They were here and might return
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Nabu, Nebo

Nabu, Nebo | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

Nabu is the Mesopotamian (Sumerian and Babylonian; Assyrian, Akkadian) god of wisdom.

 

He is the son of Marduk and Sarpanitu.

 

He invented the art of writing and recorded all knowledge on clay tablets.

 

His ship was known as Iddahedu.

 

Originally, Nabu was a West Semitic deity introduced by the Amorites into Mesopotamia, probably at the same time as Marduk shortly after 2000 BC.

 

While Marduk became Babylon's main deity, Nabu resided in nearby Borsippa in his temple E-zida.

 

He was first called the "scribe and minister of Marduk", later assimilated as Marduk's beloved son from Sarpanitum.

 

During the Babylonian New Year Festival, the cult statue of Nabu was transported from Borsippa to Babylon in order to commune with his father Marduk...

 

In late Babylonian astrology, Nabu was connected with the planet Mercury.

 

As the god of wisdom and writing, he was equated by the Greeks to either Apollo or Hermes, the latter identified by the Romans with their own god Mercury.

 

Nabu is mentioned in the Nevi'im of the Tanakh as Nebo in Isaiah 46:1

 

More:

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See Apollo:

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Kasey Saeturn's curator insight, September 28, 2013 10:05 PM

I've always been interested in things like gods and to see that even back in ancient Mesopotamia there were gods that were being worshipped and even later on in history there were other eras that continued on worshipping this god as well.

They were here and might return
Journeying the realms of virtu-reality where wo-man strives to decipher the conundrum........Note that: 1) may contain scary content. 2)In my ken, all beings thought of being gods are entities from other dimensions with supernatural powers way beyond regular human capacity. This made many people who have experienced their presence mis-perceive them as gods, demi-gods, etc.....Things change when a proportion of humans evolves into 'luminous' or the exohumans return; whichever may happen first...
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Pegasus, Pegasos

Pegasus, Pegasos | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

The famous immortal, winged horse which sprang forth from the neck of Medousa when she was beheaded by the hero Perseus...

 

Pegasus is amongst the very few of so-called epic creatures which are NON-evil....


 Pegasos was tamed by Bellerophon, a Korinthian hero, who rode him into battle against the fire-breathing Khimaira


The horse was also placed amongst the stars as a constellation, whose rising marked the arrival of the warmer weather of spring and seasonal rainstorms...



Further Info:

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http://bit.ly/1exUInd


 

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Qilin:

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Pegacorn:

http://bit.ly/uTn8A5

 

Unicorn:

http://bit.ly/rBnzSy

 

Indian Cartozonon Cartazoon:

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See Khimaira

http://bit.ly/1zwmaZ4


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Weneg, Wng, Uneg

Weneg, Wng, Uneg | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Weneg is a sky and death deity from ancient Egypt, who was said to protect the earth and her inhabitants against the arrival of the "great chaos".

 

Weneg is mentioned in Pyramid Texts of the 6th Dynasty. He is addressed as "Son of Ra".

 

Weneg is also a judge of other gods, administering the cosmic laws of Ra...

 

The name ‘Weneg’ as a such is otherwise known only as the name of a fairly mysterious king from the Second Dynasty, whose chronological position and length of reign is uncertain.

 

 

PT 363; column 607c - d:
Ra comes, ferry the king over to yonder side,
as thou ferriest thy follower over,
the wng-plant, which thou lovest!

           

 

 

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See Ra

 

 

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Kamrusepa

Kamrusepa | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Kamrusepa is the Hittite goddess of healing,  medicine, and magic. She is the mother of the sea god Aruna...

 

Kamrusepa is involved in the Telepinu Myth, about the "missing" vegetation god. 

 

The Hittite lore tells that Kamrusepa  enlisted the help of a human to perform a ritual to remove the anger of an angry god, Telepinu. She used the following ingredients during her ritual: ceder essence, sap, chaff, grain, sesame, figs, olives, grapes, ointment, malt, honey, cream and oil.

 

Upon completion of the ritual she sacrificed 12 rams of the sun gods and directed Telepinu's anger into the Underworld.   

 

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► The question is Who were the 'Hittites'?

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Yarhibol, "lord of the spring"

Yarhibol, "lord of the spring" | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Yarhibol is the Palmyrene sun-god whose name means "messenger of Bel".

 

He was depicted with a solar nimbus and styled "lord of the spring"…

 

With the sky-god Bel and the moon-god Aglibol, Yarhibol forms a powerful triad.

 

"The three gods on the reverse can be interpreted, on convincing iconographic grounds, as the so-called ‘triad of Bel’: Bel and his ‘acolytes’ Yarhibol (the sun) and Aglibol (the moon).

 

As is well known, these are the three gods to whom the north adyton of the great temple of Bel was dedicated in AD 32, on the sixth day of Nisan, as an inscription from thirteen years later records…a simplification of the actual cultic situation…

 

The fact that in AD 32 the temple was dedicated jointly to Bel and Yarhibol and Aglibol, is generally interpreted as the direct result of a priestly intervention, the creation of a new ‘triad’ on theological grounds. However, it is equally possible, if not more likely, that this joint dedication has to be explained simply as the initiative of the benefactor who paid for the north adyton…

 

An inscription from AD 127 points to the group of Bel, Yarhibol, Aglibol and Astarte having become a divine constellation in its own right by then…

 

If this hypothesis is correct, one could further suggest, with regard to the representation of Bel, Yarhibol and Aglibol on the Palmyrene coin, that the so-called ‘triad of Bel’, originally put together at the whim of one benefactor, had grown into a true civic symbol for Palmyra by the second century, when the city started to mint its own coins…" 

 

 

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See Bel = Baal

 

See Hēlios

 

 

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Demogorgon, Demoirgon, Emoirgon, Demogorgona

Demogorgon, Demoirgon, Emoirgon, Demogorgona | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

The Demogorgon is much, much older than 'Stranger Things,' or even 'Dungeons & Dragons.'...

 

Demogorgon is a mysterious primordial demonic entity of the underworld….King Arthur was said to have gone into the cave that was the home of the demogorgon on his way to Morgan's palace…

 

The origins of the name Demogorgon, too terrible a name to say or spell out, are not entirely clear , though the most prevalent scholarly view now considers it to be a misreading of the Greek 'demiurge') based on the manuscript variations in the earliest known explicit reference in Lactantius Placidus…

 

The name Demogorgon is introduced in a discussion of Thebaid 4.516, which mentions 'the supreme being of the threefold world' (triplicis mundi summum); in a mystical passage that seems to show influence, as it mentions Moses and Isaiah); the author says of Statius, Dicit deum Demogorgona summum.... Prior to Lactantius, there is no mention of the supposed "Demogorgon" anywhere by any writer, pagan or Christian.

 

Alcina the fairy visits Demorgogon in his infernal pal ace:

“Aquí Demogorgon está sentado
en su banco fatal, cuyo decreto
de las supremas causas es guardado
por inviolable y celestial preceto.
Las parcas y su estambre delicado
a cuyo huso el mundo está sujeto,
la fea muerte y el vivir lúcido
y el negro lago del oscuro olvido”
— (Libro II, estrofa 19)of the epic poem El Bernardo written in Mexico by Bernardo de Balbuena and published in Spain in 1624…

 

With Dungeons & Dragons, the monster finally took shape: Standing 18 feet tall, it had a scaly, reptilian body, tentacle arms, and two giant baboon heads. It could charm, hypnotize, drain away life force, or make you deadly ill. It was called "The Prince of Demons." Truly, chaos was its calling card.

 

 In Percy Bysshe Shelley's Prometheus Unbound, published in 1820, in which it overthrows Jupiter and frees the title character from 3000 years of torture. The Romantic poet imagined the Demogorgon not as a creature, but as a dark, shapeless god residing in a cave deep in the underworld...

 

I see a mighty darkness
Filling the seat of power, and rays of gloom
Dart round, as light from the meridian sun,
Ungazed upon and shapeless; neither limb,
Nor form, nor outline; yet we feel it is
A living spirit...

 

 

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Bonus

 Demogorgon Rising

 

 Milton's Demogorgon: "Prolusion I" and Paradise Lost"

 

 

Post Image by Igor Braulio

 

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Xana, Xmas

Xana, Xmas | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

The Xana is an Asturian water spirit/nymph of extraordinary beauty believed to live in fountains, rivers, waterfalls or forested regions with pure water.

 

She is usually described as small or slender with long blonde or light brown hair (most often curly), which she tends to with gold or silver combs woven from sun or moonbeams.

 

The origin of the Asturian word xana is unclear, though some scholars see it as a derivation from the Latin name for the goddess Diana. Both the Romanian word for "fairy," zânǎ and the Asturian word for "water nymph," xana, may be related to the name of Diana. 

 

 

References to where the mythological xanas lived are still common in Asturian toponyms. They also appear in Eastern Galician and Cantabrian lores... 

 

Xanas may have children, which are called xaninos, but because they cannot take care of them—xanas cannot produce milk to feed their babies—they usually take a human baby from his cradle and put their own fairy child in instead (akin to a changeling). 

 

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Eshmun, Eshmoun, Esmun, Esmoun, Ashmun

Eshmun, Eshmoun, Esmun, Esmoun, Ashmun | They were here and might return | Scoop.it
A portion of Damascius’ text is paraphrased in George Rawlinson’s History of Phoenicia (London: Longman, Greens, and Co., 1889), 335-336:

"According to Damascius, he was the eighth son of Sydyk, whence his name, and the chief of the Cabeiri. Whereas they were dwarfish and misshapen, he was a youth of most beautiful appearance, truly worthy of admiration.
 
Like Adonis, he was fond of hunting in the woods that clothe the flanks of Lebanon, and there he was seen by Astronoë, the Phoenician goddess, the mother of the gods (in whom we cannot fail to recognise Astarte), who persecuted him with her attentions to such an extent that to escape her he was driven to the desperate resource of self-emasculation. Upon this the goddess, greatly grieved, called him Paean, and by means of quickening warmth brought him back to life, and changed him from a man into a god, which he thenceforth remained.... "<[]>

 
Eshmun, Son of Sydyk. Brother of the Cabeiri<<, is the Canaanite /Phoenician and god of healing and the tutelary god of Sidon.

 

The god of medicine  who is usually portrayed holding a staff in his right hand around which a serpent is entwined.

 

It is said that the village of Qabr Shmoun (EshmUn's grave), near Beirut, still preserves the memory of the young god's tomb.*

 

Eshmun also symbolises the seasons' cycle: what dies and comes back to life per annum. The Phoenicians celebrated, at the onset of every spring, his suffering, death and re-birth.**

 

The earliest attestation of Eshmun seems to be the London Medical Papyrus, where we find, transcribed into Egyptian hieratic syllabic script, some short West Semitic magical texts, dated from the fourteenth to the seventeenth centuries bce..***

 

 

<< Eshmun is one of the Kabeiroi (Cabeiri or Cabiri), the mysterious gods of Lemnos and Samothrace, into whose mysteries the Argonauts were initiated. Interestingly, the Kabeiroi were, according to Phoenician legends, responsible for the same feat that later mythographers would assign to Argus, the creation of the first ship, a possible reason for later including these gods in the Argonaut myth... <[]>

 

It has long been recognised that the god Eshmun is related to the god Adonis or Tammuz.

 

Supportive resources

  ,  ,  , 

 

 

 Have a look on the Kabeiroi from a Greek perspective

 

 

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Gefjon, Gefion, Gefn, Gefjun

Gefjon, Gefion, Gefn, Gefjun | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

As the poet Bragi the Old says:


        Gefion dragged with laughter
        from Gylfi liberal prince
        What made Denmark larger,
        so that beasts of draught
        the oxen reeked with sweat;
        four heads they had, eight eyes to boot
        who went before broad island-pasture
        ripped away as loot.

 

A Goddess whose name means simply ‘giver’, Gefn was regarded by the Norse-Germanic people as a frolicsome, fertile figure and seeress who embodied the earth’s greenery. Source

 

This Norse goddess of unmarried women is the fourth goddess of the Æsir, following Frigg (the wife of Odin), Sága, and Eir (the best of physicians), according to The Prose Edda of Snorri Sturluson....  

Gefjon is a fertility goddess, especially connected with the plough.

She was considered the patron of virgins and the bringer of good luck and prosperity...

 

Gefjon created the Island of Zealand...

Gefjon was a giantess who dreamed of becoming a Goddess. With only farming skills, great strength and determination, she made her way barefoot to Asgard, only to be laughed at by Odin.

 

She pledged to give him whatever he wanted, and he asked for as much land in the human realm as could be crossed in a day by a fast horse.

 

Njord gave her advice and encouragement when she despaired, and she made her plan....She won from the Swedish king a promise: to have as much land as she could plough in a day.

 

To Giantland she then returned to bear four sons to the man her parents had promised her to. When they were old enough, she returned to Midgard, and with these sons taking the form of four bulls, she ploughed an island off from the mainland.

 

This is how she paid for and won her place in Asgard. Later she earned Hela’s permission to welcome any willing woman who died unmarried to serve her in working the land...◯◯

 

 Gefion could be another form of Frigg who is also known under that name.

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GEGENEES

GEGENEES | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

....In the Propontis there is an island sloping steeply to the sea, close to the rich mainland of Phrygia, and parted from it only by a low isthmus barely raised above the waves.

 

The isthmus, with its two shores, lies east of the River Aisepos (Aesepus); and the place itself is called Bear Mountain by the people round about.

 

It is inhabited by a fierce and lawless tribe of aborigines, called GEGENEES,  who present an astounding spectacle to their neighbours.

 

Gegenees, meaning "earth-born" are the offspring of Gaia.

 

Each of these earthborn monsters is equipped with six great arms, two springing from his shoulders, and four below from his prodigious flanks...

 

The Gegenees were battled by the Argonauts* on Bear Mountain in Mysia.

 

  

...No doubt then that the Gegenes perfectly fit the role of arbiter in the primeval eris between Athena and Poseidon, a central event in the future political order of Athens. But is it only by chance that Kekrops also played witness to the birth of Erichthonius? Certainly not: we are dealing with a gegenes who mediates the advent of a second gegenes, another cultural hero who in many respects duplicated and developed the cultural features of his predecessor... URL

 

*Argonauts are the heroes and demigods who, according to the traditions of the Greeks, undertook the first bold maritime expedition to Colchis, a far distant country on the coast of the Euxine, for the purpose of fetching the golden fleece.... See Argonautica.

 

 

Supportive Resources:

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See also

Gaia

Autochthon

 

  

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Voltumna, Veltha

Voltumna, Veltha | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

In Etruscan lore, Veltha was the chthonic (earth deity related to or inhabiting the underworld), who became the supreme god of the Etruscan pantheon, the deus Etruriae princeps, according to Varro.

 

Voltumna's cult was centered in Volsini (modern-day Orvieto) a polis of the Etruscan Civilization of northwest Italy.

 

Voltumna’s equivalanet for Romans is Vertumnus.

 

 

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Buer

Buer | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


The 10th spirit,  wise in the art of medicine,  one of the 72 Spirits of Solomon, Buer is a demon of the second order...


Buer  appears in Sagittary, and that is his shape when the Sun is there...


Yet even more remarkable than Buer’s powers is his form, especially as captured by 19th century French painter Louis Le Breton.


The demon appears as a sardonic lion’s head encircled by five goat’s legs Others say that he appears as a starfish...


Buer appears as a "vestige" in the Dungeons & Dragons handbook, Tome of Magic. 



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Tugarin Zmeyevich, Zmey Tugarin, Zmey Tugaretin, Zmeishche Tugarishche

Tugarin Zmeyevich, Zmey Tugarin, Zmey Tugaretin, Zmeishche Tugarishche | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


Tugarin Zmey is a creature which personifies evil and cruelty and has a dragon-like nature; originates from East Slavic lore...

 

Tugarin Zmeyevich is best known from a bylina* about his duel with Alyosha Popovich**, which comes in many different versions.

 

When the two approach each other in a field, Tugarin is hissing like a snake and his horse is neighing like a beast. Tugarin's torso is covered with fiery snakes.

 

It appears that Tugarin represents the element of fire, which he uses in different forms as a weapon. He threatens to strangle Alyosha Popovich with smoke, throw fiery sparks at him, scorch him with fire, and shoot charred logs at him.

 

It also appears that Tugarin represents the element of water, because their duel usually takes place near the Safat River.

 

At the same time, Tugarin is also a dragon. He is flying in the sky flapping his paper-like wings, which fail him when it rains.

 

Alyosha Popovich wins the duel, cuts Tugarin's body into pieces and scatters them across the field...

 

Tugarin Zmeyevich is a chtonical character of an ancient dragon-fighting mythos, related to Zmey Gorynych, Fiery Dragon, etc.

 

In Kievan Rus, Tugarin Zmeyevich became a symbol of paganism and wild steppes full of dangers.

 

 

*Bylina (or Bylyna) is a traditional East Slavic oral epic narrative poem. 

 

 **Alyosha Popovich is a folk hero of Kievan Rus, a bogatyr (i.e., a medieval knight-errant). He is the youngest of the three main bogatyrs, the other two being Dobrynya Nikitich and Ilya Muromets. All three are represented together at Viktor Vasnetsov's famous painting Bogatyrs.

 Source



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Kothar-wa-Khasis, Kothar, Kathar-Wa-Hasis, Kothar-u-Khasis, Kathar-Wa-Hassis, Kusorhasisu

Kothar-wa-Khasis, Kothar, Kathar-Wa-Hasis, Kothar-u-Khasis, Kathar-Wa-Hassis,  Kusorhasisu | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


Kothar-wa-Khasis (“skill-and-cunning”),  ancient West Semitic god of crafts, equivalent of the Greek god Hephaestus.


Kothar was responsible for supplying the gods with weapons and for building and furnishing their palaces.


During the earlier part of the 2nd millennium bc, Kothar’s forge was believed to be on the biblical Caphtor (probably Crete), though later, during the period of Egyptian domination of Syria and Palestine, he was identified with the Egyptian god Ptah, patron of craftsmen, and his forge was thus located at Memphis in Egypt.


According to Phoenician tradition, Kothar was also the patron of magic and inventor of magical incantations; in addition, he was believed to have been the first poet...


Kothar-wa-Khasis made the wonderful bow for Aqhat and built Baal's palace. He also made Baal's maces...



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Ninkasi, Nin-kasi 

Ninkasi, Nin-kasi  | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Hymn to Ninkasi

Borne of the flowing water,
Tenderly cared for by the Ninhursag,
Borne of the flowing water,
Tenderly cared for by the Ninhursag,

Having founded your town by the sacred lake,
She finished its great walls for you,
Ninkasi, having founded your town by the sacred lake,
She finished it's walls for you,

Your father is Enki, Lord Nidimmud,
Your mother is Ninti, the queen of the sacred lake.
Ninkasi, your father is Enki, Lord Nidimmud,
Your mother is Ninti, the queen of the sacred lake.

You are the one who handles the dough [and] with a big shovel,
Mixing in a pit, the bappir with sweet aromatics,
Ninkasi, you are the one who handles the dough [and] with a big shovel,
Mixing in a pit, the bappir with [date] - honey,

You are the one who bakes the bappir in the big oven,
Puts in order the piles of hulled grains,
Ninkasi, you are the one who bakes the bappir in the big oven,
Puts in order the piles of hulled grains.....

.

.

Ninkasi, (...)(You the sweet wort to the vessel)

The filtering vat, which makes a pleasant sound,
You place appropriately on a large collector vat.
Ninkasi, the filtering vat, which makes a pleasant sound,
You place appropriately on a large collector vat.

 

When you pour out the filtered beer of the collector vat,
It is [like] the onrush of Tigris and Euphrates.
Ninkasi, you are the one who pours out the filtered beer of the collector vat,


It is [like] the onrush of Tigris and Euphrates.

 

 

Ninkasi is the Sumerian tutelary goddess of beer...She is also borne of "sparkling fresh water". She is the goddess made to "satisfy the desire" and "sate the heart." She would prepare the beverage daily.

 

 

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┺ “The Lady who fills the Mouth”

 

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Panotti, Panotii, Panotio

Panotti, Panotii, Panotio | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

In ancient Greek and Roman legend the Panotii were a tribe giant-eared men native to the cold islands of the far north who slept snuggled up inside the flaps of their gigantic ears.

 

According to some they also used these wing-like appendages to fly.

 

In the Natural History, Pliny writes about the strange race of people known as the Panotti who live in the "All-Ears Islands" off of Scythia. These people there have bizarrely large ears that are so huge that the Panotti use them as blankets to shield their body against the chills of the night.[1] Their ears were used in lieu of clothing. (╥﹏╥)

 

 

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Spriggan 

Spriggan  | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

 

Spriggans are dour, ugly, wizened warrior fairies of Cornish tradition and can be spotted in the Scottish fay lore...

 

Spriggans are related to the trolls of Scandinavia. ... They may be a form of a piskie...

 

Ghosts of old giants, spriggans are now very small but may inflate themselves into monstrous forms...

 

Found around cairns, cromlechs, and ancient barrows, they guard buried treasure, but are also responsible for bringing storms and the destruction of buildings and crops...

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In one story, an old woman got the better of a band of spriggans by turning her clothing inside-out (turning clothing supposedly being as effective as holy water or iron in repelling fairies) to gain their loot..

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Spriggans are sometimes associated with the underground spirits called knockers who could often be heard working in tin mines. 

 

 

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☉☉The lingering question is Why would turning clothes inside-out keep the Faerie away

 

 

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Nart Sagas

Nart Sagas | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

The Nart sagas are to the Caucasus what Greek mythos is to Western civilization.

 

The Narts are a tribe of heroes. They were huge, tall people, and their horses were also exuberant Alyps or Durduls... They were wealthy, and they also had a state. That is how the Narts lived their lives...

 

The Narts were courageous, energetic, bold, and good-hearted. Thus they lived until God sent down a small swallow...

 

...Sosruquo. . . . A rock gave birth to him...

 

The Narts sagas are fascinating preserved among four related peoples whose ancient cultures today survive by a thread...

 

In ninety-two straightforward tales populated by extraordinary characters and exploits, by giants who humble haughty Narts, by horses and sorceresses, "Nart Sagas from the Caucasus" brings these cultures to life in a powerful epos...

 

In these colorful tales, women, not least the beautiful temptress Satanaya, the mother of all Narts, are not only fertility figures but also pillars of authority and wisdom.

 

In one variation on a recurring theme, a shepherd, overcome with passion on observing Satanaya bathing alone, shoots a "bolt of lust" that strikes a rock--a rock that gives birth to the Achilles-like Sawseruquo, or Sosruquo. With steely skin but tender knees, Sawseruquo is a man the Narts come to love and hate...

 

Despite a tragic history, the Circassians, Abazas, Abkhaz, and Ubykhs have retained the Nart sagas as a living tradition.

 

The memory of their elaborate warrior culture, so richly expressed by these tales, helped them resist Tsarist imperialism in the nineteenth century, Stalinist suppression in the twentieth, and has bolstered their ongoing cultural journey into the post-Soviet future.

 

Because these peoples were at the crossroads of Eurasia for millennia, their folklore exhibits striking parallels with the lore of ancient India, classical Greece, and pagan Scandinavia...

 

The Nart sagas may also have formed a crucial component of the Arthurian cycle. Notes after each tale reveal these parallels; an appendix offers extensive linguistic commentary.

 

No longer will the analysis of ancient Eurasian myth be possible without a close look at the Nart sagas. And no longer will the lover of myth be satisfied without the pleasure of having read them...

 

 

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Reviewed by 
Victor Friedman 

 

Reviewed by
David Elton Gay 
 
 

...The "Nart" sagas, Scythian oral traditions of the Caucasus passed down to their descendants, hold great praise for their women warriors, as led by the valorous Queen Amezan: "The women of that time could cut out an enemy's heart … yet they also comforted their men and harbored great love in their hearts."

 

The sagas point to the possibility of a Caucasian etymology for the Greeks' nomenclature of "Amazon." Mayor's work also clears up confusion over whether the word signifies women who sacrificed a breast to become better archers...

 

↬ Foreword, for John Colarusso's "Nart Sagas from the Caucasus" 

 

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Caucasian Epics: Textualist Principles in Publishing 

 

> Bonus of Bonuses
The Connection between the Nart Sagas and Arthurian Legends 
 
     

 

 

Post Image     ...Chronicles of the Sagas     

 

Mhd.Shadi Khudr's insight:

While on the Subject: "A new, important resource for those with a general interest in the lore of the North Caucasus, in comparative mythology, and in linguistics. . . . Colarusso's familiarity with the Indo-European traditions is seen in the copious commentaries and notes accompanying the sagas. Meticulous and at times very detailed, they not only serve as a guide to a better understanding of the sagas themselves, but provide an introduction to the vast field of Eurasian myth. . . . Colarusso is to be congratulated for this splendid contribution to the field, for his scholarship, for his devotion to the subject, and for bringing this collection of Nart sagas to us." Patricia Arant, Slavic and East European Journal

 

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Ptah, Tah, Phthah

Ptah, Tah, Phthah | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

I (Ramses III) made for thee (Ptah) a mysterious shrine of Elephantine granite, established with work forever, of a single block, having double doors of bronze, of a mixture of six (parts), engraved with thy august name, forever. Ptah, Sekhmet, and Nefertem rest in it, while statues of the king are by their side, to present offerings before them.... ﴾﴿

Restoration of Hat-ke-ptah, the House of the ka of Ptah at Memphis
Papyrus Harris, J. H.Breasted, Ancient Records of Egypt, Part Four.

 

 

Ptah, the son of Nun and Naunet, husband of Sekhmet and the father of Nefertum and Imhotep, is the chief god of the ancient city of Memphis. He is the god of creation, the arts, fertility and of craftsmen…. He used to brought things to being by thinking of them with his mind and saying their names with his tongue. Ptah is unique amongst Egyptian creation gods in that his methods were intellectual, rather than physical.

 

He is depicted in the bandages of a mummy holding a sceptre or as a blacksmith.

 

According to the priests of Memphis, everything is the work of Ptah's heart and tongue: gods are born, towns are founded, and order is maintained…

 

Ptah status rose with that of his city, and by 3000 BC, when Memphis was the administrative capital of the newly-unified Egypt…§

 

Ptah was represented as a man in mummy form, wearing a skullcap and a short, straight false beard. As a mortuary god, he was often fused with Seker (or Soker) and Osiris to form Ptah-Seker-Osiris. ༼༽

 

 He is regarded as being incarnated as the Apis bull. ...The sacred bull Apis had his stall in the great temple of Ptah at Memphis and was called a manifestation of the god who gave oracles. 

 

 Ptah replaced Atum as the creator god, but Atum did not disappear from the new theology.

 

 

➰Bonus

The Triad of Memphis: Ptah, Sekhmet and Nefertem

 

 

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See Sekhmet

 

See Hephaestus

 

See Vulcan

 

 

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Nuppeppō, Nuppefuhō

Nuppeppō, Nuppefuhō | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Nuppeppō is a genderless Yōkai ("monster" or "goblin") described in Japanese folklore the as having a flabby appearance and a pungent body odor (worse than the stench of rotting flesh (some believe that the Nuppeppo is decaying flesh)..ͼ(ݓ_ݓ)ͽ   ಥ_ಥ   ಠ益ಠ)

 

Nuppeppō appears as a blob of flesh with a hint of a face in the folds of fat. Legend has it that the mythical "Blobby" is a passive, benign being who harmlessly wanders around deserted graveyards, temples and villages. ͼ(ݓ_ݓ)ͽ

 

Though largely amorphous, fingers, toes, and even rudimentary limbs may be attributed as features amidst the fold of skin...ಠ益ಠ)

 

The name Nuppeppō is a corruption of the derogatory slang Nupperi used to describe a woman who applies too much makeup. This is most likely a reference to the creature's saggy appearance, which is similar to the sagging of a face under heavy makeup...ಠ益ಠ)

 

 

Despite its odious nature, eternal youth allegedly awaits those who eat the skin of the lumpy spook and, altogether, it's hard not to find the 'the Blob' of Japanese legend just a little appealing..ಥ_ಥ 

 

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Gnowee

Gnowee | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Gnowee is the sun goddess of an aboriginal people of southeast Australia.
 
The legend goes that Gnowee once lived on the earth at a time when the sky was always dark and people walked around carrying torches in order to see.
 
One day while Gnowee was out gathering yams, her baby son wandered off. She set out to search for him, carrying a huge torch, but never found him.
 
To this day she still climbs the sky daily, carrying her torch, trying to find her son via... Pantheon
 
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Gula

Gula | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

Beyond the role of the ashipu and the asu, there were other means of procuring health care in ancient Mesopotamia. One of these alternative sources was the Temple of Gula.

 

Gula is the Sumerian goddess of healing and the patroness of medicine. Her consort is Ninurta. The dog is her symbolic animal.  ... She is usually depicted surrounded by stars with her dog by her side.

 

Gula is often identified with Nin'insina, the tutelary goddess of Isin.

She is also associated with the underworld.

 

In his book Illness and Health Care in the Ancient Near East: the Role of the Temple in Greece, Mesopotamia, and Israel, Hector Avalos states that not only were the temples of Gula sites for the diagnosis of illness (Gula was consulted as to which god was responsible for a given illness), but that these temples were also libraries that held many useful medical texts.

 

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And her dog  

 

 

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Far darrig, Fear dearg

Far darrig, Fear dearg | They were here and might return | Scoop.it

 

The far darrig or fear dearg, a faerie of Irish lore, is a near relation to the leprechaun, with similar features and a short stocky body.

 

His face is splotched yellow. He dresses in red from his hat to his tail-trailing cape to the woolen stockings which cling to his calves. This is the reason he is called the far darrig or red man.

 

He is known not only for his color but for his delight in mischief and mockery.

 

He can be a gruesome practical joker. He manipulates his voice, emitting sounds like the thudding waves on the rocks or the cooing of pigeons.

 

His favorite is the dull, hollow laugh of a dead man; which he makes sound as if it's coming from the grave. He has also been known to give evil dreams.

 

With all his pranks, the far darrig desires not to do harm but to show favor... URL

 

 

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Nikkal, Nikkal-wa-Ib

Nikkal, Nikkal-wa-Ib | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


Nikkal, the Syrian moon-goddess of the Ugarits and later of the Phoenicians, is  married to the moon-god Jarih, and their marriage is lyrically described in the Ugaritic text Nikkal and the Kathirat.


Nikkal is also a goddess of orchards, whose name means "Great Lady and Fruitful" and derives from Akkadian / West Semitic "´Ilat ´Inbi" meaning "Goddess of Fruit".


The oldest incomplete annotated piece of ancient music is a Hurrian song, a hymn in Ugaritic cuneiform syllabic writing which was dedicated to Nikkal......"The Hymn to Nikkal"...*****


Nikkal's Sumerian equivalent is the goddess Ningal.



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Liluri

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In the lore of the Levant, little is known about Liluri, the ancient Syrian mountain goddess, consort of the weather god Manuzi...


It has been said that bulls were sacrificed to both of them...



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The Post Image is adapted from the following link whereby you can order the Oil on Canvas (The Goddess Art of Jonathon Earl Bowser*)

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Lorelei, Loreley

Lorelei, Loreley | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


According to German legend, there was once a beautiful young maiden, named Lorelei, who threw herself headlong into the river in despair over a faithless lover.

Upon her death she was transformed into a siren and could from that time on be heard singing on a rock along the Rhine River, near St. Goar.

Her hypnotic music lured sailors to their death. The legend is based on an echoing rock with that name near Sankt Goarshausen, Germany...


I'm looking in vain for the reason,
That I am so sad and distressed;
A tale known for many a season,
Does not allow me to rest.

Cool is the air in the twilight
And quietly flows the Rhine;
The mountain glows with a highlight,
From the evening sun's last shine.

The fairest of maiden's reposing,
So wonderfully up there.
Her golden jewelry disclosing,
She's combing her golden hair.

She combs it with a comb of gold
And meanwhile is singing a song;
A melody strangely bold
And unbelievably strong.

The bargeman in his small craft
Is seized with longings and sighs.
He sees not the rocks fore and aft,
He looks only at her and the skies.


It looks like the waves are flinging,
Both man and boat to their end;
That was what with her singing,
The Lorelei did intend.

Lore Ley from Heinrich Heine


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Heryshaf, Hershef, Herishef, Herysaf, Heryshef, Terrible Face, Terrible Face, Arsaphes, Harsaphes, Ruler of the Riverbanks

Heryshaf, Hershef, Herishef, Herysaf, Heryshef, Terrible Face, Terrible Face, Arsaphes, Harsaphes, Ruler of the Riverbanks | They were here and might return | Scoop.it


Heryshaf (Heri-shef, 'he who is on his lake') is an ancient ram-god whose cult was centered in Middle Egypt at Herakleopolis Magna (now Ihnasiyyah al-Madinah)...


Heryshaf is a fertility god and said to have emerged from the primordial waters. He is depicted as a ram or as a human with a ram's head. His feet rested on earth but his head was in the sky where his right eye was the sun and his left eye was the moon.


Heryshaf is sometimes depicted with four heads. 

http://bit.ly/1GbYPC6


He is often seen to be the personification of the souls of Osiris and Ra. The Greeks equated Hershef with Herakles.

http://bit.ly/1Hp2spO



Chapter 175 of the Book of the Dead associates the lake of Herakleopolis with the blood of Osiris which he lost as the result of an injury incurred by wearing the heavy royal crown. It also explains why blood plays an important role in the rituals of Harsaphes, who had an offering and purification cult near the lake; it is the blood of Seth that poured from his nose when he bowed before Osiris, and which was buried by Re in the ground...



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See Ra:

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