They were here and might return
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Hapi, Hapy, Ahephi, Hep, Hap

Hapi, Hapy, Ahephi, Hep, Hap | They were here and might return |

Hapi (not Hapi son of Horus) is a deification of the annual flooding (inundation) of the Nile River in Ancient Egyptian folklore...


His name means Running One, probably referring to the current of the Nile.


He is typically depicted as a bearded man coloured blue or green with a large belly wearing a loincloth, having long hair and having pendulous, female-like breasts...


The annual flooding of the Nile occasionally was said to be the Arrival of Hapi...


It may be the case that originally, Hapi (or a variation on it), was an earlier name used for the Nile itself, since it was said (inaccurately) that the Nile began between Mu-Hapi and Kher-Hapi, at the southern edge of Egypt where the two tributaries entered the region (its sources are two lakes, one of which is Lake Victoria).


Nevertheless Hapi was not regarded as the god of the Nile itself but of the inundation event.


He was also considered a friend of Geb and Neper...


One of the oldest references to Hapi is in the Pyramid Texts of Unas. Hapi (here called Hep) is linked to the Nome of Kenset (including the First Cataract and the islands of Elephantine, Sahel, Philae, and others) and to (Wepwawet (the opener of the ways)...




See Geb:


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They were here and might return
Journeying the realms of virtu-reality where wo-man strives to decipher the conundrum........Note that: 1) may contain scary content. 2)In my ken, all beings thought of being gods are entities from other dimensions with supernatural powers way beyond regular human capacity. This made many people who experienced their presence misconcept them as gods, demi-gods, and.....Things are going to change when proportion of us evolves into 'luminous'
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Pegasus, Pegasos

Pegasus, Pegasos | They were here and might return |


The famous immortal, winged horse which sprang forth from the neck of Medousa when she was beheaded by the hero Perseus...


Pegasus is amongst the very few of so-called epic creatures which are NON-evil....

 Pegasos was tamed by Bellerophon, a Korinthian hero, who rode him into battle against the fire-breathing Khimaira

The horse was also placed amongst the stars as a constellation, whose rising marked the arrival of the warmer weather of spring and seasonal rainstorms...

Further Info:




See the:








Indian Cartozonon Cartazoon:

See Khimaira

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Spriggan  | They were here and might return |



Spriggans are dour, ugly, wizened warrior fairies of Cornish tradition and can be spotted in the Scottish fay lore...


Spriggans are related to the trolls of Scandinavia. ... They may be a form of a piskie...


Ghosts of old giants, spriggans are now very small but may inflate themselves into monstrous forms...


Found around cairns, cromlechs, and ancient barrows, they guard buried treasure, but are also responsible for bringing storms and the destruction of buildings and crops...



In one story, an old woman got the better of a band of spriggans by turning her clothing inside-out (turning clothing supposedly being as effective as holy water or iron in repelling fairies) to gain their loot..




Spriggans are sometimes associated with the underground spirits called knockers who could often be heard working in tin mines. 







☉☉The lingering question is Why would turning clothes inside-out keep the Faerie away



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Nart Sagas

Nart Sagas | They were here and might return |


The Nart sagas are to the Caucasus what Greek mythos is to Western civilization.


The Narts are a tribe of heroes. They were huge, tall people, and their horses were also exuberant Alyps or Durduls... They were wealthy, and they also had a state. That is how the Narts lived their lives...


The Narts were courageous, energetic, bold, and good-hearted. Thus they lived until God sent down a small swallow...


...Sosruquo. . . . A rock gave birth to him...


The Narts sagas are fascinating preserved among four related peoples whose ancient cultures today survive by a thread...


In ninety-two straightforward tales populated by extraordinary characters and exploits, by giants who humble haughty Narts, by horses and sorceresses, "Nart Sagas from the Caucasus" brings these cultures to life in a powerful epos...


In these colorful tales, women, not least the beautiful temptress Satanaya, the mother of all Narts, are not only fertility figures but also pillars of authority and wisdom.


In one variation on a recurring theme, a shepherd, overcome with passion on observing Satanaya bathing alone, shoots a "bolt of lust" that strikes a rock--a rock that gives birth to the Achilles-like Sawseruquo, or Sosruquo. With steely skin but tender knees, Sawseruquo is a man the Narts come to love and hate...


Despite a tragic history, the Circassians, Abazas, Abkhaz, and Ubykhs have retained the Nart sagas as a living tradition.


The memory of their elaborate warrior culture, so richly expressed by these tales, helped them resist Tsarist imperialism in the nineteenth century, Stalinist suppression in the twentieth, and has bolstered their ongoing cultural journey into the post-Soviet future.


Because these peoples were at the crossroads of Eurasia for millennia, their folklore exhibits striking parallels with the lore of ancient India, classical Greece, and pagan Scandinavia...


The Nart sagas may also have formed a crucial component of the Arthurian cycle. Notes after each tale reveal these parallels; an appendix offers extensive linguistic commentary.


No longer will the analysis of ancient Eurasian myth be possible without a close look at the Nart sagas. And no longer will the lover of myth be satisfied without the pleasure of having read them...



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      ≋≋      ۵۵۵








Reviewed by 
Victor Friedman 


Reviewed by
David Elton Gay 

...The "Nart" sagas, Scythian oral traditions of the Caucasus passed down to their descendants, hold great praise for their women warriors, as led by the valorous Queen Amezan: "The women of that time could cut out an enemy's heart … yet they also comforted their men and harbored great love in their hearts."


The sagas point to the possibility of a Caucasian etymology for the Greeks' nomenclature of "Amazon." Mayor's work also clears up confusion over whether the word signifies women who sacrificed a breast to become better archers...


↬ Foreword, for John Colarusso's "Nart Sagas from the Caucasus" 


> Bonus

Caucasian Epics: Textualist Principles in Publishing 


> Bonus of Bonuses
The Connection between the Nart Sagas and Arthurian Legends 



Post Image     ...Chronicles of the Sagas     


Mhd.Shadi Khudr's insight:

While on the Subject: "A new, important resource for those with a general interest in the lore of the North Caucasus, in comparative mythology, and in linguistics. . . . Colarusso's familiarity with the Indo-European traditions is seen in the copious commentaries and notes accompanying the sagas. Meticulous and at times very detailed, they not only serve as a guide to a better understanding of the sagas themselves, but provide an introduction to the vast field of Eurasian myth. . . . Colarusso is to be congratulated for this splendid contribution to the field, for his scholarship, for his devotion to the subject, and for bringing this collection of Nart sagas to us." Patricia Arant, Slavic and East European Journal


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Ptah, Tah, Phthah

Ptah, Tah, Phthah | They were here and might return |


I (Ramses III) made for thee (Ptah) a mysterious shrine of Elephantine granite, established with work forever, of a single block, having double doors of bronze, of a mixture of six (parts), engraved with thy august name, forever. Ptah, Sekhmet, and Nefertem rest in it, while statues of the king are by their side, to present offerings before them.... ﴾﴿

Restoration of Hat-ke-ptah, the House of the ka of Ptah at Memphis
Papyrus Harris, J. H.Breasted, Ancient Records of Egypt, Part Four.



Ptah, the son of Nun and Naunet, husband of Sekhmet and the father of Nefertum and Imhotep, is the chief god of the ancient city of Memphis. He is the god of creation, the arts, fertility and of craftsmen…. He used to brought things to being by thinking of them with his mind and saying their names with his tongue. Ptah is unique amongst Egyptian creation gods in that his methods were intellectual, rather than physical.


He is depicted in the bandages of a mummy holding a sceptre or as a blacksmith.


According to the priests of Memphis, everything is the work of Ptah's heart and tongue: gods are born, towns are founded, and order is maintained…


Ptah status rose with that of his city, and by 3000 BC, when Memphis was the administrative capital of the newly-unified Egypt…§


Ptah was represented as a man in mummy form, wearing a skullcap and a short, straight false beard. As a mortuary god, he was often fused with Seker (or Soker) and Osiris to form Ptah-Seker-Osiris. ༼༽


 He is regarded as being incarnated as the Apis bull. ...The sacred bull Apis had his stall in the great temple of Ptah at Memphis and was called a manifestation of the god who gave oracles. 


 Ptah replaced Atum as the creator god, but Atum did not disappear from the new theology.




The Triad of Memphis: Ptah, Sekhmet and Nefertem











See Sekhmet


See Hephaestus


See Vulcan



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Nuppeppō, Nuppefuhō

Nuppeppō, Nuppefuhō | They were here and might return |


Nuppeppō is a genderless Yōkai ("monster" or "goblin") described in Japanese folklore the as having a flabby appearance and a pungent body odor (worse than the stench of rotting flesh (some believe that the Nuppeppo is decaying flesh)..ͼ(ݓ_ݓ)ͽ   ಥ_ಥ   ಠ益ಠ)


Nuppeppō appears as a blob of flesh with a hint of a face in the folds of fat. Legend has it that the mythical "Blobby" is a passive, benign being who harmlessly wanders around deserted graveyards, temples and villages. ͼ(ݓ_ݓ)ͽ


Though largely amorphous, fingers, toes, and even rudimentary limbs may be attributed as features amidst the fold of skin...ಠ益ಠ)


The name Nuppeppō is a corruption of the derogatory slang Nupperi used to describe a woman who applies too much makeup. This is most likely a reference to the creature's saggy appearance, which is similar to the sagging of a face under heavy makeup...ಠ益ಠ)



Despite its odious nature, eternal youth allegedly awaits those who eat the skin of the lumpy spook and, altogether, it's hard not to find the 'the Blob' of Japanese legend just a little appealing..ಥ_ಥ 


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Gnowee | They were here and might return |


Gnowee is the sun goddess of an aboriginal people of southeast Australia.
The legend goes that Gnowee once lived on the earth at a time when the sky was always dark and people walked around carrying torches in order to see.
One day while Gnowee was out gathering yams, her baby son wandered off. She set out to search for him, carrying a huge torch, but never found him.
To this day she still climbs the sky daily, carrying her torch, trying to find her son via... Pantheon
#  ,  ~~  ,  ///


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Gula | They were here and might return |


Beyond the role of the ashipu and the asu, there were other means of procuring health care in ancient Mesopotamia. One of these alternative sources was the Temple of Gula.


Gula is the Sumerian goddess of healing and the patroness of medicine. Her consort is Ninurta. The dog is her symbolic animal.  ... She is usually depicted surrounded by stars with her dog by her side.


Gula is often identified with Nin'insina, the tutelary goddess of Isin.

She is also associated with the underworld.


In his book Illness and Health Care in the Ancient Near East: the Role of the Temple in Greece, Mesopotamia, and Israel, Hector Avalos states that not only were the temples of Gula sites for the diagnosis of illness (Gula was consulted as to which god was responsible for a given illness), but that these temples were also libraries that held many useful medical texts.



And her dog  



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Far darrig, Fear dearg

Far darrig, Fear dearg | They were here and might return |


The far darrig or fear dearg, a faerie of Irish lore, is a near relation to the leprechaun, with similar features and a short stocky body.


His face is splotched yellow. He dresses in red from his hat to his tail-trailing cape to the woolen stockings which cling to his calves. This is the reason he is called the far darrig or red man.


He is known not only for his color but for his delight in mischief and mockery.


He can be a gruesome practical joker. He manipulates his voice, emitting sounds like the thudding waves on the rocks or the cooing of pigeons.


His favorite is the dull, hollow laugh of a dead man; which he makes sound as if it's coming from the grave. He has also been known to give evil dreams.


With all his pranks, the far darrig desires not to do harm but to show favor... URL




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4 ✹✹✹✹

5 ✹✹✹✹✹✹



See the Leprechaun



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Nikkal, Nikkal-wa-Ib

Nikkal, Nikkal-wa-Ib | They were here and might return |

Nikkal, the Syrian moon-goddess of the Ugarits and later of the Phoenicians, is  married to the moon-god Jarih, and their marriage is lyrically described in the Ugaritic text Nikkal and the Kathirat.

Nikkal is also a goddess of orchards, whose name means "Great Lady and Fruitful" and derives from Akkadian / West Semitic "´Ilat ´Inbi" meaning "Goddess of Fruit".

The oldest incomplete annotated piece of ancient music is a Hurrian song, a hymn in Ugaritic cuneiform syllabic writing which was dedicated to Nikkal......"The Hymn to Nikkal"...*****

Nikkal's Sumerian equivalent is the goddess Ningal.








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Liluri | They were here and might return |

In the lore of the Levant, little is known about Liluri, the ancient Syrian mountain goddess, consort of the weather god Manuzi...

It has been said that bulls were sacrificed to both of them...

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The Post Image is adapted from the following link whereby you can order the Oil on Canvas (The Goddess Art of Jonathon Earl Bowser*)


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Lorelei, Loreley

Lorelei, Loreley | They were here and might return |

According to German legend, there was once a beautiful young maiden, named Lorelei, who threw herself headlong into the river in despair over a faithless lover.

Upon her death she was transformed into a siren and could from that time on be heard singing on a rock along the Rhine River, near St. Goar.

Her hypnotic music lured sailors to their death. The legend is based on an echoing rock with that name near Sankt Goarshausen, Germany...

I'm looking in vain for the reason,
That I am so sad and distressed;
A tale known for many a season,
Does not allow me to rest.

Cool is the air in the twilight
And quietly flows the Rhine;
The mountain glows with a highlight,
From the evening sun's last shine.

The fairest of maiden's reposing,
So wonderfully up there.
Her golden jewelry disclosing,
She's combing her golden hair.

She combs it with a comb of gold
And meanwhile is singing a song;
A melody strangely bold
And unbelievably strong.

The bargeman in his small craft
Is seized with longings and sighs.
He sees not the rocks fore and aft,
He looks only at her and the skies.

It looks like the waves are flinging,
Both man and boat to their end;
That was what with her singing,
The Lorelei did intend.

Lore Ley from Heinrich Heine


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Heryshaf, Hershef, Herishef, Herysaf, Heryshef, Terrible Face, Terrible Face, Arsaphes, Harsaphes, Ruler of the Riverbanks

Heryshaf, Hershef, Herishef, Herysaf, Heryshef, Terrible Face, Terrible Face, Arsaphes, Harsaphes, Ruler of the Riverbanks | They were here and might return |

Heryshaf (Heri-shef, 'he who is on his lake') is an ancient ram-god whose cult was centered in Middle Egypt at Herakleopolis Magna (now Ihnasiyyah al-Madinah)...

Heryshaf is a fertility god and said to have emerged from the primordial waters. He is depicted as a ram or as a human with a ram's head. His feet rested on earth but his head was in the sky where his right eye was the sun and his left eye was the moon.

Heryshaf is sometimes depicted with four heads.

He is often seen to be the personification of the souls of Osiris and Ra. The Greeks equated Hershef with Herakles.

Chapter 175 of the Book of the Dead associates the lake of Herakleopolis with the blood of Osiris which he lost as the result of an injury incurred by wearing the heavy royal crown. It also explains why blood plays an important role in the rituals of Harsaphes, who had an offering and purification cult near the lake; it is the blood of Seth that poured from his nose when he bowed before Osiris, and which was buried by Re in the ground...

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Noppera-bō | They were here and might return |

A lazy fisherman who decided to fish in the imperial koi ponds near the Heian-kyō palace.

Despite being warned by his wife about the pond being sacred and near a graveyard, the fisherman went anyway.

On his way to the pond, he is warned by another fisherman not to go there, but he again ignores the warning.

Once at the spot, he is met by a beautifull young woman (Noppera-bō ) who pleads with him not to fish in the pond. He ignores her and, to his horror, she wipes her face off.

Rushing home to hide, he is confronted by what seems to be his wife, who chastises him for his wickedness before wiping off her facial features as well...

Noppera-bō or faceless ghost, is a Japanese legendary creature.

Noppera-bo are apparently harmless. They do nothing more than scare the ever-loving crap out of unsuspecting people. As for why they do this, well, their motives are unclear.

They often appear initially in human form, often as someone who is familiar to their potential victim.

Once they’ve ingratiated themselves to the victim, or otherwise attracted their attention, they then go full horror act on the poor person..


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Kamrusepa | They were here and might return |


Kamrusepa is the Hittite goddess of healing,  medicine, and magic. She is the mother of the sea god Aruna...


Kamrusepa is involved in the Telepinu Myth, about the "missing" vegetation god. 


The Hittite lore tells that Kamrusepa  enlisted the help of a human to perform a ritual to remove the anger of an angry god, Telepinu. She used the following ingredients during her ritual: ceder essence, sap, chaff, grain, sesame, figs, olives, grapes, ointment, malt, honey, cream and oil.


Upon completion of the ritual she sacrificed 12 rams of the sun gods and directed Telepinu's anger into the Underworld.   










► The question is Who were the 'Hittites'?




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Yarhibol, "lord of the spring"

Yarhibol, "lord of the spring" | They were here and might return |


Yarhibol is the Palmyrene sun-god whose name means "messenger of Bel".


He was depicted with a solar nimbus and styled "lord of the spring"…


With the sky-god Bel and the moon-god Aglibol, Yarhibol forms a powerful triad.


"The three gods on the reverse can be interpreted, on convincing iconographic grounds, as the so-called ‘triad of Bel’: Bel and his ‘acolytes’ Yarhibol (the sun) and Aglibol (the moon).


As is well known, these are the three gods to whom the north adyton of the great temple of Bel was dedicated in AD 32, on the sixth day of Nisan, as an inscription from thirteen years later records…a simplification of the actual cultic situation…


The fact that in AD 32 the temple was dedicated jointly to Bel and Yarhibol and Aglibol, is generally interpreted as the direct result of a priestly intervention, the creation of a new ‘triad’ on theological grounds. However, it is equally possible, if not more likely, that this joint dedication has to be explained simply as the initiative of the benefactor who paid for the north adyton…


An inscription from AD 127 points to the group of Bel, Yarhibol, Aglibol and Astarte having become a divine constellation in its own right by then…


If this hypothesis is correct, one could further suggest, with regard to the representation of Bel, Yarhibol and Aglibol on the Palmyrene coin, that the so-called ‘triad of Bel’, originally put together at the whim of one benefactor, had grown into a true civic symbol for Palmyra by the second century, when the city started to mint its own coins…" 




             ☀☀            ☀☀☀       

                ☀☀☀☀      ☀☀☀☀☀

 ☀☀☀☀☀☀      ☀☀☀☀☀☀☀ 




See Bel = Baal


See Hēlios



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Demogorgon, Demoirgon, Emoirgon, Demogorgona

Demogorgon, Demoirgon, Emoirgon, Demogorgona | They were here and might return |


The Demogorgon is much, much older than 'Stranger Things,' or even 'Dungeons & Dragons.'...


Demogorgon is a mysterious primordial demonic entity of the underworld….King Arthur was said to have gone into the cave that was the home of the demogorgon on his way to Morgan's palace…


The origins of the name Demogorgon, too terrible a name to say or spell out, are not entirely clear , though the most prevalent scholarly view now considers it to be a misreading of the Greek 'demiurge') based on the manuscript variations in the earliest known explicit reference in Lactantius Placidus…


The name Demogorgon is introduced in a discussion of Thebaid 4.516, which mentions 'the supreme being of the threefold world' (triplicis mundi summum); in a mystical passage that seems to show influence, as it mentions Moses and Isaiah); the author says of Statius, Dicit deum Demogorgona summum.... Prior to Lactantius, there is no mention of the supposed "Demogorgon" anywhere by any writer, pagan or Christian.


Alcina the fairy visits Demorgogon in his infernal pal ace:

“Aquí Demogorgon está sentado
en su banco fatal, cuyo decreto
de las supremas causas es guardado
por inviolable y celestial preceto.
Las parcas y su estambre delicado
a cuyo huso el mundo está sujeto,
la fea muerte y el vivir lúcido
y el negro lago del oscuro olvido”
— (Libro II, estrofa 19)of the epic poem El Bernardo written in Mexico by Bernardo de Balbuena and published in Spain in 1624…


With Dungeons & Dragons, the monster finally took shape: Standing 18 feet tall, it had a scaly, reptilian body, tentacle arms, and two giant baboon heads. It could charm, hypnotize, drain away life force, or make you deadly ill. It was called "The Prince of Demons." Truly, chaos was its calling card.


 In Percy Bysshe Shelley's Prometheus Unbound, published in 1820, in which it overthrows Jupiter and frees the title character from 3000 years of torture. The Romantic poet imagined the Demogorgon not as a creature, but as a dark, shapeless god residing in a cave deep in the underworld...


I see a mighty darkness
Filling the seat of power, and rays of gloom
Dart round, as light from the meridian sun,
Ungazed upon and shapeless; neither limb,
Nor form, nor outline; yet we feel it is
A living spirit...








 ☞☜    ☚☛

☝☟       ☚☝





 Demogorgon Rising


 Milton's Demogorgon: "Prolusion I" and Paradise Lost"



Post Image by Igor Braulio


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Xana, Xmas

Xana, Xmas | They were here and might return |


The Xana is an Asturian water spirit/nymph of extraordinary beauty believed to live in fountains, rivers, waterfalls or forested regions with pure water.


She is usually described as small or slender with long blonde or light brown hair (most often curly), which she tends to with gold or silver combs woven from sun or moonbeams.


The origin of the Asturian word xana is unclear, though some scholars see it as a derivation from the Latin name for the goddess Diana. Both the Romanian word for "fairy," zânǎ and the Asturian word for "water nymph," xana, may be related to the name of Diana. 



References to where the mythological xanas lived are still common in Asturian toponyms. They also appear in Eastern Galician and Cantabrian lores... 


Xanas may have children, which are called xaninos, but because they cannot take care of them—xanas cannot produce milk to feed their babies—they usually take a human baby from his cradle and put their own fairy child in instead (akin to a changeling). 






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Eshmun, Eshmoun, Esmun, Esmoun, Ashmun

Eshmun, Eshmoun, Esmun, Esmoun, Ashmun | They were here and might return |
A portion of Damascius’ text is paraphrased in George Rawlinson’s History of Phoenicia (London: Longman, Greens, and Co., 1889), 335-336:

"According to Damascius, he was the eighth son of Sydyk, whence his name, and the chief of the Cabeiri. Whereas they were dwarfish and misshapen, he was a youth of most beautiful appearance, truly worthy of admiration.
Like Adonis, he was fond of hunting in the woods that clothe the flanks of Lebanon, and there he was seen by Astronoë, the Phoenician goddess, the mother of the gods (in whom we cannot fail to recognise Astarte), who persecuted him with her attentions to such an extent that to escape her he was driven to the desperate resource of self-emasculation. Upon this the goddess, greatly grieved, called him Paean, and by means of quickening warmth brought him back to life, and changed him from a man into a god, which he thenceforth remained.... "<[]>

Eshmun, Son of Sydyk. Brother of the Cabeiri<<, is the Canaanite /Phoenician and god of healing and the tutelary god of Sidon.


The god of medicine  who is usually portrayed holding a staff in his right hand around which a serpent is entwined.


It is said that the village of Qabr Shmoun (EshmUn's grave), near Beirut, still preserves the memory of the young god's tomb.*


Eshmun also symbolises the seasons' cycle: what dies and comes back to life per annum. The Phoenicians celebrated, at the onset of every spring, his suffering, death and re-birth.**


The earliest attestation of Eshmun seems to be the London Medical Papyrus, where we find, transcribed into Egyptian hieratic syllabic script, some short West Semitic magical texts, dated from the fourteenth to the seventeenth centuries bce..***



<< Eshmun is one of the Kabeiroi (Cabeiri or Cabiri), the mysterious gods of Lemnos and Samothrace, into whose mysteries the Argonauts were initiated. Interestingly, the Kabeiroi were, according to Phoenician legends, responsible for the same feat that later mythographers would assign to Argus, the creation of the first ship, a possible reason for later including these gods in the Argonaut myth... <[]>


It has long been recognised that the god Eshmun is related to the god Adonis or Tammuz.


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  ,  ,  , 



 Have a look on the Kabeiroi from a Greek perspective



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Gefjon, Gefion, Gefn, Gefjun

Gefjon, Gefion, Gefn, Gefjun | They were here and might return |


As the poet Bragi the Old says:

        Gefion dragged with laughter
        from Gylfi liberal prince
        What made Denmark larger,
        so that beasts of draught
        the oxen reeked with sweat;
        four heads they had, eight eyes to boot
        who went before broad island-pasture
        ripped away as loot.


A Goddess whose name means simply ‘giver’, Gefn was regarded by the Norse-Germanic people as a frolicsome, fertile figure and seeress who embodied the earth’s greenery. Source


This Norse goddess of unmarried women is the fourth goddess of the Æsir, following Frigg (the wife of Odin), Sága, and Eir (the best of physicians), according to The Prose Edda of Snorri Sturluson....  

Gefjon is a fertility goddess, especially connected with the plough.

She was considered the patron of virgins and the bringer of good luck and prosperity...


Gefjon created the Island of Zealand...

Gefjon was a giantess who dreamed of becoming a Goddess. With only farming skills, great strength and determination, she made her way barefoot to Asgard, only to be laughed at by Odin.


She pledged to give him whatever he wanted, and he asked for as much land in the human realm as could be crossed in a day by a fast horse.


Njord gave her advice and encouragement when she despaired, and she made her plan....She won from the Swedish king a promise: to have as much land as she could plough in a day.


To Giantland she then returned to bear four sons to the man her parents had promised her to. When they were old enough, she returned to Midgard, and with these sons taking the form of four bulls, she ploughed an island off from the mainland.


This is how she paid for and won her place in Asgard. Later she earned Hela’s permission to welcome any willing woman who died unmarried to serve her in working the land...◯◯


 Gefion could be another form of Frigg who is also known under that name.

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GEGENEES | They were here and might return |


....In the Propontis there is an island sloping steeply to the sea, close to the rich mainland of Phrygia, and parted from it only by a low isthmus barely raised above the waves.


The isthmus, with its two shores, lies east of the River Aisepos (Aesepus); and the place itself is called Bear Mountain by the people round about.


It is inhabited by a fierce and lawless tribe of aborigines, called GEGENEES,  who present an astounding spectacle to their neighbours.


Gegenees, meaning "earth-born" are the offspring of Gaia.


Each of these earthborn monsters is equipped with six great arms, two springing from his shoulders, and four below from his prodigious flanks...


The Gegenees were battled by the Argonauts* on Bear Mountain in Mysia.



...No doubt then that the Gegenes perfectly fit the role of arbiter in the primeval eris between Athena and Poseidon, a central event in the future political order of Athens. But is it only by chance that Kekrops also played witness to the birth of Erichthonius? Certainly not: we are dealing with a gegenes who mediates the advent of a second gegenes, another cultural hero who in many respects duplicated and developed the cultural features of his predecessor... URL


*Argonauts are the heroes and demigods who, according to the traditions of the Greeks, undertook the first bold maritime expedition to Colchis, a far distant country on the coast of the Euxine, for the purpose of fetching the golden fleece.... See Argonautica.



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Voltumna, Veltha

Voltumna, Veltha | They were here and might return |


In Etruscan lore, Veltha was the chthonic (earth deity related to or inhabiting the underworld), who became the supreme god of the Etruscan pantheon, the deus Etruriae princeps, according to Varro.


Voltumna's cult was centered in Volsini (modern-day Orvieto) a polis of the Etruscan Civilization of northwest Italy.


Voltumna’s equivalanet for Romans is Vertumnus.






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Buer | They were here and might return |

The 10th spirit,  wise in the art of medicine,  one of the 72 Spirits of Solomon, Buer is a demon of the second order...

Buer  appears in Sagittary, and that is his shape when the Sun is there...

Yet even more remarkable than Buer’s powers is his form, especially as captured by 19th century French painter Louis Le Breton.

The demon appears as a sardonic lion’s head encircled by five goat’s legs Others say that he appears as a starfish...

Buer appears as a "vestige" in the Dungeons & Dragons handbook, Tome of Magic. 




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Tugarin Zmeyevich, Zmey Tugarin, Zmey Tugaretin, Zmeishche Tugarishche

Tugarin Zmeyevich, Zmey Tugarin, Zmey Tugaretin, Zmeishche Tugarishche | They were here and might return |

Tugarin Zmey is a creature which personifies evil and cruelty and has a dragon-like nature; originates from East Slavic lore...


Tugarin Zmeyevich is best known from a bylina* about his duel with Alyosha Popovich**, which comes in many different versions.


When the two approach each other in a field, Tugarin is hissing like a snake and his horse is neighing like a beast. Tugarin's torso is covered with fiery snakes.


It appears that Tugarin represents the element of fire, which he uses in different forms as a weapon. He threatens to strangle Alyosha Popovich with smoke, throw fiery sparks at him, scorch him with fire, and shoot charred logs at him.


It also appears that Tugarin represents the element of water, because their duel usually takes place near the Safat River.


At the same time, Tugarin is also a dragon. He is flying in the sky flapping his paper-like wings, which fail him when it rains.


Alyosha Popovich wins the duel, cuts Tugarin's body into pieces and scatters them across the field...


Tugarin Zmeyevich is a chtonical character of an ancient dragon-fighting mythos, related to Zmey Gorynych, Fiery Dragon, etc.


In Kievan Rus, Tugarin Zmeyevich became a symbol of paganism and wild steppes full of dangers.



*Bylina (or Bylyna) is a traditional East Slavic oral epic narrative poem. 


 **Alyosha Popovich is a folk hero of Kievan Rus, a bogatyr (i.e., a medieval knight-errant). He is the youngest of the three main bogatyrs, the other two being Dobrynya Nikitich and Ilya Muromets. All three are represented together at Viktor Vasnetsov's famous painting Bogatyrs.


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Kothar-wa-Khasis, Kothar, Kathar-Wa-Hasis, Kothar-u-Khasis, Kathar-Wa-Hassis, Kusorhasisu

Kothar-wa-Khasis, Kothar, Kathar-Wa-Hasis, Kothar-u-Khasis, Kathar-Wa-Hassis,  Kusorhasisu | They were here and might return |

Kothar-wa-Khasis (“skill-and-cunning”),  ancient West Semitic god of crafts, equivalent of the Greek god Hephaestus.

Kothar was responsible for supplying the gods with weapons and for building and furnishing their palaces.

During the earlier part of the 2nd millennium bc, Kothar’s forge was believed to be on the biblical Caphtor (probably Crete), though later, during the period of Egyptian domination of Syria and Palestine, he was identified with the Egyptian god Ptah, patron of craftsmen, and his forge was thus located at Memphis in Egypt.

According to Phoenician tradition, Kothar was also the patron of magic and inventor of magical incantations; in addition, he was believed to have been the first poet...

Kothar-wa-Khasis made the wonderful bow for Aqhat and built Baal's palace. He also made Baal's maces...

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Allocamelus, Ass-camel

Allocamelus, Ass-camel | They were here and might return |

The allocamelus is an heraldic monster described as having the head of an donkey and a body with a camel’s hump; it’s sometimes called an “ass-camel” in the heraldic literature...

 It is the legendary representation of the llama.

There doesn’t seem to be a default posture for the allocamelus; the illustration shows an allocamelus statant...

A drawing made in 1558 from Holland shows the animal being towed away by a man. The creature is almost twice the height of the man possibly being 8ft tall.

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Sea Bishop, Bishop-Fish

Sea Bishop, Bishop-Fish | They were here and might return |

The sea bishop or bishop-fish is a type of sea monster reported in the 16th century.

According to legend, it was taken to the King of Poland, who wished to keep it. It was also shown to a group of Catholic bishops, to whom the bishop-fish gestured, appealing to be released.

They granted its wish, at which point it made the sign of the cross and disappeared into the sea.

Another was supposedly captured in the ocean near Germany in 1531.

It refused to eat and died after three days. It was described and pictured in the fourth volume of Conrad Gesner's famous Historiae animalium.

Whereas many of the animals documented in Historia Annimalium have been identified the Bishop Fish remains a mystery.

It has been suggested that it may have been some sort of beach squid.

The Bishop Fish was believed to be the inspiration for the Gill Man in the 1954 b-movieCreature from the Black Lagoon.

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