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Baal, Ba'al, Ba’al Shamin, Ba’al Tsaphon, Baalsamame, Balsamem, Balshameme, Bel, Belu, Belus

Baal, Ba'al, Ba’al Shamin, Ba’al Tsaphon, Baalsamame, Balsamem, Balshameme, Bel, Belu, Belus | They were here and might return |

Baal is the comon Semitic god of fertility, rain, thunder,  agriculture, and storm in Canaanite folklore (Syria).


Baal relate to fertility and the cycle of the seasons. However, Baal grew to occupy top position in the Canaanite pantheon, taking charge of War and Heroic Action Adventure.


The word Baal means "master" or "owner".


One of the epics tells of the battle between Baal and Mot, the god of death and infertility. After conquering Yam, Baal complained that he had no house like the other gods did.


El agreed to let the crafts god Kothar build Baal a fine house.


When it was finished, Baal held a great feast—but he did not invite Mot or send him respectful presents.


Greatly insulted, Mot asked Baal to come to the underworld to dine.


Although afraid, Baal could not refuse the invitation.


The food served at Mot's table was mud, the food of death, and when Baal ate it, he was trapped in the underworld...BUT he is coming back soon as the infamous man of lawlessness....




See Ashratum:

See the Antichrist:


See Baalat Jebal:


See Shapashu:


See Dagon :


See Yam:


See Astghik:

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They were here and might return
Journeying the realms of virtu-reality where wo-man strives to decipher the conundrum........Note that: 1) may contain content inappropriate or scary for children. 2)In my ken, all beings thought of being gods are entities from other dimensions with supernatural powers way beyond regular human capacity. This made many people who experienced their presence misconcept them as gods, demi-gods, and.....Things are going to change when proportion of us evolves into 'luminous'
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Pegasus | They were here and might return |

 "The famous immortal, winged horse which sprang forth from the neck of Medousa when she was beheaded by the hero Perseus."


Pegasus is amongst the very few of so-called epic creatures which are NON-evil....

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Šala, Shala, The Ear of Grain

Šala, Shala,  The Ear of Grain | They were here and might return |

Šala, consort of the storm god Adad in the Sumerian folklore, is probably of non-Mesopotamian origin. The name Šala (with a long vowel in the first syllable) has no clear Akkadian or other Semitic etymology. The name may derive from the Hurrian šāla, 'daughter'...

The Standard Babylonian astronomical text Mul-Apin equates the constellation "The Furrow" (Virgo) with "Šala, the ear of grain" (Mul-Apin, Tablet I line 52)...The brightest star in Virgo is still known today as Spica (L. "ear of grain").

Šala's genealogy is unclear. In god lists she is equated with Medimša (the traditional wife of Iškur) and four other Sumerian goddesses...  

Šala carries a double-headed mace-scimitar embellished with lion heads and is believed to be a patron of power over crop fertility.

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Tefnut, Tfnt, Tefenet, Lady of the Flames

Tefnut,  Tfnt, Tefenet, Lady of the Flames | They were here and might return |

In Ancient Egyptian folklore, Tefnut, transliterated tfnt (tefenet), a daughter of the solar god Atum-Ra, is a goddess of moisture, moist air, dew and rain.

She is the sister and consort of the air god Shu and the mother of Geb and Nut.

Tefnut's grandchildren were Osiris, Isis, Set and Nephthys. Alongside her father, brother, children and grandchildren, she is a member of the Ennead of Heliopolis.

Her name is literally translated as "That Water".

Tefnut is also associated with Ra’s eyes, sometimes with the lunar eye and sometimes with the solar eye. As the protector of the sun god, she acquired the titles “Lady of the Flames”. Such role, she shared with several other goddesses including Sekhmet, Bast, Isis, Hathor, Mut, Wadjet, Isis and Nekhbet.

Of the Ennead deities, she is the first one to be attached to a female nature, as other gods were believed to have a duality in nature...

However, with Atenism's emphasis upon Akhenaten and Nefertiti as Shu and Tefnut, and thus as the divine children of the Aten, a "true" monotheism is not present... Ra, Shu, Tefnut, Thoth, Ptah, Hathor, and several other deities figure prominently in texts of Atenism, and the King and Queen, in particular, identified themselves with the deities Shu and Tefnut, respectively. Amen was targeted by the main prophet of the cult, the king, likely _not_ in Year 6 of the reign (as has been traditionally proposed), but more likely in the very _late_ years of the reign (possibly as late as years 16-17), dues to the somewhat limited damage to names and figures of Amen/Mut/Khons, the erasure of the word "gods," and the personification of 'ma'at' on existent monuments....

-- Katherine Griffis-Greenberg

In one story, Tefnut apparently had a falling out with the god Ra and high-tailed it into the deserts of Nubia in Upper Egypt.

But just leaving in a rage, wasn't enough. She decided to show just how much power she held and took with her all of her water and moisture. As a result of this, Lower Egypt dried out and fell into drought.

But simply drying up Egypt in her wake wasn't enough. After taking on the brave appearance of a lioness she went on a killing spree. No man or god was safe from this angry cat!


See Ra:

See Geb:

See Isis:

See Sekhmet:

See Bastet:

See Nephthys:

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Kabeiros, Kabeiroi, Cabiri, Cabeiri, Kabiri, Cabirus, Cabeiri

Kabeiros, Kabeiroi, Cabiri, Cabeiri, Kabiri, Cabirus, Cabeiri | They were here and might return |

In Greek folklore, the Kabeiroi are twin gods or daimones who presided over the orgiastic dances of the mysteries of Samothrake which were performed in honour of the goddesses Demeter, Persephone, and Hekate.

These enigmatic chthonic beings are also famed metal-workers, dwarf-like sons of the god Hephaistos, who served their father at his Lemnian forge.

The accounts of the Samothracian gods, whose names were secret, vary in the number and sexes of the gods, usually between two and four, some of either sex. However, the number of Cabeiri also varied, with some accounts citing four (often a pair of males and a pair of females) of them, and some even more, such as a tribe or whole race of Cabeiri, often presented as all male.

Like their mother Kabeiro, the pair were also sea-divinities, who protected and came to the aid of sailors in distress.

According to Clement the Kabeiroi were three in number, but two of the brothers committed an act of fratricide. The pair later recovered the phallus of Zagreus who had been dismembered by the Titan-gods and established it in the shrine of the Mysteries.

In the Cabiri by Aeschylus, the two gods welcomed the Argonauts to their island and initiated them in a drunken orgy...

The Kabeiroi were closely identified with a number of other korybantic daimones including the Cretan Kouretes, the Trojan Daktyloi, and the Phrygian Kyrbantes.

According to some the Samothrakain Kabeiroi included not only the sons of Hephaistos, but also the Korybantic sons of the god Apollon...


See Hephaistos:

See Apollon:

See Demeter:

See Persephone:

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Mngwa, Nunda

Mngwa, Nunda | They were here and might return |

The Mngwa, which means the strange one, is described as an overly aggressive, unknown, big cat roughly the size of a donkey reported to roam the East African countries of Tanzania and Kenya...

It has creepy yellow eyes, sharp deadly teeth and huge razor like claws.Its fur is a dark grey with black stripes and spots, similar to a nowadays domesticated tabby cat.

Its body is said to sport some hairless spots from victims clutching and ripping patches as they attempted to free themselves.

The natives of the area have known of the Mngwa for centuries but it wasn’t until the 1900’s that the English first became away of this powerful creature sometimes referred to as the great grey ghost.,,

In the 1930’s and 1940’s the Mngwa was commonly referred to by the name of Nunda, but because of two books, written by Gardner Soule, The Mystery Monsters and The Maybe Monsters, along with the help of Bernard Heuvelmans, the name Mngwa is now more frequently used...

Three possibilities come to mind. Assuming that the nunda does indeed exist, as indicated by the physical reality of unidentifiable fur and distinctive footprints, it may conceivably be a wholly unknown species, lurking undetected by science amid Tanzania's dense forests.

Alternatively, it could be an exceptionally large form of aberrantly-patterned leopard...

Thirdly, and perhaps most intriguing of all, is the identity put forward by veteran cryptozoologist Dr Bernard Heuvelmans. He has suggested that the nunda may be an undiscovered giant version of the African golden cat Profelis auratus...

The Mngwa was first mentioned in a Swahili song from the year 1150 which also mentions the Lion (Simba) the Leopard (Nsui) and the Mngwa as three different creatures proof that there is no confusion in the minds of the natives when it comes to the three creatures.

The Nunda, Eater of People is one of the Swahili fairy tales collected by Edward Steere in his 1870 anthology Swahili Tales, as told by the natives of Zanzibar. It is possible that this folktale was also the inspiration for the Nundu, a leopard-like magical creature mentioned in J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter novels...

There is an old, traditional Tanzanian folktale that tells of the Sultan Majnun's youngest son who went seeking a murderous feline monster called the nunda, which had killed his three brothers and many other hapless humans too.

Evidently not the most zoologically-knowledgeable of people, he proceeded to kill several different animals, including a zebra, a rhinoceros, an elephant, a civet, and a giraffe, each time mistakenly assuming that this must be the nunda.

Eventually, however, he encountered the real nunda, lying asleep under the shade of a tree. As large as a donkey, with distinctive brindled fur, huge claws, and enormous teeth, it was a terrifying sight, but the Sultan's son slew it as it slept, and returned home in triumph, having rid his father's kingdom of this malevolent scourge... 

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Charon, Kharon, The ferryman

Charon, Kharon,  The ferryman | They were here and might return |

In ancient Greek , Charon or Kharon, the son of Erebus and Nyx, is the ferryman of Hades who carries souls of the newly deceased across the rivers Styx and Acheron that divided the world of the living from the world of the dead...

A coin to pay Charon for passage, usually an obolus or danake, was sometimes placed in or on the mouth of a dead person.

Some authors say that those who could not pay the fee, or those whose bodies were left unburied, had to wander the shores for one hundred years.

In the catabasis mytheme, heroes — such as Heracles, Orpheus, Aeneas, Dionysus and Psyche — journey to the underworld and return, still alive, conveyed by the boat of Charon...

The Etruscans of central Italy identified him with one of their own underworld daimones who was named Charun after the Greek figure.

He was depicted as an even more repulsive creature with blue-grey skin, a tusked mouth, hooked nose and sometimes serpent-draped arms. His attribute was a large, double-headed mallet...

Living persons who wish to go to the underworld need a golden bough obtained from the Cumaean Sibyl...

Given the fact that they need two trips, Charon charges significantly more... Several Greek and Roman authors wrote about traveling to the Underworld, usually with the assistance of an experienced guide. Dante, for example, wrote The Inferno, and the Aeneid by Virgil also features a trip to the Underworld...

Incidentally, for anyone concerned about paying the ferryman, his going rate in Ancient Greece was an obolus, a silver coin worth a sixth of a drachma. Since Greece has now switched over to the Euro, along with other members of the European Union, Charon would probably accept a Euro coin, and he may be open to other currencies as well.



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See Hades:

See Dionysus:


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The Knights of Ålleberg

The Knights of Ålleberg | They were here and might return |

Legend in Sweden has it that there is a huge cave deep inside Ålleberg Mountain where the 12 Knights of Ålleberg are lying in wait to march forth and save their country...

The last time they were seen is thought to have been at the Battle of Åsle in 1389, when twelve knights in golden suits of armour fought with Queen Margaret's army...

It is said that the entrance to the mountain cave is hard to find. Once, a farmer was taking a load of grain to the market in Falköping.

At the foot of Ållebergs Änne mountain he met a stranger who asked him if he could buy his load. The farmer went with the stranger and they ended up in the mountain cave where the knights lay sleeping, fully clothed and ready for battle.

The farmer bumped into a bridle, which made a noise. The knights woke up and wondered if was time to take up arms.

The man who had bought the load reassured them that they could sleep soundly on...

The legend is a version of the sleeping hero or king in the mountain...


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Adar Llwch Gwin

Adar Llwch Gwin | They were here and might return |

Adar Llwch Gwin are giant magical birds of Welsh tradition, belonging to Drudwas ap Tryffin, often equated with Griffins...

The name derives from the Welsh words llwch ("dust") and gwin ("wine").

Adar Llwch Gwin, given to Drudwas ap Tryffin by his fairy wife, could understand human speech; they would also perform all that he commanded.

In a contest with Arthur, Drudwas ordered the birds to kill the first fighter to enter the battlefield. When Arthur himself was delayed from entering the fray, the birds attacked Drudwas himself, the first to arrive, tearing his flesh to pieces...

In the poetry of the late medieval Beirdd yr Uchelwyr [Poets of the Gentry], the phrase Adar Llwch Gwin was a synonym for hawks or falcons and a metaphor for strong, brave men...


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Bonnacon , Bonacon, Bonasus

Bonnacon , Bonacon, Bonasus | They were here and might return |

The Bonnacon is an Asian beast whose head is like a bull but his horns curl inwards so that they do not harm the victim.

Because these horns are useless for defense, the Bonnacon has another weapon. When the Bonnacon is chased he expels dung which burns a wide area.

...As the creature retreats it emits a trail of dung that would sometimes cover a distance as long as three furlongs, or approximately 3 acres.

Any contact with the creatures dung would scorch the pursuer like a sort of fire.

This napalm like excrement may have given rise to legends that the Bonacon also had the ability to breathe fire, much like the European Dragon, making this creature deadly at both ends...


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Indrik, The Russian Indrik beast, Indrik zver

Indrik, The Russian Indrik beast, Indrik zver | They were here and might return |

The Russian indrik beast most closely resembles a gigantic bull, at least the size of an elephant, with the head of a horse and a large horn protruding from its head...

The indrik beast, which gets its name from the Russian word edinorog, meaning "unicorn," is said to live on a legendary mountain known as the Holy Mountain or Saint's Mountain.

Depending on the region of Russia, the Indrik-beast's mountain is either completely uninhabited by humans, or only holy humans are allowed to set fot on its ground.

The Holy Mountain is presented as a fertile ground similar to Avalon or Garden of Eden in some contexts. In others, it might be considered a barren, rocky wasteland.

The indrik beast was said to be so large that the Earth shook when it walked.

This may have been a mythical explanation for earthquakes. Alternatively, it may have been used to emphasize the powerful nature of the animal as a symbol for the wilderness.

There are no current online references to the indrik beast's mythical diet.

In legends, it might have been said to be a carnivore like the Persian karkadann unicorn, or it might have been a large but gentle herbivore...

According to a legend, Indrik has rescued people from a drought...

So, the Indrik beast's legacy and spirit persist in our collective memory-- even as we advance our scientific understanding of the past...


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Astghik, Astghig, Asya, Astghik, Astlik

Astghik, Astghig, Asya, Astghik, Astlik | They were here and might return |

In the earliest prehistoric period Astghig, commonly referred to as Astlik, had been a patron for fertility, love, maidenly beauty, and water sources and springs....Later the skylight had been considered her personification, and she had been the wife or lover of Vahagn...

Her name is the diminutive of Armenian astġ, meaning "star", which through Proto-Indo-European *h₂stḗr is cognate to Sanskrit stṛ, Avestan star, Pahlavi star, Persian sitara´, Pashto storai, Latin and Italian stella and astro, French astre, Spanish astro, German stern, English star, etc...

Among all the Semitic beings which found their way into the Armenian pantheon, none attained the importance that was acquired by Astghik, especially in Tarauntis.

In spite of the presence of Anahit and Nana--two goddesses of her own type and therefore in rivalry with her--she knew how to hold her own and even to win the national god Vahagn as her lover.

It is now impossible to reconstruct the mythos that was at the basis of all this. It may be that we have here the intimate relation of a Syrian Ba'al to Astarte.

It may also be that the mythos is purely Greek and reflects the adventures of Ares with Aphrodite, for Astghik was called Aphrodite by Hellenizing Armenians...

Hoffman recognized in the Armenian name Astghik (which means "little star") a translation of the Syrian Kaukabhta, a late designation of Ashtart (Ishtar) both as a goddess and as the planet Venus. The latter is no more called Astghik by the Armenians, but Arusyak, "the little bride," which is an old title of Ishtar, "the veiled bride," and shows that the Armenians not only identified the planet Venus with their goddess Astghik, but were familiar with one of her most important titles...

In view of their essential identity it was natural that some confusion should arise between Astghik and Anahit.

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Cerridwen | They were here and might return |

Cerridwen (Ker-RID-Wen) is one of the Old Ones, one of the great megalithic pre-Christian goddesses of the Celtic World...

Although, in her story, she embodies all three lunar aspects of the goddess, maiden, mother and crone...

Cerridwen is reognised for her Crone aspect, by and through her Cauldron of Wisdom, Inspiration, Rebirth and Transformation...

The cauldron has an intimate association with femininity, together with the cave, the cup and the chalice, and the association of femininity with justice, wisdom and intelligence goes back to very ancient times...

Like the Greek goddess, Demeter, and the Egyptian goddess, Isis, Cerridwen was the great Celtic Goddess of inspiration, intelligence and knowledge, and was invoked as a law-giver and sage dispenser of righteous wisdom, counsel and justice...

Ceridwen has the power to transform herself into many different creatures...

The cauldron of Ceridwen was magical in which she was creating a broth to make her terribly ugly son terribly wise. Gwion was charged with stirring it, but consumed some of the magical elixir.

Ceridwin pursued Gwion in a chase filled with metamorphoses. After she overcame him as a hen with Gwion changed into an ear of corn, Ceridwin ate him and then gave birth Taliesin, whom she sent away in a coracle...


See Demeter:

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Februus | They were here and might return |

Februus is the Roman god from whose purification rites the month of February takes its name...

Hence the month of February was also sacred to Juno, the goddess of marriage, and she was therefore surnamed Februata, or Februtis. (Fest. s. v. Februarius; Arnob. iii. 30.)...

For the Etruscans, Februus was also the god of riches (money/gold) and death, both connected to the underworld in the same natural manner as with the better-known Roman god Pluto...

The name Februus is connected with februare (to purify), and februae (purifications). 

Another feature in the character of this god, which is however intimately connected with the idea of purification, is, that he was also regarded as a god of the lower world, for the festival of the dead (Feralia) was likewise celebrated in February...


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Erra; Irra

Erra; Irra | They were here and might return |

Erra is the god of war and plagues in the Babylonian folklore (Akkadian in particular), who later became closely associated with the underworld god Nergal.

Erra, known from an 'epos' the eighth century BCE, is an especially war-like and violent god, who is often understood to be a bringer of pestilence. There is some debate, however, regarding the exact nature of his destructive functions...

There is some debate, however, regarding the exact nature of his destructive functions.

Erra is restless and breaks into a soliloquy. He is anxious to fight and campaign, but hesitates through natural inertia. Speaking of himself in the third person...

"Warrior Erra, why do you neglect the field for the city?

"The very beats and creatures hold us in contempt!

"O warrior Erra, we will tell you, thought that we say be offensive to you!

"Ere the whole land outgrows us,

"You must surely hear our words!

The poem of Erra and Ishum (about 1000 BCE)

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Pap-nigin-gara, Panigara

Pap-nigin-gara, Panigara | They were here and might return |

Panigara (lord of the boundary stone) is the Akkadian and Babylonian god of war, syncretised with Ninurta.


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Mami Wata, Mammy Water

Mami Wata, Mammy Water | They were here and might return |

Mami Wata, a water-spirit, is venerated in West, Central, Southern Africa, and in the African diaspora in the Caribbean and parts of North and South America.

Mami Wata spirits are usually female, but are sometimes male.

Mami Wata is described as having long dark hair, very fair skin and compelling eyes.

The mystical pantheon of Mami Wata deities are often pictured in their most ancient primordial aspects as a mermaid, half-human or either half-fish or half-reptile. Mermaids are not a recent phenomena in African history.

Although she may appear to her devotees (in dreams and visions) as a beautiful mermaid, complete with tail, she is also said to walk the streets of modern African cities in the guise of a gorgeous but elusive woman.

She is interested in all things contemporary: some of her favorite offerings include sweet, imported perfumes, sunglasses and Coca-Cola!!

Nonetheless, the spirit appears to be related to other water spirits (known in Igbo, a language of southeastern Nigeria, as ndi mmili) who have a much longer history on the continent...

As other supernatural beings become absorbed into the figure of Mami Wata, the spirit often takes on characteristics unique to a particular region or culture. In Trinidad and Tobago, for example, Maman Dlo plays the role of guardian of nature, punishing overzealous hunters or woodcutters. She is the lover of Papa Bois, a nature patron...

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Ullr, Ull, Wulþuz, Ollerus, Ullur

Ullr, Ull, Wulþuz, Ollerus, Ullur | They were here and might return |

Ullr is a very old god of the northern lands, in Norse folklore, so old that by the time the Iron Age Norse myths were written down, not much more was known about him except that he was a god of archery, hunting, and the winter.

Ullr's father was an otherwise unknown figure, thought to be a frost-giant, in order to help explain the predilections of his son.

His mother was Sif, so Thor was Ullr's stepfather.

His name (Ull means glory) occurs so frequently as part of Scandinavian place-names that he must have been a much more important deity at one time.

He was shown frequently with skates or skis on his feet, and because of this he has been hailed as the modern god of Skiing.

One story talks about him "crossing water on a magic bone", alluding to crossing the frozen ice on skates.

He was also called god of the Shield, and the shield was referred to as his "ship", which may be a reference to using a shield or shield-shaped board as a sled … or to the ice of winter enveloping the world like a shield...


A powerful god, he took control of Midgard and Asgard every year when Odin snowbirded for the winter.

Ullr sent out the Aurora Borealis to light the sky during the period of the longest nights.     



The Elder or Poetic Edda; commonly known as Saemund's Edda. Edited and translated with introd. and notes by Olive Bray. (1908)   When Odin returned, Ullr retreated. While he had an Alps-top or frozen northlands home, he was also said to have spent his summers with the death goddess Hel.

Some have attempted to equate Ullr with the sky god Tyr, who was the Germanic version of the highest god of the Proto-Indo-Europeans, from whom the Norse and other Germanic peoples are descended...


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Azeban, Azban, Asban, Azaban

Azeban, Azban, Asban, Azaban | They were here and might return |

In the folklore of the Native American Tribes (Abenaki and Penobscot)* the Azeban is a trickster figure, Racoon deceives animals and other beings for food or other services...

The Azeban often behaves foolishly or causes trouble for others, but unlike animal tricksters in some other tribes, Azeban is not dangerous or malevolent...

In a tale that explains a raccoon's distinctive mask, the Azeban ate all his grandmother's stored acorns, so she struck him with a fire poker, burning the markings onto his face...


*The traditional homeland of the Abenaki is Wobanakik (Place of the Dawn), what is now called Northern New England and Southern Quebec.


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Erchitu | They were here and might return |

At one time in all countries of Sardinia, it was believed that men had made malvaggi (crime) during the night could be turned into animals and they came around to announce the death.

Generally transformed in Oxen and bellowed three times, before the door of the predestined, to resume human form again at dawn... As such the Erchitu can be considered as a 'wereox'...

The Erchitos can free themselves from their torment only when they encounter someone brave and strong, capable of extinguishing the candles in one puff, or capable of cutting the horns on the head with one precise shot...


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Alphyn, Awfyn, Alfin

Alphyn, Awfyn, Alfin | They were here and might return |

Alphyn is a wonderful wolf creature featured in heraldry.

It sports a dragon's scaly underbelly and forelimbs, a long knotted tail, large pointed ears, and a thin, pointed tongue.

The Alphyn has a thick mane and long thin tongue. It also possesses a notable characteristic that is itsknotted tail, reminiscent of Celtic design and similar to that of the Griffin...

Sometimes it is depicted as having an eagle's or dragon's talons on its forelegs, other times they are cloven, like a goat's.

Occasionally all four feet are depicted as having the claws of a lion.

In English heraldry, the Alphyn was used as a heraldic badge of the Lords de la Warr, and also appeared on the guidon held by the knight in the Milleflour Tapestry in Somerset...

It is argued that this heraldic beast derives from an Arabic chess piece, the equivalent of the European knight of the chessboard.

The Arabic name for this piece is 'al-fil' and it is usually depicted as an elephant...


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Ashratum, Asherah, ṯrt, Ashratum, Ashratu, Asherdu, Ashertu, Aserdu, Asertu

Ashratum, Asherah, ṯrt, Ashratum, Ashratu, Asherdu, Ashertu, Aserdu, Asertu | They were here and might return |

Asherah is a Canaanite mother-goddess, fertility, war and sea-goddess...

Several passages in the Bible may refer to the planting of a tree as a symbol of Asherah, or the setting up of a wooden object as an asherah—the Hebrew words for "tree" and "wood" are the same...

Asherah is identified as the consort of the Sumerian god Anu and Ugaritic El, the oldest deities of their respective pantheons. Other sources identified her as the consort of Baal.

This role gave her a similarly high rank in the Ugaritic pantheon. The name Dione, which like 'Elat means "Goddess", is clearly associated with Asherah in the Phoenician History of Sanchuniathon, because the same common epithet ('Elat) of "the Goddess par excellence" was used to describe her at Ugarit...

For reasons that are not clear she is associated with the sea and is often called "Asherah of the Sea." 

A number of allusions refer to Asherah though often her name is hidden by the translation "grove" instead of Asherah.

It might be that in that in the mythology that followed by the Canaanites in Palestine, Asherah and Anat had reversed roles.

It is apparent that the Canaanite tales were not uniform throughout all the Land of Canaan but that different groups had their own version of approximately the same stories...

Some accounts distinguish between Asherah, a Ugaritic mother-goddess who was the consort of Baal, and Asherah, a Canaanite mothergoddess...


See Gaia:

See Baal:

See Ishtar:

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Gargoyles | They were here and might return |

The term originates from the French gargouille, originally "throat" or "gullet"; cf. Latin gurgulio, gula, gargula ("gullet" or "throat") and similar words derived from the root gar, "to swallow", which represented the gurgling sound of water (e.g., Spanish garganta, "throat"; Spanish g‡rgola, "gargoyle").

It is also connected to the French verb gargariser, which means "to gargle."

The Italian word for gargoyle is doccione o gronda sporgente, an architecturally precise phrase which means "protruding gutter."

The German word for gargoyle is Wasserspeier, which means "water spewer."

The Dutch word for gargoyle is waterspuwer, which means "water spitter" or "water vomiter."

A building that has gargoyles on it is "gargoyled."

Gargoyles, many of them appear with wings, are said to scare off and protect from any evil or harmful spirits.

In Ancient Egyptian architecture, gargoyles showed little variation, typically in the form of a lion's head.

Similar lion-mouthed water spouts were also seen on Greek temples, carved or modeled in the marble or terracotta cymatium of the cornice.

Many medieval cathedrals included gargoyles and chimeras. The most famous examples are those of Notre Dame de Paris.

Although most have grotesque features, the term gargoyle has come to include all types of images.

Some gargoyles were depicted as monks, or combinations of real animals and people, many of which were humorous.

Both ornamented and unornamented water spouts projecting from roofs at parapet level were a common device used to shed rainwater from buildings until the early eighteenth century.

From that time, more and more buildings employed downpipes to carry the water from the guttering at roof level to the ground and only very few buildings using gargoyles were constructed.

In 1724, the London Building Act passed by the Parliament of Great Britain made the use of downpipes compulsory on all new construction.

Gargoyles were viewed two ways by the church throughout history:

Often gargoyles were used to assist the Church in conveying messages to the common people.

Due to literacy being uncommon, images were the best way to constantly convey ideas.

Gargoyles were used as a representation of evil. It is thought that they were used to scare people into coming to church, reminding them that the end of days is near.

It is also thought that their presence assured congregants that evil is kept outside of the churchÕs walls.

However, some medieval clergy viewed gargoyles as a form of idolatry.

Animal Gargoyles:

The ancient Egyptians, Greeks, Etruscans and Romans all used animal-shaped waterspouts.

During the 12th century, when gargoyles appeared in Europe, the Roman Catholic Church was growing stronger and converting many new people.

Some animals (such as the rhinoceros and the hippopotamus) were unknown in western Europe during the Middle Ages so gargoyles of these species (such as the ones at Laon Cathedral) are modern gargoyles and therefore did not have symbolic meaning in Medieval times.

Below is a list of some animals commonly used as gargoyles:

Lion, Dog, Wolf, Eagle, Snake, ....., Goat, Monkey, ...

19th and 20th Centuries

Although not designed to drain water and therefore technically not gargoyles, the grotesques on modern structures are still considered by most people to be gargoyles.

Gargoyles can be found on many churches and other buildings.

One extensive collection of modern gargoyles can be found in Washington National Cathedral in Washington, DC. The cathedral, begun in 1908, is encrusted with the limestone demons. This collection also includes Darth Vader, a crooked politician, robots and many other modern spins on the ancient tradition.

The 20th Century collegiate form of the Gothic Revival produced many modern gargoyles, notably at Princeton University, Washington University in St. Louis, Duke University, and the University of Chicago.


Grotesques are often confused with gargoyles, but the distinction is that gargoyles are figures that contain a water spout through the mouth, while grotesques do not.

This type of sculpture is also called a chimera. Used correctly, the term gargoyle refers to mostly eerie figures carved specifically as terminations to spouts which convey water away from the sides of buildings.

In the Middle Ages, the term babewyn was used to refer to both gargoyles and grotesques. This word is derived from the Italian word babuino, which means "baboon".


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Mhd.Shadi Khudr's insight:

"The gargoyle often makes his perch
On a cathedral or a church
Where, mid eclesiastic style
He smiles an early Gothic smile"

Oliver Herford

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Leucrota, Leocrocotta, Leucrocotta, Leucrocuta, Leukrokotta

Leucrota, Leocrocotta, Leucrocotta, Leucrocuta, Leukrokotta | They were here and might return |


The leucrota is a a psychotic beast with a borderline sociopathic mindset from the Medieval era.


It is a a composite animal; a cross between a hyena-like luvecerviere beast and lion.


Pliny the Elder (Roman author, naturalist, and natural philosopher, as well as naval and army commander of the early Roman Empire) describes the leucrota as a hyena-like creature, which he calls "the swiftest of all beasts, about the size of an ass, with a stag's haunches, a lion's neck, tail and breast, badger's head, cloven hoof, mouth opening right back to the ears, and ridges of bone in place of rows of teeth—this animal is reported to imitate the voices of human beings."


There is often some confusion between the more wolf like Crocotta and the more lion like Leucrocotta and in some cases the two are looked upon as the same creature. Clearly meant to be two different types of animals, authors of bestiaries often mistook them for one another due to there alleged blood relation, similarity in name and there supposed ability to speak with a human voice.


Though this creature is shrouded in folktales and mystery it is often thought that the hyena may have been the bases for the Leucrota, however most researchers simply dismiss the creature as pure fiction...


The leucrocotta is specifically mentioned in Jonathan Strange & Mr Norrell (the 2004 first novel by British writer Susanna Clarke), in the chapter "Leucrocota, the Wolf of the Evening", where the titular character names another person in the book as one, as a reference to his personality and lifestyle...


...Vocal mimicry...

Leucrotas speak in voices chosen to lure their target away, where they proceed to feast upon the still living individual...

“...And the man who has been called approaches…but when it has drawn him away from his fellow-workers and has got him alone, it seizes and kills him and then makes a meal of him after luring him on with its call...”






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Snotra | They were here and might return |


Snotra is a wise and gentle goddess in Norse folklore. She shows decorous of manner.


Guerber calls her the goddess of virtue and master of all knowledge. She knew the value of self-discipline.


Snotra is solely attested in the Prose Edda, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson...


Snotra is one of The Asynjur of Asgard. They are of no less authority and just as divine as their male counterparts...






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Tiddy Mun

Tiddy Mun | They were here and might return |


It is said that long before the Dutch drained the marshland in Lincolnshire (UK) known as the Carrs, through which the River Ancholme flows, a race of supernatural creatures  lived in the wetlands around places like Brigg, Broughton and Hibaldstow.


The Tiddy Mun dwelt deep down in the green water holes and came out at evening when the mists rose.


When he came out he came creeping like a limping lobelty with long white hair and a beard that was all matted and tangled all sheathed in grey so he could not easily be seen in the dark.


But his whistle could be heard like a peewit laughing into the wind.


He was not wicked like some of the others, but was eerie enough. But on wet seasons when the water rose to the people's doorsteps, the whole family would go out together and, shivering in the darkness, would call:


Tiddy Mun wi'out a name
Tha watter's thruff


And they would call this until the heard the whistling like a peewit across the marsh, and then they'd go home.


Next morning the waters would be down.


But then it was decided to drain the marshes, though the farmers would not have anything to do with it, for what would Tiddy Mun do then?


But ditches were dug and the land got drier and drier and Tiddy Mun grew angry.


Then the cattle began to die, and milk curdled and children pined and died in their mothers' arms. And they didn't know if it was the bogles or Tiddy Mun himself, so they all took a stoup each of water and came to the dyke edge and and poured the water out together chanting:

Tiddy Mun wi'out a name
Here's watter for thee, tak thy spell undone...




And every Full Moon they would go out with the stoups of water to say their rhyme.


While they did this Tiddy Mun stayed for a while longer.


But the land is all drained now and he has gone away.


And the land is empty...






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Bangpūtys | They were here and might return |


Bangpūtys, the god of waves and storms, who sails over the wild sea in a boat which has a golden anchor, in Lithuanian folklore...


According to the reconstructions, he is austere, unrelenting.


He has beard, wings and two faces. He has fish in left hand, utensil in right hand and rooster on the head.


His sons are gods of wind: Rytys, Pietys, Šiaurys and Vakaris (easterly, souther, norther and westerly).


Bangpūtys is very vindictive god. Once Auštaras (son of Aušrinė and Mėnulis, other god of easterly wind) was swimming in the sea and made a storm. Bangpūtys did not like and thus wanted to drown him.





See Posieidon:


See Neptune :


See Thor:


See Taranis:



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