The 19th century was a century of empires, 20th century was a century of nation states and the 21st century will be a century of cities...
This outstanding infographic (courtesy of postscapes.com) begins with some information about our current state of urbanization.
Did you know that 1.3 million people are moving to cities each week?! It then explains the need for smart cities and delves into what is required to establish these intelligent connected environments, how the smart city may take various forms in the developing worlds and what specific technologies are necessary to achieve such grand goals in practice.
We have been grateful to the wide array of planners, architects, techies, entrepreneurs and students of the built environment who have joined us on this journey. And the ‘Smart City‘ has featured again and again, whether it be a futurologist’s insights into the bionic, nature-centric adaptable cities of the future, or an economist’s keen ideas on instilling happiness in the built environment.
Michael Hansmeyer est un architecte post-moderniste qui utilise les techniques algorithmiques appliquées à l’architecture, explore l’art génératif et le logiciel CAO pour mener à bien des projets complexes de construction. Titulaire d’un MBA obtenu à l’INSEAD, et d’un Masters en Architecture (MA) de l’Université de Columbia, il travaille actuellement au sein du Groupe CAAD au département architecture d’ETH, à Zürich. Bien connu pour son Subdivided Columns – A New Order (2010): des colonnes symétriques d’une grande complexité, créées par des prototypes fabriqués à partir d’outils en acier utilisés pour façonner une façade en plastique ABS, vouée à être exposée en extérieur et à être porteuse. Son dernier projet, Digital Grotesque (2013), utilise des algorithmes pour créer des formes qui apparaissent tant synthétiques qu’organiques. AMA a eu la chance de rencontrer Michael Hansmeyer, l’architecte nous présentant sa vision de l’architecture contemporaine.
The Rhythm of City is an art piece that points out an innovative and artistic way for applying geo-located social data as a score. At the same time, the data represents a city's pace of life. The goal is to metaphorically describe locations by extracting geo-tagged content of Twitter, Flickr, Youtube, and translating it into the rhythm of a physical metronome in real time. In short, a metronome represents a city. The audience is given a chance to discover and experience an alternative way of perceiving different locations and have a bird's view on urban digital landscapes. Our concerns are about the malleability of the digital world to the physical one, and the interpretation of social data for artistic purposes.
The installation is a sonic and at the same time visual interface for perceiving the urban life and culture of different locations. Moreover, it gives an alternative meaning and purpose to the location-specific invisible online data.
What else can we predict? In theory, any event that is not random, provided we have enough data to model the context. Examples include passenger load in public transports, availability of parking spots, traffic jams, waste production, energy consumption and revenues of a shop in a specific street. These all share a common underlying principle: use context rather than history to predict behavior.
In themselves, each of these predictions could lead to amazing new products and services. The real power though comes from integrating everything together and modeling an entire city and its interactions with people. For instance, if you can predict where people will need to go tomorrow, then you can create optimal bus routes, minimizing time to destination and walking distance, taking into account predicted traffic, weather and garbage collection schedules. In this ideal system, all services would be optimal and available to citizens at anytime. We call this new way of designing cities "Algorithmic Urbanism".
In his new book "Me++: The Cyborg Self and the Networked City", William J. Mitchell tells the story of the reciprocal relationship between man and technology - how one shapes the other in a cyclical and temporal process. These mutually reinforcing phenomena are most visible when looking at design and architecture and their manifestation in cities in particular. The characteristic new architecture of the 21st century occurs at the intersection of three realms: electronic information flows, mobile bodies and physical places. So, what we are experiencing is not the replacement of the physical space with electronic versions, but the sophisticated integration of digital networks within physical supply chains.
"Embedded within a vast structure of nested boundaries and ramifying networks, my muscular and skeletal, physiological, and nervous systems have been artificially augmented and expanded...My biological body meshes with the city; the city itself has become not only the domain of my networked cognitive system, but also – and crucially – the spatial and material embodiment of that system."
This is the fundamental thesis in Mitchell's book. It largely rests, as he states, on Gregory Bateson's insight that if you want to explain the locomotion of a blind man crossing the street "you will need the street, the stick, the man, the street, the stick, and so on, round and round." In Bateson's view, there is no clear distinction between internal cognitive processes and external computational ones. Mitchell translates this into the present by saying that we perceive, act, learn, and know through the mechanically, electronically, and otherwise extended bodies and memories that we construct and reconstruct for ourselves. And, as we are beginning to see, there is no clear limit to this extension. This is his explanation for why mankind is not only its own bodies, but tightly intertwined with its surrounding technologies:
VersuS explores the real-time lives of cities using data captured from major social networks and analyzing it through natural language analysis and artificial intelligence
Cities have become ubiquitous publishing spaces in which people constantly use nomadic technological tools (such as smartphones, tablets, laptops and network-connected devices and services) to communicate, learn, understand their environment, express emotions, collaborate, organize themselves, work, express opinions.
In VersuS we focus on the concept of the concept of human-centered smart cities.
The VersuS project:
- all the real-time public information which is generated in cities on social networks such as Facebook, Twitter, Youtube, Instagram, Foursquare and Flickr is captured
- Natural Language Analysis and Artificial intelligence are used to understand the topics people are discussing, their emotional approach (sentiment analysis and emotional analysis) and, when available, their exact geographic location
- we currently support 29 languages
- network analysis is then performed to understand the human geographies/topograpies of cities: who are the hubs, the influencers, the switches, the major nodes of the human network, and the dynamics according to how information, knowledge, opinions and data spread in the city
Traditionally, cities have been viewed as the sum of their locations – the buildings, monuments, squares and parks that spring to mind when we think of ‘New York’, ‘London’ or ‘Paris’. In The new science of cities (Amazon US| Amazon UK), Michael Batty argues that a more productive approach is to think of cities in terms of …
Cities and network analysis.
Viewing cities as networks allows us to use the toolbox of network analysis on them, employing concepts such as ‘cores’ and ‘peripheries’, ‘centrality’, and ‘modules’. Batty says that an understanding of how different types of network intersect will be the key that really unlocks our understanding of cities.
Cities, like many other types of network, also seem to be modular, hierarchical, and scale-free – in other words, they show similar patterns at different scales. It’s often said that London is a series of villages, with their own centres and peripheries. but the pattern also repeats when you zoom out and look at the relationships between cities. One can see this in the way that London’s influence really extends across Europe, and in the way that linked series of cities, or ‘megalopolises‘, are growing in places such as the eastern seaboard of the US, Japan’s ‘Taiheiyō Belt‘, or the Pearl River Delta in China.
When urban planners and developers want to know what businesses local residents would like in their neighborhoods, where to put new bike lanes, or specific ...
SpaceHive is a website that crowdfunds civic projects in England, with proposals ranging from neighborhood festivals to new performance spaces in disused urban areas. It’s similar to Kickstarter, but focusing exclusively on community improvement. One recent project, the Porty Light Box, renovates decommissioned red phone booths into light boxes that display local artwork and images.
Vast information infrastructures are creating new challenges for future cities
Agility is key
With such diverse information flying around a smart city, new technology is needed to coordinate not only this vast amount of data, but also the array of applications it may have.
One solution to coordinate data is an “agile network” – a system that uses new technology to automatically control and configure data. This data can also be disseminated across a number of varying devices.
Chinese company Huawei Enterprise is one firm helping to build these agile networks, as well as the cloud computing data centres that they hope will help make Smart Cities a reality.
La perspective a, par les temps qui courent, tout pour séduire. Imaginez : une ville dans...
« L’idée de ville intelligente, c’est du marketing politique, lance à l’autre bout du fil Éric George, le directeur du Groupe de recherche interdisciplinaire sur la communication, l’information et la société (GRICIS) de l’UQAM. Dans des environnements où les inégalités augmentent, où le vieillissement de la population amène des enjeux de gestion délicats, où les questions écologiques émergent, où de nouveaux territoires entrent dans la compétition des villes, où les influences se déplacent, c’est un vocable qui exprime un remède, qui invite à l’optimisme alors que l’on ne sait pas où l’on s’en va. C’est là pour faire rêver, pour nourrir l’imaginaire », comme le faisaient les images des voitures volantes et les récits de téléportation, de trottoirs roulants dans les journaux du début du siècle dernier, lorsqu’ils se mettaient à imaginer les années 2000.
Solution actuelle à des problèmes qui le sont tout autant, la « ville intelligente » semble, à écouter les élus, à nos portes, même si dans les faits, cette idée d’un environnement numériquement plus efficace est finalement à des années-lumière du présent immédiat. « On est encore loin de la ville intelligente, lance Marie-Andrée Doran, la directrice de l’Institut technologies de l’information et sociétés (ITIS) de l’Université Laval, qui, depuis 2009, se questionne sur ce concept de ville connectée.Nous sommes à l’étape de définir ce que cela est vraiment. »
« On en parle beaucoup, c’est vrai, ajoute Stéphane Roche, professeur en sciences géomatiques dans le même établissement universitaire, mais dans les tissus urbains existants, les développements concrets sont rares », et le minimum requis pour commencer à rêver de système de guidage automatique des transports, de gestion numérique des mouvements d’argent public, d’électrification intelligente du tissu urbain y est également, dans la plupart des villes du monde, inexistant.
Research in the area of spatial cognition demonstrated that references to landmarks are essential in the communication and the interpretation of wayfinding instructions for human being. In order to detect landmarks, a model for the assessment of their salience has been previously developed by Raubal and Winter. According to their model, landmark salience is divided into three categories: visual, structural, and semantic. Several solutions have been proposed to automatically detect landmarks on t
Thus, we are asking the following global research question as a starting point: can we improve the urban intelligence using geosocial data generated by users of online social networks? We argue that geolocated content published on Facebook and Swarm can be exploited to enhance citizens’ spatial literacy. More precisely, check-ins datasets can be used to improve human wayfinding and smart mobility by detecting relevant semantic landmarks. Lots of research in wayfinding is done in order to enable individuals to reach as quickly as possible a desired destination, to help people with disabilities by designing cognitively appropriate orientation signs, and reduce the fact of being lost . Therefore, designing tools that effectively support people’s wayfinding remains a major concern.
In order to defend our argument, we detail in the following section a brief state of art related to the concept of wayfinding. Then, we focus both on landmarks and systems designed for their automatic detection. The fourth section puts forward the reasons why check-ins are, in our opinion, a reliable source of information to identify semantic landmarks. More precisely, three scores based on Facebook and Swarm check-ins are suggested in order to measure landmark semantic salience. Finally, the last section of this article presents concrete examples where these scores are applied with real check-ins datasets harvested from Facebook and Foursquare APIs.
The new Atlas of Urban Expansion maps out the past so cities can prepare for the future.
By 2050, two-thirds of the world's population will live in cities. That means already overcrowded cities will have to squeeze in an extra 2.7 billion people. For many cities in the developing world, that will mean sprawling to three times their current size.
To help cities better plan for the future, researchers at the Lincoln Institute of Land Policyand the NYU Stern Urbanization Project took a look at exactly how much cities have sprawled so far. Their Atlas of Urban Expansion maps out the recent growth of 120 cities. In a series of mesmerizing videos, the team mapped the growth of 30 of those cities in detail.
coUrbanize aims to help communities and developers build better cities, together. With our unique interactive platform, coUrbanize helps developers to distribute project information and gather online feedback so everybody has the facts and can easily participate. This minimizes misunderstandings that can cause confusion, objections, or unnecessary delays. Development affects many people and coUrbanize helps everyone’s voice be heard.
The MagicBand is the world’s largest and most diverse experiment in wearable data fashion. And like all fashion, MagicBands are classist. Automatic visits to Dataland are limited to guests who book their stay on Disney property. Those who visit Disney World for a day trip or who stay in a nearby, non-Disney owned hotel are limited to the old RFID credit card for their park tickets. But fear not, for MagicBands can be purchased for $12.95 at any Disney theme park gift shop. And everyone is allowed the opportunity to customize and personalize their MagicBands: “MagicSliders” sleeves and “MagicBandits” charms that bear the images of Disney characters can be purchased ($6.95-14.95) and attached to a MagicBand.
The Japan Smart City Portal provides up-to-date information on the four regions of Japan (City of Yokohama, Toyota City, Keihanna Science City, City of Kitakyushu) that are forging ahead with a variety of verification experiments in order to create smart cities. Various projects involving verification experiments will be implemented in these four regions in order to encourage healthy economic activities that reduce the burden on the environment while improving QoL (Quality of Life.)
Discover how data controls the cities of Paris, London and Berlin in these hyperconnected times.
Watch_Dogs WeareData gathers available geolocated datain a non-exhaustive way: we only display the information for which we have been given the authorization by the sources. Yet, it is already a huge amount of data. You may even watch what other users are looking at on the website through Facebook connect.
What is the average speed of traffic in the city? How many cultural events are going on? What are the levels of noise and what are people tweeting about? Answers to these and many other questions are featured and visualized in this dashboard of Amsterdam. Play and experiment with it, make different combinations and get to know the city real-time!
How to use the City Dashboard
A city consists of many elements, shown on this dashboard as the following domains: transport, environment, statistics, economy, social, cultural & security. For each domain, the actual status is shown, based on blocks of 24 hours. The data is refreshed every 10 seconds. The information is captured in charts, graphs and on a map of the city. Larger dots and darker colors symbolize higher values and vice versa. On the map, you can choose which layers you want to see: from only one domain to interesting combinations and all of them together. Personalize what you are seeing and try to discover the city of Amsterdam on a whole new level!
Researchers in EPFL’s Signal Processing 5 Laboratory, working with PSA Peugeot Citroën, have developed an emotion detector based on the analysis of facial expressions in a car, using an infrared camera placed behind the steering wheel. The researchers say they can read facial expressions and identify which of the seven universal emotions a person is feeling : fear, anger, joy, sadness, disgust, surprise, or suspicion…
Detecting emotions is only one indicator for improving driver safety and comfort. In this project, it was coupled with a fatigue detector that measures the percentage of eyelid closure.
The LTS5 is also working on detecting other states on drivers’ faces, such as distraction, and they are studying lip reading for use in vocal recognition (“OK car, cruise at 50 mph”).
So how would facial detection data showing irritation could be used in the real world? A calm voice (Scarlett Johansson from Her?) suggesting the driver calm down, or pull over and take a stress pill? A live display advising the driver?
(Smart Cities and Communities) Should we dream of electric cities & let the internet of things take over? Bristol thinks so. It's not alone. Over 41 cities in Europe have already signed a Green Digital Charter; 11 of them capital cities.
Green Digital Charter signatory cities commited to work with other cities on ICT and energy efficiency and undertook to decrease the direct carbon footprint of ICT by 30% within 10 years by the adoption of Energy Star and EU labelling schemes and training in energy efficiency behaviors. A Green Digital Charter toolkit is available.
Special attention is being given to the development of EU-China partnerships and close collaboration with the Covenant of Mayors. The Charter has been supported by the Networking intelligent Cities for Energy Efficiency (NiCE) funding stream. This has now finished, and for this reason the Smart Cities and Communities Platform is issuing a new invitation to participte in a major push to develop smart city applications and a smart city culture.
Parcourir la ville, la saisir en mouvement, et la restituer ensuite à travers une carte. Telle est la démarche de Mathias Poisson. Diplômé de l’École Nationale Supérieure de Création Industrielle (...)
Ses dessins, que l’on pourrait croire échappés d’une bande dessinée, n’ont rien de banal. Objets insolites, ils renversent l’idée habituelle que l’on se fait d’une carte et éveillent notre curiosité. Pour cet artiste, penser la ville s’articule en deux temps : d’abord, la marche s’offre comme un moyen pour la saisir dans sa complexité et ses aspects changeants. Puis, la carte permet de restituer « l’image de la ville »  - pour reprendre les mots de Kevin Lynch - que cette expérience urbaine a engendrée. Les cartes de Mathias Poisson nous donnent un véritable éclairage sur le lieu traversé. L’artiste-promeneur expose une facette du grand kaléidoscope par lequel aménageurs, urbanistes, géographes, architectes, paysagistes, chercheurs en sciences humaines et sociales et citoyens pensent la ville.
In order to thrive over the next century cities will have to change. Here's how.
Last week, the Ditchley Foundation in Oxford, England, hosted over 30 academics, practitioners, government, and non-governmental organization leaders from five continents to contemplate the rapid urbanization of the globe and address challenges and opportunities across multiple geographies, economies, and political landscapes.
Visit the link to find specific insights and processes that could significantly shape how we think about global cities over the next century.
MENTAL MODELS AND CHANNELS TO ACCELERATE "CHEMICAL REACTIONS"
We still seem to be looking at our 21st-century cities largely through a 20th-century lens. This is limiting the alchemy, not catalyzing it. Urban planning remains largely focused just on the physical environment, not on socio-economic results. Community is moving towards becoming a question of 'geographic cohesion,' not geographic place in a traditional sense. There was great conversation about not trying to retrofit old models of working, but rather adapting the way people and cities work with newly available channels and technologies.
Comment vivre dans nos villes sur un espace de plus en plus réduit ? Comment les mégacités vont-elles héberger leurs habitants au regard du prix exponentiel des loyers ? De quelle manière redonner des couleurs et du naturel à notre environnement urbain ?
La ville en tant qu’entreprise, un endroit d’épanouissement de soi, de luttes sociales ou bien un endroit de grands projets rêvés. Le documentaire "La ville du futur – Le futur de la ville" montre les métropoles européennes de Madrid, Londres et Hambourg dans des situations différents et leurs habitants, à la fois comme créateurs et victimes.
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