The Smart Cities Stakeholder Platform provides a unique opportunity for all stakeholders (companies, cities, individuals, ...) in Europe to establish Europe's Smart City Roadmap, inspire the future Calls in EU Horizon 2020 and Key Innovations that will make our cities smarter....
SoomeenHahm.com™ is a London based design studio found in 2011. The practice runs based on a design research which search for coherent local behaviors generating highly affected global outcome exploring the relationship between design process and the final product. The practice is interested in conducting parametric and algorithmic design research within architectural design and seeks for architecture actively engage and change in different time and environment which is highly controlled within intelligence of design, within systemic research through computation, robotic, structural engineering, sustainable engineering and parametric control systems.
I'm just back from a few days in Madrid where i visited the jaw-dropping vast new headquarters of Medialab Prado. More about that soon. I did however find some time to visit a couple of exhibitions in town. Including Anonymization at La Casa Encendida.
Robert Harding Pittman, Lake Las Vegas Resort | Las Vegas, USA
In this photo series, Robert Harding Pittman acutely documents the exportation of the Los Angeles-style model of urban development to other countries such as Spain, France, Germany, Greece, United Arab Emirates and South Korea.
From the construction boom up until the current building crisis.
Anonymization presents under an implacable light a landscape of anonymity made of shopping malls, vast parking lots, arrays of unfinished houses that look exactly the same, green golf courses in the middle of desert areas, etc.
The photos highlight that urban sprawl has no soul, character nor regard for the cultural, social, ecological or even meteorological context. The absence of any human figure in the photos render the alienation even more striking.
In all of places that I photographed, developers almost always feel that they need to build a golf course in their development in order to attract homebuyers, the photographer told Fototazo. Even though many residents do not play golf, it provides them with a feeling of luxury, leisure and well-being, just as does the palm tree. Not only is the green golf course crucial, but so is the green lawn around one's house, even if one lives in a desert.
Obviously water problems are thus also universal in sprawl built in sunny, arid climates, where much of the building has occurred in the recent future.
The other common element to sprawl all over the world is the dependency on the car and the pollution, the lack of social interaction and the alienation that this creates. Also it results in that those who cannot drive, the youth and many elderly, become immobile.
Dr. Dickson Despommier was born in New Orleans in 1940, and grew up in California before moving to the New York area, where he now lives and works. He has a PhD in microbiology from the University of Notre Dame. For 27 years, he has conducted laboratory-based biomedical research at Columbia University with NIH-sponsored support. He is now an emeritus professor at Columbia University and adjunct professor at Fordham University. At present, Dr. Despommier is engaged in a project with the mission to produce significant amounts of food crops in tall buildings situated in densely populated urban centers. This initiative has grown in acceptance over the last few years to the point of stimulating planners and developers around the world to incorporate them into their vision for the future city. To date, there are vertical farms up and running in Japan, Korea, Singapore, Seattle, and Chicago, with many more in the planning stage. It is his hope that vertical farming will become commonplace throughout the built environment on a global scale.
Here we sketch the rudiments of what constitutes a smart city which we define as a city in which ICT is merged with traditional infrastructures, coordinated and integrated using new digital technologies. We first sketch our vision defining seven goals which concern: developing a new understanding of urban problems; effective and feasible ways to coordinate urban technologies; models and methods for using urban data across spatial and temporal scales; developing new technologies for communication and dissemination; developing new forms of urban governance and organisation; defining critical problems relating to cities, transport, and energy; and identifying risk, uncertainty, and hazards in the smart city. To this, we add six research challenges: to relate the infrastructure of smart cities to their operational functioning and planning through management, control and optimisation; to explore the notion of the city as a laboratory for innovation; to provide portfolios of urban simulation which inform future designs; to develop technologies that ensure equity, fairness and realise a better quality of city life; to develop technologies that ensure informed participation and create shared knowledge for democratic city governance; and to ensure greater and more effective mobility and access to opportunities for urban populations.
Smart cities of the future M. Batty, K. W. Axhausen, F. Giannotti, A. Pozdnoukhov, A. Bazzani, M. Wachowicz, G. Ouzounis, Y. Portugali The European Physical Journal Special Topics November 2012, Volume 214, Issue 1, pp 481-518 http://dx.doi.org/10.1140/epjst/e2012-01703-3
We begin by deﬁning the state of the art, explaining the science of smart cities. We deﬁne six scenarios based on new cities badging themselves as smart, older cities regenerating themselves as smart, the development of science parks, tech cities, and technopoles focused on high technologies, the development of urban services using contemporary ICT, the use of ICT to develop new urban intelligence functions, and the development of online and mobile forms of participation. Seven project areas are then proposed: Integrated Databases for the Smart City, Sensing, Networking and the Impact of New Social Media, Modelling Network Performance, Mobility and Travel Behaviour, Modelling Urban Land Use, Transport and Economic Interactions, Modelling Urban Transactional Activities in Labour and Housing Markets, Decision Support as Urban Intelligence, Participatory Governance and Planning Structures for the Smart City. Finally we anticipate the paradigm shifts that will occur in this research and deﬁne a series of key demonstrators which we believe are important to progressing a science of smart cities.
The University of California at Los Angeles today published a map that brings some clarity to how the city uses electricity, block by block.
For consumers, the interactive map shows how each block compares to others and consumption patterns by season. But the Web app is more directly aimed at the municipal utility, the Los Angeles Department of Water and Power (LADWP), and city planners. The map overlays census and land use information so people can see how income levels affect electricity use and the difference between single family, multi-family, and commercial buildings. Privacy is protected by only showing data at the block level rather than individual buildings.
With the data, the utility could develop more finely tuned programs to improve efficiency, such as retrofits targeted at high energy users or low-income neighborhoods, says project manager Stephanie Pincetl, a professor at UCLA’s Institute of the Environment and Sustainability. It could also shed light on how buildings of a certain age perform and be combined with other data sources, such as projections for high heat days from climate change, she added.
The application is a prime example of how data visualizations can bring some order to understanding building energy. In the U.S., about 40 percent of energy (not just electricity) is consumed in buildings. Some experts estimated that between 30 percent and 50 percent is wasted. Columbia University last year did a similar mapping project to shed some light on the dynamics of energy use and to inform policies and foster the exchange of ideas.
In this modern age, we think of cities as large institutions or machines. We talk about their failures as failures of management, coordination, governance. We think we could have "better" cities if we could only tune the machine to make it more "efficient." The machine model is implicit in the popular language around "smart cities." The promise is that shiny, smart boxes will figure out how to make our cities tick by smoothing traffic flow, monitoring crime and allocating power through smart grids. We need to think again. Urban centers are evolving organisms, not engineering problems. Although we are able to control parts of a city -- central business districts, mass-transit systems, water distribution -- we will never hold and understand the whole. Cities are dynamic, complex-adaptive systems composed of millions of relatively free-willed individuals who each day make hundreds of individual decisions that set in motion consequences leading to a million other decisions.
That call, though, rests on an unquestioned assumption about cities. In this modern age, we think of cities as large institutions or machines. We talk about their failures as failures of management, coordination, governance. We think we could have "better" cities if we could only tune the machine to make it more "efficient." The machine model is implicit in the popular language around "smart cities." The promise is that shiny, smart boxes will figure out how to make our cities tick by smoothing traffic flow, monitoring crime and allocating power through smart grids.
We need to think again. Urban centers are evolving organisms, not engineering problems. Although we are able to control parts of a city -- central business districts, mass-transit systems, water distribution -- we will never hold and understand the whole. Cities are dynamic, complex-adaptive systems composed of millions of relatively free-willed individuals who each day make hundreds of individual decisions that set in motion consequences leading to a million other decisions.....
El City Protocol, va un poco más allá, ya que se trata de un nuevo marco de trabajo abierto, para las ciudades de todo el mundo para evaluar y mejorar el esfuerzo en materia de sostenibilidad ambiental, la calidad de vida y servicios de la ciudad, innovando y aplicando nuevas formas de participación de la sociedad y mediante el aprovechamiento de las tecnologías de la comunicación (TIC).
City Protocol está desarrollado de la misma forma que se hizo en su momento con IP (Internet Protocol), se establece un protocolo que se base en la comunidad global, que englobe el desarrollo urbano de una forma integrada de todas las ciudades.
También se creará también una organización, City Protocol Society que representará empresas, centros de investigación y un gran conjunto de universidades que apoyan este proyecto y de distintas maneras participarán en el desarrollo de este protocolo de ciudades.
Como muestra de este compromiso, Barcelona ha puesto en marcha un Smart City Campus en la zona de renovación urbana del 22@, que será un espacio de innovación urbana que aglutinará empresas, instituciones, universidades y centros tecnológicos
El pasado mes de julio se celebró en Barcelona, el workshop sobre City Protocol, en el que colaboraron las ciudades de Amsterdam, Boston, Buenos Aires, Busan, Copenhagen, Derby, Dublin, Genova , Helsinki, Hyderabad, Istambul , Lima, Livorno, Lyon, Maputo, Medellín, Milan, Moscow, Nairobi, New York City, Nice, Paris, Quito, Rome, San Francisco, Seoul, Taipei, Torino, Uppsala, Venice, Vienna, Yokohama.
Design Trust put together a metrics framework that measured the associated activities of urban agriculture with the known benefits derived from various studies to convince city officials of urban farming's positive impact.
Transforming underutilized land into productive urban farms was one of the many topics which were presented at the recent Kansas City Design Week. Jerome Chou, past Director of Programs at the Design Trust for Public Space, presented his unique experience with the implementation of the Five Boroughs Farm in New York City and the impact that urban agriculture can have on low-income areas of a city.
Chou pointed out that having the land available for an urban farm is only half of the battle. The other half involves changing local zoning laws, influencing political opinion, garnering economic support, and proving the project will have a net benefit to a community...
We've seen some pretty crazy, vertigo-inducing rooftopping and skyscraper photography in the past, but French photographer and graphic artist Romain Jacquet-Lagrèze‘s 'Vertical Horizon' photo series takes the opposite approach to yield a similar awe-inspiring effect.
Gardens by the Bay is the newest addition to Singapore's green space innovations, making this architecturally brilliant metropolis truly a “City in a Garden.”
Still a work in progress, Gardens by the Bay was named the World Building of the Year at the World Architecture Festival 2012. The use of innovative energy saving technologies is a noteworthy element of this unique project.
More than 217,000 plants belonging to approximately 800 species and varieties are represented in the Gardens “with the hope that it will help to promote awareness of the wonders of nature and the value of plants to Man and the environment.” In this way, visitors are instilled with new or renewed awareness of plants, while experiencing different ecosystems without disturbing original forests. Gardens by the Bay also supports the sustainability of culture through a wide array of “edutainment” available onsite — from school programs to concerts – to further enhance an understanding of this experience...
The Supertrees are vertical gardens that vary from 20-50 meters in height, which line the OCBC Skyway, a 128-metre long walkway that provide glorious views of the Gardens and Marina Bay area. These structures are created by wrapping a steel frame around a concrete core to support planting panels. The vertical “grove” allows the Gardens to showcase different plant species found in the different strata of forests, including epiphytes and orchids. In fact, there are approximately 162,900 plants representing more than 200 species on these manmade trees. Of the 18 total Supertrees, 11 are also embedded with environmentally sustainable functions such as photovoltaic cells that harvest energy that is later used in the nightly light up show. Some are also connected to the biomes and serve as air exhaust receptacles.
A new breed of high-rise architecture is in the process of being born, thanks to the collaborative efforts of modern design pioneers. Envisioned as the best sustainable option for meeting world housing demands and decreasing global carbon emissions, wooden mega-structures are now one step closer to becoming a reality.
“Big Wood,” a conceptual project to the eVolo 2013 Skyscraper Competition, builds on the premise that wood, when harvested responsibly, is one of the best tools architects and engineers have for reducing greenhouse gas emissions and creating healthy communities. Aspiring to become one of the greenest skyscrapers in the world, Big Wood challenges the way we build our cities and promotes timber as a reliable platform to support tomorrow’s office and residential towers...
Courtesy of South China Morning Post It has been twenty years since the demolition of the Kowloon Walled City. To mark this, the South China Morning (RT @ArchDaily: Infographic: Life Inside The Kowloon Walled City
The Kowloon walled city was like a glitch in the urban fabric of Hong Kong; a solid 2.7 hectare block of unrestrained city. Depending on who you ask, it was a Bladerunner-esque slum or a poor, but tight-knit community. Either way, for the best part of the last century, it was the most densely populated place on earth, with 3,250,000 people per square mile, compared to Hong Kong’s mere 17,000.
The site of the walled city dates back hundreds of years. Spending most of its life as a Chinese military outpost, the Chinese hung on to the KWC when Hong Kong was leased to the British in 1898, as its location, right in the middle of the territory, made it easy for them to keep an eye on the new tenants – an idea which didn’t sit too well with the British.
What transpired next was decades of confusion and diplomatic sensitivity, as both countries sought to claim sovereignty over the area. It came to a head at the end of WWII when the Japanese, who had captured the city, surrendered. China announced it’s intention to fully reclaim the site, causing floods of refugees to flee there and creating unease with Britain who intended to continue as it had before.
Les voitures électriques se rechargent sans fil, en Colombie-Britannique. Les chercheurs de l’UBC à Vancouver ont testé avec succès un système de charge magnétique : le véhicule s’accote à la station et la batterie se met alors en charge grâce à un engrenage magnétique, comme un aimant en entrainerait un autre ; une technique fonctionnant à faibles fréquences et à des champs électriques d'exposition négligeables. Seul inconvénient : quatre heures d’attente pour huit heures d’autonomie ; et les usagers détestent attendre… C’est pourquoi la firme Better Place, en Israël, commence à équiper ses stations-services d’échangeurs instantanés de batteries : grâce à un bras robotisé, la batterie déchargée est démontée, retirée et remplacée par une neuve, le tout en moins de trente secondes. Une rapidité qui nécessite cependant de posséder TOUTES les batteries qui sont échangées, et que les usagers « louent » : un monopole difficile à partager…
Ce système de transport est basé sur la collaboration entre voisins, communautés, gouvernements et gestionnaires routiers, pour que toute la planification des transports soit orchestrée à la seconde et soit calquée sur des objectifs sociaux.
Idéalement, lorsque vous désirez vous déplacer, vous branchez votre itinéraire sur le réseau qui vous présente toutes les options, selon votre degré d’urgence ou d’importance (travail ou plaisir). Le réseau vous donne les conditions d’embouteillage actuelles, les occasions de covoiturage immédiates, les stations de bus ou de métro accessibles, ainsi qu’une évaluation précise du temps de marche éventuelle.
Tous ces éléments existent déjà… séparément. Pour parvenir à un système de transport social intégré, il faudrait en tout premier lieu concevoir le « tableau de bord » de l’usager.
Des compagnies telles RideAmigosCORP y travaillent déjà, et mettent à disposition des entreprises et des usagers une solution Web,Century City TMO: Commute 90067, véritable planificateur de transport :
If you work for a young web company, you probably think your office is pretty cool. Maybe it has a pool table or even a roof terrace. Pah! Give it 37 years and, according to engineering company Arup, our office blocks will contain working farms, produce their own energy, be linked together by suspended green walkways and sections of each floor will be removable, upgradable and replaceable. Intersting article on Smart Cities that looks into some of the key innovations by Shell and IBM.
Indeed, the floors of Arup’s building occupied by algae-filled biofuel pods are not unlike a current project by French biochemist Pierre Calleja. He is building algae street lamps that eat up CO2 in the atmosphere. Combine this with another algae lamp that produces its own light using energy created by photosynthesis and you get self-powered, anti-pollution street lamps.
Researchers at the University of California Los Angeles (UCLA) just announced their creation of a graphene supercapacitor — essentially a battery but one that charges up to 1,000 times faster than the normal kind, and that can be composted. The future promises instant phone chargers and petrol stations with plugs that can charge cars faster than they currently fill up on unleaded.
At last week’s TED conference in LA an architect and computer scientist Skylar Tibbets showed off 4D printing — essentially objects that self-assemble by absorbing water. For Tibbets this material is best used for installing underground water pipes.
Robinson is loath to point out the world’s smartest city (he mentions Birmingham as a candidate) but Newton says new cities in emerging markets have the potential to “leapfrog other parts of the world.”
The real smart aspect may come down not to the technology which we know exists but to foresight and willingness to change.
“There have to be new models of collaboration for businesses and decision-makers in cities and government to have the positive impact we know the technology could support,” says Newton. The city that leads in this department may just end up the smartest in the class.
Michael Batty explains how geodesign technology and agent-based modeling can help designers and stakeholders work together to agree on new plans for cities.
There are now many new methods for modeling cities that differ from the traditional approaches to simulating urban structure, land use, and transportation flows. As data has become richer and bigger and computers have become all-pervasive, with ever-increasing memories and ever-faster processing times, it has become possible to model the behaviors of individual objects that make up data aggregates, such as populations, that were the focus of simulation models a decade or more ago. Individuals that compose these populations can now be represented as distinct objects within computations, now usually being referred to as agents. Agents are essentially individual objects that have to be well-defined with strong identities and distinct from the environment in which they sit. These might be likened to the "atoms" that compose our cities, notwithstanding that what goes on inside the atom is hidden from our view. Although in cities agents are often considered to be human beings, it is quite possible to define them in terms of any distinct objects that compose a system. In particular, agents might be streets or buildings, components that make up the weather or vehicles on the highway, the bricks that a house is built from, or the pipes/wires that click together to keep our utilities functioning. Their definition is entirely dependent on the context, and in this sense, agent-based models or modeling (ABM) has emerged as a much more generic tool for simulation than most of the other approaches developed hitherto. Indeed, Esri has introduced a plug-in called Agent Analyst that enables users to build agent models that have a spatial component, which is the map in ArcGIS.
A few of the 886 proposals from the Knight Foundation's latest open government news challenge.
This year, the Knight News Challenge has been soliciting project proposals to open and leverage government data anywhere at the national, state and local levels (in the U.S. and abroad). As of last week, 886 projects are vying for a share of the $5 million in funding, all in response to this question: "How can we make the places we live more awesome through data and technology?"
Amid all of the submissions are innovations we've already encountered at Atlantic Cities: a favorite guerrilla wayfinding campaign from Raleigh, North Carolina; Code for America's playful StreetMix web app; the San Francisco-based Urban Prototyping Festival; and a community-driven transportation planning project based on the kind of data analytics we wrote about here. But that's barely scratching the surface of all the proposals that Knight has corralled.
Visit the article link for a list of 12 ideas from the competition that are new and worth developing (with the applicants' description of their programs). On the 29th, Knight plans to announce a set of semifinalists, who will be invited to complete more detailed proposals. The final winners (there's no predetermined number of them) will then be announced in June...
Qu’est-ce que l’innovation publique ? L’innovation publique est une réponse au décalage observé entre les politiques publiques et le besoin réel des usagers. Ces politiques publiques sont en effet élaborées au plus haut niveau de l’Etat par des experts, sur des bases théoriques parfois très éloignées des réalités du terrain, et n’incluent pas suffisamment dans leur processus d’élaboration les premiers concernés : les administrations et leurs usagers.
L’innovation publique consiste donc à améliorer ces politiques, en les simplifiant et en incluant dans le processus les fonctionnaires des administrations concernées, les citoyens et les entreprises.
Plusieurs pays se sont déjà dotés de leur laboratoire d’innovation publique, tel le Danemark et son MindLab, laboratoire interministériel qui constitue une référence en la matière. Parmi les sujets auxquels s’est déjà attelé le laboratoire danois, citons pour exemple : - le système de déclaration d’impôts en ligne et son adaptation aux besoins des jeunes danois
- le type d’aide à apporter aux créateurs d’entreprises à fort potentiel (description du cas sur le site de la 27e Région)
En France, un travail similaire est réalisé au niveau des régions par la 27e Région , “do-thank” des politiques publiques. La vocation de ce do-thank ? Explorer de nouvelles façons d’améliorer la conception et la mise en oeuvre des politiques publiques. Des programmes de recherche-action sont ainsi élaborés avec les régions volontaires et mis en oeuvre par des équipes pluridisciplaines (sciences humaines, design de services, innovation sociale). L’objectif étant à terme d’aider les régions à créer leur propre fonction de recherche-action.
L’Etat français envisage sérieusement pour sa part de se doter, à l’instar du Danemark, de son propre laboratoire d’innovation publique. S’inscrivant dans le cadre de la modernisation de l’action publique, cette entité aurait pour mission de travailler sur l’amélioration (et la simplification) de politiques publiques existantes dans un souci d’efficacité, d’écoute des besoins des usagers et de réduction des coûts. La création de ce laboratoire devrait être proposée par la Ministre de la Réforme de l’Etat, Marylise Lebranchu, à l’automne 2013.
"Open Smart Cities I" post that address, from the point of view of open source software, several technological areas related to Smart Cities, as the Internet of Things, Cloud, Big Data, or Smart Cities platform of services and applications. In this post, we make a brief review of the concept of Smart City, and introduce the topic of Internet of Things, wherein we explore the potential of open source technologies (software, hardware and standar).