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They were here and might return
Journeying the realms of virtu-reality where wo-man strives to decipher the conundrum........Note that: 1) may contain content inappropriate or scary for children. 2)In my ken, all beings thought of being gods are entities from other dimensions with supernatural powers way beyond regular human capacity. This made many people who experienced their presence misconcept them as gods, demi-gods, and.....Things are going to change when proportion of us evolves into 'luminous'
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Shoten, Shoden, Shōden-sama, Binayākya, Daisho-kangiten

Shoten, Shoden, Shōden-sama, Binayākya, Daisho-kangiten | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Shoten is esoteric Japanese Buddhism's version of the Indian elephant-headed god Gaṇeśa or Vināyaka.

 

Shoten is the patron of enterprise, who removes obstacles and vouchsafes wisdom...

 

As in India he came to be thought of as the son of Śiva, or Daijizaiten in Japan.

 

The cult of Shoten was brought to Japan from China and Tantric Buddhism by the founder of the Shingon sect early in the ninth century and was also taken up by the Tendai sect.

 

Shoten is depicted as a double figure: a powerful male god in an embrace with a gentle goddess or bodhisattva.

 

The connection between this dual image and the embracing Śiva and his śakti is obvious.

 

In both cases the embrace has symbolic importance, conveying wholeness.

 

Shoten also signifies the union of the individual with the Buddha...

 

With Enlightenment the two images become one...

 

It is said that the single-bodied version of Shoten may have two, four or six arms and is yellowish-red in colour...

 

 

Resources:

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See Gaṇeśa:

http://sco.lt/6uLnVp

 

 

Post Image: http://bit.ly/16mWTbU

 

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Padmasambhava, Guru Rimpoche (precious guru), Tibetan Slob-dpon (“Teacher”), Padma ’Byung-gnas (“Lotus Born”)

Padmasambhava,  Guru Rimpoche (precious guru), Tibetan Slob-dpon (“Teacher”), Padma ’Byung-gnas (“Lotus Born”) | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Padmasambhava is one of the most important characters of Tibetan Buddhism.

 

Sometimes called 'the second Buddha,' he is credited for the diffusion of Buddhism in Tibet in the eighth and ninth centuries.

 

As such, Padmasambhava is a peerless guru in the Tibetan tradition, with the vidyādhara’s control over lifespan, who became revered in Tibet when Emperor Trisongdetsen invited him, by which time he had already been a living legend in India for many centuries...

 

Padmasambhava is the master of Buddhist tantra who is credited with bring Vajrayana to Tibet and Bhutan.

 

He is said to have been born as an eight-year- old from a lotus flower, to have overpowered and converted demons, and to have lived to be more than one thousand years old...

 

It is said that in order to propagate and spread the teachings of the Dharma in general, and particularly the secret mantra and Dzogchen teachings, he appears to every being of the three thousand billion world systems in a form to benefit them according to their personal karmic vision.

 

In this way Guru Padmasambhava has countless unimaginable biographies, one biography for each being.

 

 

So forth were the enlightened activities performed for the sake of sentient beings by Guru Padmasambhava’s eight manifestations which are as follows:

 

Padmavajra, Vajra of the Lotus, severed the roots of the five poison.

 

Padmaraja, King of the Lotus, provided mundane and ultimate benefits to sentient beings.

 

Padmasambhava, the Lotus-born, blessed beings endowed with faith.

 

Dorje Droled tamed the Yakshas and haughty beings.

 

Suryaprabha, the Rays of the Sun, taught the essence of secret mantra.

 

Sakyasimha, the Lion of Sakyas, guided beings towards the path of liberation.

 

Simhanada, Roar of the Lion, defeated the outside aggressors of non-Buddhists.

 

And Dhimanvaruchi, the Supremely Wise Love, showered the teaching of sutra and mantra.

 

The results of Guru Padmasambhava’s activities include the attainment of liberation by his twenty-five disciples and eighty other disciples who attained rainbow body.

 

In addition, three million disciples achieved stability in tantric generation stage practice, one hundred thousand disciples showed signs of accomplishment, ninety thousand disciples achieved the uncontaminated Illusory Body, and eighty million disciples had some attainment.

 

Having accomplished these great activities, knowing his personal beings to be tamed on Earth were exhausted, he departed for the South-western universe of the magical cannibals, to help the beings there and to protect Earth from their harm.

http://bit.ly/14juyN5

 

 

Hidden Treasures?

Guru Rinpoche's knowledge of efficient practices of tantric secrets gave him supernatural powers according to the legends.

 

Being convinced that tantric Buddhism could degenerate in the future, he buried his wisdom and knowledge as secret books and other treasures at unknown places like in mountain caves so that future generations might find them one day.

 

It is said that Guru Rinpoche left Tibet one day towards the 'Tibetan-Nepalese border region in the Himalayan mountains and simply disappeared.

 

The legend says that he rode on a sun ray towards heaven...

http://bit.ly/15jQJmo

 

 

Resources:

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Post Image: http://bit.ly/18vXq5W

 

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Hel, Hell, Hela; Rarely Holle or Hulda

Hel, Hell, Hela; Rarely Holle or Hulda | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

All roads to Hell lead down, whether it be from Asgard, Midgard or Jotunheim...

 

Not only dead men are to be found there, but in Hell there also dwell the phantoms of gods and giants...

 

The sinners from Midgard are nor excluded, especially oath-breakers, murderers and those who have been disloyal...

 

In Norse folklore, Hel [(meaning "to bury," and "grave")] is a giantess and goddess, who presides over Helheim; the realm of the dead or the World of Darkness (Niflheim), where she receives a portion of the dead...

 

Hel is the youngest child of the trickister god Loki and the giantess Angrboda. She is the sister of the wolf Fenrir and the world serpent Jormungand...

 

The gods had abducted Hel and her brothers from Angrboda's hall.

 

They cast her in the underworld, into which she distributes those who are send to her; the wicked and those who died of sickness or old age.

 

Her hall in Helheim is called Eljudnir, home of the dead. Her manservant is Ganglati and her maidservant is Ganglot (which both can be translated as "tardy").

http://bit.ly/gK7fAQ

 

However,  mention is made in an early poem of the nine worlds of Niflheim. It was said that those who fell in battle did not go to Hel but to the god Odin, in Valhalla, the hall of the slain...

http://bit.ly/J73KEb

 

She is usually described as a horrible hag, half alive and half dead, with a gloomy and grim expression.

 

Her face and body are those of a living woman, but her thighs and legs are those of a corpse, mottled and moldering...

 

She is cold, aloof and indifferent to the suffering of her constituents (as evidenced by her role in the saga of Balder's death, among others)...

 

Hel is attested in the Poetic Edda, compiled in the 13th century from earlier traditional sources, and the Prose Edda, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson.

 

In addition, she is mentioned in poems recorded in Heimskringla and Egils saga that date from the 9th and 10th centuries, respectively.

 

An episode in the Latin work Gesta Danorum, written in the 12th century by Saxo Grammaticus, is generally considered to refer to Hel, and Hel may appear on various Migration Period bracteates....

 


Resources:

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See Loki:

http://bit.ly/JLHZ3s

 

See Odin:

http://bit.ly/T73NqQ

 

See Fenrir:

http://sco.lt/7eN8ZF

 

See Jormungand:

http://sco.lt/86jbWr

 

See Ullr:

http://sco.lt/6W7kCf



Post Image: http://bit.ly/1cQHzTV


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Bakasura, Bakāsura, Vaka, Baka

Bakasura, Bakāsura, Vaka, Baka | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Bakasura was a Rakshasa (Asura) who used to terrorize a town called Ekachakrapura (sometimes Chakranagari or Ekachakra) which is probably a small village near the town of Rampurhat in the state of West Bengal...

 

Kava forced the Raja of the place to send him daily a large quantity of provisions, which he devoured, and not only the provisions, but the men who carried them.

 

When the Pandavas came to that city in exile, Kunti sent Bheema to fight this Rakshasa, in order to save their hosts.

He was the equal in strength of Bheema, but not in skill...

 

The Legend:

The Pandavas and their mother, Kunti, wandered about the country in disguise.

After some time they reached a city called Ekachakra. There they stayed in a brahmin's house. Brahmin and his wife treated them with kindness.

Kunti discovered that the brahmin and his wife were in deep sorrow. She wanted to find out what the trouble was, and she asked the brahmin's wife about it.

"There is nothing we can tell you," was the answer.

"But" Kunti said, "I see that great grief is eating your heart. Tell me what is the matter."

The woman said, "We have our own sorrow. It is not proper to tell our guests about it."

"Please tell me what it is so that I may share your sorrow with you," said Kunti.

"No, you are our honored guest. We must not make you feel unhappy," the brahmin's wife replied.

"If you will not tell me what it is, we shall go away from here and stay somewhere else," Kunti answered.

 

Brahmin's wife sat silent for a time. Then with tears in her eyes she began to tell the story of their grief "Beyond the mountains, some miles giant lives in a big cave. His name is Baka, or Bakasura, as people call

He used to come down to the villages and take away men, women, and cattle and eat them up.

 

"Oh, no, no," cried the poor woman. " You are our guests and we shall never allow own son and bear the sorrow."

Kunti only smiled in reply.

 

She called all her sons to her and told them of the danger facing the brahmin's family. " I think you, Bhima (Bheema), can take the food to the giant tomorrow morning," she said.

" I?" said Bhima. "You don't like me, mother ; so you send me to be killed by the giant!"

The Brahmin woman protested. She said she would not allow any of Kunti's children to be killed. Bhima laughed and told her that he was only joking.

"As a matter of fact," he said, "I want to go and see this giant myself.

 

You know I am a strong man. I shall meet the giant and I shall come back again."

It took a long time for Kunti to make the Brahmin and his wife believe that Bhima would defeat the giant if he were allowed to go. At last they agreed.

Early the next morning Bhima set out, riding in a cart filled with food and driven by two fat bullocks. It was a long way to the mountain, but Bhima was on in hurry. When he reached the mountain, the giant was shouting. He was very angry because the food was late.


Bhima stopped some distance away from the giant. He unyoked the bullocks and then quietly unpacked the bundles of food. He sat down and began to eat what he had brought for the giant.


The giant roared in anger. Bhima told him that he was only making the giant's work easier. The giant could eat him with all the food inside.


Bakasura now became even angrier. He took a huge rock and ran towards Bhima pulled up a tree to use as a club. When the giant came near, Bhima hit him with the tree.

A big battle began. Bhima fought with the giant giving blow for blow. At last he killed the giant. The giant lay like a huge hill.


Bhima returned to the city in the evening and all the people gathered to thank him for saving their lives from Bakasura.

 

Baka had a brother named Kirmira, who was also slain by Bhima, much later, when the Pandavas had repaired to the forest of Kamyaka, having been disinherited of their Kingdom at dice...

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Hachiman, 八幡神, Hachiman-jin/Yahata no kami

Hachiman, 八幡神,  Hachiman-jin/Yahata no kami | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

In Japanese folklore, Hachiman is the Japanese syncretic patron for archery and war, incorporating elements from both Shinto and Buddhism.

 

His name means Eight Banners/Banderoles.

 

Hachiman is commonly regarded as the deification of Ōjin, the 15th emperor of Japan.

 

Throughout the centuries, Hachiman has been a symbol of security...

 

Hachiman has also been credited with safeguarding all past emperors of Japan by defending their honor and fighting off enemies.

 

Hachiman was seen not just as a god of proactive, offensive war but also as the protector of children and as the deity of the general prosperity that was thought to come from military strength.

 

He might also be said to embody the concept known as “peace through strength”.

 

The god of war was said to have a high regard for the Minamoto ( aka Genji) Clan, one of the warring factions in the Japanese epic known as The Heike Monogatari.

 

By some accounts Hachiman was really the father of the early Minamoto hero Yoshi-Iye and offered that hero divine assistance during his campaigns against Ainu tribes.

http://bit.ly/16crkxM

 

Throughout Japan’s history the story of Hachiman has taken root so deeply that the popularity of his cult is shared by rich and poor alike...

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The doves are Hachiman's symbolic animals and his messengers!!...

 

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Image adapted from: http://bit.ly/1cOxLMI

 

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Compilation de pages effectuée par une autre personne, sources à vérifier

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Juturna, Diurtuna

Juturna, Diurtuna | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

An ancient Roman goddess of springs, wells, aqueducts and fountains...

 

Juturna was most notably recognised on the banks of the river Numicius, which flowed near the city of Lavinium, founded by the Trojan hero Aeneas after he settled in Italy.

 

She is a patron of protection against fire.

 

Juturna’s name is derived from the Latin word juvare which means “to help.”

 

Jaturna is sister of Castor and Pollux, with whom she often appears...

http://bit.ly/17Ca6Jm

 

According to some legends, Juturna was the sister of Turnus, king of the Rutuli people, and fought with her brother against Aeneas for the love of Lavinia. She supported Turnus against Aeneas by giving him his sword after he dropped it in battle, as well as taking him away from the battle when it seemed he would be killed...

 

In her own story, Juturna was very beautiful, and became the love interest of Jupiter, who transformed her into a water nymph, and reign over small bodies of water.

 

Some relations say Juturna was the wife of Janus, one of the oldest Roman gods, and by him the mother of Fons, the Roman god of springs.

 

She also gave her name to a well near the Vesta-temple of the Forum Romanum, called the Lacus Juturnae. The water from this well was used for the state-offerings...

 

It is said that the water from her spring has healing properties...

 

More:

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See Jove:

http://sco.lt/4wH33p

 

Post Image: http://bit.ly/1cRWtg0

 

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Jack Frost, Father Frost, Old Man Winter, perhaps Jokul Frosti

Jack Frost,  Father Frost, Old Man Winter, perhaps Jokul Frosti | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Jack Frost is known to many as a Christmas creation of sorts, because of the many holiday songs featuring him, as well movies depicting him as a substantial sized human with blue hair and an icy nose.

 

In British isle folklore, the original Jack Frost is just a bit different.

 

He is a fairy or sprite that comes every winter season to decorate the land with icy crystal patterns, such as snow flakes and ice shards.

 

In Russia, his name is Father Frost with the same concept as the western Europe region, who either calls him Old Man Winter, or just the simple Jack Frost.

 

He is a tiny elfin creature who makes the lacy artwork of ice upon people's windows and creates the drifting snow flakes falling from the sky. He is also responsible for the sharp icicle that hang off of trees and roofs.

 

In ancient Norse lore, he was a god of the winter name, with the name of Jokul Frosti, he had a larger human form and was a relative of the wind god.

 

The English lore had changed him up a bit and made him an ever friendly fairy.

 

He is said to be a jolly little fellow and indeed loves giving us the art of winter.

 

He whimsically embellishes the outdoors in the utmost glee and in England, his legend with the change of weather is a bit more famous than America's depiction of Santa Claus...

 

Starting in late 19th century literature, more filled-out characterizations of Jack Frost have made him into a sprite-like character.

 

He sometimes appears as a sinister mischief maker.

 

An elfish figure from Norway,
Who likes cold, folklore says,
He works magic on cold days,
On the Earth, he has his way.

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Post Image: http://bit.ly/13Q7pAn

 

 

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Lug, Lugh

Lug, Lugh | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Lugh, son of Cian and grandson of Balor, is god of the sun and light in Celtic folklore, and known for his handsome appearance and skills in arts and crafts.

 

His name means "the shining one"...

 

A patron of heroes, Lug appears in many Irish and Welsh legends.

 

Lug is the grandson of Balor, the king of the evil Formorians, a race of violent, supernatural beings who lived in darkness.

 

Warned by a prophecy that he would be killed by his grandson, Balor locked his daughter Ethlinn in a crystal tower. In spite of his efforts, she gave birth to a son.

 

Balor ordered the infant drowned, but a Celtic priestess rescued the child and raised him.

 

According to some legends, Lug was raised by the smith god Goibhniu, his father's brother.

 

When Lug reached manhood, he went to the court of Nuada, the ruler of the Tuatha Dé Danaan, to offer his services as a warrior and master crafts worker.

 

The Tuatha Dé Danaan, another race of supernatural beings, were the sworn enemies of the Formorians.

 

Lug soon became involved in the ongoing war between the two groups.

 

Besides getting magic weapons from the craft gods Goibhniu, Luchta, and Creidhne, Lug also helped organize the military campaigns of the Tuatha Dé Danaan.

 

During one battle King Nuada fell under the spell of Balor's evil eye, which had the power to destroy those who looked at it.

 

Lug pierced the eye with a magic stone and killed Balor, thus fulfilling the prophecy and defeating the Formorians as well.

 

Lug became king of the Tuatha Dé Danaan, married the mortal woman Dechtire, and had a son named Cuchulain, who became a great hero.

 

In a saga called the Cattle Raid of Cuailgne, Lug fought alongside Cuchulain in battle and soothed and healed him when he was wounded...

 

He is a reflex of the pan-Celtic god Lugus, and his Welsh counterpart is Lleu Llaw Gyffes, "The Bright One with the Strong Hand".

 

From Lugh's name derives the names of modern cities such as Lyon, Laon and Leyden.

 

Today, people remember the figure of Lugh with a festival which commemorates the beginning of the harvest in August.

 

The feast of Lugh, called by the Celts "Lughnasadh", is better known now as Lammas, or the feast of first fruits...

 

As told in the Battle of Magh Tuiredh, the god traveled to Tara, and arrived during a tremendous feast for the royal court.

 

Lugh was greeted at the door by the keeper of the gate, and was immediately asked what talent he had - for it was a tradition there that only those who had a special or unique ability could enter the palace.

 

The god offered his reply: “I am a wright”.

 

In response, the gate keeper said: “We already have a wright. Your services are not needed here”. Still, Lugh, not to be so easily dismissed, continued: “I am a smith”.

 

Again, the guard retorted that the court had a smith that was quite adequate; but the god was not to be dissuaded. In short order, he noted that he was also a champion, a harper, a hero, a poet, an historian, a sorcerer, and a craftsman.

 

To this list, the gate keeper merely nodded his head, and stated matter of factly that all of these various trades were represented in the court by other members of the Tuatha de Danaan.

 

“Ah, but you do have an individual who possesses all of these skills simultaneously?”, was Lugh’s clever and inspired reply.

 

The guard was forced to admit his defeat, and so Lugh was allowed to enter and join the festivities...

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More:

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Special:

http://bit.ly/13BIC7e

 

See Tuatha Dé Danaan:

http://sco.lt/91bn4D

 

See the Formorii:

http://bit.ly/GBrAsl

 

See Loki:

http://bit.ly/JLHZ3s

 

Post Image: http://bit.ly/17BXoLf

 

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Circe, Kirke, Kírkē

Circe, Kirke, Kírkē | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Circe is a goddess of magic (or sometimes a nymph, witch, enchantress or sorceress). 

 

Kirke's name was derived from the Greek verb kirkoô meaning "to secure with rings" or "hoop around"--a reference to her magical powers.

 

She is best known for her ability to turn men into animals with her magic wand.

 

When Odysseus landed on her island she transformed his men into animals, but with the help of the god Hermes, he overcame the goddess and forced her to release his men from her spell.

 

Circe also has the powers for spiritual purification as she purifies the Argonauts for the murder of Apsyrtus...

 

In an Italian version of this legend, Circe and Odysseus had three children: Telegonus, Agrius, and Latinus. Telegonus traveled to Ithaca to seek his father but then killed him by accident.

 

He brought Odysseus's body back to Aeaea, accompanied by Odysseus's widow, Penelope, and their son Telemachus. Circe made them all immortal and married Telemachus, and Telegonus married Penelope.

 

Circe also played a role in the legend of the Argonauts*, cleansing Jason* and Medea* after they killed Medea's brother...

 

In the Odyssey, Homer calls Circe a goddess. Perhaps the suggestion that she is an immortal explains her ability to cast the bewitching spells that have the power to change men into animals.

 

And like many goddesses, the beautiful Circe had charms that few men could resist.

http://bit.ly/HNPocb

 

The Odyssey includes a delightful scene in which the crew of Odysseus first encounter the goddess on her island:

 

“In the entrance way they stayed
to listen there: inside her quiet house
they heard the goddess Circe.
Low she sang
in her beguiling voice, while on her loom
she wove ambrosial fabric sheer and bright,
by that craft known to the goddesses of heaven.”

(Homer, Odyssey, Book Ten, lines 217 ff.)

 

Many scholars view Circe as a symbol of the luxury and unchecked desire that seduces people and causes them to ignore their duty and thus lose their dignity.

http://bit.ly/HNPocb

 

More:

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See Helios:

http://sco.lt/5djvLl

 

Post Image: http://bit.ly/1bD61ej

 

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Jörmungandr, Jormungand, Midgard Serpent, Jörmungand, Midgarðsormr, World Serpent

Jörmungandr, Jormungand, Midgard Serpent, Jörmungand, Midgarðsormr, World Serpent | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Jormungand “Great Beast” is a snake or dragon who lives in the ocean that surrounds Midgard, the visible world.

 

So enormous is he that his body forms a circle around the entirety of Midgard.

 

He’s one of the three children of Loki and the giantess Angrboða, along with Hel and Fenrir.

 

The god Thor is his particular arch-enemy.

 

>> Lifting the cat

 

Thor goes fishing for the Midgard Serpent in this picture from an 18th-century Icelandic manuscript. 

 

In one, Thor encounters the serpent in the form of a colossal cat, disguised by the magic of the giant king Útgarða-Loki (Loki of the Outyards; not to be confused with Loki), who challenges the god to lift the cat as a test of strength.

 

Thor is unable to lift such a monstrous creature as Jörmungandr, but does manage to raise it far enough that it lets go of the ground with one of its four feet.

 

When Útgarða-Loki later explains his deception, he describes Thor's lifting of the cat as an impressive deed.

 

Two battles between the Midgard Serpent and Thor are recounted in the Eddas...

 

In one, Thor fishes for Jormungand, and fails to pull him up only when the giant Hymir, terrified that this will bring about Ragnarok, severs the line, sending the snake back down to the depths.

 

When the apocalyptic battle of Ragnarök does arrive, however, Thor and the Midgard Serpent are destined to slay each other.

 

Jormungand is usually depicted to resemble the frilled dragon, while other are more serpent like and could relate to water snake species...

 

In the old days, continental Germans attributed earthquakes to his movements well into the Middle Ages...

 

More:

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http://bit.ly/16TlLSv

 

See Loki:

http://bit.ly/JLHZ3s

 

See Thor:

http://bit.ly/LmIWJD

 

See Fenrir:

http://sco.lt/7eN8ZF

 

See Hel:
http://sco.lt/58uY7d

 

Post Image: http://bit.ly/12G5QWx

 

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Eos, Êôs

Eos, Êôs | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Eos is the Greek personification of the Dawn, the daughter of the Titans Hyperion and Theia and the sister of Helios (Sun) and Selene (Moon)...

 

At the close of each night, rosy-fingered, saffron-robed Eos rises from her couch in the east and mounts her chariot drawn by the horses Lampus and Phaethon.

 

Her duty is to ride to Mount Olympus and announce the approach of her brother Helios...

 

When Helios appears Eos becomes Hemera (Day) and she journeys along with him on his travels until, now transformed into Hespera (Dusk), she announces their safe arrival on the western shores of the great Ocean....

 

Eos had an unquenchable desire for handsome young men, some say as the result of a curse laid upon her by the goddess Aphrodite.

 

Her lovers included Orion, Phaethon, Kephalos and Tithonos, three of which she ravished away to distant lands.

 

The Trojan prince Tithonos became her official consort. When the goddess petitioned Zeus for his immortality, she neglected also to request eternal youth.

 

In time he shrivelled up by old age and transformed into a grasshopper.

 

Eos was closely identified with Hemera, the primordial goddess of day.

 

In some mytlegends--such as the tales of Orion and Kephalos--Eos stood virtually as a non-virginal substitute for Artemis...

http://bit.ly/hHmXFT

 

 

From The Iliad:

 

Now when Dawn in robe of saffron was hastening from the streams of Oceanus, to bring light to mortals and immortals, Thetis reached the ships with the armor that the god had given her.—Iliad xix.1

 

But soon as early Dawn appeared, the rosy-fingered, then gathered the folk about the pyre of glorious Hector.

—Iliad xxiv.776

 

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See Helios:

http://bit.ly/PrcgE1

 

See Selene:

http://sco.lt/7rTT2P

 

Post Image: http://bit.ly/17jz9RO

 

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He-Bo, Feng Yi. Fen

He-Bo, Feng Yi. Fen | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

He Bo, brother of the moon goddess Heng O, is from the Chinese folklore and is the god of the Yellow River.

 

He wasn't always He Bo however. Long ago he was originally called Feng Yi. Fen...

 

Feng Yi used to live beside the Yellow River and on one day he could see the waters rising.

 

He knew that soon his village would be washed away by the mighty currents, so in an effort to appease the river, he tied rocks to himself and threw himself into its depths.

 

The river was more than appeased, and turned Feng Yi into the god He Bo.

 

However, this act led to the ritual of sacrificing a young girl by throwing her into the river as a bride of He Bo (this lasted until the end of the Zhou dynasty in 256 BCE)...

 

Now He Bo rules over the Yellow River with wisdom and humility, always ready to turn away his enemies with the might of the river behind him...

 

More:

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http://bit.ly/15Dxc02

 

See Anapos:

http://sco.lt/8Nv2Bd

 

Post Image: http://bit.ly/14qGsFo

 

 

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Mixcoatl, Mixcōhuātl, Camaxtli, Nahuatl, Mixcoatl-Camaxtli, Mixcoatl-Camaxtli

Mixcoatl, Mixcōhuātl, Camaxtli, Nahuatl, Mixcoatl-Camaxtli, Mixcoatl-Camaxtli | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Mixcoatl is the god of the hunt and war. He is identified with the Milky Way, the stars, and the heavens in several Meso-American cultures.

 

Mixcoatl was part of the Aztec pantheon...

 

Mixcoatl is represented with a black mask over his eyes and distinctive red and white “candy-cane stripes” painted on his body. He can usually be distinguished by his hunting gear, which included a bow and arrows, and a net or basket for carrying dead game...

 

Scholars have identified Mixcoatl as a hunting god of the Otomi, Chichimec, and Toltec people and their descendants.

 

The legendary figure may have been based on the real-life warrior Eight Deer, who achieved greatness as a leader of the Pioneer...

 

Mixcoatl definately sired the four hundred Centzon Huitznahua by Coatlicue, but not Huitzilopochtli, a ball of feathers is responsible for that one, with Ometecuhtli spotted plucking a Quetzal bird just before Coatlicue set off for temple cleaning duties...

http://bit.ly/11ovLog

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Mielikki, Lady of the Forest, the Lady of Tapiola, the Lady of Mehtola, The Sharer Maid, Osatyttö

Mielikki, Lady of the Forest, the Lady of Tapiola, the Lady of Mehtola, The Sharer Maid, Osatyttö | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Mielikki is the wife, or the daughter-in-law, of Tapio and as such the Lady of the Forest (Tapiola/Mehtola) in the Finnish epic based on the Karelian folklore...

 

The word Mielikki can be derived to the Finnish word meaning Favourable or Luck.

 

Sometimes Mielikki was also called The Sharer Maid, Osatyttö according to the way she, unpredictably, shared the game (Emon viljat ) to the hunters—when they left for hunting the daily food like hares, birds or fur animals like squirrel etc. The king Tapio was for the big game only, like bear and elk...

 

Mielikki is known as a skillful healer who heals the paws of animals who have escaped traps, helps chicks that have fallen from their nests and treats the wounds of wood grouses after their mating displays...

 

She knows well the healing herbs and will also help humans if they know well enough to ask her for it...

 

Her symbol is a white unicorn on a green field.  Her totem is the bear...

 

So, when you dismantle your Yule tree, keep a jar full of its needles handy. Burn these throughout the year to banish frosty feelings or to warm up a chilly relationship. The pine smoke, being from a woodland tree, also draws Mielikki’s attention to any pressing needs you may have...

 

More:

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http://bit.ly/15rcHTC

http://bit.ly/17sq9cU

http://bit.ly/1cpbFh7

 

Image adapted from: http://bit.ly/176MEBP

 

 

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Armazi

Armazi | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Armazi was the the chief god in Georgian pantheon, whose idol (image) was in the figure of a soldier, made of gold, clothed in copper and golden armor, having shoulder pieces and eyes made from emeralds and beryl stones, and holding in his hand a sword which revolved in his grasp...

 

According to Georgian chronicles the idol of Armazi was 30 meters high, erected on the hill in Mtskheta of the kingdom of Kartli (located in the eastern Georgia and referred to Caucasian Iberia by the Greeks and Romans) personification of which is expected to be a clue to formulation of religious orientation of pre-Christian Georgia....

 

Originally, the name Armazi is usually taken to derive from that of the deity Ahura Mazdā, who as Armazi was the chief god of the pagan Iberian pantheon; “Armaz-tsikhe” means “citadel of Armazi” and is reflected in the Greco-Roman name Armastika or Harmozika... 

 

Although the question raised in the thesis about the connection of Armazi with the Iranian Ahura Mazda has been widely shared and accepted by specialists, his definition doesn’t give a full picture of religious beliefs practiced in pre-Christian Georgia unless other divinities – Ainina/Danina(Danana) and Zaden are studied...

 

[While examining the cult of the supreme god Armazi, the main determinant of the religious (Zoroastrian) orientation of the kingdom of Kartli, my attention was drawn to the evidence given in the LNino, which is pointer to the path I think we must follow in order to come closer to personification of Ainina/Danana-Danina, of whom, as noted above, nothing is known except their names.

 

In this writing St Nino is referred to as the “daughter of Armazi”: appealing to the saint to heal the sick Persian magus Khuara. King Mirian addresses her thus: “….through God’s mighty power you’re skilled in healing, you’re the daughter of Armazi”.

 

As a final result of the examination and definition of the supreme divinity, the origin of Armazi from the Iranian Ahura Mazda has been proved through a comparative study of Aramazd, the supreme divinity of pre-Christian Armenia, which became a bridging link between Armazi and Ahura Mazda.]

http://bit.ly/19fROz9

 

It is said that Armazi was also a thunder god and perhaps a moon god, as well...

 

When Saint Nino(Hio-Mghvime, icon 17-18 century), the enlightener of Georgia, entered Mtskheta, the capital city of the Kartli Kingdom, she witnessed the celebration of Armazi and began praying.  

 

By the Grace of God the idol was burnt by lightning.  

 

At the place where Armazi was originally erected, was later built Jvari Monastery in the VI-VII centuries...

 

Resources:

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See Thor:

http://sco.lt/8ryxwf

 

Image adapted from: http://bit.ly/176rQhk

 

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Tanit, Tinith, Tinnit, Tint

Tanit, Tinith, Tinnit, Tint | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Tanit is the  chief goddess of Carthage, equivalent of Astarte.

 

Carthage was a city of the Phoenician colony in northern Africa, not far from the modern city of Tunis in Tunisia. Carthage, the Roman rendition of the Phoenician name Karthadasht, which means "New Town"...

 

Although she seems to have had some connection with the heavens, she was also a 'virginal' mother goddess, and fertility symbols often accompany representations of her.

 

She is also a ptron for war, moon, love, and the stars. 

 

Some authors controversially advocate that the nameTanit might be the title for Astarte...

 

She was probably the consort of Baal Hammon (or Amon), the chief god of Carthage, and was often given the attribute "face of Baal."

 

Tanit's symbols include the dove, grapes, the fruit of the pomegranate, and the moon. 

 

Her image is the triangle.

 

She is represented under different forms, sometimes as a naked woman with her pressing against her breast to symbolize fertility or as usually depicted as a beautiful bejeweled woman wearing a triangular garment bearing cornucopias in each hand... 

 

Tanit was also known on Malta, Sardinia, and in Spain. It is said that Phoenician colonists brought Astarte and Tanit with them to Iberia...

 

More:

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http://bit.ly/6INXGJ

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http://bit.ly/18oswfM

 

See Gaia:

http://bit.ly/Mxt7Be

 

See the Elder Mother:

http://bit.ly/Npd8sO

 

See Hebat:

http://sco.lt/8Nv2Bd

 

See Uttu:

http://sco.lt/5ArJGD

 

See Hestia:

http://sco.lt/8Ufy8P

 

See Minerva:

http://sco.lt/8z6JqD

 

Post Image: http://bit.ly/14I5inn

 

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ZhongKui, Zhōng Kuí, Chung Kwei, Shōki

ZhongKui, Zhōng Kuí, Chung Kwei, Shōki | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

In Chinese folklores, Zhong Kui is a supernatual being who exorcises ghosts and evil spirits.

 

As legend has it, he lived in Zhongnan Mountain in the early Tang Dynasty.

 

He was born with a panther-like head, ring-like eyes, an iron face and curly whiskers.

 

Though very ugly, he was a profoundly learned and talented figure.

 

As a man of integrity, he always upheld justice and feared no evil or mischievous being.

 

Traditionally regarded as a vanquisher of ghosts and evil beings, and reputedly able to command 80,000 demons, his image is often painted on household gates as a guardian spirit, as well as in places of business where high-value goods are involved...

 

Zhong Kui belongs to the Gui Xian (a classification of demons) because he committed suicide when he failed to reach the first place in the exams. His attribute is a sword with which he wards off poisonous animals such as snakes and scorpions...

 

In 712 when Emperor Xuanzong of the Tang Dynasty ascended the throne, Zhong Kui went to Chang'an to take the imperial civil examination. Impressed by Zhong's five poems entitled Holding Banquets in Yingzhou, the chief examiner praised him as a prodigy and enrolled him top of all examinees.

 

During the palace examination, however, a treacherous minister named Lu Qi judged Zhong Kui by the appearance, and repeatedly spoke ill of him before the emperor.

 

As a result, Zhong Kui failed to claim championship in the exam. Infuriated, he bumped his head against a pillar in the palace and thus killed himself.

 

The entire court was shocked.

 

Then Emperor Dezong issued an imperial edict, conferring upon Zhong Kui the title of Demon Queller who traveled all over the world to kill the evil and expel the wicked.

 

In addition, the official title of Number One Scholar was also buried with him.

 

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Post Image: http://bit.ly/1dDObpZ

 

Tantamount to ectoplasmic Shōki was spotted recently:
http://bit.ly/18bJqhA

 

 

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Boggart, Bogart

Boggart, Bogart | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

In English folklore, a boggart is a household fairy which causes things to disappear, milk to sour, and dogs to go lame.

 

The name boggart may have its origin in the Welsh bwg (= bug) meaning a ghost, bugbear, hobgoblin.

 

Boggarts are mischievous spirits responsible for mishaps and poltergeist activity within the home and in the countryside.

 

Always evil, the boggart will follow its family wherever they flee.

 

In Northern England, at least, there was the belief that the boggart should never be named, for when the boggart was given a name, it would not be reasoned with nor persuaded, but would become uncontrollable and destructive...

 

It is said that the boggart crawls into people's beds at night and puts a clammy hand on their faces.

 

Sometimes he strips the bedsheets off them. Sometimes a boggart will also pull on a person's ears.

 

Hanging a horseshoe on the door of a house is said to keep a boggart away.

 

Boggart can also be a malevolent genius loci inhabiting fields, marshes or other topographical features...

 

In the folklore of North-West England, boggarts live under bridges on dangerous sharp bends on roads, and it is considered bad luck for drivers not to offer their polite greetings as they cross...

 

John and Caitlin Matthews give a good example of this in their The Element Encyclopedia of Magical Creatures:

 

A Yorkshire farmer called George Gilbertson got on the wrong side of a boggart which attached itself to his household.  The boggart spread mischief all over the house, snatching food from the children’s mouths, throwing porridge into cupboards – all invisibly. 

 

One day, one of the children discovered an elf-bore or knothole in the wood of a cupboard.  He started to play with it, thrusting the point of a shoe-horn into the hole.

 

Immediately, the shoe-horn popped out and struck him on the forehead. 

 

The boy had discovered the boggart’s hiding place. 

 

Daily the children played this game with their new friend, but the adults found the disorder and upset that the boggart caused about the place too much to bear, so they decided to move.

 

As they were loading up a neighbor came along to ask why they were moving.  ‘I’m forced to because of that damned boggart.  It’s worried my good wife nearly to death and that’s why we’re flitting.’ 

 

From the depths of a churn upon the cart came an echoing voice, ‘And that’s why we’re flitting!’  It was the boggart.  George started to unload the cart saying to his wife, ‘If I’d known, we needn’t have gone to all this trouble. 

 

Still, better to be tormented in the old house as be tormented in a house we don’t know.’  And so they returned...

http://bit.ly/12pBWV9

 

Boggarts live in the darkness in cupboards, the closet, and under the bed. Some legends say they are brownies that have gone bad. Either because they are mischievous in nature, or because they were wronged through some interaction with humans.

 

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See hobgoblin:

http://sco.lt/5EZvMn

 

See Brownie:

http://sco.lt/5mdmyX

 

Post Image: http://bit.ly/172Pjit

 

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Grindylow, Grundylow

Grindylow, Grundylow | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

A grindylow is a water spirit that originated from folktales in the English county of Yorkshire.

 

The name is thought to be connected to Grendel,  a name or term most famously used in Beowulf but also found in many Old English charters where it is seen in connection with meres, bogs and lakes...

 

Grindylows grab little ones with their long arms and fingers and devour them if they came close to the edge of pools, marshes, or ponds.

 

More:

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See Grendel:

http://sco.lt/6gHATB

 

Post Image: http://bit.ly/146eH2R

 

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Belisama, Bēlēsama, Belisma, Belesama, Summer Bright

Belisama, Bēlēsama, Belisma, Belesama, Summer Bright | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

In Celtic/Gaul folklore, Belisama is goddess...

 

She is connected with lakes and rivers, fire, crafts and light.

 

Belisama was identified with Minerva/Athena and has been compared with Brigid.

 

Her association with Athena and Minerva also brought her recognition as a Goddess of wisdom, as shown by the frequent depiction of a serpent at her side...

 

She has been claimed to be the consort of Belenus, with whom she shared certain attributes.

 

A Latin inscription from Saint-Lizier, Aquitania (in antiquity, Consoranni) associates her with Minerva.

 

The exact meaning of her name is uncertain, but one possible interpretation is "Very Strong", "Summer Bright", "Most Shining One", or "‘Most Mighty Queen"...

 

In terms of crafts, Belisama has inspired a good deal of creative writing from the poems of Richard Dugdale (the Bard of Ribblesdale 1849), James Flockhart’s ‘The River’ (1854), Gerard Manley Hopkins’ ‘Ribblesdale’ (1876) and John Heath-Stubb’s ‘The Green Man’s Last will and Testament’ – ‘the cruel nymphs / Of the northern streams, Peg Towler of the Tees / And Jenny Greenteeth of the Ribble, / Sisters of Belisama, the very fair one’ (1973).

http://bit.ly/13EqEBJ

 

 

Interconnectedness of air
and trees and layers of sun lacerate
the holes in your being, crucifying,
peeling back skin,
exposing deep, dark secrets,
a succession of broken blossoms
falling from open hands,
words spilling from your mouth,
their meaning drowned in the coruscating
diamond rush of
tears crushed from eyes
dazzled by the numinous wonder
of Belisama

©Doreen Hopwood, 24th April 2010

http://bit.ly/16sQ3g1

 

 

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http://bit.ly/1cu7WBr

http://bit.ly/191LAmT

http://bit.ly/14hDfu0

http://bit.ly/13EqEBJ

 

See Brigid:

http://sco.lt/7d23Wr

 

See Minerva:

http://sco.lt/8z6JqD

 

Post Image: http://bit.ly/16sSfnX

 

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Inti

Inti | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Inti is considered the Sungod and the ancestor of the Incas. Inca people were living in South America in the ancient Peru.

 

In the remains of the city of Machu Picchu, it is possible to see a shadow clock which describes the course of the Sun personified by Inti.

 

Inti is of unknown mythological origin. The most common story says that he is the son of Viracocha, the god of civilization.

 

Inti and his wife Pachamama, the Earth goddess, were regarded as benevolent.

 

According to an ancient Inca myth, Inti taught his son Manco Capac and his daughter Mama Ocollo the arts of civilization and sent them to the Earth to instruct mankind about what they had learned...

 

The Incas generally portrayed Inti as a golden disk with a human face surrounded by rays and flames.

 

Images of Inti were often of gold, which was called "the sweat of the sun." 

 

More:

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http://bit.ly/16PoWdN

 

Post Image: http://bit.ly/13HDaLK

 

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Kukulkán, K'uk'ulkan, K'uk'ul-chon, Plumed Serpent, Feathered Serpent, Waxaklahun Ubah Kan

Kukulkán, K'uk'ulkan, K'uk'ul-chon, Plumed Serpent, Feathered Serpent, Waxaklahun Ubah Kan | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Kukulkán is a god of Mayan folklore.The name Kukulkan means “feathered serpent”, like his Aztec equivalent Quetzacoatl.

 

Kukulkán is god of the four elements. His attributes, each representing one element, are a maize-ear (earth), a fish (water), lizard (fire), and vulture (air).

 

Kukulkán has a human form and a feathered serpent form. Mayans believed that he came to Earth to teach them agriculture and medicine.

 

Like all of the feathered serpent gods in Mesoamerican cultures, Kukulkan is thought to have originated in Olmec folklore.

 

Mayan relics make reference to a person named Kukulkan, which has led to some confusion about whether or not the god is referenced in certain instances.

 

The general Mayan god Kukulkan is not well-known, with only his Gukumatz counterpart surviving in the Popol Vuh, and Quetzalcoatl surviving from accounts of the Aztecs...

 

Kukulkán is depicted as a plumed serpent or with a long nose and serpent fangs...

 

Kukulkán emerged from the ocean, and disappeared in it afterwards.

 

 

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Post Image: http://bit.ly/1aQwfJ3

 

 

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Isis, Aset, Iset

Isis, Aset, Iset | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Isis, in ancient Egyptian folklore, is the goddess of fertility.

 

She is a guardian of the dead, and the patroness of powerful magical abilities and nature...Isis is also a great enchantress...

 

Together with Thoth, she taught mankind the secrets of medicine.


Isis is the sister of Nephthys and Seth, and the daughter of Nut and Geb.

 

She is often depicted as the mother of Horus, the hawk-headed god of war and protection (although in some traditions Horus's mother was Hathor)

 

Isis is the wife of the god Osiris. Together they played a major role in many stories in Egyptian lore, particularly in legends about rebirth and resurrection...

 

Historically, Isis was often associated with the moon, which sometimes appeared in representations of her, typically held in a headdress that also included the horns of a cow...

 

According to legend, Isis was mortal once, but she tricked the sun god Ra into giving her some of his powers. She is also described as the sister to Osiris, as well as his wife.

 

The name “Isis” means “Queen of the throne,” linking her with Osiris in his role as ruler, and in some representations, she wears an empty throne as a headdress, symbolizing the severed link between herself and Osiris.

 

Isis was the friend of slaves, sinners, artisans, and the downtrodden...

 

Isis was the embalmer and gaurdian of Osiris. She is often rendered on the foot of coffins with long wings spread to protect the deceased...

 


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See Ra:

http://sco.lt/6FFhTd

 

See Geb:

http://sco.lt/4hxXe5

 

See Nephthys:

http://sco.lt/7Xi0Vl


See Tefnut:

http://sco.lt/5csp3x


 

Post Image: http://bit.ly/1cSLLke

 

 

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Hypnos, Hypnus

Hypnos, Hypnus | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Hypnos, the son of Nyx (the goddess of the night and darkness), in Greek folklore is represented as a gentle young man, usually with wings attached to his temples or shoulders.

 

In Hesiod’s portray, Hypnos and his twin brother Thanatos, the god of Death, were both terrible gods and pretty much inseparable in their acts

Intangible as the sleep is, Hypnos himself could have been both, but in any case he had enormous power over mortals and immortals - including Zeus himself...

 

Hypnos resides in Erebos, the land of eternal darkness, beyond the gates of the rising sun. As such, he dwells in the underworld and never sets his eyes on the sun, and from there he rises into the sky each night in the train of his mother Nyx (Night)...

 

Hypnos was also the father of another powerful deity - Morpheus, deity of Dreams... It is also believed the Morpheus has siblings (some experts may say uncles) called the Oneiroi (Dreams)...

 

There is a delightful interlude in the Iliad that involves Hypnos, Hera, and Zeus:

Hera visits Hypnos, and asks him for a favor - you see, the goddess wants to distract her husband Zeus from the events taking place. So she requests that the god of sleep use his powers on Zeus. However, Hypnos is reluctant to meddle with the ruler of Olympus. Hera then offers Hypnos an irresistible bride as a bribe - Pasithea, one of the younger Graces or Charites. In the end, the god of sleep agrees to cast his spell on Zeus...

 

Hypnos gave Endymion the power of sleeping with open eyes so he could see his beloved, the moon goddess Selene...

 

The name of Hypons survives in the modern manifestation of hypnosis...

http://bit.ly/12s07Gk

 

"… whenever in his imagination a man sees delights, straightaway the vision, slipping through his arms, is gone, winging its flight along the paths of Sleep."

(Argive Elders. Aeschylus, Agamemnon 420)...

 

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See Nyx:

http://sco.lt/6TlblJ

 

See Hera:

http://sco.lt/62EIHx

 

See Selene:

http://sco.lt/7rTT2P

 

Post Image: http://bit.ly/15OLNWs

 

Thánatos

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Raijin, Raiden, Yakusa no ikazuchi no kami, Kaminari-sama, Raiden-samaNarukami

Raijin, Raiden, Yakusa no ikazuchi no kami, Kaminari-sama, Raiden-samaNarukami | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Raiden, the father of Raitaro, is the god of thunder (rai) and lightning (den) in the Shinto and Japanese folklore...

 

He is fond of eating human navels.

 

Some Japanese parents tell their children to hide their belly buttons (or navels) during thunderstorms, so that they are not taken away...

 

It is said that the only protection against him is to hide under a mosquito net.

 

Raiden is also known by the following names:


>> Yakusa no ikazuchi no kami: Yakusa (八, eight) and ikazuchi (雷, thunder) and kami (神, spirit or deity)


>> Kaminari-sama: kaminari (雷, kaminari, thunder) and -sama (様, a Japanese honorific meaning "master")


>> Raiden-sama: rai (雷, thunder), den (電, lightning), and -sama (様, master)


>> Narukami: naru (鳴, thundering/rolling) and kami (神, spirit or deity)

 

Raiden is portrayed as a muscled sharp-clawed demon with red skin, sitting on a cloud, shooting arrows at the enemies of the people.

 

Raijin's companion is the demon Raiju. In Japanese art, the deity is known to challenge Fūjin, the wind god.

 

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LadyL's curator insight, May 2, 5:01 AM

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