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"The famous immortal, winged horse which sprang forth from the neck of Medousa when she was beheaded by the hero Perseus."
Pegasus is amongst the very few of so-called epic creatures which are NON-evil....
Indian Cartozonon Cartazoon:
Mami Wata, a water-spirit, is venerated in West, Central, Southern Africa, and in the African diaspora in the Caribbean and parts of North and South America.
Mami Wata is described as having long dark hair, very fair skin and compelling eyes.
The mystical pantheon of Mami Wata deities are often pictured in their most ancient primordial aspects as a mermaid, half-human or either half-fish or half-reptile. Mermaids are not a recent phenomena in African history.
Although she may appear to her devotees (in dreams and visions) as a beautiful mermaid, complete with tail, she is also said to walk the streets of modern African cities in the guise of a gorgeous but elusive woman.
She is interested in all things contemporary: some of her favorite offerings include sweet, imported perfumes, sunglasses and Coca-Cola!!
Nonetheless, the spirit appears to be related to other water spirits (known in Igbo, a language of southeastern Nigeria, as ndi mmili) who have a much longer history on the continent...
As other supernatural beings become absorbed into the figure of Mami Wata, the spirit often takes on characteristics unique to a particular region or culture. In Trinidad and Tobago, for example, Maman Dlo plays the role of guardian of nature, punishing overzealous hunters or woodcutters. She is the lover of Papa Bois, a nature patron...
See Marmaid, Meman and Variation:
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Ullr is a very old god of the northern lands, in Norse folklore, so old that by the time the Iron Age Norse myths were written down, not much more was known about him except that he was a god of archery, hunting, and the winter.
Ullr's father was an otherwise unknown figure, thought to be a frost-giant, in order to help explain the predilections of his son.
His mother was Sif, so Thor was Ullr's stepfather.
His name (Ull means glory) occurs so frequently as part of Scandinavian place-names that he must have been a much more important deity at one time.
He was shown frequently with skates or skis on his feet, and because of this he has been hailed as the modern god of Skiing.
One story talks about him "crossing water on a magic bone", alluding to crossing the frozen ice on skates.
He was also called god of the Shield, and the shield was referred to as his "ship", which may be a reference to using a shield or shield-shaped board as a sled … or to the ice of winter enveloping the world like a shield...
A powerful god, he took control of Midgard and Asgard every year when Odin snowbirded for the winter.
Ullr sent out the Aurora Borealis to light the sky during the period of the longest nights.
The Elder or Poetic Edda; commonly known as Saemund's Edda. Edited and translated with introd. and notes by Olive Bray. (1908) When Odin returned, Ullr retreated. While he had an Alps-top or frozen northlands home, he was also said to have spent his summers with the death goddess Hel.
Some have attempted to equate Ullr with the sky god Tyr, who was the Germanic version of the highest god of the Proto-Indo-Europeans, from whom the Norse and other Germanic peoples are descended...
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In the folklore of the Native American Tribes (Abenaki and Penobscot)* the Azeban is a trickster figure, Racoon deceives animals and other beings for food or other services...
The Azeban often behaves foolishly or causes trouble for others, but unlike animal tricksters in some other tribes, Azeban is not dangerous or malevolent...
In a tale that explains a raccoon's distinctive mask, the Azeban ate all his grandmother's stored acorns, so she struck him with a fire poker, burning the markings onto his face...
*The traditional homeland of the Abenaki is Wobanakik (Place of the Dawn), what is now called Northern New England and Southern Quebec.
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Šala, consort of the storm god Adad in the Sumerian folklore, is probably of non-Mesopotamian origin. The name Šala (with a long vowel in the first syllable) has no clear Akkadian or other Semitic etymology. The name may derive from the Hurrian šāla, 'daughter'...
The Standard Babylonian astronomical text Mul-Apin equates the constellation "The Furrow" (Virgo) with "Šala, the ear of grain" (Mul-Apin, Tablet I line 52)...The brightest star in Virgo is still known today as Spica (L. "ear of grain").
Šala's genealogy is unclear. In god lists she is equated with Medimša (the traditional wife of Iškur) and four other Sumerian goddesses...
Šala carries a double-headed mace-scimitar embellished with lion heads and is believed to be a patron of power over crop fertility.
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She is the sister and consort of the air god Shu and the mother of Geb and Nut.
Tefnut's grandchildren were Osiris, Isis, Set and Nephthys. Alongside her father, brother, children and grandchildren, she is a member of the Ennead of Heliopolis.
Her name is literally translated as "That Water".
Tefnut is also associated with Ra’s eyes, sometimes with the lunar eye and sometimes with the solar eye. As the protector of the sun god, she acquired the titles “Lady of the Flames”. Such role, she shared with several other goddesses including Sekhmet, Bast, Isis, Hathor, Mut, Wadjet, Isis and Nekhbet.
Of the Ennead deities, she is the first one to be attached to a female nature, as other gods were believed to have a duality in nature...
However, with Atenism's emphasis upon Akhenaten and Nefertiti as Shu and Tefnut, and thus as the divine children of the Aten, a "true" monotheism is not present... Ra, Shu, Tefnut, Thoth, Ptah, Hathor, and several other deities figure prominently in texts of Atenism, and the King and Queen, in particular, identified themselves with the deities Shu and Tefnut, respectively. Amen was targeted by the main prophet of the cult, the king, likely _not_ in Year 6 of the reign (as has been traditionally proposed), but more likely in the very _late_ years of the reign (possibly as late as years 16-17), dues to the somewhat limited damage to names and figures of Amen/Mut/Khons, the erasure of the word "gods," and the personification of 'ma'at' on existent monuments....
In one story, Tefnut apparently had a falling out with the god Ra and high-tailed it into the deserts of Nubia in Upper Egypt.
But just leaving in a rage, wasn't enough. She decided to show just how much power she held and took with her all of her water and moisture. As a result of this, Lower Egypt dried out and fell into drought.
But simply drying up Egypt in her wake wasn't enough. After taking on the brave appearance of a lioness she went on a killing spree. No man or god was safe from this angry cat!
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In Greek folklore, the Kabeiroi are twin gods or daimones who presided over the orgiastic dances of the mysteries of Samothrake which were performed in honour of the goddesses Demeter, Persephone, and Hekate.
These enigmatic chthonic beings are also famed metal-workers, dwarf-like sons of the god Hephaistos, who served their father at his Lemnian forge.
The accounts of the Samothracian gods, whose names were secret, vary in the number and sexes of the gods, usually between two and four, some of either sex. However, the number of Cabeiri also varied, with some accounts citing four (often a pair of males and a pair of females) of them, and some even more, such as a tribe or whole race of Cabeiri, often presented as all male.
Like their mother Kabeiro, the pair were also sea-divinities, who protected and came to the aid of sailors in distress.
According to Clement the Kabeiroi were three in number, but two of the brothers committed an act of fratricide. The pair later recovered the phallus of Zagreus who had been dismembered by the Titan-gods and established it in the shrine of the Mysteries.
In the Cabiri by Aeschylus, the two gods welcomed the Argonauts to their island and initiated them in a drunken orgy...
The Kabeiroi were closely identified with a number of other korybantic daimones including the Cretan Kouretes, the Trojan Daktyloi, and the Phrygian Kyrbantes.
According to some the Samothrakain Kabeiroi included not only the sons of Hephaistos, but also the Korybantic sons of the god Apollon...
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The Mngwa, which means the strange one, is described as an overly aggressive, unknown, big cat roughly the size of a donkey reported to roam the East African countries of Tanzania and Kenya...
It has creepy yellow eyes, sharp deadly teeth and huge razor like claws.Its fur is a dark grey with black stripes and spots, similar to a nowadays domesticated tabby cat.
Its body is said to sport some hairless spots from victims clutching and ripping patches as they attempted to free themselves.
The natives of the area have known of the Mngwa for centuries but it wasn’t until the 1900’s that the English first became away of this powerful creature sometimes referred to as the great grey ghost.,,
In the 1930’s and 1940’s the Mngwa was commonly referred to by the name of Nunda, but because of two books, written by Gardner Soule, The Mystery Monsters and The Maybe Monsters, along with the help of Bernard Heuvelmans, the name Mngwa is now more frequently used...
Three possibilities come to mind. Assuming that the nunda does indeed exist, as indicated by the physical reality of unidentifiable fur and distinctive footprints, it may conceivably be a wholly unknown species, lurking undetected by science amid Tanzania's dense forests.
Alternatively, it could be an exceptionally large form of aberrantly-patterned leopard...
The Mngwa was first mentioned in a Swahili song from the year 1150 which also mentions the Lion (Simba) the Leopard (Nsui) and the Mngwa as three different creatures proof that there is no confusion in the minds of the natives when it comes to the three creatures.
The Nunda, Eater of People is one of the Swahili fairy tales collected by Edward Steere in his 1870 anthology Swahili Tales, as told by the natives of Zanzibar. It is possible that this folktale was also the inspiration for the Nundu, a leopard-like magical creature mentioned in J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter novels...
There is an old, traditional Tanzanian folktale that tells of the Sultan Majnun's youngest son who went seeking a murderous feline monster called the nunda, which had killed his three brothers and many other hapless humans too.
Evidently not the most zoologically-knowledgeable of people, he proceeded to kill several different animals, including a zebra, a rhinoceros, an elephant, a civet, and a giraffe, each time mistakenly assuming that this must be the nunda.
Eventually, however, he encountered the real nunda, lying asleep under the shade of a tree. As large as a donkey, with distinctive brindled fur, huge claws, and enormous teeth, it was a terrifying sight, but the Sultan's son slew it as it slept, and returned home in triumph, having rid his father's kingdom of this malevolent scourge...
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In ancient Greek , Charon or Kharon, the son of Erebus and Nyx, is the ferryman of Hades who carries souls of the newly deceased across the rivers Styx and Acheron that divided the world of the living from the world of the dead...
A coin to pay Charon for passage, usually an obolus or danake, was sometimes placed in or on the mouth of a dead person.
In the catabasis mytheme, heroes — such as Heracles, Orpheus, Aeneas, Dionysus and Psyche — journey to the underworld and return, still alive, conveyed by the boat of Charon...
The Etruscans of central Italy identified him with one of their own underworld daimones who was named Charun after the Greek figure.
He was depicted as an even more repulsive creature with blue-grey skin, a tusked mouth, hooked nose and sometimes serpent-draped arms. His attribute was a large, double-headed mallet...
Living persons who wish to go to the underworld need a golden bough obtained from the Cumaean Sibyl...
Given the fact that they need two trips, Charon charges significantly more... Several Greek and Roman authors wrote about traveling to the Underworld, usually with the assistance of an experienced guide. Dante, for example, wrote The Inferno, and the Aeneid by Virgil also features a trip to the Underworld...
Incidentally, for anyone concerned about paying the ferryman, his going rate in Ancient Greece was an obolus, a silver coin worth a sixth of a drachma. Since Greece has now switched over to the Euro, along with other members of the European Union, Charon would probably accept a Euro coin, and he may be open to other currencies as well.
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Legend in Sweden has it that there is a huge cave deep inside Ålleberg Mountain where the 12 Knights of Ålleberg are lying in wait to march forth and save their country...
The last time they were seen is thought to have been at the Battle of Åsle in 1389, when twelve knights in golden suits of armour fought with Queen Margaret's army...
It is said that the entrance to the mountain cave is hard to find. Once, a farmer was taking a load of grain to the market in Falköping.
At the foot of Ållebergs Änne mountain he met a stranger who asked him if he could buy his load. The farmer went with the stranger and they ended up in the mountain cave where the knights lay sleeping, fully clothed and ready for battle.
The farmer bumped into a bridle, which made a noise. The knights woke up and wondered if was time to take up arms.
The man who had bought the load reassured them that they could sleep soundly on...
The legend is a version of the sleeping hero or king in the mountain...
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Adar Llwch Gwin are giant magical birds of Welsh tradition, belonging to Drudwas ap Tryffin, often equated with Griffins...
The name derives from the Welsh words llwch ("dust") and gwin ("wine").
Adar Llwch Gwin, given to Drudwas ap Tryffin by his fairy wife, could understand human speech; they would also perform all that he commanded.
In a contest with Arthur, Drudwas ordered the birds to kill the first fighter to enter the battlefield. When Arthur himself was delayed from entering the fray, the birds attacked Drudwas himself, the first to arrive, tearing his flesh to pieces...
In the poetry of the late medieval Beirdd yr Uchelwyr [Poets of the Gentry], the phrase Adar Llwch Gwin was a synonym for hawks or falcons and a metaphor for strong, brave men...
See the Griffin:
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The Bonnacon is an Asian beast whose head is like a bull but his horns curl inwards so that they do not harm the victim.
Because these horns are useless for defense, the Bonnacon has another weapon. When the Bonnacon is chased he expels dung which burns a wide area.
...As the creature retreats it emits a trail of dung that would sometimes cover a distance as long as three furlongs, or approximately 3 acres.
Any contact with the creatures dung would scorch the pursuer like a sort of fire.
This napalm like excrement may have given rise to legends that the Bonacon also had the ability to breathe fire, much like the European Dragon, making this creature deadly at both ends...
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The Russian indrik beast most closely resembles a gigantic bull, at least the size of an elephant, with the head of a horse and a large horn protruding from its head...
The indrik beast, which gets its name from the Russian word edinorog, meaning "unicorn," is said to live on a legendary mountain known as the Holy Mountain or Saint's Mountain.
Depending on the region of Russia, the Indrik-beast's mountain is either completely uninhabited by humans, or only holy humans are allowed to set fot on its ground.
The Holy Mountain is presented as a fertile ground similar to Avalon or Garden of Eden in some contexts. In others, it might be considered a barren, rocky wasteland.
The indrik beast was said to be so large that the Earth shook when it walked.
This may have been a mythical explanation for earthquakes. Alternatively, it may have been used to emphasize the powerful nature of the animal as a symbol for the wilderness.
There are no current online references to the indrik beast's mythical diet.
In legends, it might have been said to be a carnivore like the Persian karkadann unicorn, or it might have been a large but gentle herbivore...
According to a legend, Indrik has rescued people from a drought...
So, the Indrik beast's legacy and spirit persist in our collective memory-- even as we advance our scientific understanding of the past...
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In the earliest prehistoric period Astghig, commonly referred to as Astlik, had been a patron for fertility, love, maidenly beauty, and water sources and springs....Later the skylight had been considered her personification, and she had been the wife or lover of Vahagn...
Her name is the diminutive of Armenian astġ, meaning "star", which through Proto-Indo-European *h₂stḗr is cognate to Sanskrit stṛ, Avestan star, Pahlavi star, Persian sitara´, Pashto storai, Latin and Italian stella and astro, French astre, Spanish astro, German stern, English star, etc...
Among all the Semitic beings which found their way into the Armenian pantheon, none attained the importance that was acquired by Astghik, especially in Tarauntis.
In spite of the presence of Anahit and Nana--two goddesses of her own type and therefore in rivalry with her--she knew how to hold her own and even to win the national god Vahagn as her lover.
It is now impossible to reconstruct the mythos that was at the basis of all this. It may be that we have here the intimate relation of a Syrian Ba'al to Astarte.
It may also be that the mythos is purely Greek and reflects the adventures of Ares with Aphrodite, for Astghik was called Aphrodite by Hellenizing Armenians...
Hoffman recognized in the Armenian name Astghik (which means "little star") a translation of the Syrian Kaukabhta, a late designation of Ashtart (Ishtar) both as a goddess and as the planet Venus. The latter is no more called Astghik by the Armenians, but Arusyak, "the little bride," which is an old title of Ishtar, "the veiled bride," and shows that the Armenians not only identified the planet Venus with their goddess Astghik, but were familiar with one of her most important titles...
In view of their essential identity it was natural that some confusion should arise between Astghik and Anahit.
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Cerridwen (Ker-RID-Wen) is one of the Old Ones, one of the great megalithic pre-Christian goddesses of the Celtic World...
Although, in her story, she embodies all three lunar aspects of the goddess, maiden, mother and crone...
Cerridwen is reognised for her Crone aspect, by and through her Cauldron of Wisdom, Inspiration, Rebirth and Transformation...
The cauldron has an intimate association with femininity, together with the cave, the cup and the chalice, and the association of femininity with justice, wisdom and intelligence goes back to very ancient times...
Like the Greek goddess, Demeter, and the Egyptian goddess, Isis, Cerridwen was the great Celtic Goddess of inspiration, intelligence and knowledge, and was invoked as a law-giver and sage dispenser of righteous wisdom, counsel and justice...
Ceridwen has the power to transform herself into many different creatures...
The cauldron of Ceridwen was magical in which she was creating a broth to make her terribly ugly son terribly wise. Gwion was charged with stirring it, but consumed some of the magical elixir.
Ceridwin pursued Gwion in a chase filled with metamorphoses. After she overcame him as a hen with Gwion changed into an ear of corn, Ceridwin ate him and then gave birth Taliesin, whom she sent away in a coracle...
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Hence the month of February was also sacred to Juno, the goddess of marriage, and she was therefore surnamed Februata, or Februtis. (Fest. s. v. Februarius; Arnob. iii. 30.)...
For the Etruscans, Februus was also the god of riches (money/gold) and death, both connected to the underworld in the same natural manner as with the better-known Roman god Pluto...
The name Februus is connected with februare (to purify), and februae (purifications).
Another feature in the character of this god, which is however intimately connected with the idea of purification, is, that he was also regarded as a god of the lower world, for the festival of the dead (Feralia) was likewise celebrated in February...
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Perses, son of the Titans Crius and Eurybia, is the Titan god of destruction. Not to be confused with the son of Andromeda and Perseus, or the son of Helios and brother of Aeetes.
Perses is the father of Hekate (Hecate) --his one and only child--by the goddess Asteria ("the Starry One").
It is argued that Perses was probably imprisoned with the other Titans, for participating in the war against Zeus and the Olympians...
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