1. OMB Deputy Director Brian Deese believes that the reason for the rapid rate of decline in the deficit is because of the reduction in the rate of growth of healthcare costs.
2. The president’s proposed budget for 2015 would decrease future deficits to 1.6% as a result of continuing to decrease the rate of healthcare costs, by improving and supporting the spending on infrastructure, and also by closing the costly loopholes in the economy.
3. Obama’s budget builds on Congress’ efforts to compromise in the allocation of discretionary spending by spending more on education, which in the future, will prove successful as the children will be more educated and will have more opportunities in the work field.
4. I think that the cons of the budget proposal is that the government may not be able to successfully remove all of the loopholes in the economy. However, on a brighter note, a pro of Obama’s proposed budget would be the increased spending for education.
1. President Obama has decided to enact an executive order regarding pay of federal employees because he is lacking congressional support for his policies on federal contractors.
2. Obama’s executive orders, and other executive orders in general, are limited in that the judicial branch may strike down his orders as unconstitutional and/or Congress may vote against his orders.
3. Those who are against the president’s use of executive orders criticize it as giving the president too much power. Just like a line-item veto, a president’s use of executive orders expands his/her powers significantly. Other criticisms towards executive orders are that it allows the president to make laws without Congress’ approval, and moving past laws away from their original mandate.
4. The White House has chosen not to directly deal with issues regarding gay rights within the workforce. They have decided to let Senate pass (or not pass) a bill regarding those policies.
5. The Obama administration may be hesitant to address gay rights and their rights as federal contract employees because President Obama is nearing his lame-duck period, therefore, pushing for more controversial policies may result in an unsuccessful effort.
Video on msnbc.com: The age-old practice of politicians re-drawing Congressional districts to find friendly voters, or, gerrymandering, has allowed members of the House of Representatives from both sides of the aisle to stay in power regardless of...
1. Gerrymandering is the practice of redrawing maps to get friendly voters. Gerrymandering got its name from Governor Elbridge Gerry who first used this practice to benefit his party.
2. The 12th district of North Carolina looks like spilled coffee, Pennsylvania’s 16th district looks like it’s flexing its muscles, and Maryland’s third district looks like a broken-winged pterodactyl.
3. The House of Representatives is reapportioned every ten years.
4. One potential solution for gerrymandering provided in the video is to create electoral maps based on geography and population.
5. If the solution suggested in the video were to be put into place to eliminate gerrymandering, the people would have more power in electing a president. Therefore, an incumbent would have a harder time being reelected because rather than having the backing of their majority party, they would need to win the votes of the people.
6. There are similarities between the Electoral College and gerrymandering in that they are both methods a candidate can use to win their election. Whichever party is the majority in the Electoral College, then its candidate will have an assured win. This goes the same for gerrymandering. A party can redraw the electoral map in order to to get ensured votes.
1. Based on the article, what the media is looking for in an ideal candidate for 2016 is someone who is capable of being nominated and elected. The article focused mainly on each candidate's popularity and possibility of winning. This is true for both parties.
2. Sabato is not focusing on the issues of each candidates as he is about their probability of winning. According to the article, he seems to be more focused on the candidate's popularity rather than their platforms.
3. When Sabato refers to the "permanent presidential campaign" he is referring to the ongoing campaign as a result of the uncertainty of who will win the 2016 election. As for the government, the implication reveals how uncertain and vague the government is regarding national issues. It all depends on which party wins the election.
4. I do not think that there is an advantage to being announced as an early leader in a presidential race because anything can happen. Although a candidate may be decided as an early leader, that does not guarantee anything.
Texas remains a Republican-leaning state because its white residents are becoming increasingly Republican and its large Hispanic population, though solidly Democratic, is less so than Hispanics nationally.
1. The Hispanics are typically Democratic, and since their population is growing at a fast rate, there is a possibility that Texas will lean towards the Democratic party. Because the Hispanic population is growing at a fast rate, they form a minority majority, eventually prevailing over the white majority.
2. The trends of the of the political parties in Texas is that, the Whites are typically Republican, while the Hispanics tilt more towards the Democratic side.
3. Although the Hispanic population is growing at a fast rate, it is also highly doubtful that Texas will become a Democratic state since the majority of the Hispanics residing in Texas are not even registered to vote. Therefore, political participation is important, because if a citizen does not vote, their opinion will not be reflected in their representative's policies.
4. Some steps that were used to ensure that there is a low sampling error are: the use of random sampling by using a random-digit-dialing and choosing a random household member on the basis of who had the most recent birthday, a Spanish interview for Spanish speaking members, and weighted results of the samples.
1. Businesses have been consistently favored in the Roberts court. By favoring the Chamber of Commerce, the court is shifting towards the right as Doug Kendall also stated.
2. Precedent is a previous ruling that the Court made in past cases that they use to make a decision on current cases. By relying on past decisions, the Court rejected the plaintiff’s efforts to try and change federal law to fit their motive.
3. To achieve better results in the Court, the President can nominate judges who share similar ideas as him, persuade the Court to agree with his opinions,or they could come up with new laws that would meet their needs, but also receive the Court’s approval.
4. Justice Kennedy is considered a “swing vote” because he does not vote for one party over the other. Instead, he leans towards both party equally (kind of).
5. There is not really any discernible bias in this article because the writer relied mainly on statistics, quotes, and factual evidence.
The N.R.A is influencing the appointment of Dr. Murthy by sending out a “grass-roots alert” to their millions of email subscribers. Their specific concerns are that Dr. Murphy is too radical, and he is an antigun nominee.What is at stake for the senators are their constituencies’ approval and support. If they choose to vote against their constituencies opinions, they risk losing their support and in the future, a reelection. The greatest concern is in Louisiana, Alaska, and Arkansas who are democratic states and are in favor of guns.The role the White House has in the confirmation process is to nominate someone, like Dr. Murphy. They may also appoint someone in Congress to carry out their wishes without angering certain groups, such as the NRA.The White House could try to pass some laws in favor of the opposition party so that there is a balance, rather than letting a radical nominee, such as Dr. Murphy, make laws that will anger other groups and cost the White House public support. By nominating radical candidates, the White House continues to lose Republican support.
1. The Founding Fathers decided to add the Electoral College into the Constitution because they believed that giving the power of electing a president to Congress would give the federal college too much power, however, they did not want to delegate this power directly to the people either because they believed that the people would not be well informed enough nor vote logistically.
2. In order to get an electoral vote of 270, candidates typically focus on receiving the votes of more populated states such as Texas or Florida. As candidates are making their national campaign, they are not too focused or worried about "safe" states because their votes are pretty much guaranteed. However, their focus are instead placed on "swing" states because they can vote either way, therefore, winning their votes would be very beneficial.
3. When neither candidates are able to win the majority vote of the electoral college, the task of electing a president is then delegated to the House of Representatives, where each states' House delegates cast one vote for one of the top three candidates of the general election.
4. The election of 2000 reignited the debate on whether or not the electoral college was constitutional or even needed. This is happened because people were starting to feel that the electoral college undermined the people's opinion since Al Gore won the popularity vote, yet George Bush was elected president because he won the electoral vote.
5. I am pretty satisfied with our nation's system of electing a president because I believe that the electors who were elected are far more informed and rational to cast a vote on behalf of their state. Although the 2000 election was surprising, situations like that do not happen often, therefore there is not much to worry about.
More Americans today are satisfied with where the nation stands on acceptance of gays and lesbians, federal taxes, and healthcare availability than were satisfied in 2001. But Americans' satisfaction with the economy has declined.
1. Yes; for example, 9/11 has led the people to vote for the government's more involvement in world affairs, but as time passed, more and more citizens are growing weary of the government's involvement, therefore, the people's satisfaction with the nation's involvement in world affairs has decreases greatly. Just as time affects the physical appearance of a person, time also has an effect on the opinion of that individual.
2. The chart comparing the Democrat's satisfaction versus the Republican's satisfaction is similar to my expectations because the chart reflects the Republican's desire for a strong military, strict gun control laws/restrictions, and low taxes. All the while, the Democrat's are seen showing more dissatisfaction towards these issues.
3. Immigration laws that are more lenient, less restrictions on abortion, more taxes, and less spending for the military would all result in a decrease in satisfaction with the nation among the Republicans. On the other hand, strict gun laws, more military spending, and tighter gun control policies would equally create a dissatisfaction among the Democrats towards the government.
4. It means that, either four percent more/less of the actual population are represented by the sample. Therefore, the sampling error can by seen as either a greater representation of the people, or an overestimation of the peoples' opinions.
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