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"The famous immortal, winged horse which sprang forth from the neck of Medousa when she was beheaded by the hero Perseus."
Pegasus is amongst the very few of so-called epic creatures which are NON-evil....
Indian Cartozonon Cartazoon:
Girru, the son of Anu and Šala, according to the first-millennium incantation series Maqlû, tablet II, lines 136-7, is the light and fire god in the Akkadian folklore and the Sumerian Gibil's counterpart.
Girra would accompany Mesopotamians in their daily lives and as a refiner of metals he is also the patron of metallurgists... Girra demonstrated the ability to mix copper and tin...
He was also praised in the context of construction due to his significance in the process of brick making...
Girra was equally feared for his potential as destructive fire. He was responsible for the burning of fields...The Old Babylonian tale of Girra and Elamatum describes the fire-god as an exalted champion of the gods. He fights on their behalf against the so-called ferocious evil witch of Elam...
Girra was syncretised with the younger god Nuska, another deity of fire and light. Girra and Nuska represented together the two aspects of the planet Mercury as morning and evening star, before Mercury was identified with Nabu alone ...Sometimes Girra is indistinguishable from Nuska....
on a separate note, it is argued that Girra is equated with Erra...
Also, unsurprisingly, Girra was also closely associated with Šamaš.. http://bit.ly/1vZraqX
Girra is said to be invoked to destroy evil... He is used to conveying sorcerers to the netherworld...
In passing: The Bonus of Bonuses:
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Ninhursag, the 'Queen of the Mountain', is the Sumerian earth and mother-goddess, and a goddess of fertility...
She is the consort of the supreme god Enki (and is as such identified with Damgalnunna).
Ninhursag is one of the oldest members of the Sumerian pantheon and has prestigious titles such as 'mother of gods' and 'mother of all children'. She is also called Nintu, "lady of bearth", and Ki, the earth.
She was the tutelary deity of the Sumerian rulers, who styled themselves "children of Ninhursag"...
Being one of the oldest of the Mesopotamian gods, Ninhursag both subsumed the characteristics of similar beings was later herself subsumed by the fertility goddess Inanna/Ishtar...
Ninhursag is typically depicted wearing a horned head-dress and tiered skirt, often with bow cases at her shoulders, and not infrequently carries a mace or baton surmounted by an omega motif or a derivation, sometimes accompanied by a lion cub on a leash...
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Šala, consort of the storm god Adad in the Sumerian folklore, is probably of non-Mesopotamian origin. The name Šala (with a long vowel in the first syllable) has no clear Akkadian or other Semitic etymology. The name may derive from the Hurrian šāla, 'daughter'...
The Standard Babylonian astronomical text Mul-Apin equates the constellation "The Furrow" (Virgo) with "Šala, the ear of grain" (Mul-Apin, Tablet I line 52)...The brightest star in Virgo is still known today as Spica (L. "ear of grain").
Šala's genealogy is unclear. In god lists she is equated with Medimša (the traditional wife of Iškur) and four other Sumerian goddesses...
Šala carries a double-headed mace-scimitar embellished with lion heads and is believed to be a patron of power over crop fertility.
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Ullr is a very old god of the northern lands, in Norse folklore, so old that by the time the Iron Age Norse myths were written down, not much more was known about him except that he was a god of archery, hunting, and the winter.
Ullr's father was an otherwise unknown figure, thought to be a frost-giant, in order to help explain the predilections of his son.
His mother was Sif, so Thor was Ullr's stepfather.
His name (Ull means glory) occurs so frequently as part of Scandinavian place-names that he must have been a much more important deity at one time.
He was shown frequently with skates or skis on his feet, and because of this he has been hailed as the modern god of Skiing.
One story talks about him "crossing water on a magic bone", alluding to crossing the frozen ice on skates.
He was also called god of the Shield, and the shield was referred to as his "ship", which may be a reference to using a shield or shield-shaped board as a sled … or to the ice of winter enveloping the world like a shield...
A powerful god, he took control of Midgard and Asgard every year when Odin snowbirded for the winter.
Ullr sent out the Aurora Borealis to light the sky during the period of the longest nights.
The Elder or Poetic Edda; commonly known as Saemund's Edda. Edited and translated with introd. and notes by Olive Bray. (1908) When Odin returned, Ullr retreated. While he had an Alps-top or frozen northlands home, he was also said to have spent his summers with the death goddess Hel.
Some have attempted to equate Ullr with the sky god Tyr, who was the Germanic version of the highest god of the Proto-Indo-Europeans, from whom the Norse and other Germanic peoples are descended...
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The representation of CAPRICORNUS, The Sea-Goat or Goat-Fish, as a creature with the head and body of a goat and the tail of a fish, may well have originated from Assyro-Babylonian depictions of their god of wisdon Oannes, who was half-man, half-fish...
Images of the creature represented by Capricornus, often with the head and body of a goat and the tail of a fish (a sea-goat), have been found in 3000 B.C.E. year-old Babylonian tablets. Recognition of the constellation is probably even older...
In Greek folklore, the constellation is sometimes identified as Amalthea, the goat that suckled the infant Zeus after his mother, Rhea, saved him from being devoured by his father, Cronos...
The goat's broken horn was transformed into the cornucopia or horn of plenty.
Capricornus is also sometimes identified as Pan, the god with a goat's head, who saved himself from the monster Typhon by giving himself a fish's tail and diving into a river...
The best explanation of the Capricorn goat comes from the Capricorn zodiac sign myth that was discovered in the writings known as the Scriptures of Delphi...Basically the sea goats came from the first sea goat, Pricus, who was created by the god Cronos.
The legend goes that eventually all the sea goats made their way inevitably to land where they became the four-legged goats that we know today, leaving Pricus as the sole sea goat and the figure in Capricorn tales. This, naturally, explains why there are no sea goats today...
Capricornus (The Sea Goat) Constellation — Location: Zodiac constellation, visible in both hemispheres; Coordinates: Right Ascension: 21h; Declination: -20; Source: Ancient, Babylonian and Greek folklore.
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Magni (meaning mighty), the god of Strength in Norse folklore, has been following in the footsteps of his father Thor, god of Thunder, in ways that go beyond Norse mythos.
As champions of humans and defenders against the forces of evil, Magni and Thor were considered more important and popular than the other gods who resided in Asgard.
Magni is one of three siblings that Thor and his mistress the giantess Jarnsaxa bore.
Thor and his family were members of the Aesir (sky gods) and resided in Asgard - the realm or "heaven" of Norse sky gods - ruled by the principal god (and Magni's grandfather) Odin.
The Aesir were usually at odds with the Vanir (Earth Gods). This tension often resulted in conflicts with human in the middle of it.
In his early years, Magni set himself apart by saving his own father from certain death. Thor had defeated a stone Giant, yet was trapped under the crushing weight of this beast's leg.
The other gods couldn't release him. Thus, fearing the end was near, Thor sent for Magni to say his farewell.
However, Magni wasn't ready to say farewell to his dad. Instead, he assessed the situation and boasted:" I could've clobbered this beast, if you called for me earlier." With that, Magni pulverized the rock leg into pebbles and freed his father.
That was at the age of three, and from that moment on, he became known as the god of Strength...
Later, the Aesirs and the Vanir led by Loki (another devious trickster god of fame and infamy) went into all-out war.
According to Norse folklore, the battle will eventually result in what is called Ragnarok in which gods and humanity were to be affected by a war of "Armageddon" style proportions.
Oddly enough, this doomsday was prophesized and the gods knew who would live or die.
In this case, the prophesy tells of a victory by the forces of good (Aesir) in which Magni and Modi (god of wrath) lead them to victory...
It is argued however that Magni and Modi are not gods at all...
> Poetic Edda:
Magni is mentioned among the survivors of Ragnarök in the Poetic Edda Vafþrúðnismál...
Magni, along with his father, has accomplished something else, lately; he has found new life in the modern mythology of the Marvel Universe...
Interesting on passing:
The Hilarius Bonus:
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Mhd.Shadi Khudr's insight:
Thor. “I will counsel thee: row thy boat hither. Let us cease quarrelling; come and meet Magni's father.”
Odin. “Leave thou the river; crossing shall be refused thee.”
Thor. “Show me the way, since thou wilt not ferry me.”
Odin. “That is a small thing to refuse. It is a long way to go: a while to the stock, and another to the stone, then keep to the left hand till thou reach Verland. There will Fjörgyn meet her son Thor, and she will tell him the highway to Odin's land.”
Thor. “Shall I get there to-day?”
Odin. “With toil and trouble thou wilt get there about sunrise, as I think.”
Thor. “Our talk shall be short, since thou answerest with mockery. I will reward thee for refusing passage, if we two meet again.”
Odin. “Go thy way, where all the fiends may take thee.”
Excerpted from The Project Gutenberg EBook of The Edda, Vol. 1, by Winifred Faraday
Erra is the god of war and plagues in the Babylonian folklore (Akkadian in particular), who later became closely associated with the underworld god Nergal.
Erra, known from an 'epos' the eighth century BCE, is an especially war-like and violent god, who is often understood to be a bringer of pestilence. There is some debate, however, regarding the exact nature of his destructive functions...
There is some debate, however, regarding the exact nature of his destructive functions.
Erra is restless and breaks into a soliloquy. He is anxious to fight and campaign, but hesitates through natural inertia. Speaking of himself in the third person...
"Warrior Erra, why do you neglect the field for the city?
"The very beats and creatures hold us in contempt!
"O warrior Erra, we will tell you, thought that we say be offensive to you!
"Ere the whole land outgrows us,
"You must surely hear our words!
The poem of Erra and Ishum (about 1000 BCE)
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She is the sister and consort of the air god Shu and the mother of Geb and Nut.
Tefnut's grandchildren were Osiris, Isis, Set and Nephthys. Alongside her father, brother, children and grandchildren, she is a member of the Ennead of Heliopolis.
Her name is literally translated as "That Water".
Tefnut is also associated with Ra’s eyes, sometimes with the lunar eye and sometimes with the solar eye. As the protector of the sun god, she acquired the titles “Lady of the Flames”. Such role, she shared with several other goddesses including Sekhmet, Bast, Isis, Hathor, Mut, Wadjet, Isis and Nekhbet.
Of the Ennead deities, she is the first one to be attached to a female nature, as other gods were believed to have a duality in nature...
However, with Atenism's emphasis upon Akhenaten and Nefertiti as Shu and Tefnut, and thus as the divine children of the Aten, a "true" monotheism is not present... Ra, Shu, Tefnut, Thoth, Ptah, Hathor, and several other deities figure prominently in texts of Atenism, and the King and Queen, in particular, identified themselves with the deities Shu and Tefnut, respectively. Amen was targeted by the main prophet of the cult, the king, likely _not_ in Year 6 of the reign (as has been traditionally proposed), but more likely in the very _late_ years of the reign (possibly as late as years 16-17), dues to the somewhat limited damage to names and figures of Amen/Mut/Khons, the erasure of the word "gods," and the personification of 'ma'at' on existent monuments....
In one story, Tefnut apparently had a falling out with the god Ra and high-tailed it into the deserts of Nubia in Upper Egypt.
But just leaving in a rage, wasn't enough. She decided to show just how much power she held and took with her all of her water and moisture. As a result of this, Lower Egypt dried out and fell into drought.
But simply drying up Egypt in her wake wasn't enough. After taking on the brave appearance of a lioness she went on a killing spree. No man or god was safe from this angry cat!
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In Greek folklore, the Kabeiroi are twin gods or daimones who presided over the orgiastic dances of the mysteries of Samothrake which were performed in honour of the goddesses Demeter, Persephone, and Hekate.
These enigmatic chthonic beings are also famed metal-workers, dwarf-like sons of the god Hephaistos, who served their father at his Lemnian forge.
The accounts of the Samothracian gods, whose names were secret, vary in the number and sexes of the gods, usually between two and four, some of either sex. However, the number of Cabeiri also varied, with some accounts citing four (often a pair of males and a pair of females) of them, and some even more, such as a tribe or whole race of Cabeiri, often presented as all male.
Like their mother Kabeiro, the pair were also sea-divinities, who protected and came to the aid of sailors in distress.
According to Clement the Kabeiroi were three in number, but two of the brothers committed an act of fratricide. The pair later recovered the phallus of Zagreus who had been dismembered by the Titan-gods and established it in the shrine of the Mysteries.
In the Cabiri by Aeschylus, the two gods welcomed the Argonauts to their island and initiated them in a drunken orgy...
The Kabeiroi were closely identified with a number of other korybantic daimones including the Cretan Kouretes, the Trojan Daktyloi, and the Phrygian Kyrbantes.
According to some the Samothrakain Kabeiroi included not only the sons of Hephaistos, but also the Korybantic sons of the god Apollon...
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The Mngwa, which means the strange one, is described as an overly aggressive, unknown, big cat roughly the size of a donkey reported to roam the East African countries of Tanzania and Kenya...
It has creepy yellow eyes, sharp deadly teeth and huge razor like claws.Its fur is a dark grey with black stripes and spots, similar to a nowadays domesticated tabby cat.
Its body is said to sport some hairless spots from victims clutching and ripping patches as they attempted to free themselves.
The natives of the area have known of the Mngwa for centuries but it wasn’t until the 1900’s that the English first became away of this powerful creature sometimes referred to as the great grey ghost.,,
In the 1930’s and 1940’s the Mngwa was commonly referred to by the name of Nunda, but because of two books, written by Gardner Soule, The Mystery Monsters and The Maybe Monsters, along with the help of Bernard Heuvelmans, the name Mngwa is now more frequently used...
Three possibilities come to mind. Assuming that the nunda does indeed exist, as indicated by the physical reality of unidentifiable fur and distinctive footprints, it may conceivably be a wholly unknown species, lurking undetected by science amid Tanzania's dense forests.
Alternatively, it could be an exceptionally large form of aberrantly-patterned leopard...
The Mngwa was first mentioned in a Swahili song from the year 1150 which also mentions the Lion (Simba) the Leopard (Nsui) and the Mngwa as three different creatures proof that there is no confusion in the minds of the natives when it comes to the three creatures.
The Nunda, Eater of People is one of the Swahili fairy tales collected by Edward Steere in his 1870 anthology Swahili Tales, as told by the natives of Zanzibar. It is possible that this folktale was also the inspiration for the Nundu, a leopard-like magical creature mentioned in J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter novels...
There is an old, traditional Tanzanian folktale that tells of the Sultan Majnun's youngest son who went seeking a murderous feline monster called the nunda, which had killed his three brothers and many other hapless humans too.
Evidently not the most zoologically-knowledgeable of people, he proceeded to kill several different animals, including a zebra, a rhinoceros, an elephant, a civet, and a giraffe, each time mistakenly assuming that this must be the nunda.
Eventually, however, he encountered the real nunda, lying asleep under the shade of a tree. As large as a donkey, with distinctive brindled fur, huge claws, and enormous teeth, it was a terrifying sight, but the Sultan's son slew it as it slept, and returned home in triumph, having rid his father's kingdom of this malevolent scourge...
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Mami Wata, a water-spirit, is venerated in West, Central, Southern Africa, and in the African diaspora in the Caribbean and parts of North and South America.
Mami Wata is described as having long dark hair, very fair skin and compelling eyes.
The mystical pantheon of Mami Wata deities are often pictured in their most ancient primordial aspects as a mermaid, half-human or either half-fish or half-reptile. Mermaids are not a recent phenomena in African history.
Although she may appear to her devotees (in dreams and visions) as a beautiful mermaid, complete with tail, she is also said to walk the streets of modern African cities in the guise of a gorgeous but elusive woman.
She is interested in all things contemporary: some of her favorite offerings include sweet, imported perfumes, sunglasses and Coca-Cola!!
Nonetheless, the spirit appears to be related to other water spirits (known in Igbo, a language of southeastern Nigeria, as ndi mmili) who have a much longer history on the continent...
As other supernatural beings become absorbed into the figure of Mami Wata, the spirit often takes on characteristics unique to a particular region or culture. In Trinidad and Tobago, for example, Maman Dlo plays the role of guardian of nature, punishing overzealous hunters or woodcutters. She is the lover of Papa Bois, a nature patron...
See Marmaid, Meman and Variation:
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In the folklore of the Native American Tribes (Abenaki and Penobscot)* the Azeban is a trickster figure, Racoon deceives animals and other beings for food or other services...
The Azeban often behaves foolishly or causes trouble for others, but unlike animal tricksters in some other tribes, Azeban is not dangerous or malevolent...
In a tale that explains a raccoon's distinctive mask, the Azeban ate all his grandmother's stored acorns, so she struck him with a fire poker, burning the markings onto his face...
*The traditional homeland of the Abenaki is Wobanakik (Place of the Dawn), what is now called Northern New England and Southern Quebec.
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Legend in Sweden has it that there is a huge cave deep inside Ålleberg Mountain where the 12 Knights of Ålleberg are lying in wait to march forth and save their country...
The last time they were seen is thought to have been at the Battle of Åsle in 1389, when twelve knights in golden suits of armour fought with Queen Margaret's army...
It is said that the entrance to the mountain cave is hard to find. Once, a farmer was taking a load of grain to the market in Falköping.
At the foot of Ållebergs Änne mountain he met a stranger who asked him if he could buy his load. The farmer went with the stranger and they ended up in the mountain cave where the knights lay sleeping, fully clothed and ready for battle.
The farmer bumped into a bridle, which made a noise. The knights woke up and wondered if was time to take up arms.
The man who had bought the load reassured them that they could sleep soundly on...
The legend is a version of the sleeping hero or king in the mountain...
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Adar Llwch Gwin are giant magical birds of Welsh tradition, belonging to Drudwas ap Tryffin, often equated with Griffins...
The name derives from the Welsh words llwch ("dust") and gwin ("wine").
Adar Llwch Gwin, given to Drudwas ap Tryffin by his fairy wife, could understand human speech; they would also perform all that he commanded.
In a contest with Arthur, Drudwas ordered the birds to kill the first fighter to enter the battlefield. When Arthur himself was delayed from entering the fray, the birds attacked Drudwas himself, the first to arrive, tearing his flesh to pieces...
In the poetry of the late medieval Beirdd yr Uchelwyr [Poets of the Gentry], the phrase Adar Llwch Gwin was a synonym for hawks or falcons and a metaphor for strong, brave men...
See the Griffin:
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Snotra is a wise and gentle goddess in Norse folklore. She shows decorous of manner.
Guerber calls her the goddess of virtue and master of all knowledge. She knew the value of self-discipline.
Snotra is solely attested in the Prose Edda, written in the 13th century by Snorri Sturluson...
Snotra is one of The Asynjur of Asgard. They are of no less authority and just as divine as their male counterparts...
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The Bonnacon is an Asian beast whose head is like a bull but his horns curl inwards so that they do not harm the victim.
Because these horns are useless for defense, the Bonnacon has another weapon. When the Bonnacon is chased he expels dung which burns a wide area.
...As the creature retreats it emits a trail of dung that would sometimes cover a distance as long as three furlongs, or approximately 3 acres.
Any contact with the creatures dung would scorch the pursuer like a sort of fire.
This napalm like excrement may have given rise to legends that the Bonacon also had the ability to breathe fire, much like the European Dragon, making this creature deadly at both ends...
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In the earliest prehistoric period Astghig, commonly referred to as Astlik, had been a patron for fertility, love, maidenly beauty, and water sources and springs....Later the skylight had been considered her personification, and she had been the wife or lover of Vahagn...
Her name is the diminutive of Armenian astġ, meaning "star", which through Proto-Indo-European *h₂stḗr is cognate to Sanskrit stṛ, Avestan star, Pahlavi star, Persian sitara´, Pashto storai, Latin and Italian stella and astro, French astre, Spanish astro, German stern, English star, etc...
Among all the Semitic beings which found their way into the Armenian pantheon, none attained the importance that was acquired by Astghik, especially in Tarauntis.
In spite of the presence of Anahit and Nana--two goddesses of her own type and therefore in rivalry with her--she knew how to hold her own and even to win the national god Vahagn as her lover.
It is now impossible to reconstruct the mythos that was at the basis of all this. It may be that we have here the intimate relation of a Syrian Ba'al to Astarte.
It may also be that the mythos is purely Greek and reflects the adventures of Ares with Aphrodite, for Astghik was called Aphrodite by Hellenizing Armenians...
Hoffman recognized in the Armenian name Astghik (which means "little star") a translation of the Syrian Kaukabhta, a late designation of Ashtart (Ishtar) both as a goddess and as the planet Venus. The latter is no more called Astghik by the Armenians, but Arusyak, "the little bride," which is an old title of Ishtar, "the veiled bride," and shows that the Armenians not only identified the planet Venus with their goddess Astghik, but were familiar with one of her most important titles...
In view of their essential identity it was natural that some confusion should arise between Astghik and Anahit.
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