TrangenicOrganisms and Recombinant DNA
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My Personal Evaluation

Here is my personal evaluation.

Benn Bland's insight:

Genetic engineering with recombinant DNA to make transgenic organisms has been a topic of intrigue and controversy for many years now. As our understanding of recombinant DNA has grown the amount of things we have been able to do with this technology is short of miraculous. From us intervening and using selective breeding to get the attributes we wanted, to introducing genes from other species using plasmids to inject the genes into cells to now where we can create brand new genes from scratch the advances  have been remarkable.

Transgenic organisms or more commonly known as genetically modified organisms have become common place in today’s society. They are used predominantly in agriculture. Canada is the third largest producer of transgenic crops in the world. We produce around seven percent of the worlds genetically modified food supply. Genetically modified crops can be made heat, cold, and pest resistant. They can also be modified to thrive in arid environments. Recombinant technology is also used to make organisms reach maturity faster and crops produce higher yields. This is a step in helping fight hunger across the world.

The way recombinant DNA technology works is by inserting the DNA from the gene you want to add into a plasmid which is a circular shaped group of DNA in a bacterium. The bacteria then reproduces the gene and replicates and we can harvest it. Of it is put into the cell of an organism and similar steps happen. By introducing the DNA in this manner the cells or bacteria will produce on their own .

The down sides of Genetic modification are many. When a genetically  modified organisms are put into the environment they cannot be controlled and can potentially cross breed or out compete the local or naturally occurring species in the area. They may also cause unknown health effects to people and animals. We know so little it may turn out that genetically modified tomatoes are causing peoples toes to turn into short stubby fingers. :P In all honesty though the risks are many but unknown and there is only so much we can do. I believe that we should continue the study and use of GMO’s and recombinant DNA technology but make sure there are fair regulations

such as making it mandatory for companies to label products with GMO’s in them. They can also make it mandatory to have certain standards necessary when it comes to farms that use GMO crops to prevent from spreading accidentally. Due to the fact that we don’t know any of the actual risks it will be difficult to mitigate but by observing everything carefully and keeping a hand in what is going on we can control things and react as quickly as possible if necessary.

 

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Top 10 Transgenic Animals : Discovery Tech : Discovery Channel

Top 10 Transgenic Animals : Discovery Tech : Discovery Channel | TrangenicOrganisms and Recombinant DNA | Scoop.it
Scientists create so-called transgenic animals to investigate disease treatments, produce natural material and expand scientific knowledge.
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 Earlier this year, the Discovery Channel posted a list of the top 10 transgenic animals. One of the most interesting was a spider goat. This goat has been genetically altered to produce ‘spider’s silk’ in their milk. One of the ethical issues with transgenic animals is that the animals created might be subjected to lives of pain and suffering as they become test subjects for medical research. In this case though, the spider goats look ‘normal’ and lead ‘normal lives’. No testing is done, the only difference is that these goats are milked and then the silk protein is extracted in a lab. The hope is that one day they will be able to mass produce a substance that has the strength of a spider’s web.  Uses might include bullet proof vests or artificial tendons.

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Recombinant DNA ©2004 Demonstratives, Inc.

A 3D animation illustrating the process by which a protein is mass-produced using spliced DNA and bacterial replication. For more animation samples, please v...
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This video is an animation of how recombinant DNA works.

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Genetic engineering: The world's greatest scam?

(French version -- http://www.greenpeace.org/ogm) Genetic engineering is a threat to food security, especially in a changing climate. The introduction of gen...
Benn Bland's insight:

This video talks about the flaws and potential dangers of genetic engineering and genetic modification. They mostly talk about the agricultural side of things but they also touch on transgenic organisms in other fields. This video is from green peace and is highly against the use and study of GMO’s. They present their opinion with facts but some of which may not be reputable or incorrect. Well I think they have many good points I believe that it is important to continue our studies of Recombinant technology

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Recombinant DNA and Genetic Engineering

Recombinant DNA and Genetic Engineering | TrangenicOrganisms and Recombinant DNA | Scoop.it
Benn Bland's insight:

This is the class notes from an IUPUI biology class. This information highlights the important aspects of recombinant DNA as well as transgenic engineering. It  also talks about how it works and goes into detail a bit about the history of the technology. As well it covers some uses for transgenic technology.

 

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WHO | 20 questions on genetically modified foods

WHO | 20 questions on genetically modified foods | TrangenicOrganisms and Recombinant DNA | Scoop.it
Benn Bland's insight:

Genetically modified food has become such a common occurrence and such a common concern, that the World Health Organization has posted 20 frequently asked questions and their answers. They answer questions on safety, regulations from various countries, labelling etc. Although there is nothing really earth-shattering in this article, it is a fantastic review from a incredibly reliable source that outlines what GM foods is and if we should be concerned.

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Transgenic Animal Creations | National Geographic Channel

Transgenic Animal Creations | National Geographic Channel | TrangenicOrganisms and Recombinant DNA | Scoop.it
By manipulating DNA and transplanting genes across species, scientists are attempting to solve different problems.
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In this video from Aug 21, 2012, National Geographic summarizes a few types of transgenic animals and the benefits they have.  For example, Chickens need to be housed in cool conditions in order to grow. Since developing counties often have very warm climates but also often lack the energy needed for large air-conditioned coups, they can’t raise chickens. By creating featherless transgenic chickens, the chickens lack insulation and therefore, feel cool even in warmer climates. One day, this might help prevent starvation around the world. 

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Should Genetically Modified Foods Be Banned? - Video by Mapsofworld.com

Find In-depth review and Infographic on http://bit.ly/1gmfdp. Scientific community believes that the GMO (Genetically Modified Organisms) or Genetically Modi...
Benn Bland's insight:

This video illustrates in great detail the history behind genetically modified organisms. It talks about how certain countries have special restrictions and regulations of genetically modified crops and foods. I believe that this is a good idea since that it is true that we don’t know the full extent of what genetically modified organisms could do to us and the environment in the future. 

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Genetically Modified Foods and Organisms --HGP Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues

Genetically Modified Foods and Organisms --HGP Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues | TrangenicOrganisms and Recombinant DNA | Scoop.it
Overview of GM foods, crops, organisms. Pros and cons of genetic modification.
Benn Bland's insight:

This article is details the pros and cons of genetic modification of foods and organisms. This article is fairy unbiased sticky to facts and giving alternate ideas. It talks about where GMO in farming are used and estimates for the future. It also goes into detail of the possibilities and uses of genetically modified organisms.

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