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A short history of Oxford dictionaries | OxfordWords blog

A short history of Oxford dictionaries | OxfordWords blog | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it
Oxford is famous for, among other things, the Oxford English Dictionary (OED), which has been the last word on words for more than a century.
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Metaglossia: The Translation World
News about translation, interpreting, intercultural communication, terminology and lexicography - as it happens
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UN Careers - jobs in this network (Translators, Revisers, Editors, etc.)

UN Careers -  jobs in this network (Translators, Revisers, Editors, etc.) | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it

Vacancies in this network: Translators, Revisers, Editors, etc.

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‘Facebook iskilling poetry’

‘Facebook iskilling poetry’ | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it

Literature in its current form of novels and poetry still has around 250 years left, till it is entirely replaced by scripts for films, television and radio, novelist-poet Jerry Pinto has said.

Speaking at the third annual James and Shobha Mendonca Endowment Lecture organised by Kavita Trust here on Saturday, Mr. Pinto expressed pessimism when reminded of the waning reading habit.

“When one enters a film, you know exactly how long it will last. In poetry or novels, you do not know how long it will take to finish or understand it. No one has the time any more,” he said.

Asked during an interaction session whether the explosion of novel writing came at the expense of poetry, Mr. Pinto said: “No. It is Facebook that is killing poetry.”

He said that Facebook, and social media in general, allowed for the democratisation of writing wherein instead of writing being confined only to professional writers and poets, it allowed anyone to write to an audience.

“On Facebook, users seek likes and comments, the same way as writers and poets seek readers,” he said.

The lack of readers had a domino effect on publishers who loath to publish poetry now, Mr. Pinto. However, in the era of open communication, self-publishing was the way forward for Indian poetry. “Some of the greatest works of poetry are published by poets themselves,” he said.

‘Self-awareness’

However, through the grim picture presented, he held firm that art, and poetry in particular, was not superficiality or excess; rather, it began the process of humanity, of discovering self-awareness by saying “this is who I am”.

“It is through poetry that the word of god was propagated… poets were taken along armies to record the battles that followed and sing praises of the conqueror. Now, we have journalists to do these things. But, poetry still describes the human experience, brings forth different interpretations and views and engages the reader in a journey of self-discovery,” said Mr. Pinto.

He likened the art of poetry to the need to sculpt language and make meaning out of nothingness, like a potter fashions clay.

Charles Tiayon's insight:

Literature in its current form of novels and poetry still has around 250 years left, till it is entirely replaced by scripts for films, television and radio, novelist-poet Jerry Pinto has said.

Speaking at the third annual James and Shobha Mendonca Endowment Lecture organised by Kavita Trust here on Saturday, Mr. Pinto expressed pessimism when reminded of the waning reading habit.

“When one enters a film, you know exactly how long it will last. In poetry or novels, you do not know how long it will take to finish or understand it. No one has the time any more,” he said.

Asked during an interaction session whether the explosion of novel writing came at the expense of poetry, Mr. Pinto said: “No. It is Facebook that is killing poetry.”

He said that Facebook, and social media in general, allowed for the democratisation of writing wherein instead of writing being confined only to professional writers and poets, it allowed anyone to write to an audience.

“On Facebook, users seek likes and comments, the same way as writers and poets seek readers,” he said.

The lack of readers had a domino effect on publishers who loath to publish poetry now, Mr. Pinto. However, in the era of open communication, self-publishing was the way forward for Indian poetry. “Some of the greatest works of poetry are published by poets themselves,” he said.

‘Self-awareness’

However, through the grim picture presented, he held firm that art, and poetry in particular, was not superficiality or excess; rather, it began the process of humanity, of discovering self-awareness by saying “this is who I am”.

“It is through poetry that the word of god was propagated… poets were taken along armies to record the battles that followed and sing praises of the conqueror. Now, we have journalists to do these things. But, poetry still describes the human experience, brings forth different interpretations and views and engages the reader in a journey of self-discovery,” said Mr. Pinto.

He likened the art of poetry to the need to sculpt language and make meaning out of nothingness, like a potter fashions clay.

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The Kill Zone: Writing Doesn't Make You a Better Writer

The Kill Zone: Writing Doesn't Make You a Better Writer | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it
1. You learn to write by learning how to write
As a kid I'd check out basketball books from the library and study them. Then I'd practice what I studied on my driveway. I'd watch players like Jerry West and Rick Barry and observe their technique. Later on, I got coaching, and once went to John Wooden's basketball camp. I played in endless pickup games, and afterward I'd think about how I played and what I could do to improve.
Writers learn their craft by reading novels and picking up techniques.  Also by reading books on writing. Then they practice what they learn. They get coaching from editors and go to writers' conferences. They write every day and after they write they think about how they wrote and what they can do to improve.
2. Creativity and craft go together
Every now and then some contrarian will say a writer should forget about "rules" and just write, man. That's all you need to do! Rules only choke off your creativity. Burn all those Writer's Digest books!
It's a silly and strawman argument.
First, they use the word rules as if writing craft teachers (such as your humble correspondent) lay them out as law. But no one ever does that. We talk about the techniques that work because they have been proven to do so over and over again, in actual books that actually sell. And even if a technique is so rock solid someone calls it a rule, we always allow that rules can be broken if—and only if—you know why you're breaking them and why doing so works better for your story.
What should be said by creativity mavens is this: creativity and the "wild mind" (Natalie Goldberg's phrase) are the beginning but not the end of the whole creative enterprise. One of the skills the selling writer needs to develop is how to unleash the muse at the right time but then whip her material into shape for the greater needs of the story and the marketplace for that story.
That's why structure is so important. Structure enables story to get through to readers, you know, the ones dish out the lettuce. That's why I call structure "translation software for your imagination." I know many writers would love to be able to simply wear a beret, sit at Starbucks all day, and have whatever they write go out to the world and bring in abundant bank and critical accolades.
Not going to happen.
Meanwhile, more and more writers who have taken the time to study the craft are happily selling their books in this new, open marketplace we have.
3. Passion, precision and productivity make for writing success
To gain traction in this game, you would do well to consider the three Ps: passion, precision and productivity.
Passion. You find the kind of stories you are burning to tell. For me, it's usually contemporary suspense. I love reading it, so that's mostly what I write. But I also believe a writer can pick a genre and learn to love it. Like an arranged marriage. The key is to find some emotional investment in what you write (usually that happens by way of heavy investment in the characters you create). But that's only the first step.
Precision. Eventually, the selling writers know precisely where the niche is for the books they write. They spend some time studying the market. That's how all the pulp writers and freelancers of the past made a living. Dean Koontz at one time wanted to be a comic novelist like Joseph Heller. But when his war farce didn't sell, he switched markets. He went all-in with thrillers. He's done pretty well at this.
Productivity. Finally, selling writers produce the words. Even so, not everything will sell as hoped, but the words won't be wasted. They will be making better writers, because they have studied the craft and keep on studying and never give up. 
Therefore, writing friends, don't be lulled into thinking all you have to do each day is traipse through the tulips of your fertile imaginings, fingers following along on the QWERTY tapper, recording every jot and tittle of your genius. That's the fun part of writing, being totally wild and writing in the zone. 

The work part of writing is sweating over the material so it has the best chance to connect with readers. 

That is what makes you a better writer. 

Charles Tiayon's insight:
1. You learn to write by learning how to write
As a kid I'd check out basketball books from the library and study them. Then I'd practice what I studied on my driveway. I'd watch players like Jerry West and Rick Barry and observe their technique. Later on, I got coaching, and once went to John Wooden's basketball camp. I played in endless pickup games, and afterward I'd think about how I played and what I could do to improve.
Writers learn their craft by reading novels and picking up techniques.  Also by reading books on writing. Then they practice what they learn. They get coaching from editors and go to writers' conferences. They write every day and after they write they think about how they wrote and what they can do to improve.
2. Creativity and craft go together
Every now and then some contrarian will say a writer should forget about "rules" and just write, man. That's all you need to do! Rules only choke off your creativity. Burn all those Writer's Digest books!
It's a silly and strawman argument.
First, they use the word rules as if writing craft teachers (such as your humble correspondent) lay them out as law. But no one ever does that. We talk about the techniques that work because they have been proven to do so over and over again, in actual books that actually sell. And even if a technique is so rock solid someone calls it a rule, we always allow that rules can be broken if—and only if—you know why you're breaking them and why doing so works better for your story.
What should be said by creativity mavens is this: creativity and the "wild mind" (Natalie Goldberg's phrase) are the beginning but not the end of the whole creative enterprise. One of the skills the selling writer needs to develop is how to unleash the muse at the right time but then whip her material into shape for the greater needs of the story and the marketplace for that story.
That's why structure is so important. Structure enables story to get through to readers, you know, the ones dish out the lettuce. That's why I call structure "translation software for your imagination." I know many writers would love to be able to simply wear a beret, sit at Starbucks all day, and have whatever they write go out to the world and bring in abundant bank and critical accolades.
Not going to happen.
Meanwhile, more and more writers who have taken the time to study the craft are happily selling their books in this new, open marketplace we have.
3. Passion, precision and productivity make for writing success
To gain traction in this game, you would do well to consider the three Ps: passion, precision and productivity.
Passion. You find the kind of stories you are burning to tell. For me, it's usually contemporary suspense. I love reading it, so that's mostly what I write. But I also believe a writer can pick a genre and learn to love it. Like an arranged marriage. The key is to find some emotional investment in what you write (usually that happens by way of heavy investment in the characters you create). But that's only the first step.
Precision. Eventually, the selling writers know precisely where the niche is for the books they write. They spend some time studying the market. That's how all the pulp writers and freelancers of the past made a living. Dean Koontz at one time wanted to be a comic novelist like Joseph Heller. But when his war farce didn't sell, he switched markets. He went all-in with thrillers. He's done pretty well at this.
Productivity. Finally, selling writers produce the words. Even so, not everything will sell as hoped, but the words won't be wasted. They will be making better writers, because they have studied the craft and keep on studying and never give up. 
Therefore, writing friends, don't be lulled into thinking all you have to do each day is traipse through the tulips of your fertile imaginings, fingers following along on the QWERTY tapper, recording every jot and tittle of your genius. That's the fun part of writing, being totally wild and writing in the zone. 

The work part of writing is sweating over the material so it has the best chance to connect with readers. 

That is what makes you a better writer. 

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Six keys to successful business communications - The Boston Globe

Six keys to successful business communications - The Boston Globe | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it
A successful business communication is built on simplicity and directness. You can achieve this goal by incorporating six tips as you write your message.
Charles Tiayon's insight:

A successful business communication is built on simplicity and directness. You can achieve this goal by incorporating these six tips as you write your message:

Brevity is your goal. Keep your message short. When speaking, it is tempting to say something, then repeat it, just to make sure you are understood. That same proclivity happens in writing. Edit for redundancy.

Write in the first person. The only exception is if you are writing on behalf of a company, department, or team. Otherwise stick with “I” and “me” rather than “we” and “us.”

Reflect yourself. Your writing should sound like you. Ask yourself how you might phrase a thought if, instead, you were talking to the person. Often, when I am stuck, I role play as though I am talking instead of writing. Then, I aim to write down what I said.

Avoid emoticons, text speak, and all caps. If you find it necessary to place a happy face at the end of a sentence to indicate you are joking, consider rewriting your sentence so its meaning is clear. Text speak—b4, cul8r, or lol—may work in personal instant messages and texts, but they don’t belong in business e-mails and letters. Writing in all caps is considered shouting. Also, readability studies show that all caps are more difficult to read.

Proofread. Certainly, it is important to check all your messages for spelling errors, and check for grammar mistakes as well. In addition, word choice can cause difficulties, especially if you use a word that may seem reasonable to you, but ends up being unpleasant to the person to whom you are writing. (The word “sucks” is a classic example.)

Let it simmer. It is so easy to hit that send button just as you finish tapping the last key in your message. However, hesitate for a moment. Review your message for mistakes. This applies to text messages as well as to e-mails. Mistakes can leave the impression that you are less than careful in the work you do, and that’s never a good impression to make.

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Google adds 13 more languages to Gmail, covers 94% internet population | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis

Google adds 13 more languages to Gmail, covers 94% internet population | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it
Google adds 13 more languages to Gmail, covers 94% internet population - Our lives are socially connected 24x7. Be it Facebook, Twitter or E-mails, we are always logging in, checking, sharing and posting our thoughts to the world. We are just a mail away from logging on and getting streamlined to work. But, can you imagine those days when e-mails were not used widely and excelsheets, text messages and notes were used to exchange messages, deadlines etc. 
Charles Tiayon's insight:

Our lives are socially connected 24x7. Be it Facebook, Twitter or E-mails, we are always logging in, checking, sharing and posting our thoughts to the world. We are just a mail away from logging on and getting streamlined to work. But, can you imagine those days when e-mails were not used widely and excelsheets, text messages and notes were used to exchange messages, deadlines etc. 

We already have mail services such as Verizon, Yahoo, AIM, Outlook, Facebook and obviously, Gmail from Google.  Most of these emails are free and Google has introduced a new feature that will translate the content to rid ourselves of the language barrier.

Google added support for thirteen new languages to the fifty-eight they already had – bringing the total to 71 languages that now covers 94% of the worldwide population that uses the internet!  That is quite an accomplishment – one that we read about, but still do not fully comprehend its significance.

The new languages include: Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani (Azeri), Chinese (Hong Kong), French (Canada), Galician, Georgian, Khmer, Lao, Mongolian, Nepali, Sinhala, and Zulu.  Google says that the thirteen new languages are rolling out today – not only for Gmail, but also for the smartphone browsers.  Google worked very closely to make sure that the language was as close as possible to the original dialectics and even takes into accord the little nuances to prevent wrong translations that could harm the user. 

Full text by Ian Hill on Gmail's addition : 

Email is a universal way to communicate. No matter where you are, you can reach anyone else in the world with the press of a button. We take it for granted now, but it's so much easier to keep in touch with people than it was in the old days of pens, paper, and stamps. But there’s still an important barrier we need to overcome to make email truly universal: language. Gmail is already available in 58 languages, and today we’re bringing that total to 71—covering 94 percent of the world’s Internet population and bringing us closer to our goal of making sure that, no matter what language you write in, you can use it in Gmail.

These 13 new languages are joining the Gmail family: Afrikaans, Armenian, Azerbaijani (Azeri), Chinese (Hong Kong), French (Canada), Galician, Georgian, Khmer, Lao, Mongolian, Nepali, Sinhala, and Zulu.

As any native speaker knows, each language has its own nuances, so we worked closely with linguists to make sure the tone and style are just right. For example, both Hong Kong and Taiwan use traditional Chinese characters. However, you’ll notice that Gmail’s new Chinese (Hong Kong) language uses 收件箱 for “Inbox” instead of 收件匣, which is a word more common in Taiwan.

All 13 languages are rolling out today in Gmail on the web and feature phone browsers. Try out any one of them by going to your Settings. It’s much easier than finding the right postage.

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Beloved Seger album gets musical translation in live Detroit tribute

Beloved Seger album gets musical translation in live Detroit tribute | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it
Before a mostly packed house Saturday night at 2,000-capacity Orchestra Hall, native son Don Was hosted a diverse collection of Detroit-related performers to take on Bob Seger's beloved 1976 concert album, 'Live Bullet.' Was' latest Detroit All-Star Revue capped the day for Concert of Colors, the free fest that will wrap up today in Midtown Detroit.
Charles Tiayon's insight:

Young Lebanese-born singer Mayssa Karaa galvanized the crowd with a rich performance of “Turn the Page,” alternating lyrics in English and Arabic — the latter rewritten to transform the song into a haunting story of young love, as her manager said later. Her set began with an intro on lute before McMurray kicked in with the song’s familiar sax lick.

Other Detroit mainstays offered their own distinctive takes: the Detroit Cobras serving a spiky “Bo Diddley” (dropping in a snippet of Seger’s “Lucifer”), the Infatuations getting the crowd dancing with a tight and rocking “Ramblin’ Gamblin’ Man,” Luder grinding a dark ’90s alt-rock version of “Heavy Music,” Doop & the Outlaws doing a meaty “UMC.”

Liz Larin revamped the mood of “Katmandu,” singing and playing guitar atop a skittering electronic beat and bed of layered vocals.

Two of the night’s younger acts — Jess Domain and Blaire Alise & the Bombshells — held their own, with a pretty “Beautiful Loser” and ebullient “Get Out of Denver,” respectively.

When all was said and done, as Martin said from the stage, it had been a night that saw “the reinvention of a beautiful thing.”

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Bad translation leads to mistrial in NY rape case

Bad translation leads to mistrial in NY rape case | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it
TROY, N.Y. — It's a court case momentarily lost in translation.
Charles Tiayon's insight:

TROY, N.Y. — It's a court case momentarily lost in translation.

A New York judge this week declared a mistrial in a rape case after learning the accuser's testimony had been improperly translated.

The Troy Record reports (http://bit.ly/1mujQ2X) Saturday that the accuser and defendant Than Soe both speak the same Burmese dialect.

Judge Debra Young made the ruling after a translator hired by Soe's lawyer questioned the prosecution translator's accuracy.

Defense attorney Lucas Mihuta said it was clear the prosecution translator did a "poor job" translating the accuser's testimony Wednesday and Thursday.

He said she may not have had a firm grasp of English.

The 27-year-old Soe is charged with first- and third-degree rape and first-degree sex abuse in the November 2013 assault.

Young rescheduled the case for a September trial.

___

Information from: The Record, http://www.troyrecord.com

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Le Brésil, son système juridique et sa langue : un défi pour les traducteurs juridiques. Par Alexandre Kasmi.

Le Brésil, son système juridique et sa langue : un défi pour les traducteurs juridiques. Par Alexandre Kasmi. | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it
La Coupe du monde de football 2014 est l'occasion pour les acteurs de la traduction juridique de s'intéresser de plus près au système complexe et à (...)
Charles Tiayon's insight:

LE BRESIL, UNE DEMOCRATIE RECENTE A L’AVENIR PROMETTEUR...

On oublie souvent que le Brésil est une démocratie récente dont la constitution date de 1988, faisant suite à plus de 20 ans de régime militaire. 8eme puissance économique mondiale en 2014, le plus grand état d’Amérique du Sud a su rebondir et ne cesse d’étonner par :

  • la rapidité de sa croissance ces 20 dernières années
  • sa présence toujours plus forte dans les grands événements sportifs et culturels internationaux
  • une volonté claire de modernisation pour atteindre les plus hauts niveaux de compétitivité mondiale.

L’abondance de ressources naturelles de ce pays géant et le dynamisme de son secteur industriel poussent les entreprises étrangères à tenter de s’implanter, de créer ou d’acquérir des sociétés au Brésil.
Ce dynamisme économique et sa position de leader en Amérique du Sud attirent les acteurs économiques du monde entier, créant de nouveaux besoins en traduction juridique et remettant la langue portugaise à l’honneur.

LES CARACTERISTIQUES DE LA LANGUE PORTUGAISE BRESILIENNE :

8ème langue parlée au monde, le portugais est la langue officielle du Brésil. Comme le français québécois ou l’anglais américain, elle a ses particularités qui la distinguent du portugais européen classique. La langue parlée a intégré les influences phoniques africaines et amérindiennes, composantes importantes du passé de cette colonie portugaise.

Mais les linguistes évoquent également une forte évolution de la langue portugaise européenne à partir du XIXe siècle, indépendamment du Brésil. Ainsi la langue brésilienne aurait conservé en grande partie les propriétés du portugais originel, parlé et transmis par les colonisateurs des XVe – XVIe siècles.
Il en résulte un accent, des règles syntaxiques et des formulations nécessitant une parfaite maîtrise de la langue brésilienne pour traduire des textes en brésilien.

Vers une homogénéisation du portugais ?

Ces difficultés de traduction et l’émergence du Brésil sur la scène économique internationale poussent le Brésil et le Portugal à chercher les moyens d’unifier leur langue écrite : en 1990, une grande réforme de l’orthographe a été ratifiée par les différents pays lusophones. Les deux pays ont signé en outre différents accords de coopération technique et scientifique et mis en place des commissions communes de terminologie.

Pourtant, aujourd’hui encore ces différences sont des obstacles à la bonne traduction des actes juridiques, statuts, extraits k-bis et autres documents nécessaires à l’ouverture de l’économie brésilienne à l’international.

L’autre difficulté se situe dans la complexité du système juridique brésilien.

UN SYSTEME JURIDIQUE PARTICULIER.

Le Brésil est une république fédérale présidentielle, constituée de 26 états et d’un district fédéral (Brasilia). Ce simple énoncé met en valeur la multiplicité des pouvoirs en jeu dans le système brésilien et implique une grande diversité de règles et textes juridiques.

> La constitution de 1988, l’une des plus longues du monde

Destinée à rétablir un état démocratique après une période militaire de 1964 à 1985, la constitution brésilienne s’inspire des textes portugais, espagnol, français et américain pour garantir les droits fondamentaux des citoyens brésiliens et instaurer un régime présidentiel et fédéral.

> La complexité de ce système hybride réside dans l’attribution des compétences et pouvoirs :

- Le Président - actuellement la présidente Dilma Roussef - dispose du pouvoir exécutif comme dans un régime présidentiel classique mais partage également des pouvoirs législatifs importants avec le Congrès. Elu pour 4 ans et chef du gouvernement, le président nomme les ministres d’état et peut les destituer à sa convenance.

- Le Congrès détient le pouvoir législatif et est constitué d’une chambre des députés élus pour 4 ans et d’un Sénat

  • Le Pouvoir judiciaire est divisé entre les juges d’Etat et les juges fédéraux, chapeautés en dernière instance par le tribunal fédéral suprême.
  • Au niveau fédéral, chaque Etat est organisé sur le même modèle que l’Union, avec un gouverneur élu pour 4 ans et une assemblée législative propre. Il légifère de façon indépendante sur la Santé publique, l’Environnement, le Patrimoine, l’Education, la Culture…
  • Au sein des Etats, les Communes gèrent elles-mêmes de nombreux domaines

En outre, si l’Union légifère de façon exclusive sur le droit civil, pénal, commercial et procédural, chaque Etat dispose de compétences concurrentes pour le droit fiscal, économique et financier.

> Un nouveau code civil en 2003

Le code civil brésilien régit le contrat, la responsabilité, la famille et la propriété. Il a été rédigé avec un souci de restaurer un minimum de justice sociale dans la société brésilienne. 
Son application se heurte toutefois aux conséquences d’une constitution forte et du pouvoir judiciaire partagé entre juges d’Etat et juges fédéraux. 
La constitutionnalité des règles de droit peut ainsi être remise en cause à tout moment quel que soit le niveau de juridiction.

LES DEFIS DE LA TRANSPOSITION D’ACTES JURIDIQUES EN BRESILIEN :

L’originalité du système juridique brésilien tient à la difficulté d’allier les particularismes fédéraux à l’application d’une constitution nationale très détaillée et omniprésente. 
Il en résulte des lourdeurs de gestion administrative et une multitude de démarches à accomplir, de documents à traduire et authentifier pour toute entreprise souhaitant s’implanter au Brésil ou faire affaire avec des sociétés brésiliennes.
Les spécificités de la langue brésilienne ajoutent une difficulté supplémentaire à la réalisation de traductions qualitatives et pertinentes.
La traduction juridique en brésilien nécessite une parfaite connaissance de la culture brésilienne et du fonctionnement administratif et juridique du pays.

Sources :

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Bad translation leads to mistrial in NY rape case

Bad translation leads to mistrial in NY rape case | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it
It's a court case momentarily lost in translation.
A New York judge this week declared a mistrial in a rape case after learning the accuser's testimony had been improperly translated.
Charles Tiayon's insight:

TROY, New York — It's a court case momentarily lost in translation.

A New York judge this week declared a mistrial in a rape case after learning the accuser's testimony had been improperly translated.

The Troy Record reports (http://bit.ly/1mujQ2X) Saturday that the accuser and defendant Than Soe both speak the same Burmese dialect.

Judge Debra Young made the ruling after a translator hired by Soe's lawyer questioned the prosecution translator's accuracy.

Defense attorney Lucas Mihuta said it was clear the prosecution translator did a "poor job" translating the accuser's testimony Wednesday and Thursday.

He said she may not have had a firm grasp of English.

The 27-year-old Soe is charged with first- and third-degree rape and first-degree sex abuse in the November 2013 assault.

Young rescheduled the case for a September trial.

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CIA Style Guide: Using Good Grammar to Describe Despotism

CIA Style Guide: Using Good Grammar to Describe Despotism | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it

A CIA style guide manual for writers of intelligence publications reveals its authors' attitude toward freedom. by Joe Wolverton, II, J.D.

Charles Tiayon's insight:

When explaining how and why they violate constitutional protections of fundamental rights, leaders of the federal intelligence apparatus insist it be done with style.

National Security Counselors, an organization devoted to the lawful acquisition from the federal government of material related to national security matters and the distribution of those documents to the public, obtained a copy of the Directorate of Intelligence’s Style Manual & Writers Guide for Intelligence Publications. Although the document was released last year, it was first posted to social media only recently.

In this guidebook, CIA chiefs set out the writing standards it expects agents and analysts to follow.

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Conseil de la langue corse : Aménagement de la graphie, observatoire linguistique

Conseil de la langue corse : Aménagement de la graphie, observatoire linguistique | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it
Le Conseil de la langue corse mis en place par l'Assemblée de Corse est en voie de restructuration. Dans le domaine de "l’intervention linguistique", on évoque notamment une mission qui consisterait à "AMÉNAGER LA GRAPHIE". Malgré les progrès accomplis , les "zones floues" ne manquent pas en...
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Le Conseil de la langue corse mis en place par l'Assemblée de Corse est en voie de restructuration. Dans le domaine de "l’intervention linguistique", on évoque notamment une mission qui consisterait à "AMÉNAGER LA GRAPHIE".

Malgré les progrès accomplis , les "zones floues" ne manquent pas en effet, et se traduisent parfois par une fluctuation des usages dans la langue écrite, y compris chez les "bons auteurs". Si les zones floues sont le lot commun de toutes les langues (le français ne fait pas exception), les anomalies sont plus inquiétantes pour les langues qui ne bénéficient pas d'un soutien institutionnel suffisant (scolaire notamment).

  

Le système majoritaire corse affirme le lien étroit entre oral et écrit. L'orthographe "tire ses lois d'une étude attentive de la prononciation en usage" (Marchetti&Geronimi, 5001); c'est donc l'oral qui doit déterminer l'écrit et non l'inverse. "Destinée à l'usage de tous les Corses, cette orthographe doit permettre, de rendre des sons identiques par des signes identiques" (ibidem). 

  

Or force est de constater que subsistent des variantes graphiques qui ne correspondent à aucune différence de prononciation. Pire, la généralisation abusive de certaines graphies "modernes" et aberrantes a des répercussions néfastes sur la prononciation. 

Le corse, comme toutes les langues, a connu et connait de nombreux changements, qui l'entrainent dans une direction qui n'a pas fait l'objet d'études approfondies. La plupart des changements sont imputés au contact avec le français, qui n'est cependant pas la seule cause (directe ou indirecte) des innovations qui se multiplient notamment depuis les années 1970, période dite du "riacquistu", de la "réappropriation" de leur culture par les Corses". Des variantes « nouvelles » apparaissent et (malgré la profession de foi de l’intertolérance polynomiste) d'autres sont injustement sanctionnées. Décrire l'évolution récente de l'usage corse consiste aussi expliquer l'origine ou la cause des changements, nombreux, à tous les niveaux.  

  

Cela revient à soumettre le « riacquistu » à un « droit d’inventaire », à donner un aperçu de la diversité de l'usage et à le mettre en rapport avec les normes telles qu’elles sont formulées ici ou là. Car les « agents glottopolitiques » n’ont sans doute jamais été aussi prodigues de prescriptions et surtout de proscriptions plus ou moins justifiées. "Dites ... mais ne dites pas..." 

  

Les Corses ont été formés à l'école de la République. Dans le but de résister à la langue dominante, ils ont en réalité intégré et appliqué à leur langue propre les principes et mécanismes caractéristiques qui ont présidé à l'élaboration du français. Nous en donnerons des exemples concrets. 

Parmi les nouvelles tâches récemment proposées dans le cadre du conseil de la langue corse, on  

évoque un "OBSERVATOIRE LINGUISTIQUE" (pratiques, attitudes et représentations). C'est dans cette perspective que nous nous situons ici, à commencer par l'observation de la graphie, qui dépend d'ailleurs étroitement des autres niveaux, grammaire en général et notamment morphosyntaxe. 

Jean CHIORBOLI, 11-7-2014 

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The Stacks: The Day the Fairytale Died

The Stacks: The Day the Fairytale Died | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it
When mourners were asked why they were weeping, they didn’t know. What was it about Princess Diana that made so many people love her so deeply?
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When mourners were asked why they were weeping, they didn’t know. What was it about Princess Diana that made so many people love her so deeply?


The business of writing obituaries may seem, at first glance, a morbid affair. Just think of the title of Gay Talese’s 1966 Esquire profile of the New York Timesobituary writer Alden Whitman: “Mr. Bad News.” But obituary writing is far from depressing and some of the best non-fiction writing of the past 20 years has appeared in the obituary section. The writing is, at turns, poignant, lively, empathic, and full of wit. And a generation of obituary writers have paid tribute to celebrities as well as everyday people.

Check out this fine sampling from the likes of Karen Shirely, Margolit Fox, and the most-talented, Heather Lende52 McGs, a compilation of obituaries by the late Robert McG. Thomas, is priceless.

Marilyn Johnson explored the subculture of obituary scribes in her wonderful 2006 book, The Dead Beat. Here is a tribute she wrote about Princess Diana forLIFE magazine in 1997. It is reprinted with the author’s permission.

ONCE UPON A TIME

Hundreds of years ago, she would have been beheaded. She was a fair maiden, a beautiful virgin born on a summer's day, married on a summer's day. Touchingly, she loved her prince. He loved her not. She did her duty to the Crown, producing two healthy male heirs, then was imprisoned in the castle tower. In ways large and small, devious and immature, ingenious and inspiring, she struggled to escape. She was not decapitated, or even banished. Instead, she was divorced. She secured her own quarters in one of the palaces, and she kept her job as princess. The Queen, no doubt annoyed at the Princess's vow to become "the Queen of people's hearts," declared she could no longer be called Her Royal Highness.

With the help of the treacherous media, the Princess created a rival court from which she set about influencing her older son, the Future King. Almost a year to the day of the decree dissolving her marriage, and just weeks after falling in love with an Egyptian of fabulous wealth, she was driven into a tunnel on a late summer night and vanished.


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Precisando de uma tradução em inglês ou espanhol? Relaxe. Paula traduz! - Boa Informação

Precisando de uma tradução em inglês ou espanhol? Relaxe. Paula traduz! - Boa Informação | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it
Fluente em inglês e espanhol, Paula percebeu que poderia explorar o mercado de traduções por conta do aumento da demanda dos turistas estrangeiros na Copa do Mundo. Foto: Allan Torres/DP/D.A Press “Paula traduz!” Nos últimos dez anos, esta talvez tenha sido a frase que a cientista social e mestranda em antropologia Paula Neves Cisneiros, 37, ...
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“Paula traduz!” Nos últimos dez anos, esta talvez tenha sido a frase que a cientista social e mestranda em antropologia Paula Neves Cisneiros, 37, mais escutou diariamente. A razão é simples: fluente em inglês aos 17 anos e em espanhol aos 19, tornou-se alvo fácil de amigos, estudantes, professores e profissionais variados que buscavam sua ajuda para traduzir textos de vários tipos, como teses, monografias, resumos e trabalhos científicos.

Nesse período, Paula perdeu as contas de quantas traduções realizou. Para se ter uma ideia, os resumos em inglês dos trabalhos de conclusão de curso dos colegas de turma na Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE) foram todos traduzidos por ela. Com a chegada da Copa, Paula percebeu que havia algo mais a ser explorado nesse nicho por conta da demanda de turistas durante a disputa. Surgiu, então, a Paula Traduz , startup especializada em tradução.

“A ideia foi criar uma solução de tradução em português, inglês e espanhol, já que não há um serviço assim aqui. Com o tempo e a experiência, o objetivo é torná-la um marketplace de tradutores e outraslínguas”, conta Paula, sócia no empreendimento junto com o namorado, Gustavo Monteiro, que já possui ampla bagagem no ramo de startups. Eles investiram R$ 20 mil na empreitada em parceria com a empresa Interage, sediada em Petrolina.

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The Ethics & Politics of Translation: A Lecture by Prof. Mona Baker - YouTube

The Ethics and Politics of Translation: A Public Lecture Day: Monday 9/12/2013 Venue: Room (13) Speaker: Mona Baker, University of Manchester Chair: Hoda Els...

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The Ethics and Politics of Translation: A Public Lecture Day: Monday 9/12/2013 Venue: Room (13) Speaker: Mona Baker, University of Manchester Chair: Hoda Els...

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11 great lines for your best man speech

11 great lines for your best man speech | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it
Being the best man is a huge responsibility - hopefully these jokes will help you out with that all-important speech.
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It’s a big responsibility being a best man. Some might even say that it’s a bigger job than being a groom.

You need to entertain, you need to behave – it’s hard work.

And your best man speech is a critical part of your success. So, here are some great lines to use. Of course, replace the names with the names of the bride and groom – otherwise you will look pretty silly.

1. So where do I start with Dan? Well for starters he’s…handsome, witty, intelligent, he’s char… charm…. Sorry…Dan …. I’m having trouble reading your handwriting, you can tell me the rest later.

2. I read somewhere that a best man speech shouldn’t take any longer than it takes the groom to make love. So ladies and gentlemen – I give you Mr and Mrs Wyatt. (Take drink and sit down).

3. Firstly I’d just like to say I’m very nervous about making this speech. In fact this must be the third time today that I have stood up from a warm seat with pieces of paper in my hand.

4. Kate, you’re a wonderful woman, who deserves a wonderful husband. And I’m not going to rest until I get to the bottom of what’s gone wrong here.

5. Gareth is the most generous friend anyone could ask for. Here is a man whose philanthropy knows no bounds. Magnanimous should be his middle name. He’ll do anything for me. He even wrote a section of this speech.


On the bright side, nothing you could say or do will end as badly as this wedding (Picture: HBO)


6. Well, I do hope that John and Sarah enjoy their honeymoon in Wales. I assume that’s where they’re going anyway… When I asked Howard what he was doing after the wedding he said he was going to Bangor for a fortnight…

7. Now I did ask for a microphone but was told one wasn’t available. So if you can’t hear me at the back, the silence from the people at the front should reassure you that you’re not missing out on anything.

8. David knows his wife so well. When I asked him what her favourite flower was, he instantly replied ‘self-raising’.

9. I was told specifically by Michelle to keep the groom’s ex-girlfriends away. I didn’t have to try too hard though as there has been an outbreak of foot and mouth in the area.

10. Good afternoon ladies and gentlemen. I’ll admit to you that I’m extremely nervous right now. As the people sitting near to me at the table can testify, it really is possible to smell fear.

11. If you could keep the clapping and yelling to a minimum today, I would appreciate it as I have a horrible hangover. I know it’s irresponsible to drink before such a big occasion, but I couldn’t let the groom drink alone.

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How to write a compelling cover letter

How to write a compelling cover letter | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it
Crafting strong, impressive introduction creates a positive first impression
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Your cover letter is the first impression you make before an employer sees your résumé. You can have a strong, impressive résumé, but if your cover letter is generic and lackluster, you may be overlooked as a potential candidate.

The most important rule for cover letters is that you need to tailor it for every job you apply for and include a copy of your résumé. The cover letter is a chance for the employer to quickly scan through your information for the specific keywords they are looking for, and they can quickly identify cover letters that have been mass produced for multiple job opportunities.

In order for your information to be consistent, update your résumé before you begin writing cover letters. You do not want to refer to work experience in your letter that is not listed somewhere on your résumé. Do not send résumés to employers without including a cover letter with each.

Read the job description or posting carefully and highlight the main skills and experience the employer is looking for. Understand the qualifications and requirements of the job position and how you can best meet their needs based on your experience and education.

There are some basic cover-letter guidelines to keep in mind. First, your letter should be limited to one page. One- to 1½-inch margins generally work well.

For fonts, use a style that is professional and is between 10 and 12 points in size. Twelve-point, Times New Roman is always a safe bet for professional correspondence. Your cover letter and résumé should be in the same style for consistency.

Include your name, address, contact information and the date at the top of your letter. The name of and address of the employer should be included.

Try to include the name of the interviewer or your contact at the company if possible. If you do not have a specific name, begin your letter with a salutation such as “Dear Sir or Madam.” Your subject line should be the specific title of the job opening or position that was advertised.

In the body of the letter, include the following information in paragraph form: the position you wish to be considered for; how you learned about the opening; why you are interested in working for the company; what experience, education and skills you would bring to the job; and what you will do to follow up with the employer.

You should incorporate some general information about the company and the type of work done there. Referencing specific information about the employer will demonstrate to them that you have taken the initiative to learn research the company.

Type your name on the signature line and then sign all hard copies. Include an “Enclosure” line listing if your résumé, references and transcripts are attached.

Print on professional, white paper, and, finally, invest the time to have someone review your letter for grammar, punctuation and typos.

Your cover letter is your introduction to a prospective employer, and writing a strong letter may gain the attention of the potential interviewer or applicant screener. An employer will be more inclined to take a closer look at your résumé, and you may be a step closer to getting an interview.

This is a regular column written by the N.M. Department of Workforce Solutions. For more information, go to dws.state.nm.us.

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Gorostiza, en persa

Gorostiza, en persa | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it
El escritor iraní Mohsen Emadi, quien vive exiliado en México, expresa en entrevista sus conceptos sobre poesía, y anuncia que trabaja ya en traducir a Juan Gelman y a José Emilio Pacheco
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El escritor iraní Mohsen Emadi, quien vive exiliado en México, expresa en entrevista sus conceptos sobre poesía, y anuncia que trabaja ya en traducir a Juan Gelman y a José Emilio Pacheco
 
13/07/2014 03:00 Juan Carlos Talavera

Foto: Claudia Aréchiga

CIUDAD DE MÉXICO, 13 de julio.- Cuando el escritor iraní Mohsen Emadi tradujo al persa el poema Muerte sin fin, de José Gorostiza, conoció el verdadero significado de la vida mexicana. Fue después de ese acto cuando volvió a blandir el lápiz y retomó su propia poesía, luego de permanecer en silencio desde 2012, tras su exilio en la Casa Refugio Citlaltépetl de la Ciudad de México.

Ahora prepara dos poemarios, uno sobre su visión de la guerra entre Irán e Irak y otro sobre su concepción filosófica del mundo. También continúa la traducción al persa de la poesía de César Vallejo, Antonio Gamoneda, Juan Gelman, José Emilio Pacheco y Cristina Peri Rosi, porque “la traducción también es un acto de amor”, dice a Excélsior.

¿Podría hablar sobre
sus traducciones?

Hay bastantes poetas que en Irán no se conocían. De la poesía latinoamericana se sabía de Octavio Paz, y de la española únicamente de Federico García Lorca. Entonces he ido traduciendo bastantes poetas del castellano al persa, como César Vallejo, Antonio Gamoneda, Ángel González, Juan Gelman, José Emilio Pacheco y Cristina Peri Rosi, entre otros. Incluso no conocían la poesía de Luis Cernuda, aunque ahora estoy revisando una traducción del poeta checo Vladimir Holan.

¿Qué significado tiene la traducción en su producción literaria?

La traducción es un acto de amor, es tocar la visión y la experiencia de la poesía dentro de cada poema… y cuando consigue tocarlo, entonces es posible traducirlo y transformarlo.

¿Prefiere una traducción más interpretativa?

Sería imposible una traducción literal de la poesía. Lo que quiero es traducir fielmente, como te digo, la sensación de cada poema. Pero no me refiero a fidelidad de las palabras, porque como dice Vladimir Holan, las traducciones de palabra a palabra matan la poesía. Por eso el traducir es un acto peligroso, pues es un viaje que nos lleva a tocar la visión y experiencia de la poesía dentro de un poema.

¿Podría hablar sobre
los poemarios que
está preparando?

Son dos poemarios en español. Uno se llamará Contra el lector, que inicia cuando yo estaba en el servicio militar, en Irán, y del tiempo de la guerra entre Irán e Irak. Aunque también estoy haciendo traducción de mi propia poesía al español.

“Y el segundo incluirá poemas más de concepción filosófica, éste tendrá un título en finés, sobre el viaje que hice desde Finlandia a México. Su título no lo traduciré al español, pero la idea será bordear el exilio desde diferentes lugares, incluyendo la vida cotidiana, será un tipo de amplificación del exilio como fenómeno que sucede en la vida diaria de mucha gente”, explica.

Rulfo, un encantador

Una de las presencias de la literatura latinoamericana más importantes para Mohsen Emadi ha sido Juan Rulfo, esencialmente Pedro Páramo, libro que leyó muy joven y que le pareció una especie de mago literario.

¿Rulfo es una presencia relevante?

¡Mucho! Leí Pedro Páramo a los 17 años. Me pareció un encantador de historias. Me parecía que él estaba hablando de mí, sobre lo que yo estaba viviendo, pues vengo de una familia donde por un lado hay patrones y, por el otro, campesinos pobres. Por eso, en mi opinión lo que se dice acerca del realismo mágico en los cuentos latinoamericanos me parece un término falso.

¿Por qué es falso?

Porque es una literatura que también habla de mi vida cotidiana. Si yo escribiera los recuerdos de mi infancia parecerían cuentos latinoamericanos. Eso hizo que me identificara con la literatura de Juan Rulfo, pues de alguna forma le daba voz a mi propia infancia.

¿El realismo mágico contiene una imprecisión de origen?

El realismo mágico es una forma de lectura más del colonialismo, una interpretación imprecisa, porque esta literatura no es exclusiva de América Latina, quizá de lugares rurales donde los secretos caminan por la calle en forma de vida cotidiana. En Oriente Medio, por ejemplo, hay bastantes lugares similares. “Recuerdo que en Sári, el pueblo donde nací, no conocíamos los coches y entonces cuando llegó uno, las personas suponían que era un tipo de animal o de vaca, así que el ponían comida enfrente y le decían: “Anda, come”. Parece gracioso si lo escribes, pero era la realidad.

¿Cómo enfrenta
hoy el tema del exilio?

De muchos lugares he escapado, pero no me gusta que utilicen el término exilio como una forma de categorizar. Para mí, el exilio es un problema existencial. Es una realidad existencial. Pienso que un escritor es un exiliado especialmente cuando es poeta, es exiliado dentro de su propio idioma.

“Vladimír Holan dice que lo que mata la poesía es la poética, pues ésta es un espacio común. Así que cuando un poeta escribe algo diferente, siempre será un exiliado dentro de su propio idioma”, apunta.

¿De qué forman
conviven exilio y poesía?

Para mí la poesía no es un género literario. Es la realidad. Desde este punto de vista la vida de un poeta es la vida de un exiliado en su propia sociedad. En mi espacio también tiene una dimensión política, porque cuando un gobierno invade todos tus espacios personales, tus espacios de ser, la cárcel se amplifica. He sido exiliado en mi propio país, pero tampoco tengo refugio en otro país, porque cuando soy un extranjero. Así que mi lugar de refugio es un tipo de condenación que me regala la poesía.

¿Poesía y política
coexisten en usted?

Cuando hablamos de política, debemos tener cuidado. ¿En qué términos hablo de política? Hablo de política en términos antiguos griegos, como un acto político para la ciudad. No se trata de un partido político. Yo nunca estaré dentro un partido político porque huyo de la categorización y la reducción.

“El acto del poeta no es un acto de conceptos, sino un acto de vida. Quizá por eso me identifico con los cuerpos muertos de todas las personas que están muriendo en estos días en Palestina.”

¿Volverá pronto a Irán?

No, no lo creo.

 

¿QUIÉN ES?

Mohsen Emadi (1976) es poeta, escritor y traductor. Nació en Sári, capital de la provincia de Mazandarán, al norte de Irán, cerca de las orillas del mar Caspio. Su primer libro lo compiló, en 2003, la poeta y traductora Clara Janés en La flor de los renglones. Cuatro años después publicó No hablamos de sus ojos y Las leyes de la gravedad. Su antología más reciente es Visible como el airelegible como la muerte. En 2010 obtuvo el Premio Internacional de Poesía de Miedo y obtuvo la IV Beca Internacional Antonio Machado. Llegó a México en 2012, donde  vive exiliado en la Casa Refugio Citlaltépetl.

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Building a language bridge

Building a language bridge | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it
Nashik-based linguistic enabler Sunil Khandbahale has created 22 Indian regional language digital dictionaries and developed the first-ever dictionary on SMS. The INK Fellow, recently back from a trip to the US, tells Moeena Halim about how his necessity became the mother of invention
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“Over a billion people in our country don’t understand English. The dominance of the language on the Internet, signage and a majority of published texts is the main hurdle in education, career and communication for native language speakers. This has caused a ‘digital-divide’ in this era of globalisation. The whole world is coming closer and yet we are separated by languages,” says Sunil Khandbahale, who’s made language literacy his life’s mission. 

Sunil Khandbahale educating children in a rural area with mobile phones

Born to a family of farmers in Mahiravani village in Nashik district, Khandbahale was schooled in his native Marathi. He was first hit by the language barrier 14 years ago at the English-medium Government Polytechnic at Ahmednagar. He had been tempted to quit the engineering course when he came across a dictionary, which became his lifeline and eventually enabled him to rank among the top four in class.

But his own success wasn’t enough. “I thought about all of my class-mates who had run away. The dictionary had worked for me so I thought, ‘Why not for others?’,” recalls Khandbahale. He began by distributing Xerox copies of his own compiled dictionaries until he thought of a digital dictionary and set about teaching himself programming. “I created an online dictionary only to realise that barely 10 per cent people have access to the Internet. So I started building mobile apps for Java, Symbian, Windows, Andoid. But over 80 per cent of the phones did not have the capability to install or run the apps,” he rues. The common denominator, he found, was SMS and so he set up a service called ‘Dictionary on SMS’ — the world’s first short messaging service in 22 Indian languages.

“Our first phase was to compile Indian official languages. In the second phase, we are going to cover vernacular languages and dialects. Third, we will be adding international languages and in the fourth phase, we will integrate all these languages together to form a seamless real-time translation platform for the entire world,” he adds.

Awarded the INK fellowship in 2013, Khandbahale spent last month touring the USA with the programme, travelling across the “hotspots of American innovation.” He is running innovation workshops with MIT and Harvard for students in Nashik to create social entrepreneurs. “There are 18 to 20 colleges here. Thousands of graduates leave the city for jobs. We want them to stay in Nashik and guide them to solve local issues. For example, Nashik will be hosting Sinhasth Kumbhmela in 2015 where over 30 million pilgrims will visit the city. So our goal is to provide services for millions by creating a new generation of social entrepreneurs dedicated to solve problems like health and sanitation, among others,” he explains.


- See more at: http://www.mid-day.com/articles/building-a-language-bridge/15444178#sthash.c7EUenkE.dpuf

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VENEZUELA: Babel a ras del suelo - Política - Entorno Inteligente

VENEZUELA: Babel a ras del suelo - Política - Entorno Inteligente | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it

El Universal / Cargado de simbolismos "castellanos" y aderezado con militarismos americanos, a duras penas y con mucho esfuerzo entendemos la lengua con la cual tratamos de defendernos día a día, eso sin ceñirnos a la obligante moda discursiva impuesta por el hampa internacional y los íconos juveniles que trastocan el lenguaje de manera exponencial. Creo que gran parte de lo existente "en lo discursivo" se maneja a nivel de estafa, de embuste, de mentira, de falsear el sentido, de contrariar a través de lo retórico la esencia misma de lo real. De allí un elemento inherente al éxito de lo humano en su sentido "humanístico" clásico y de allí su trágico destino. ¿Quién siendo venezolano comprende el idioma "español"? Comenzando por esa tontería llamada gramática que, como bien lo han dicho tantos antecesores, es una excusa para explicar los sinsentidos del lenguaje. ¿Cómo justificar que la letra "h" es muda y paradójicamente pretender que escribe correctamente quien la usa? En Madrid, una que otra vez algún colega llegó a decir que mi castellano era arcaico y que desconocía el significado de lo que a su parecer era el habla coloquial castiza americana. Durante algunos años me dediqué a estudiar griego antiguo y descubrí que las raíces de casi cualquier cosa que dijera venían de ese sustrato que no sólo nos vincula con una cultura, sino que nos permite tratar de interpretar aquello que tratamos de decir. La sensación que me quedó es la misma que la que viví siendo niño en Nueva York: Sólo conoce una lengua quien es artífice de la cultura de quien la practica. El conocimiento de idiomas en general es imposible a menos que nos hagamos copartícipes y creadores de la cultura en la cual nos zumbamos de cabeza. Si interpreto un simbolismo azteca es interpretación por encima de cualquier cosa, porque nada me es más ajeno que el preciso hecho de ser azteca. A lo sumo soy merideño de Mérida y puedo vincularme con alguien de mi propia ciudad. A veces, cuando viajo a Margarita, necesito pedir explicación de lo que me dicen porque me es ajena la forma de hablar del oriental, porque sustancialmente no formo parte de esa cultura. −¿Cómo está todo? −Todo bien−, respondemos sin ambages en estas serranías, aunque la vida se nos esté haciendo migajas, puesto que es inherente al hecho de ser andino el tener propensión a no soltar prendas acerca de nuestro mundo interior. Si como venezolano me es ajeno mi vecino connacional, ¿cómo podría pretender atreverme a entender lo que quiso decir Homero? ¿O Plinio? O siendo crudo, Heráclito o Parménides. Soy de los que piensan que quien no pertenece a la cultura de la lengua de un determinado lugar y momento, necesariamente es ajeno a ello. Por eso un traductor es simplemente un intérprete y un filólogo es un malabarista del lenguaje que inexorablemente miente. ¿Quién puede decirme qué significa la cólera de Aquiles a menos que sea un contemporáneo griego? Lo dice quien se debate en el duro tránsito citadino, ha vivido en unos cuantos lugares, maneja alguna lengua y maltrata una que otra jerga. Lo dice quien ha intentado traducir a Aristóteles a "mandarriazos" y ha leído decenas de traducciones de Saint−Exupéry que se contradicen una tras otra. Lo digo desde la perspectiva del lector que se ha acercado a las versiones bíblicas tan contradictorias como ridículas. ¿Cómo entender que hay centenares de maneras de entender a Friedrich Nietzsche dependiendo del traductor o miles de formas de replicar lo que dice Dostoievski? A esta edad de mi vida creo que no hay mayor estafa que la interpretación llamada traducción. Bien lo dice el adagio italiano taduttore, traditore , lo cual no pasaría de ser una frase ingeniosa si no fuese por la enorme tragedia que en ella está implícito. Para los colombianos el realismo mágico "garciamarquiano" es una fiesta. Para los rusos es un drama. Para los latinoamericanos Crimen y Castigo es una novela, mientras para los rusos, se trata de una obra filosófica sobre la moral y uno de los aspectos filosóficos más trascendentes: La ética. Total, que en pleno siglo XXI la "comunicación" sigue distanciándonos, con traducciones google y todo,  porque el lenguaje no tiene absolutamente nada que ver con la manera de decir las cosas, sino con la forma como estructuramos la vida, la existencia y la totalidad de la cultura de la cual somos partícipes. El lenguaje es la representación del pensamiento que surge de la civilización a la cual pertenecemos. Por ello nos es tan propio el nuestro y distante el que proviene de otro origen. Me dediqué a los idiomas para alejarme de Ramos Sucre. Me acerqué a los idiomas para acercarme a la gran comparsa de farsantes que creen que lo filológico es posible. Tratar de entender el origen mismo de aquello que nos proponemos es como hacer historiografía o declarar ciencia  a la política. Una estafa más, como decía mi admirado y ajeno Nietzsche, inherente a lo humano, demasiado humano, para mi gusto. @perezlopresti 

Charles Tiayon's insight:

El Universal / Cargado de simbolismos "castellanos" y aderezado con militarismos americanos, a duras penas y con mucho esfuerzo entendemos la lengua con la cual tratamos de defendernos día a día, eso sin ceñirnos a la obligante moda discursiva impuesta por el hampa internacional y los íconos juveniles que trastocan el lenguaje de manera exponencial. Creo que gran parte de lo existente "en lo discursivo" se maneja a nivel de estafa, de embuste, de mentira, de falsear el sentido, de contrariar a través de lo retórico la esencia misma de lo real. De allí un elemento inherente al éxito de lo humano en su sentido "humanístico" clásico y de allí su trágico destino. ¿Quién siendo venezolano comprende el idioma "español"? Comenzando por esa tontería llamada gramática que, como bien lo han dicho tantos antecesores, es una excusa para explicar los sinsentidos del lenguaje. ¿Cómo justificar que la letra "h" es muda y paradójicamente pretender que escribe correctamente quien la usa? En Madrid, una que otra vez algún colega llegó a decir que mi castellano era arcaico y que desconocía el significado de lo que a su parecer era el habla coloquial castiza americana. Durante algunos años me dediqué a estudiar griego antiguo y descubrí que las raíces de casi cualquier cosa que dijera venían de ese sustrato que no sólo nos vincula con una cultura, sino que nos permite tratar de interpretar aquello que tratamos de decir. La sensación que me quedó es la misma que la que viví siendo niño en Nueva York: Sólo conoce una lengua quien es artífice de la cultura de quien la practica. El conocimiento de idiomas en general es imposible a menos que nos hagamos copartícipes y creadores de la cultura en la cual nos zumbamos de cabeza. Si interpreto un simbolismo azteca es interpretación por encima de cualquier cosa, porque nada me es más ajeno que el preciso hecho de ser azteca. A lo sumo soy merideño de Mérida y puedo vincularme con alguien de mi propia ciudad. A veces, cuando viajo a Margarita, necesito pedir explicación de lo que me dicen porque me es ajena la forma de hablar del oriental, porque sustancialmente no formo parte de esa cultura. −¿Cómo está todo? −Todo bien−, respondemos sin ambages en estas serranías, aunque la vida se nos esté haciendo migajas, puesto que es inherente al hecho de ser andino el tener propensión a no soltar prendas acerca de nuestro mundo interior. Si como venezolano me es ajeno mi vecino connacional, ¿cómo podría pretender atreverme a entender lo que quiso decir Homero? ¿O Plinio? O siendo crudo, Heráclito o Parménides. Soy de los que piensan que quien no pertenece a la cultura de la lengua de un determinado lugar y momento, necesariamente es ajeno a ello. Por eso un traductor es simplemente un intérprete y un filólogo es un malabarista del lenguaje que inexorablemente miente. ¿Quién puede decirme qué significa la cólera de Aquiles a menos que sea un contemporáneo griego? Lo dice quien se debate en el duro tránsito citadino, ha vivido en unos cuantos lugares, maneja alguna lengua y maltrata una que otra jerga. Lo dice quien ha intentado traducir a Aristóteles a "mandarriazos" y ha leído decenas de traducciones de Saint−Exupéry que se contradicen una tras otra. Lo digo desde la perspectiva del lector que se ha acercado a las versiones bíblicas tan contradictorias como ridículas. ¿Cómo entender que hay centenares de maneras de entender a Friedrich Nietzsche dependiendo del traductor o miles de formas de replicar lo que dice Dostoievski? A esta edad de mi vida creo que no hay mayor estafa que la interpretación llamada traducción. Bien lo dice el adagio italiano taduttore, traditore , lo cual no pasaría de ser una frase ingeniosa si no fuese por la enorme tragedia que en ella está implícito. Para los colombianos el realismo mágico "garciamarquiano" es una fiesta. Para los rusos es un drama. Para los latinoamericanos Crimen y Castigo es una novela, mientras para los rusos, se trata de una obra filosófica sobre la moral y uno de los aspectos filosóficos más trascendentes: La ética. Total, que en pleno siglo XXI la "comunicación" sigue distanciándonos, con traducciones google y todo,  porque el lenguaje no tiene absolutamente nada que ver con la manera de decir las cosas, sino con la forma como estructuramos la vida, la existencia y la totalidad de la cultura de la cual somos partícipes. El lenguaje es la representación del pensamiento que surge de la civilización a la cual pertenecemos. Por ello nos es tan propio el nuestro y distante el que proviene de otro origen. Me dediqué a los idiomas para alejarme de Ramos Sucre. Me acerqué a los idiomas para acercarme a la gran comparsa de farsantes que creen que lo filológico es posible. Tratar de entender el origen mismo de aquello que nos proponemos es como hacer historiografía o declarar ciencia  a la política. Una estafa más, como decía mi admirado y ajeno Nietzsche, inherente a lo humano, demasiado humano, para mi gusto. @perezlopresti 

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Why we need an underground Google

Why we need an underground Google | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it
There has never been a search engine that accurately reflects the Internet.
Charles Tiayon's insight:

Computerworld - There has never been a search engine that accurately reflects the Internet.

In the 1990s and 2000s, the limitation was technical. The so-called "deep web" and "dark Internet" -- which sound shady and mysterious, but simply refer to web sites inaccessible by conventional means -- have always existed.

Many parts of the Internet are hard to index, or are blocked from being indexed by their owners.

Companies like Google have worked hard to surface and bring light to the "deep, dark" recesses of the global web on a technical level.

But in the past few years, a disturbing trend has emerged where governments -- either through law or technical means or by the control of the companies that provide access -- have forced inaccuracy, omissions and misleading results on the world's major search engines.


The censorship


Until recently, search engine censorship was not on the list of first-world problems. But in the last few years, governments in the United States, Europe and elsewhere in the industrialized world have discovered that, although they're prevented by free-speech laws from actually blocking or banning content where it lives, censoring search engine results is a kind of "loophole" they can get away with. In an increasingly digitized, search-engine discoverable world of content, censoring search results is a way to censor without technically violating free speech protections.

Starting in 2011, companies like Google started reporting a disturbing rise in government requests for search engine results to lie -- to essentially tell users that existing pages and content on the Internet do not exist when in fact they do. Requests for such removals by the U.S. government, for example, rose 718% from the first half of 2011 to the last half. And they've continued to rise since.

And such requests weren't just coming from the U.S., but from "Western democracies not typically associated with censorship," according to the Google policy analyst who reported the trend on behalf of the company and talked about Google's Transparency Report.

The reasons for these requests vary, and often sound reasonable -- national security, law and order, national pride, religious sensitivity, social order, suppression of hate speech, privacy, protection of children -- you name it. But when you add them up and allow them to grow in number over time, the cumulative effect is that increasingly, search results don't reflect the real Internet.

Many of these cases start out with the best intentions but result in serious problems. Let's start with a disturbing recent case in Canada.

A Supreme Court of British Columbia ruling on an intellectual property dispute between two small industrial equipment companies ordered Google to not only delete all search results referring to one of the companies, but all future such results as well -- not only in Canada, but worldwide. (Yet another unsavory dimension to the case was that the ruling applied only to Google. Bing and other search engines were not required to comply.)

The particulars of the case are irrelevant and the data involved unimportant. The precedent that a government in one country could censor information in other countries has bad implications if allowed to stand. Imagine if China were allowed to censor information about the Dalai Lama within the US, or if Pakistan were allowed to censor images offensive to Muslims in Denmark.

Even more recently, the European Court of Justice brought into existence Europe's "right to be forgotten" ruling. In a nutshell, Europe wanted to protect citizens from the fact that the Internet never forgets.

The particular case heard by the court involved a Spanish man who was in the press for serious debt problems, but who later climbed out of debt. Rather than ruling that the actual information about his money problems be removed or censored, the court invoked the search engine loophole for censorship and ordered Google, Bing and other search engines to remove his name as a search query that returned the outdated information about his finances.

Worse, the ruling required search engines to offer a process by which any European could request similar treatment, and ordered Google, Microsoft and other search engine companies to judge whether those requests were valid and to take action on the valid ones.

At last count, Google had received some 70,000 requests for changes to search results under the ruling in the past month. Microsoft only this week launched its process for censoring results.

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Dictionnaire chimpanzé-humain : des scientifiques sont parvenus à traduire les gestes des primates

Dictionnaire chimpanzé-humain : des scientifiques sont parvenus à traduire les gestes des primates | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it
Longtemps objet de tous les fantasmes, le langage des chimpanzés commence à être décrypté. Une étude de Catherine Hobaiter rend compte d'un...
Charles Tiayon's insight:

Adrien Meguerditchian: Cette étude apporte des données sur la composition du répertoire gestuel d’un groupe de chimpanzés sauvages en Ouganda qui n’avait pas été décrit jusqu’à présent. Depuis les travaux de la primatologue Jane Goodall dans les années 60, on savait déjà que les chimpanzés communiquaient par gestes entre eux de façon intentionnelle (c’est-à-dire en adressant volontairement leur geste à un individu en particulier dans l’attente d’une réponse) mais cette étude tente surtout d’interpréter leur "signification".


Décrire le répertoire gestuel de nouveaux groupes de chimpanzé est aussi important pour pouvoir les comparer entre eux. On se rend compte de leur grande variabilité. Les groupes de chimpanzés ne développent pas tous les mêmes gestes et les individus peuvent même en apprendre de nouveaux tout au long de leur vie.

Il ne faut pas oublier que les chimpanzés communiquent aussi par de nombreuses vocalisations. Mais ce mode de communication vocale chez les primates n’a pas le même degré de flexibilité que les gestes et semblent beaucoup plus rigide. En effet, contrairement au geste, le répertoire vocal, malgré une certaine flexibilité, est quasiment identique entre différents groupes d’une espèce de primate donné qu’ils soient en milieu naturel ou en captivité.

Le docteur Catherine Hobaiter, responsable de l'étude, a identifié 19 messages qui passeraient à travers 66 gestes. Que savons-nous de la signification de ces messages ?

Les gestes des chimpanzés et plus généralement des primates non humains, peuvent se développer et s’utiliser dans différent contextes sociaux comme le jeu, la menace, les comportements sexuels, le partage de nourriture, les relations mères-enfants, l’épouillage mutuel, etc. Par exemple, certains chimpanzés peuvent se saluer entre eux par un contact furtif des mains. Dans un contexte de partage de nourriture après une chasse collective où seul un chimpanzé a attrapé la proie, les autres participants peuvent alors lui demander leur part du "butin" et développer des gestes de quémande en étendant le bras vers lui.  Par ailleurs, un chimpanzé peut donner une tape sur l’épaule d’un congénère afin d'attirer son attention pour l’inviter à jouer avec lui. Chez les babouins par exemple, taper ou frotter la main rapidement sur le sol en direction d’un congénère a une fonction de menace, comme on l’a décrit dans nos recherches.

Ces gestes sont passionnants à étudier ! A la différence des vocalisations, ce mode de communication semble partager quelques propriétés communes avec le langage humain comme l’intentionnalité, la flexibilité d’apprentissage et les propriétés dites "référentielles" comme le pointage, qui consiste à se "référer" à des objets de l’environnement. C’est ce qu’on fait tout le temps quand on parle ! Comme l'enfant, les chimpanzés, surtout ceux élevés en captivité, peuvent développer des gestes de pointage pour indiquer un objet (souvent de la nourriture) qu’il souhaite obtenir d’un partenaire.


Read more at http://www.atlantico.fr/decryptage/dictionnaire-chimpanze-humain-scientifiques-sont-parvenus-traduire-gestes-primates-1662934.html#QdC6APXcU9mAWqmr.99

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Bing is better than Google when it comes to searching for movie showtimes | WinBeta

Bing is better than Google when it comes to searching for movie showtimes | WinBeta | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it
In the old battle of Bing vs Google, who comes out on top when it comes to searching for movie showtimes? According to Search Engine Land, Bing outperforms Google when it comes to searching for movie showtimes.

"After performing movie title searches for
Charles Tiayon's insight:

In the old battle of Bing vs Google, who comes out on top when it comes to searching for movie showtimes? According to Search Engine Land, Bing outperforms Google when it comes to searching for movie showtimes.

"After performing movie title searches for last weekend’s top box office hits on both search engines, we discovered Bing returned movie showtimes for 100 percent of the searches, while Google was successful only 70 percent of the time," Search Engine Land stated, citing a side-by-side comparison survey.

We tested this ourselves and found that a quick search on Bing for "Transformers" showcased the showtimes and details for the newest movie "Transformers: Age of Extintion." A search on Google did not offer showtimes, rather, it showcased links to the first movie which came out in 2007.

Microsoft has touted Bing as the better search engine, even launching a side-by-side comparison of their own called "BingItOn." With BingItOn, Microsoft wanted the whole world to see that people prefer Bing over Google.

Bing is already a fantastic alternative to Google, with its constant updates and improvements, and even offering rewards for every day searching. Microsoft says you should expect relevant information to come to you when and where you need it. With Bing, Microsoft wants you to expect experiences to adapt to you and your context, not the other way around. Bing should anticipate what you need and be proactive, not reactive to your search query. 

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Addiction to sex and drugs 'very similar' - BelfastTelegraph.co.uk

Addiction to sex and drugs 'very similar' - BelfastTelegraph.co.uk | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it
When Roxy Music star Bryan Ferry declared that "love is the drug" he may have been speaking the truth.
Charles Tiayon's insight:

Scientists have found that sex and drug addiction may be two sides of the same neurological coin. When diagnosed sex addicts looked at explicit sexual images, it triggered brain activity very similar to that seen in people dependent on drugs.

But the researchers caution that this does not suggest pornography is generally addictive.

Scientist Dr Valerie Voon, from Cambridge University, said: "The patients in our trial were all people who had substantial difficulties controlling their sexual behaviour and this was having consequences for them, affecting their lives and relationships.

"In ways, they show similarities in their behaviour to patients with drug addictions. We wanted to see if these similarities were reflected in brain activity, too.

"There are clear differences in brain activity between patients who have compulsive sexual behaviour and healthy volunteers. These differences mirror those of drug addicts."

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La Lettonie veut limiter l'utilisation de la langue russe

La Lettonie veut limiter l'utilisation de la langue russe | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it
Les autorités lettones veulent interdire l'utilisation de la langue russe pour informer le public. Il sera possible d'utiliser uniquement les langues officielles de l'Union européenne p
Charles Tiayon's insight:

Les autorités lettones veulent interdire l'utilisation de la langue russe pour informer le public. Il sera possible d'utiliser uniquement les langues officielles de l'Union européenne pour ce but. Ceci est indiqué dans le projet de règlements du gouvernement, préparé par le ministère de la Justice.

Il est prévu que la question sera examinée par le gouvernement lundi prochain.

Le membre de l’Union russe de Lettonie, Alexandre Kouzmine juge que cette décision viole les droits de la population russophone.

Kouzmine a également noté que ce projet n’influencerait pas le fonctionnement des médias russes dans le pays, parce qu'ils sont tous privés, et ce projet du ministère de la Justice ne s'applique qu'aux médias d'Etat.

Les auteurs du projet indiquent que le document est élaboré afin d'améliorer la réglementation juridique.
Lire la suite: http://french.ruvr.ru/news/2014_07_12/La-Lettonie-veut-limiter-lutilisation-de-la-langue-russe-1772/

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» Reading Tips for Everyone - Always Learning

» Reading Tips for Everyone - Always Learning | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it
Young, inexperienced readers simply don't know much factual information we adults take for granted, and so they are baffled by much of what they read.
Charles Tiayon's insight:

A young student of mine began reading a fun-looking (to me) book called Schooled; I smiled as soon as I saw the peace symbol and tie-dye cover.

Here’s the Amazon synopsis:“Capricorn Cap Anderson has been homeschooled by his hippie grandmother, Rain. When Rain is injured in a fall, Cap is forced to attend the local middle school. Although he knows a lot about Zen Buddhism, nothing has prepared him for the politics of public school.”

But of course my fifth grade student was having trouble relating to the book because, unlike me, he knew nothing about flower children, communes or any of the other 60′s era references. He had read the first two chapters on his own and was totally confused and lost.

We re-read them together and I explained the historical background and he wound up loving the book (yes, the 60s and 70s are now “history”! Yipes!).

Similarly, an eleventh grader read the first paragraph of an ACT practice passage, an excerpt from a memoir by an Indian American woman. I found it clear and interesting, but my student had never heard of Calcutta or Bangladesh and he didn’t know several words including “expatriate,” “sovereign,” and “incipient,” so he didn’t get much out of it.

Once we had Googled the places and looked up the word definitions the paragraph made sense to him.

I’ve been reading with students of all ages this summer and I’ve been reminded that the biggest challenge to reading comprehension is not any problems with the skill of reading itself; it’s the lack of background information. Young, inexperienced readers simply don’t know much factual information we adults take for granted, and so they are baffled by much of what they read. No wonder they don’t enjoy reading!

For this reason, it’s important for adults to check in regularly with their kids to make sure they are understanding their summer reading books.

  • Ask your child to tell you what they’ve read so far and ask them if they are confused about anything.
  • It’s also wonderful to read a chapter aloud to them once in a while, and have them read out loud to you, and discuss the story and fill in any conceptual gaps for them.

Teens also love being read to, and it’s a great way to help them get ready for the SAT or ACT.

  • Read some passages out loud and answer the questions together.
  • Make sure your teen is reading with an online dictionary available (I recommend www.Vocabulary.com).
  • Also make sure that they are looking up facts on line, or asking you, when they don’t understand something they’re reading.

Below please find links to good articles about reading, plus my own tips for how to practice reading comprehension.

Warm Regards,

-Leigh

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Four Pieces of Writing by Black Women You Need to Read

Four Pieces of Writing by Black Women You Need to Read | Metaglossia: The Translation World | Scoop.it

Street Harassment: The Black Girl's Bat Mitzvah by Maya Francis

Street harassment, in its own sick way, was the way I figured out I wasn’t a little girl any more. Even though, at 15 years old, I was very much a child. It’s almost a rite of passage. The Black girl’s Bat Mitzvah.

If you’ve ever followed the conversations on Twitter, you’re probably pretty versed on what street harassment is. It’s when some mouth breathing asshole decides that a great way to get a woman’s attention is to honk his horn at her. Or make passes at her while she’s walking down the street minding her own damn business. Or physically stop her. Or call her a cunt when she doesn’t give him the response he wants. He “deserves.” Or worse.

There are, of course, levels to this shit. Some of these idiots are harmless. But — and fellas please pay attention — when it’s dark and/or you’re alone, it can be very hard to differentiate between harmless idiot and fucking criminal.


T.I.’s New Found Colorblindness For Iggy Azalea by Bené Viera 
Somehow a white female rapper appropriating black women’s whole style with a fix-a-flat booty, faux southern ‘hood accent isn’t mediocre, but black women with their tracks showing is soooo mediocre. And this song is for us. Cute.
I couldn’t get out of the listening fast enough.
Maybe I was so bothered by his rhetoric because the room was hella white, and some white people tend to take what black celebs say as the holy grail voice of The Blacks. Maybe I’m overly sensitive because Iggy gets to appropriate shit black women have authentically been doing for decades, but gets to do so without the scathing degradation of insults of being a “bitch,” “hoodrat” or “ghetto ho,” something black women aren’t exactly afforded the privilege of. After she’s done playing dress up, her whiteness remains intact. Maybe I’m sick of culture vultures dominating black music and the black men who rush to co-sign or save them. Maybe I’m frustrated by the trendy suburban white boys whose voices and pens are at the forefront of coverage on the culture black folks created while black journalists and black press are treated like dust. And yes, I’m definitely sick of hip-hop writers/journalists (black and white) who do very little critique of hip-hop, no pushing the culture forward, but come to events to stan out, get a quick quote for their blogs and tell everyone how dope the music is.


It’s Time for White Feminists to Stop Talking About Solidarity and Start Acting by Kesiena
To be feminist is to be aware of our interconnected struggle as women, but to also see that not every struggle is our own. Use your voice as a privileged white woman to shout down racism wherever you see it. Be thankful that you will never know the sickening lurch that sways through your blood when your humanity is denounced and denied because of your race by women who profess to care about all women’s liberation. The title feminist is to be taken up by women who have moved beyond a selfish view of one’s relationship to society, an outlook that is nurtured and encouraged by the neo-liberal matrix we find ourselves struggling to survive in. It is difficult to throw off no doubt, but we can and we must. In her speech “The Transformation of Silence Into Language and Action,” Audre Lorde spoke of how she was doing her work to dismantle the binds of this sick sad world and questioned her sisters, ‘…are you doing yours?’
I recently wrote a Facebook status explaining how sick and tired I am of asking white people to stop wearing bindis and fashioning their hair into the mess that they have the audacity to call dreadlocks. Predictably, it didn’t end well. I explained that I can’t abide the blatant and flagrant cultural appropriation of symbols that are dear to people of colour. It’s simply not fair that people of colour’s own cultural markers mark them out as ‘backwards’, ‘unclean’ or ‘unprofessional.’ Meanwhile white people don the same things and are lauded for their (stolen) creativity and uniqueness. White women who have sat by my side in feminist meetings, who I was once proud to call my sisters, rushed to shout me down and accuse me of stirring hatred and racism and it then dissolved into personal attacks on my character. The thing that really struck me was their repeated affirmations that they cared deeply about tackling racism and wanted to work together to end it. Well to them I say: listen the hell up when a woman of colour calls you out! I was literally giving them an easy way to chip a little bit of racism away from the world but their cognitive dissonance is so strong that they can say we will fight racism with one side of their mind whilst perpetuating it with the other. This is how whiteness operates; it is insidious and sly. It lets white women feel that they have the coolness and collectedness of reasoned, dispassionate logic on their side and thus they reign righteous over women of colour’s understandable anger and frustrations. I once made the mistake of falling for a ‘feminist’ white girl who would get angry at me for daring to call out the racism and misogynoir of a mutual male friend, though of course she would never admit that she might hold racist thoughts herself via her tone-policing and what I came to see as her fetishistic view of me and other Black people. This is the reality of our white supremacist society, and by extension the feminism of white women who allow it to permeate them without critical reflection.
Carrying Jada: When ‘Standing With’ Isn’t Enough. by Stacia L. Brown
We think it is rape culture or gun violence that will define us as a fallen civilization. But it’s the indifference that will do us in. It’s our fierce commitment to independence — emotional, cultural, financial, spiritual — as our most prized and noble value that dooms us.
We are nothing without each other, nothing if all we can manage is protecting our own children, nursing our individual grief, urging others to be more like someone else who was “independent” enough to “move on” and “dust herself off” and “get over it.”
We look at little girls like Jada and we call her brave for speaking out against her own ongoing violation. She whose small body has withstood a behemoth of trauma is now expected to be publicly strong enough to fight an Internet meme proliferating faster than her own words can carry.
Charles Tiayon's insight:

Street Harassment: The Black Girl's Bat Mitzvah by Maya Francis

Street harassment, in its own sick way, was the way I figured out I wasn’t a little girl any more. Even though, at 15 years old, I was very much a child. It’s almost a rite of passage. The Black girl’s Bat Mitzvah.

If you’ve ever followed the conversations on Twitter, you’re probably pretty versed on what street harassment is. It’s when some mouth breathing asshole decides that a great way to get a woman’s attention is to honk his horn at her. Or make passes at her while she’s walking down the street minding her own damn business. Or physically stop her. Or call her a cunt when she doesn’t give him the response he wants. He “deserves.” Or worse.

There are, of course, levels to this shit. Some of these idiots are harmless. But — and fellas please pay attention — when it’s dark and/or you’re alone, it can be very hard to differentiate between harmless idiot and fucking criminal.


T.I.’s New Found Colorblindness For Iggy Azalea by Bené Viera 
Somehow a white female rapper appropriating black women’s whole style with a fix-a-flat booty, faux southern ‘hood accent isn’t mediocre, but black women with their tracks showing is soooo mediocre. And this song is for us. Cute.
I couldn’t get out of the listening fast enough.
Maybe I was so bothered by his rhetoric because the room was hella white, and some white people tend to take what black celebs say as the holy grail voice of The Blacks. Maybe I’m overly sensitive because Iggy gets to appropriate shit black women have authentically been doing for decades, but gets to do so without the scathing degradation of insults of being a “bitch,” “hoodrat” or “ghetto ho,” something black women aren’t exactly afforded the privilege of. After she’s done playing dress up, her whiteness remains intact. Maybe I’m sick of culture vultures dominating black music and the black men who rush to co-sign or save them. Maybe I’m frustrated by the trendy suburban white boys whose voices and pens are at the forefront of coverage on the culture black folks created while black journalists and black press are treated like dust. And yes, I’m definitely sick of hip-hop writers/journalists (black and white) who do very little critique of hip-hop, no pushing the culture forward, but come to events to stan out, get a quick quote for their blogs and tell everyone how dope the music is.


It’s Time for White Feminists to Stop Talking About Solidarity and Start Acting by Kesiena
To be feminist is to be aware of our interconnected struggle as women, but to also see that not every struggle is our own. Use your voice as a privileged white woman to shout down racism wherever you see it. Be thankful that you will never know the sickening lurch that sways through your blood when your humanity is denounced and denied because of your race by women who profess to care about all women’s liberation. The title feminist is to be taken up by women who have moved beyond a selfish view of one’s relationship to society, an outlook that is nurtured and encouraged by the neo-liberal matrix we find ourselves struggling to survive in. It is difficult to throw off no doubt, but we can and we must. In her speech “The Transformation of Silence Into Language and Action,” Audre Lorde spoke of how she was doing her work to dismantle the binds of this sick sad world and questioned her sisters, ‘…are you doing yours?’
I recently wrote a Facebook status explaining how sick and tired I am of asking white people to stop wearing bindis and fashioning their hair into the mess that they have the audacity to call dreadlocks. Predictably, it didn’t end well. I explained that I can’t abide the blatant and flagrant cultural appropriation of symbols that are dear to people of colour. It’s simply not fair that people of colour’s own cultural markers mark them out as ‘backwards’, ‘unclean’ or ‘unprofessional.’ Meanwhile white people don the same things and are lauded for their (stolen) creativity and uniqueness. White women who have sat by my side in feminist meetings, who I was once proud to call my sisters, rushed to shout me down and accuse me of stirring hatred and racism and it then dissolved into personal attacks on my character. The thing that really struck me was their repeated affirmations that they cared deeply about tackling racism and wanted to work together to end it. Well to them I say: listen the hell up when a woman of colour calls you out! I was literally giving them an easy way to chip a little bit of racism away from the world but their cognitive dissonance is so strong that they can say we will fight racism with one side of their mind whilst perpetuating it with the other. This is how whiteness operates; it is insidious and sly. It lets white women feel that they have the coolness and collectedness of reasoned, dispassionate logic on their side and thus they reign righteous over women of colour’s understandable anger and frustrations. I once made the mistake of falling for a ‘feminist’ white girl who would get angry at me for daring to call out the racism and misogynoir of a mutual male friend, though of course she would never admit that she might hold racist thoughts herself via her tone-policing and what I came to see as her fetishistic view of me and other Black people. This is the reality of our white supremacist society, and by extension the feminism of white women who allow it to permeate them without critical reflection.
Carrying Jada: When ‘Standing With’ Isn’t Enough. by Stacia L. Brown
We think it is rape culture or gun violence that will define us as a fallen civilization. But it’s the indifference that will do us in. It’s our fierce commitment to independence — emotional, cultural, financial, spiritual — as our most prized and noble value that dooms us.
We are nothing without each other, nothing if all we can manage is protecting our own children, nursing our individual grief, urging others to be more like someone else who was “independent” enough to “move on” and “dust herself off” and “get over it.”
We look at little girls like Jada and we call her brave for speaking out against her own ongoing violation. She whose small body has withstood a behemoth of trauma is now expected to be publicly strong enough to fight an Internet meme proliferating faster than her own words can carry.
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