the food chain.   The point of this blog post is that I saw a lot of dudes.  I had to go 310 deep into the pool to reach the 10th woman.  To be this 10th woman in this list, you have to be a woman, have a very good citation trail and you have to register on Google.  Many women are well cited but why do so few women take the relatively low cost step of signing up for Google Scholar?     Is your explanation that dudes likes sports and Google citation counting is another baseball statistic?    If academic economists (regardless of gender) are equally likely to sign up for Google Scholar, then I would guess that women should be 15% of the top cited academics.  This 3% share looks way too small.   As Apple has shown, marketing is a big part of success in the modern economy.  Why don't many academic women "lean in" on Google Scholar?

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Rewriting old hymns for a new generation

A middle-aged Dutchman sits motionless in front of a giant pipe organ tucked into the corner of some medieval cathedral.

Is he lost in thought?

Asleep?

Perhaps praying?

Finally, after a period of time, he sets his hands to the keys, playing a barrage of quickly moving but cumbersome chords on this arcane artifact, and he begins to sing.

After two stanzas of a meandering and seemingly random melody, I decide to reach forward and hit the space bar, pausing my third YouTube attempt to learn this hymn, and think to myself, “I couldn’t sing that tune back if my life depended on it.”

 
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Mumbai's last generation of letter writers signs out

For decades he penned the missives of Mumbai's illiterate workers, whether lovers pledging devotion to faraway sweethearts or prostitutes sending home money while concealing their trade.

Today, Ahmed is lucky if he gets to write an address. 

"Thousands of people used to come -- we didn't have time to eat. But in the last seven years or so it's been going down," the scribe said at his weathered wooden desk, perched opposite the city's domed century-old General Post Office.

"I will stay as long as I can," he added. "But I can't say how long that will be." 

There used to be 17 letter writers in this bustling corner of the city's south. Now there are eight, whose tasks are largely reduced to packing parcels and filling out forms.

The men huddle by a disused stone fountain, also home to a mini Hindu temple and a feeding pen for a constant flurry of pigeons. A bamboo-propped blue tarpaulin keeps the birds from the writers' heads.

On Ahmed's desk sit piles of muslin wrapping and an old tin of pens, next to a seal engraved with his initials and a wax candle to stamp his work.

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Google Punishes Rap Genius for Using Search Hack

Rap Genius is bad at making friends. In November the National Music Publishers Associationcalled the site "blatantly illegal" because they never actually obtained the licenses required to display lyrics. And though they seem to be making strides toward legitimacy in that department (Rap Genius and Sony struck a deal), they've now pissed off Google for allegedly participating in a link scheme. The Internet giant is now punitively burying the lyrics site beneath pages of undesired search results.

Blogger John Marbach exposed the problem on December 23 after RG posted this to Facebook: "Do you have a blog? Do you wanna be a RAP GENIUS BLOG AFFILIATE? Help us help you!" That was followed by an email address for co-founder Mahbod Moghadam. Marbach wrote Moghadam for more information, and was told that if he added a bunch of Justin Bieber RG lyric links to his own "dope post," RG would tweet out a link to Marbach's article, which would "bloooowwwww up!"

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Google Most Talked About Company in 2013; Punishes Website Rap Genius for SEO Spam

Google was the most talked about company in 2013, according to an infographic by Dow Jones. Apple, the other tech giant, came in a very close second.

 

While Google received 123,769 media mentions through the year, Apple Inc., on the other hand, had 120,451 mentions. According to the infographic, Google Inc. received consistent media attention throughout the year, its best month was May when the company held its I/O developers conference, Valuewalk said. 

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Digitimes Research: Google turns to push Android-based TV products

Google TV, which was first launched in 2010, will no longer see any subsequent product release in the future as Google has already merged its Google TV team with the Android team, and the company will also turn to push TV products adopting Android operating system in the future with the Chromecast being one of the star products.

Google's experience in Google TV has helped the company achieve success with its Chromecast, but the company's roadmap for the TV industry may also need to be adjusted.

Digitimes Research believes that the Chromecast will generate demand for Android TV in the market and turn the Android TV system into a core entertainment device in families because of its smartphone connectivity. The Chromecast is also expected to boost adoption of Chrome browser and increase PC advertisements' presence in the TV advertising market.

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Device Translates in Real-Time, Removes Language Barrier: Sigmo - The Epoch Times

Sigmo is an extremely handy device for travelers who have tough time communicating in foreign lands. Created by developers based in California, it is a real-time language translator that lets you to talk and understand other languages almost instantaneously.

You set the native language and then the language to be translated. By pressing a button and speaking, Sigmo translates in the language you have selected. By pressing a second button, it will record, translate, and instantly convey what has been spoken to your native language.

The device is compact and works by connecting with your smartphone relying on existing online services like Google translation. It works in real-time.

Developers are currently working on a model that can work offline. Sigmo works with 25 languages and more are expected in future.

The Indiegogo project has raised close to $250,000, surpassing its initial goal of $15,000.

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Apple's New Patent Could Enable Siri To Search, Orgainze iPhone Photos

Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL) has a new patent that was published on Thursday morning by the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office. This patent filing was named “Voice-Based Image Tagging and Searching” and it is described as a string of text in a natural language with images saved on a device (such as the iPhone). These text strings would be associated with speech input so users can access the data on their iPhone simply by conversing with Siri.

Apple patent for Siri has possibilities

Siri is a voice-activated assistant that’s exclusive to Apple Inc. (NASDAQ:AAPL)’s iOS. This handy feature already enables users to do a multitude of things including send messages, make phone calls, schedule in meetings, search things for you, answer queries via sources, play music, give out direction, and convert words into text. However, this new feature would be ideal for those who take lots of photos. It would organize and make it easier to find photos. The string of words could be anything from a person to location to activity.

The patent application points toward a trend of growing photo collections devices. Tagging these photos will make it easier for users to organize and search for specific images. Using Siri to organize these photos would make it even more convenient.

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Best of ND 2013: The History of Mother 3′s Fan Translation « Nintendojo

Do you have a favorite game, one that you excitedly recommend to every gamer you meet? Most likely a game is coming to mind, one that is very dear to you. But what if you weren’t able to recommend the game to others? What if something as simple as language was keeping others from a game you love? What would you be willing to do to share that game with others? When Clyde Mandelin (better known by his screen name Tomato) and his friends at Starmen.net heard that Brownie Brown’sMother 3, the sequel to EarthBound, wasn’t going to be localized in America, the answer was simple: translate it themselves. This is where the Mother 3 Fan Translation got its start. I spoke with Mandelin about the project, which has now become one of the most famous fan translations ever, and what drove him to take on this ambitious task.

“It’s tough to pin an exact time on when the project started,” recalls Mandelin, “but for me things really got underway in the summer of 2007. That’s when everything came together, actual translation began, and the project blog was opened. The Starmen.net folks refused to work on a fan translation until it was clear an official one wasn’t going to happen.” It was around this time that they found out from an inside source that Mother 3’s localization was going to be up for consideration. When Starmen.net learned of this, they got together and prepared a presentation that would hopefully convince the localization team to say yes to Mother 3. “I wasn’t directly involved with this but I think it either fell through or wasn’t convincing enough.” It was at this point that they decided they were going to have to do it themselves.

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Tips for Public Speaking - Is Fear Keeping You Out of the Spotlight? Tips for Overcoming a Fear of Public Speaking By: Marsha Friedman Recently I was asked to be a panelist for a webinar about usin...

Recently, I was asked to be a panelist for a webinar about using the power of publicity to achieve your goals. The participants askedgreatquestions.

The first: “How do you step into the spotlight when you don’t like the spotlight?”

Getting media attention and speaking engagements -- the spotlight -- goes right to the heart of my book, “Celebritize Yourself.” By boosting your visibility and your credibility, you set yourself apart from your competition and become a trusted authority in your field.

Should you abandon that avenue if you don’t like the spotlight?

Absolutely not.

I was – and still am – that person. I had no desire to seek the spotlight, and even had trepidation about it, but eventually I realized I had to for the sake of my business. 

First I had to figure out why I was so uncomfortable with the idea of being in the spotlight.

The answer for me was simple: The thought of public speaking terrified me. I’d seen wonderful speakers, including my own brother, who could captivate huge audiences and have them hanging on every word. I knew I didn’t have that kind of talent so why bother even trying?

Because, as I came to realize, I had to. I needed to do it in order to grow my business and, on a deeper level, I needed to do it for me! My fear was holding me back – an admission that became increasingly painful as time marched on.

I talked to my brother about the problem. “It comes naturally to you and the other great speakers I’ve seen,” I told him. “But it doesn’t come naturally tome!”

His response surprised me.



Read more:The Gilmer Mirror - Tips for Public Speaking

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You May Soon Be Able to Tag and Search for Images Using Siri

Apple says traditional approaches to photo-tagging can be non-intuitive, arduous, and time-consuming. Thus they propose voice-based photo-tagging, automatic photo-tagging, and voice-based photo searching.

According to the company, voice-based photo-tagging dramatically increases the speed and convenience of photo-tagging. For example, by combining speech recognition techniques with intelligent natural-language processing, a user could simply speak a description of what is in a photograph, such as "this is me at the beach," and the photo will be automatically tagged with the appropriate information. Also, because the natural-language processing is capable of inferring additional information, the tags may include additional information that the user did not explicitly say (such as the name of the person to which "me" refers), and which creates a more complete and useful tag. 

Once a photograph is tagged other photographs that are similar may be automatically tagged with the same or similar information. When a user wishes to search among his photographs, he may simply speak a request: "show me photos of me at the beach." The speech-based input would be processed in order to find and retrieve relevant photographs based on previously associated tags.

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Top Search Marketing Firms Rankings in the United Kingdom Named by topseos.co.uk for December 2013 | Virtual-Strategy Magazine

(PRWEB) December 26, 2013

topseos.co.uk has revealed the 30 top search engine marketing firms in the UK supplying services in the online marketing industry for the month of December 2013. Businesses scouring for talented search engine marketing services turn to the listings provided online in order to identify search engine marketing firms which have been analyzed by an independent third party. The listings are adjusted monthly to account for the latest performance of top contesting online marketing firms and to highlight the top producers of talented services.


Read more at http://www.virtual-strategy.com/2013/12/26/top-search-marketing-firms-rankings-united-kingdom-named-topseoscouk-december-2013#0vw1GoG5cWCkOOs2.99

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'Amitabh Bachchan finished dubbing in one and a half hours' - The Times of India

Director of 'Mahabharat 3D', Amaan Khan spoke to TOI exclusively about his experience on working with Amitabh Bachchan and much more.
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Pizza to be dubbed for a Hollywood film? - Tamil News - Desimartini.com

The film industry down South is abuzz with the news that a Hollywood filmmaker has asked to acquire the dubbing rights of Pizza for an English film after watching...
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Free computer classes offered

ESCALON - The Escalon Branch Library is offering free computer classes designed for users who need to learn basic computer skills and become familiar with computer terminology and applications.
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Apple and Google spending hundreds of millions on the next big mobile war

There's no question that smartphone developers believe voice-activated personal assistants are the wave of the future, but in their current state, they have failed to generate much excitement. Cas...
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