Cet article porte sur la façon dont l’arrivée massive de données textuelles sur support numérique a récemment changé la façon de faire des recherches en linguistique. Plusieurs branches de la linguistique travaillent à partir de grands ensembles de données attestées : nous examinerons essentiellement le cas de la linguistique de corpus et celui du traitement automatique des langues. Nous essaierons de mettre en avant les ruptures, les avancées mais aussi les limites des approches reposant sur des données massives. Notre regard sera donc avant tout épistémologique, davantage que technique ou historique.
Scientific data has gotten so complex that researchers are starting to invent a whole new mathematical field in order to handle it. This change is on par with the revolution of calculus, which allowed scientific discovery like never before.
European scientists from six institutes and two universities have developed an online platform where robots can learn new skills from each other worldwide — a kind of “Wikipedia for robots.” The objective is to help develop robots better at helping elders with caring and household tasks. “The problem right now is that robots are often developed specifically for one task”, says René van de Molengraft, TU/e researcher and RoboEarth project leader.
“RoboEarth simply lets robots learn new tasks and situations from each other. All their knowledge and experience are shared worldwide on a central, online database.” In addition, some computing and “thinking” tasks can be carried out by the system’s “cloud engine,” he said, “so the robot doesn’t need to have as much computing or battery power on‑board.”
For example, a robot can image a hospital room and upload the resulting map to RoboEarth. Another robot, which doesn’t know the room, can use that map on RoboEarth to locate a glass of water immediately, without having to search for it endlessly. In the same way a task like opening a box of pills can be shared on RoboEarth, so other robots can also do it without having to be programmed for that specific type of box.
RoboEarth is based on four years of research by a team of scientists from six European research institutes (TU/e, Philips, ETH Zürich, TU München and the universities of Zaragoza and Stuttgart).
Wearables are truly upon us.It takes about a decade to shift: from the basements of the 70s, to the desks of the 80s, the laps of the 90s, the front rooms of the noughties and pockets of the twenty teens, the location of hot computing always moves...
At the “Spiffy Dapper” cocktail bar on Singapore’s Boat Quay, a strip popular with tourists and local financial traders, one of the city-state’s first Bitcoin vending machines was installed just a few days ago. “I felt it was a good idea, it gave us
Os meios de comunicação interativos, as comunidades virtuais e a explosão da liberdade de expressão permitida pela internet abrem um novo espaço de comunicação transparente e universal. Para discutir esse assunto, o Centro Universitário Senac - Santo Amaro apresenta, em 17 de março, uma palestra gratuita com o filósofo Pierre Lévy.A ação resgata o tema de uma das publicações do pesquisador que propõe uma filosofia política original, que explora o aprofundamento possível da democracia na era da cibercultura e como as comunidades virtuais criam uma democracia local de rede mais participativa.O bate-papo também contará com a participação de Ladislau Dowbor e do professor do Centro Universitário Senac, Romero Tori.Conheça os cursos que o Senac oferece na área de educação.
Human psychology is deeply rooted in the culture in which people live. Introduction to Computational Cultural Psychology introduces a revolutionary approach for studying cultural psychology. Drawing on novel computational tools and in-depth case studies, Professor Yair Neuman offers thought-provoking answers to questions such as: how are thought and language deeply related? How can computers help us to understand different cultures? How can computers assist military intelligence in identifying vengeful intentions? And how is our concept of 'love' rooted in our basic embodied experience? Written by a leading interdisciplinary researcher this book is a "tour-de-force" which will be of interest to a variety of researchers, students and practitioners in psychology as well as an interdisciplinary audience with an interest in the intricate web weaved between the human psyche and its cultural context.