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Pegasus

Pegasus | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 "The famous immortal, winged horse which sprang forth from the neck of Medousa when she was beheaded by the hero Perseus."

 

Pegasus is amongst the very few of so-called epic creatures which are NON-evil....

Further Info:
http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=pegasus

http://www.qwiki.com/q/Pegasus

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pegasus

 

More:

http://www.theoi.com/Ther/HipposPegasos.html

http://bit.ly/dO5eBe

 

See the:

 

Qilin:

http://bit.ly/MGbsqX

 

Pegacorn:

http://bit.ly/uTn8A5

 

Unicorn:

http://bit.ly/rBnzSy

 

Indian Cartozonon Cartazoon:

http://bit.ly/rQw4DE

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They were here and might return
Journeying the realms of virtu-reality where wo-man strives to decipher the conundrum........Note that: 1) may contain content inappropriate or scary for children. 2)In my ken, all beings thought of being gods are entities from other dimensions with supernatural powers way beyond regular human capacity. This made many people who experienced their presence misconcept them as gods, demi-gods, and.....Things are going to change when proportion of us evolves into 'luminous'
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Pegasus

Pegasus | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 "The famous immortal, winged horse which sprang forth from the neck of Medousa when she was beheaded by the hero Perseus."

 

Pegasus is amongst the very few of so-called epic creatures which are NON-evil....

Further Info:
http://www.wolframalpha.com/input/?i=pegasus

http://www.qwiki.com/q/Pegasus

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pegasus

 

More:

http://www.theoi.com/Ther/HipposPegasos.html

http://bit.ly/dO5eBe

 

See the:

 

Qilin:

http://bit.ly/MGbsqX

 

Pegacorn:

http://bit.ly/uTn8A5

 

Unicorn:

http://bit.ly/rBnzSy

 

Indian Cartozonon Cartazoon:

http://bit.ly/rQw4DE

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Fylgjur

Fylgjur | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


Remember the cats, ravens, and other familiar spirits who are often the companions of witches in Scandinavian folktales?


These are fylgjur (pronounced “FILG-yur”) in the plural and fylgja (pronounced “FILG-ya”) in the singular.


Fylgjur usually appear in the form of an animal and commonly appear during sleep, but the sagas relate that they could appear while a person is awake as well, and that seeing one's fylgja is an omen of one's impending death. However, when fylgjur appear in the form of women, they are then supposedly guardian spirits for people or clans


In a sense, this helping spirit can be seen as the totem of a single person rather than of a group.


Fylgja literally translates as “follower,” but, as often as not, it’s depicted as travelingahead of its owner, arriving at the intended destination before its owner or appearing in the dreams of someone who will meet the owner the following day.


Intriguingly, the term is also applied to the afterbirth, but the connection is mysterious and unclear.

http://bit.ly/1HCIKqn


Golther describes the Fylgja or “Folgerin” (Following being) as an inherent feature of man, his soul, which becomes visible to its bearer only at the moment of his death, but in some rare cases during his life-time, too.


It is said to adopt the features of the person himself, if it does not show itself in the shape of an animal, which reflects his nature. Thus a child may be accompanied by a bird, while a warrior might have a wolf or a bear at his side.


Eventually, however, that spirit changed into a female protector, a goddess of fate, watching over one individual man or his whole kin.


The Fylgja is an attendant spirit whose well-being is intimately tied to that of its owner – for example, if the fylgja dies, its owner dies, too. Its character and form are closely connected to the character of its owner; a person of noble birth might have a bear fylgja, a savage and violent person, a wolf, or a gluttonous person, a pig.

http://bit.ly/11LXAtp


The noun Fylgja (feminine singular) is derived from the verb Fylgja. This has various meanings:

  • to follow
  • to accompany
  • to belong
  • to help
  • support
  • align
  • need
  • keep inside
  • have
  • to follow as a concubine


As a noun, it is translated as:

  • support
  • help
  • (female) companion
  • guardian spirit
  • protective spirit
  • follower

http://bit.ly/1FhgW8M



Further on the animal Fylgja

The animal fylgja motif is sometimes blended with the húgr-motif. [Húgr (masculine singular) means “intent”, “desire”, “thought”, “soul”, “heart” and seems to have been a part of the human soul that could move outside of the body in animal shape]. 


Manna hugir ["the intents of men"] sometimes replace the term manna fylgjor [the “followers” of men] and usually then appear in the shape of wolves. Wolves, being associated with fierce passion and desire (or greed and hunger) are closely connected to the húgr. The other animals appear as manna fylgjor...



The Woman Fylgja

When it comes to the woman fylgja, they are also known by many other names such as:

Ófridarfylgja, óvinarfylgja, kynfylgja, ættarfylgja,[“unpeace-follower”, “enemy-follower”, “friend-follower”, “clan-follower” - describing what kind of fylgja she is] and fylgjukona draumkona, dís, spádís and hamingja[follower-woman, dream-woman, goddess, prophecy-goddess, shape-walker].


The animal and the woman fylgja share a name and one common function: They may appear to others before her human person arrives, thus warning others of her human`s approach.


Different sources describe the woman fylgja differently. In the förnaldarsögur, she is usually described as a dís [goddess]. This choice of words I [Else Mundal] see as an example of a conscious attempt to make the stories appear more archaic.


In the king sagas, the dominant way of describing a woman fylgja is by the word hamingja [shape-walker]...


The Relationship between the Woman Fylgja and the Dísir

We have seen that the woman fylgja often is called dís in the sources.


It seems obvious that we have to do with the same female entity both where she is called fylgja and where she is called dís, but the worddís is not necessarily connected to the woman fylgja.


...the woman fylgja belongs to the same category as the nornir and thevalkyrjur. Dís is a common name for all the supernatural female entities...


The word is also used for its poetical value. If one is to make a distinction between the woman fylgjur and the dísir, it is that the worddís has a wider meaning.


The noun dís (pl.dísir) is etymologically connected to the Old Indian dhisanas – used to describe female goddesses of fertility


The word also exists in the Germanic languages. Old Saxon: ides, Old High German: itis, Old English:ides.


According to Folke Ström, the dísir, nornir and valkyrjur have an inner connection, whereas the womanfylgja stands outside. She originates in conceptions about the soul and thus has a different origin than thedísir although they sometimes are blended.


Adding to these, there are more unspecialized dísir who could be defined as protective spirits of particular clans, a blending between the dís and the animal fylgja.


Several scholars (especially Turville-Petre and Anne Holtsmark) emphasize the difference between thedísir, who were the objects of cultic worship, and the other female entities, who apparently were not.


Others, such as Ström to a certain degree, (but making an exception out of the fylgjur) and P.A.Munch, argue that they are all called dísir and that they were all worshipped together as dísir.


They seem to separate the dísir from the fylgjur by saying that the former were deities worshipped in a cultic setting, while the latter were connected to the souls of people and thus more related to the animal fylgja...



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Capricornus, Capricorn, See-Goat

Capricornus, Capricorn, See-Goat | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


The representation of CAPRICORNUS, The Sea-Goat or Goat-Fish, as a creature with the head and body of a goat and the tail of a fish, may well have originated from Assyro-Babylonian depictions of their god of wisdon Oannes, who was half-man, half-fish...


Images of the creature represented by Capricornus, often with the head and body of a goat and the tail of a fish (a sea-goat), have been found in 3000 B.C.E. year-old Babylonian tablets. Recognition of the constellation is probably even older...


In Greek folklore, the constellation is sometimes identified as Amalthea, the goat that suckled the infant Zeus after his mother, Rhea, saved him from being devoured by his father, Cronos...


The goat's broken horn was transformed into the cornucopia or horn of plenty. 


Capricornus is also sometimes identified as Pan, the god with a goat's head, who saved himself from the monster Typhon by giving himself a fish's tail and diving into a river...


The best explanation of the Capricorn goat comes from the Capricorn zodiac sign myth that was discovered in the writings known as the Scriptures of Delphi...Basically the sea goats came from the first sea goat, Pricus, who was created by the god Cronos.


The legend goes that eventually all the sea goats made their way inevitably to land where they became the four-legged goats that we know today, leaving Pricus as the sole sea goat and the figure in Capricorn tales. This, naturally, explains why there are no sea goats today...

http://bit.ly/1t39Sts

http://bit.ly/1yPMX7l



Note:

Capricornus (The Sea Goat) Constellation — Location: Zodiac constellation, visible in both hemispheres; Coordinates: Right Ascension: 21h; Declination: -20; Source: Ancient, Babylonian and Greek folklore. 


Resources:

http://bit.ly/1CHe1mF

http://bit.ly/11S0Tjt

http://bit.ly/1prH8EH

http://bit.ly/1yPMX7l

http://bit.ly/1CHih5H

http://bit.ly/1vyjrjT



See Rhea:

http://sco.lt/6eQhP7



Post ImagE: http://bit.ly/1y7ErgT


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Magni

Magni | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


Magni (meaning mighty), the god of Strength in Norse folklore, has been following in the footsteps of his father Thor, god of Thunder, in ways that go beyond Norse mythos.


As champions of humans and defenders against the forces of evil, Magni and Thor were considered more important and popular than the other gods who resided in Asgard.


Magni is one of three siblings that Thor and his mistress the giantess Jarnsaxa bore.


Thor and his family were members of the Aesir (sky gods) and resided in Asgard - the realm or "heaven" of Norse sky gods - ruled by the principal god (and Magni's grandfather) Odin.


The Aesir were usually at odds with the Vanir (Earth Gods). This tension often resulted in conflicts with human in the middle of it.


In his early years, Magni set himself apart by saving his own father from certain death. Thor had defeated a stone Giant, yet was trapped under the crushing weight of this beast's leg.


The other gods couldn't release him. Thus, fearing the end was near, Thor sent for Magni to say his farewell.


However, Magni wasn't ready to say farewell to his dad. Instead, he assessed the situation and boasted:" I could've clobbered this beast, if you called for me earlier." With that, Magni pulverized the rock leg into pebbles and freed his father.


That was at the age of three, and from that moment on, he became known as the god of Strength...


Later, the Aesirs and the Vanir led by Loki (another devious trickster god of fame and infamy) went into all-out war.


According to Norse folklore, the battle will eventually result in what is called Ragnarok in which gods and humanity were to be affected by a war of "Armageddon" style proportions.


Oddly enough, this doomsday was prophesized and the gods knew who would live or die.


In this case, the prophesy tells of a victory by the forces of good (Aesir) in which Magni and Modi (god of wrath) lead them to victory...


It is argued however that Magni and Modi are not gods at all...

> Poetic Edda:

  Magni is mentioned among the survivors of Ragnarök in the Poetic Edda Vafþrúðnismál...


Magni, along with his father, has accomplished something else, lately; he has found new life in the modern mythology of the Marvel Universe...



Supportive Resources:

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Interesting on passing:

http://bit.ly/1CvKzlk

http://bit.ly/YqTRQz



O Magni!

The Hilarius Bonus:

http://bit.ly/1vfOG2D



See Thor:

http://bit.ly/Ow9BG4


See Odin:

http://sco.lt/6K9qtd

 

See Loki:

http://bit.ly/JLHZ3s



Post ImagE: http://bit.ly/1rliHy4


Mhd.Shadi Khudr's insight:

.

.

Thor. “I will counsel thee: row thy boat hither. Let us cease quarrelling; come and meet Magni's father.”


Odin. “Leave thou the river; crossing shall be refused thee.”

Thor. “Show me the way, since thou wilt not ferry me.”


Odin. “That is a small thing to refuse. It is a long way to go: a while to the stock, and another to the stone, then keep to the left hand till thou reach Verland. There will Fjörgyn meet her son Thor, and she will tell him the highway to Odin's land.”


Thor. “Shall I get there to-day?”


Odin. “With toil and trouble thou wilt get there about sunrise, as I think.”


Thor. “Our talk shall be short, since thou answerest with mockery. I will reward thee for refusing passage, if we two meet again.”


Odin. “Go thy way, where all the fiends may take thee.”


Excerpted from The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Edda, Vol. 1, by Winifred Faraday

http://bit.ly/YqXSVp


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Šala, Shala, The Ear of Grain

Šala, Shala,  The Ear of Grain | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


Šala, consort of the storm god Adad in the Sumerian folklore, is probably of non-Mesopotamian origin. The name Šala (with a long vowel in the first syllable) has no clear Akkadian or other Semitic etymology. The name may derive from the Hurrian šāla, 'daughter'...


The Standard Babylonian astronomical text Mul-Apin equates the constellation "The Furrow" (Virgo) with "Šala, the ear of grain" (Mul-Apin, Tablet I line 52)...The brightest star in Virgo is still known today as Spica (L. "ear of grain").


Šala's genealogy is unclear. In god lists she is equated with Medimša (the traditional wife of Iškur) and four other Sumerian goddesses...  


Šala carries a double-headed mace-scimitar embellished with lion heads and is believed to be a patron of power over crop fertility.



Further Info: 

http://bit.ly/1tKZEfV

http://bit.ly/1zTodah

http://bit.ly/1lAoEFw

http://bit.ly/VW8qdp

http://bit.ly/1pRF0cR

 


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Pap-nigin-gara, Panigara

Pap-nigin-gara, Panigara | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


Panigara (lord of the boundary stone) is the Akkadian and Babylonian god of war, syncretised with Ninurta.



Supportive:
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See Ninurta:

http://sco.lt/7l903F



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Ullr, Ull, Wulþuz, Ollerus, Ullur

Ullr, Ull, Wulþuz, Ollerus, Ullur | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


Ullr is a very old god of the northern lands, in Norse folklore, so old that by the time the Iron Age Norse myths were written down, not much more was known about him except that he was a god of archery, hunting, and the winter.


Ullr's father was an otherwise unknown figure, thought to be a frost-giant, in order to help explain the predilections of his son.


His mother was Sif, so Thor was Ullr's stepfather.


His name (Ull means glory) occurs so frequently as part of Scandinavian place-names that he must have been a much more important deity at one time.


He was shown frequently with skates or skis on his feet, and because of this he has been hailed as the modern god of Skiing.


One story talks about him "crossing water on a magic bone", alluding to crossing the frozen ice on skates.


He was also called god of the Shield, and the shield was referred to as his "ship", which may be a reference to using a shield or shield-shaped board as a sled … or to the ice of winter enveloping the world like a shield...

 

A powerful god, he took control of Midgard and Asgard every year when Odin snowbirded for the winter.


Ullr sent out the Aurora Borealis to light the sky during the period of the longest nights.     

.

.

The Elder or Poetic Edda; commonly known as Saemund's Edda. Edited and translated with introd. and notes by Olive Bray. (1908)   When Odin returned, Ullr retreated. While he had an Alps-top or frozen northlands home, he was also said to have spent his summers with the death goddess Hel. 

http://abt.cm/1wIAtL5



Some have attempted to equate Ullr with the sky god Tyr, who was the Germanic version of the highest god of the Proto-Indo-Europeans, from whom the Norse and other Germanic peoples are descended...

http://bit.ly/1o9SK0h



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See Odin:

http://bit.ly/1wJ6pPC


See Hel:
http://sco.lt/58uY7d


See Thor:

http://bit.ly/LmIWJD


See Tyr:

http://bit.ly/TEbL00



Post ImagE: http://bit.ly/VtMQOb


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Mngwa, Nunda

Mngwa, Nunda | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


The Mngwa, which means the strange one, is described as an overly aggressive, unknown, big cat roughly the size of a donkey reported to roam the East African countries of Tanzania and Kenya...


It has creepy yellow eyes, sharp deadly teeth and huge razor like claws.Its fur is a dark grey with black stripes and spots, similar to a nowadays domesticated tabby cat.


Its body is said to sport some hairless spots from victims clutching and ripping patches as they attempted to free themselves.

http://bit.ly/1jK4SUS


The natives of the area have known of the Mngwa for centuries but it wasn’t until the 1900’s that the English first became away of this powerful creature sometimes referred to as the great grey ghost.,,


In the 1930’s and 1940’s the Mngwa was commonly referred to by the name of Nunda, but because of two books, written by Gardner Soule, The Mystery Monsters and The Maybe Monsters, along with the help of Bernard Heuvelmans, the name Mngwa is now more frequently used...


Three possibilities come to mind. Assuming that the nunda does indeed exist, as indicated by the physical reality of unidentifiable fur and distinctive footprints, it may conceivably be a wholly unknown species, lurking undetected by science amid Tanzania's dense forests.


Alternatively, it could be an exceptionally large form of aberrantly-patterned leopard...


Thirdly, and perhaps most intriguing of all, is the identity put forward by veteran cryptozoologist Dr Bernard Heuvelmans. He has suggested that the nunda may be an undiscovered giant version of the African golden cat Profelis auratus...

http://bit.ly/1p5W6DK


The Mngwa was first mentioned in a Swahili song from the year 1150 which also mentions the Lion (Simba) the Leopard (Nsui) and the Mngwa as three different creatures proof that there is no confusion in the minds of the natives when it comes to the three creatures.

http://bit.ly/1ogUmYr


The Nunda, Eater of People is one of the Swahili fairy tales collected by Edward Steere in his 1870 anthology Swahili Tales, as told by the natives of Zanzibar. It is possible that this folktale was also the inspiration for the Nundu, a leopard-like magical creature mentioned in J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter novels...


There is an old, traditional Tanzanian folktale that tells of the Sultan Majnun's youngest son who went seeking a murderous feline monster called the nunda, which had killed his three brothers and many other hapless humans too.


Evidently not the most zoologically-knowledgeable of people, he proceeded to kill several different animals, including a zebra, a rhinoceros, an elephant, a civet, and a giraffe, each time mistakenly assuming that this must be the nunda.


Eventually, however, he encountered the real nunda, lying asleep under the shade of a tree. As large as a donkey, with distinctive brindled fur, huge claws, and enormous teeth, it was a terrifying sight, but the Sultan's son slew it as it slept, and returned home in triumph, having rid his father's kingdom of this malevolent scourge... 



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Mami Wata, Mammy Water

Mami Wata, Mammy Water | They were here and might return | Scoop.it



Mami Wata, a water-spirit, is venerated in West, Central, Southern Africa, and in the African diaspora in the Caribbean and parts of North and South America.


Mami Wata spirits are usually female, but are sometimes male.


Mami Wata is described as having long dark hair, very fair skin and compelling eyes.



The mystical pantheon of Mami Wata deities are often pictured in their most ancient primordial aspects as a mermaid, half-human or either half-fish or half-reptile. Mermaids are not a recent phenomena in African history.

http://bit.ly/1xb23Pr



Although she may appear to her devotees (in dreams and visions) as a beautiful mermaid, complete with tail, she is also said to walk the streets of modern African cities in the guise of a gorgeous but elusive woman.


She is interested in all things contemporary: some of her favorite offerings include sweet, imported perfumes, sunglasses and Coca-Cola!!


Nonetheless, the spirit appears to be related to other water spirits (known in Igbo, a language of southeastern Nigeria, as ndi mmili) who have a much longer history on the continent...


As other supernatural beings become absorbed into the figure of Mami Wata, the spirit often takes on characteristics unique to a particular region or culture. In Trinidad and Tobago, for example, Maman Dlo plays the role of guardian of nature, punishing overzealous hunters or woodcutters. She is the lover of Papa Bois, a nature patron...



Read More:

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http://bit.ly/1rCJaFA

http://bit.ly/1rRb9Aw

http://bit.ly/1lCYmNc

http://bit.ly/1keWbVk



See Marmaid, Meman and Variation:

http://bit.ly/1nGcomS


See Seiren:

http://bit.ly/WPoUoV



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Azeban, Azban, Asban, Azaban

Azeban, Azban, Asban, Azaban | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


In the folklore of the Native American Tribes (Abenaki and Penobscot)* the Azeban is a trickster figure, Racoon deceives animals and other beings for food or other services...


The Azeban often behaves foolishly or causes trouble for others, but unlike animal tricksters in some other tribes, Azeban is not dangerous or malevolent...


In a tale that explains a raccoon's distinctive mask, the Azeban ate all his grandmother's stored acorns, so she struck him with a fire poker, burning the markings onto his face...

http://bit.ly/1gg1AcB


--------------------------------------

*The traditional homeland of the Abenaki is Wobanakik (Place of the Dawn), what is now called Northern New England and Southern Quebec.



Resources:

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The Knights of Ålleberg

The Knights of Ålleberg | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


Legend in Sweden has it that there is a huge cave deep inside Ålleberg Mountain where the 12 Knights of Ålleberg are lying in wait to march forth and save their country...


The last time they were seen is thought to have been at the Battle of Åsle in 1389, when twelve knights in golden suits of armour fought with Queen Margaret's army...


It is said that the entrance to the mountain cave is hard to find. Once, a farmer was taking a load of grain to the market in Falköping.


At the foot of Ållebergs Änne mountain he met a stranger who asked him if he could buy his load. The farmer went with the stranger and they ended up in the mountain cave where the knights lay sleeping, fully clothed and ready for battle.


The farmer bumped into a bridle, which made a noise. The knights woke up and wondered if was time to take up arms.


The man who had bought the load reassured them that they could sleep soundly on...


The legend is a version of the sleeping hero or king in the mountain...



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Adar Llwch Gwin

Adar Llwch Gwin | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


Adar Llwch Gwin are giant magical birds of Welsh tradition, belonging to Drudwas ap Tryffin, often equated with Griffins...


The name derives from the Welsh words llwch ("dust") and gwin ("wine").


Adar Llwch Gwin, given to Drudwas ap Tryffin by his fairy wife, could understand human speech; they would also perform all that he commanded.


In a contest with Arthur, Drudwas ordered the birds to kill the first fighter to enter the battlefield. When Arthur himself was delayed from entering the fray, the birds attacked Drudwas himself, the first to arrive, tearing his flesh to pieces...


In the poetry of the late medieval Beirdd yr Uchelwyr [Poets of the Gentry], the phrase Adar Llwch Gwin was a synonym for hawks or falcons and a metaphor for strong, brave men...



More:

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http://bit.ly/1gorHXE



See the Griffin:

http://sco.lt/8lUlzl



Post ImagE: http://bit.ly/1iPAHgk


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Snotra

Snotra | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Snotra is a wise and gentle goddess in Norse folklore. She shows decorous of manner.

 

Guerber calls her the goddess of virtue and master of all knowledge. She knew the value of self-discipline.

 

Snotra is solely attested in the Prose Edda, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson...

 

Snotra is one of The Asynjur of Asgard. They are of no less authority and just as divine as their male counterparts...

 

 

Reources:

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http://bit.ly/18qFcqn

http://bit.ly/19PTiO8

http://bit.ly/19VjMlt

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Post Image: http://bit.ly/15MLKhX

 

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Talos, Talon, Talôs

Talos, Talon, Talôs | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


In the Greek folklore Talos, the Guardian of Crete, is the first 'bionic' ‘robot-like’ creature on earth...

 

It is said that Talos was bull-headed and was forged by Hephaestus for King Minos, with the help of the Cyclopes. However, some argue that Talos was given by Zeus to Europa when he carried her off to Crete.

"Talos is said to be created from a petition from Zeus to Hephaestus , to protect Europa from persons who would want to kidnap her."

 

Talos is a name which, according to ancient descriptions, is related directly to Zeus...On the Greek island of Crete, Zeus was also called Talios, and in the ancient Greek dialect ‘Talos’ was the name of the Sun...

 

Alternatively Talos could be figured as a sacred bull. His bronze nature suggested that he may have been a survivor from the Age of Bronze, a descendant of the brazen race that sprang from meliae "ash-tree nymphs" according to Argonautica...

http://bit.ly/1wOaSnj

 

Since Talos was a bronze man, his blood was lead, which they believed was a divine fluid (ichor), identical to that what runs in the veins of the gods. Talos' single vein was leading from his neck through his body to one of his heels, which was closed by a bronze nail or a bronze peg or a pin/membrane. 

 

Talos' purpose was to run from his seat in Phaestos around the island three times a day and to throw rocks at any foreign ship coming to Crete without permission. When people from Sardinia tried to invade Crete, Talos made himself glow in the fire and he kept everyone in a fiery embrace with a wild grimace. This led to the term "sardonic grin."

http://bit.ly/1yYdey6

 

Talos managed to defeat the enemies of Crete for many years, until his time finally came. Of course a bronze “robot” could not be killed by arrows or other weapons, as it was invulnerable, nor could it succumb to old age. Talos was killed by trickery. The legendary ship Argo, bearing Jason, Medea and the Argonauts, had a perilous journey past the Hellespont.


On reaching the south coast of Crete, the Argonauts wanted to beach the ship, rest and obtain supplies. Let’s not forget that they had already been to Colchis, where Jason stole the Golden Fleece with the aid of the witch Medea, the daughter of King Aetes of Colchis.


On leaving, he took with him both the fleece and his beloved Medea. The tale tells that Medea was the niece of Pasiphae, the wife of Minos, i.e. the queen of Minoan Crete, which may be why they chose Crete as a stopping-place on their legendary voyage.


On approaching the shore, however, they were faced with the bronze giant, who hurled rocks at them. The ship was in danger of sinking when Medea took over. She went to the side of the ship and began to talk to Talos. Chanting spells and promising him eternal life, she deceived the guileless Talos and persuaded him to remove the bronze peg from his ankle. All his “blood” ran out onto the ground and he fell lifeless.


There is a second, very similar version, in which Medea looked Talos deep in the eyes and used her magic to drive him mad. As he ran up and down in a frenzy, he struck his vulnerable point, the bronze peg snapped and he fell dead.

http://bit.ly/1vtaDHE



Addition in the Suda

The Suda tells that Talos who had been made by Hephaestus, was in possession of the Sardinians, and that when they refused to hand over the brazen man to Minos , Talos leapt into a fire, clasping them to his breast and killing them with their mouths open. From this, the Suda tells, comes the expression "sardonic laugh", which is seen in those who laugh at their own or other's troubles.

http://bit.ly/1vtcvjr



Supportive resources: 

http://bit.ly/1vt9O1A

http://bit.ly/12dYQGf

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Post ImagE: http://bit.ly/1ys6uuy


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Huldra, Hulder, Hulla

Huldra, Hulder, Hulla | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


Huldra is a seductive wood fairy or nymph of Norway that has the tail of an animal...


The word "huldra" in Norwegian means "hidden" or "covered" and the huldra is adept at hiding her fox or cow's tail and hollow back. The tail will show even when the Huldra put on long dresses to mix with mortals...


The Huldra usually appears as a beautiful woman dressed in the clothes of a common farm maiden.


The huldra can be a good or bad entity depending on the situation and storyteller.


She has been know to grant favors to those who treat her with respect and politeness, but is not so nice to those who don't.



They could kidnap men but also be kidnapped by them. In one story a man comes across an hulder on his farm and throws steel on her, which weakens her and allows him to catch her.


He than forces her to marry him and takes her to his village where he marries her in the church. The man, however, is unkind to her and constantly insulting her.


One day he insults her when she calls him in for dinner while he's out at the smithy so she goes down and grabs the red hot horseshoe he's trying to forge and bends it with her hands.


She than warns him that she could do the same to him, and from then on he is nice to her... (Kone av huldreætt)

http://bit.ly/1xoB83I

http://yhoo.it/1z8zesm



Resources:

http://bit.ly/1smGlom

http://bit.ly/1wrOvn4

http://bit.ly/1xoB83I

http://bit.ly/1zsWv9B

http://bit.ly/1zsVZIw

http://bit.ly/1smHooc

http://bit.ly/1taeOMe

http://bit.ly/1xoCyv9

http://bit.ly/1w5mQad

http://bit.ly/1z8xuzp



Post ImagE: http://bit.ly/1rANiTD


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Girra, Girru, Gerra

Girra, Girru, Gerra | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


Girru, the son of Anu and Šala, according to the first-millennium incantation series Maqlû, tablet II, lines 136-7, is the light and fire god in the Akkadian folklore and the Sumerian Gibil's counterpart. 


Girra would accompany Mesopotamians in their daily lives and as a refiner of metals he is also the patron of metallurgists... Girra demonstrated the ability to mix copper and tin...

http://bit.ly/1s5mxsZ


He was also praised in the context of construction due to his significance in the process of brick making...


Girra was equally feared for his potential as destructive fire. He was responsible for the burning of fields...The Old Babylonian tale of Girra and Elamatum describes the fire-god as an exalted champion of the gods. He fights on their behalf against the so-called ferocious evil witch of Elam...


Girra was syncretised with the younger god Nuska, another deity of fire and light. Girra and Nuska represented together the two aspects of the planet Mercury as morning and evening star, before Mercury was identified with Nabu alone ...Sometimes Girra is indistinguishable from Nuska....


on a separate note, it is argued that Girra is equated with Erra...


Also, unsurprisingly, Girra was also closely associated with Šamaš.. http://bit.ly/1vZraqX

Girra is said to be invoked to destroy evil... He is used to conveying sorcerers to the netherworld...



Supportive Resources:

http://bit.ly/1p1ksL4

http://bit.ly/1srCmNn

http://bit.ly/1xCVLtN

http://bit.ly/1vZqAJW

http://bit.ly/1s5mxsZ

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http://bit.ly/1EHXK4L

http://bit.ly/ZkuaBk

http://bit.ly/1xD5L6e

http://bit.ly/1uVFsZA



See Erra:

http://sco.lt/6cXmpV


See Shala:

http://sco.lt/7h4EG9



Very Interesting:

http://bit.ly/1sprNc8

http://bit.ly/1tOGdiF



In passing: The Bonus of Bonuses:

http://bit.ly/1vZtM8p



Post ImagE: http://bit.ly/1ym4svA


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Ninhursag, Ninkharsag, Queen of the Mountain, Lady of bearth, Nintu, Ninmenna, Ninmah, Ninmug, Ninzinak, Ninsigsig, Ninbahar, Nindim, Belet-ili

Ninhursag, Ninkharsag, Queen of the Mountain, Lady of bearth, Nintu, Ninmenna, Ninmah, Ninmug,  Ninzinak, Ninsigsig, Ninbahar, Nindim, Belet-ili | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


Ninhursag, the 'Queen of the Mountain', is the Sumerian earth and mother-goddess, and a goddess of fertility...


She is the consort of the supreme god Enki (and is as such identified with Damgalnunna).


Ninhursag is one of the oldest members of the Sumerian pantheon and has prestigious titles such as 'mother of gods' and 'mother of all children'. She is also called Nintu, "lady of bearth", and Ki, the earth.


She was the tutelary deity of the Sumerian rulers, who styled themselves "children of Ninhursag"...


Being one of the oldest of the Mesopotamian gods, Ninhursag both subsumed the characteristics of similar beings was later herself subsumed by the fertility goddess Inanna/Ishtar...


Ninhursag is typically depicted wearing a horned head-dress and tiered skirt, often with bow cases at her shoulders, and not infrequently carries a mace or baton surmounted by an omega motif or a derivation, sometimes accompanied by a lion cub on a leash...



Supportive Resources:

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http://bit.ly/1mqBuGT

http://bit.ly/XB4uQa

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http://bit.ly/XRTNZX



See Gaia:

http://sco.lt/7hb5KT


See Ishtar:

http://sco.lt/5UPoMT


See Innana:

http://sco.lt/6wb1jF



Post ImagE: http://bit.ly/1rq2Qxe


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Tefnut, Tfnt, Tefenet, Lady of the Flames

Tefnut,  Tfnt, Tefenet, Lady of the Flames | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


In Ancient Egyptian folklore, Tefnut, transliterated tfnt (tefenet), a daughter of the solar god Atum-Ra, is a goddess of moisture, moist air, dew and rain.


She is the sister and consort of the air god Shu and the mother of Geb and Nut.


Tefnut's grandchildren were Osiris, Isis, Set and Nephthys. Alongside her father, brother, children and grandchildren, she is a member of the Ennead of Heliopolis.


Her name is literally translated as "That Water".


Tefnut is also associated with Ra’s eyes, sometimes with the lunar eye and sometimes with the solar eye. As the protector of the sun god, she acquired the titles “Lady of the Flames”. Such role, she shared with several other goddesses including Sekhmet, Bast, Isis, Hathor, Mut, Wadjet, Isis and Nekhbet.

http://bit.ly/1niURkw

http://bit.ly/UfxlYV



Of the Ennead deities, she is the first one to be attached to a female nature, as other gods were believed to have a duality in nature...



However, with Atenism's emphasis upon Akhenaten and Nefertiti as Shu and Tefnut, and thus as the divine children of the Aten, a "true" monotheism is not present... Ra, Shu, Tefnut, Thoth, Ptah, Hathor, and several other deities figure prominently in texts of Atenism, and the King and Queen, in particular, identified themselves with the deities Shu and Tefnut, respectively. Amen was targeted by the main prophet of the cult, the king, likely _not_ in Year 6 of the reign (as has been traditionally proposed), but more likely in the very _late_ years of the reign (possibly as late as years 16-17), dues to the somewhat limited damage to names and figures of Amen/Mut/Khons, the erasure of the word "gods," and the personification of 'ma'at' on existent monuments....

-- Katherine Griffis-Greenberg



In one story, Tefnut apparently had a falling out with the god Ra and high-tailed it into the deserts of Nubia in Upper Egypt.


But just leaving in a rage, wasn't enough. She decided to show just how much power she held and took with her all of her water and moisture. As a result of this, Lower Egypt dried out and fell into drought.


But simply drying up Egypt in her wake wasn't enough. After taking on the brave appearance of a lioness she went on a killing spree. No man or god was safe from this angry cat!

http://bit.ly/1wE8JVW



More:

http://bit.ly/UfxlYV

http://bit.ly/1yBBiq9

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http://bit.ly/UfjiSP

http://bit.ly/1tZJS2Y

http://bit.ly/1tZJMbG

http://bit.ly/1pjhXEC



See Ra:

http://sco.lt/6FFhTd


See Geb:

http://sco.lt/512MOf


See Isis:

http://sco.lt/5Bwjlh


See Sekhmet:

http://sco.lt/8uGcPB


See Bastet:

http://bit.ly/Nk7K99


See Nephthys:

http://bit.ly/U8kxha



Post ImagE: http://bit.ly/1te3cpd


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Kabeiros, Kabeiroi, Cabiri, Cabeiri, Kabiri, Cabirus, Cabeiri

Kabeiros, Kabeiroi, Cabiri, Cabeiri, Kabiri, Cabirus, Cabeiri | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


In Greek folklore, the Kabeiroi are twin gods or daimones who presided over the orgiastic dances of the mysteries of Samothrake which were performed in honour of the goddesses Demeter, Persephone, and Hekate.


These enigmatic chthonic beings are also famed metal-workers, dwarf-like sons of the god Hephaistos, who served their father at his Lemnian forge.


The accounts of the Samothracian gods, whose names were secret, vary in the number and sexes of the gods, usually between two and four, some of either sex. However, the number of Cabeiri also varied, with some accounts citing four (often a pair of males and a pair of females) of them, and some even more, such as a tribe or whole race of Cabeiri, often presented as all male.

http://bit.ly/1mQbhPJ


Like their mother Kabeiro, the pair were also sea-divinities, who protected and came to the aid of sailors in distress.


According to Clement the Kabeiroi were three in number, but two of the brothers committed an act of fratricide. The pair later recovered the phallus of Zagreus who had been dismembered by the Titan-gods and established it in the shrine of the Mysteries.


In the Cabiri by Aeschylus, the two gods welcomed the Argonauts to their island and initiated them in a drunken orgy...


The Kabeiroi were closely identified with a number of other korybantic daimones including the Cretan Kouretes, the Trojan Daktyloi, and the Phrygian Kyrbantes.


According to some the Samothrakain Kabeiroi included not only the sons of Hephaistos, but also the Korybantic sons of the god Apollon...



Supportive:

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http://bit.ly/1okooIr

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http://bit.ly/1qN4g2H

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See Hephaistos:

http://bit.ly/1jFTu9h


See Apollon:

http://bit.ly/1rbNH2P


See Demeter:

http://bit.ly/1nZ3uvw


See Persephone:

http://bit.ly/1jFTENR



Post ImagE: http://bit.ly/1rTeGhc


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Erra; Irra

Erra; Irra | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


Erra is the god of war and plagues in the Babylonian folklore (Akkadian in particular), who later became closely associated with the underworld god Nergal.


Erra, known from an 'epos' the eighth century BCE, is an especially war-like and violent god, who is often understood to be a bringer of pestilence. There is some debate, however, regarding the exact nature of his destructive functions...


There is some debate, however, regarding the exact nature of his destructive functions.


Erra is restless and breaks into a soliloquy. He is anxious to fight and campaign, but hesitates through natural inertia. Speaking of himself in the third person...

"Warrior Erra, why do you neglect the field for the city?

"The very beats and creatures hold us in contempt!


"O warrior Erra, we will tell you, thought that we say be offensive to you!


"Ere the whole land outgrows us,


"You must surely hear our words!

The poem of Erra and Ishum (about 1000 BCE)

http://bit.ly/YE0TCd



Supportive resources:

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Erchitu

Erchitu | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


At one time in all countries of Sardinia, it was believed that men had made malvaggi (crime) during the night could be turned into animals and they came around to announce the death.


Generally transformed in Oxen and bellowed three times, before the door of the predestined, to resume human form again at dawn... As such the Erchitu can be considered as a 'wereox'...


The Erchitos can free themselves from their torment only when they encounter someone brave and strong, capable of extinguishing the candles in one puff, or capable of cutting the horns on the head with one precise shot...



Resources:

http://bit.ly/1kG0eHb

http://bit.ly/QinkIX



See werewolf:

http://bit.ly/GNvGkJ



Post ImagE: http://bit.ly/1kFZt0T


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Leucrota, Leocrocotta, Leucrocotta, Leucrocuta, Leukrokotta

Leucrota, Leocrocotta, Leucrocotta, Leucrocuta, Leukrokotta | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

The leucrota is a a psychotic beast with a borderline sociopathic mindset from the Medieval era.

 

It is a a composite animal; a cross between a hyena-like luvecerviere beast and lion.

 

Pliny the Elder (Roman author, naturalist, and natural philosopher, as well as naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire) describes the leucrota as a hyena-like creature, which he calls "the swiftest of all beasts, about the size of an ass, with a stag's haunches, a lion's neck, tail and breast, badger's head, cloven hoof, mouth opening right back to the ears, and ridges of bone in place of rows of teeth—this animal is reported to imitate the voices of human beings."

 

There is often some confusion between the more wolf like Crocotta and the more lion like Leucrocotta and in some cases the two are looked upon as the same creature. Clearly meant to be two different types of animals, authors of bestiaries often mistook them for one another due to there alleged blood relation, similarity in name and there supposed ability to speak with a human voice.

 

Though this creature is shrouded in folktales and mystery it is often thought that the hyena may have been the bases for the Leucrota, however most researchers simply dismiss the creature as pure fiction...

http://bit.ly/19JjDPm

 

The leucrocotta is specifically mentioned in Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell (the 2004 first novel by British writer Susanna Clarke), in the chapter "Leucrocota, the Wolf of the Evening", where the titular character names another person in the book as one, as a reference to his personality and lifestyle...

 

...Vocal mimicry...

Leucrotas speak in voices chosen to lure their target away, where they proceed to feast upon the still living individual...

“...And the man who has been called approaches…but when it has drawn him away from his fellow-workers and has got him alone, it seizes and kills him and then makes a meal of him after luring him on with its call...”

 

 

Resources:

http://bit.ly/1dpZGl1

http://bit.ly/19K9ogU

http://bit.ly/1apfU9R

http://bit.ly/1lB0tAA

http://bit.ly/19JjDPm

http://bit.ly/1eWAExe

http://bit.ly/1aphc4K

http://bit.ly/1hgSQlA

http://bit.ly/1cnjKju

 

 

Image adapted from: http://bit.ly/1eWCka5

 

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Charon, Kharon, The ferryman

Charon, Kharon,  The ferryman | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


In ancient Greek , Charon or Kharon, the son of Erebus and Nyx, is the ferryman of Hades who carries souls of the newly deceased across the rivers Styx and Acheron that divided the world of the living from the world of the dead...


A coin to pay Charon for passage, usually an obolus or danake, was sometimes placed in or on the mouth of a dead person.


Some authors say that those who could not pay the fee, or those whose bodies were left unburied, had to wander the shores for one hundred years.


In the catabasis mytheme, heroes — such as Heracles, Orpheus, Aeneas, Dionysus and Psyche — journey to the underworld and return, still alive, conveyed by the boat of Charon...


The Etruscans of central Italy identified him with one of their own underworld daimones who was named Charun after the Greek figure.


He was depicted as an even more repulsive creature with blue-grey skin, a tusked mouth, hooked nose and sometimes serpent-draped arms. His attribute was a large, double-headed mallet...

http://bit.ly/1lP3vo0



Living persons who wish to go to the underworld need a golden bough obtained from the Cumaean Sibyl...


Given the fact that they need two trips, Charon charges significantly more... Several Greek and Roman authors wrote about traveling to the Underworld, usually with the assistance of an experienced guide. Dante, for example, wrote The Inferno, and the Aeneid by Virgil also features a trip to the Underworld...


Incidentally, for anyone concerned about paying the ferryman, his going rate in Ancient Greece was an obolus, a silver coin worth a sixth of a drachma. Since Greece has now switched over to the Euro, along with other members of the European Union, Charon would probably accept a Euro coin, and he may be open to other currencies as well.

http://bit.ly/1iNKPWi



Resources:

http://bit.ly/1lP3vo0

http://bit.ly/1nWbq5e

http://bit.ly/1rSzeVs

http://bit.ly/1g0WzyU

http://bit.ly/1iNKPWi

http://abt.cm/1i9QBQr

http://bit.ly/JzzV6H

http://bit.ly/1fINDUf


 

See Nyx:

http://sco.lt/6TlblJ


See Hades:

http://sco.lt/7GJ5Gr


See Dionysus:

http://sco.lt/94PYEz



Bonus:

http://riverstyx.com/



Post ImagE: http://bit.ly/1rSAN5K


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Alphyn, Awfyn, Alfin

Alphyn, Awfyn, Alfin | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


Alphyn is a wonderful wolf creature featured in heraldry.


It sports a dragon's scaly underbelly and forelimbs, a long knotted tail, large pointed ears, and a thin, pointed tongue.


The Alphyn has a thick mane and long thin tongue. It also possesses a notable characteristic that is itsknotted tail, reminiscent of Celtic design and similar to that of the Griffin...


Sometimes it is depicted as having an eagle's or dragon's talons on its forelegs, other times they are cloven, like a goat's.


Occasionally all four feet are depicted as having the claws of a lion.


In English heraldry, the Alphyn was used as a heraldic badge of the Lords de la Warr, and also appeared on the guidon held by the knight in the Milleflour Tapestry in Somerset...


It is argued that this heraldic beast derives from an Arabic chess piece, the equivalent of the European knight of the chessboard.


The Arabic name for this piece is 'al-fil' and it is usually depicted as an elephant...



Resources:

http://bit.ly/1gIMMBf

http://bit.ly/1ojxnwe

http://bit.ly/1lyMbFl

http://bit.ly/1htxFvb



See the Griffin:

http://sco.lt/8lUlzl



Post ImagE: http://bit.ly/1i8WDhv



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Cerridwen

Cerridwen | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


Cerridwen (Ker-RID-Wen) is one of the Old Ones, one of the great megalithic pre-Christian goddesses of the Celtic World...


Although, in her story, she embodies all three lunar aspects of the goddess, maiden, mother and crone...


Cerridwen is reognised for her Crone aspect, by and through her Cauldron of Wisdom, Inspiration, Rebirth and Transformation...


The cauldron has an intimate association with femininity, together with the cave, the cup and the chalice, and the association of femininity with justice, wisdom and intelligence goes back to very ancient times...


Like the Greek goddess, Demeter, and the Egyptian goddess, Isis, Cerridwen was the great Celtic Goddess of inspiration, intelligence and knowledge, and was invoked as a law-giver and sage dispenser of righteous wisdom, counsel and justice...


Ceridwen has the power to transform herself into many different creatures...


The cauldron of Ceridwen was magical in which she was creating a broth to make her terribly ugly son terribly wise. Gwion was charged with stirring it, but consumed some of the magical elixir.


Ceridwin pursued Gwion in a chase filled with metamorphoses. After she overcame him as a hen with Gwion changed into an ear of corn, Ceridwin ate him and then gave birth Taliesin, whom she sent away in a coracle...

http://abt.cm/1frLBkE



Supportive:

http://bit.ly/1dYcn3a

http://bit.ly/M53dLw

http://abt.cm/1frLBkE

http://bit.ly/1dB3fWC

http://bit.ly/1jJx1fH

http://bit.ly/1kMC9zP

http://bit.ly/1cexeTf



See Demeter:

http://bit.ly/1dYeJiy



Post ImagE: http://bit.ly/1j2r36D


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Ashratum, Asherah, ṯrt, Ashratum, Ashratu, Asherdu, Ashertu, Aserdu, Asertu

Ashratum, Asherah, ṯrt, Ashratum, Ashratu, Asherdu, Ashertu, Aserdu, Asertu | They were here and might return | Scoop.it



Asherah is a Canaanite mother-goddess, fertility, war and sea-goddess...


Several passages in the Bible may refer to the planting of a tree as a symbol of Asherah, or the setting up of a wooden object as an asherah—the Hebrew words for "tree" and "wood" are the same...


Asherah is identified as the consort of the Sumerian god Anu and Ugaritic El, the oldest deities of their respective pantheons. Other sources identified her as the consort of Baal.


This role gave her a similarly high rank in the Ugaritic pantheon. The name Dione, which like 'Elat means "Goddess", is clearly associated with Asherah in the Phoenician History of Sanchuniathon, because the same common epithet ('Elat) of "the Goddess par excellence" was used to describe her at Ugarit...


For reasons that are not clear she is associated with the sea and is often called "Asherah of the Sea." 


A number of allusions refer to Asherah though often her name is hidden by the translation "grove" instead of Asherah.


It might be that in that in the mythology that followed by the Canaanites in Palestine, Asherah and Anat had reversed roles.


It is apparent that the Canaanite tales were not uniform throughout all the Land of Canaan but that different groups had their own version of approximately the same stories...


Some accounts distinguish between Asherah, a Ugaritic mother-goddess who was the consort of Baal, and Asherah, a Canaanite mothergoddess...



Resources:

http://bit.ly/1h8JbYY

http://bit.ly/1gVFWrJ

http://bit.ly/1dd0gFA

http://bit.ly/1gdG9a1

http://bit.ly/1hSMpS2

http://ti.me/1iPo6qW

http://bit.ly/1hSM4ir

http://bit.ly/1mnCObH

http://bit.ly/1hSM2Hc

http://bit.ly/1iqaX6O

http://bit.ly/1go3NkW

http://bit.ly/1dcZKr6

http://bit.ly/1mnD4HB

http://bit.ly/1dm6kMm

http://bit.ly/1dC3OvQ

http://bit.ly/1f4KqIz



See Gaia:

http://sco.lt/7hb5KT



See Baal:

http://sco.lt/90PkG1



See Ishtar:

http://sco.lt/5UPoMT



Post ImagE adapted from: http://bit.ly/1iqd3Ui



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