The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium
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The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium
Algorithms are the new medium between people and people, people and data, data and data. Artificial intelligence, cognitive computing, machine learning, neural networks, internet of things, smart cities, cryptocurrencies...
Curated by Pierre Levy
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Our favorite algorithm names

Our favorite algorithm names | The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium | Scoop.it
Anyone who has cracked open a computer science textbook can tell you that the field is chock full of complex, and often imposing, terminology. But among all of the opaque terms for algorithms and statistical methods, there are a handful with clever names that even non-specialists can appreciate. We were reminded of this recently when...
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Who Really Controls What You See in Your Facebook Feed—and Why They Keep Changing It   

Who Really Controls What You See in Your Facebook Feed—and Why They Keep Changing It    | The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium | Scoop.it
Every time you open Facebook, one of the world’s most influential, controversial, and misunderstood algorithms springs into action. It scans and collects e
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Big Data is watching you. Du totalitarisme algorithmique et de ses conséquences | Zilsel

Big Data is watching you. Du totalitarisme algorithmique et de ses conséquences | Zilsel | The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium | Scoop.it
Pierre Levy's insight:

Je n'adhère pas aux idées de cet article, ni aux idées de Morozov, mais ce sont des symptômes intéressants de la décadence d'une certaine intelligentsia...

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At Uber, the Algorithm Is More Controlling Than the Real Boss

At Uber, the Algorithm Is More Controlling Than the Real Boss | The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium | Scoop.it
Uber CEO Travis Kalanick often argues that the company isn’t a boss. It’s a software platform that balances supply and demand. A new academic paper pokes holes in that argument.
Pierre Levy's insight:

Another exemple of the cloudified, automated "human resources management"

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All-Powerful Algorithms: Not Even the People Who Write Them Really Know How They Work | The Atlantic

All-Powerful Algorithms: Not Even the People Who Write Them Really Know How They Work | The Atlantic | The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium | Scoop.it

Sometimes there’s a little crack in the web that is just big enough to catch a glimpse of who the robots running the show think you are.

You might deduce, for example, that the tracking software that watches you browse has figured out you’re shopping for a Halloween costume. Lo and behold, ads for gorilla suits and fairy wings start popping up in the margins of every other website you visit. Or maybe you just rewatched a bunch of Twilight Zone episodes on Netflix. It makes sense that the site then recommends Black Mirror and Quantum Leap.


But much of the time, there’s no way to tell why information is filtered the way it is online. Why is one person’s status update on Facebook prioritized in your News Feed over another’s? Why does Google return a different order of search results for you than for the person sitting next to you, googling the same thing? ...

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Via Rob Kitchin
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If you don’t like algorithmic filters, you’re probably not going to like the future of Twitter

If you don’t like algorithmic filters, you’re probably not going to like the future of Twitter | The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium | Scoop.it
Twitter appears to be set to move forward with its plans to algorithmically filter or re-order your timeline — for your own good, of course — despite a groundswell of complaints that this will ruin the essential Twitter experience
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Tipo de inteligência artificial, algoritmo define o que você vê na tela

Tipo de inteligência artificial, algoritmo define o que você vê na tela | The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium | Scoop.it

Recomendar produtos interessantes, mostrar as notícias mais importantes, sugerir restaurantes, mostrar a nova foto do amigo. Todas essas ações rotineiras da internet alimentam um mesmo gigante: o chamado algoritmo.

Não é você, usuário, que decide o que vai enxergar na tela, mas sim esse tal algoritmo, uma sequência de comandos capaz de definir critérios de relevância para o serviço que você usa, seja ele um sistema de buscas ou a página de uma rede social.

Segundo o cientista da computação Luiz Camolesi Jr., da Faculdade de Tecnologia da Unicamp (Universidade Estadual de Campinas), o algoritmo precisa traduzir a linguagem e o pensamento humano para a máquina.

"No caso de sites de compra, por exemplo, o algoritmo é feito para 'pensar' como um amigo real do usuário. Ele considera idade, perfil, hobby e gostos do cadastrado para sugerir uma compra."

Já se o exemplo for o Facebook, o comando tem como meta filtrar as 300 publicações mais importantes do dia, dentre as cerca de 1.500 disponíveis, em média, segundo dados da própria empresa.


Via Luciano Sathler
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A Wikipedia for #robots allowing them to #share knowledge and experience worldwide | #algorithms

A Wikipedia for #robots allowing them to #share knowledge and experience worldwide | #algorithms | The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium | Scoop.it

European scientists from six institutes and two universities have developed an online platform where robots can learn new skills from each other worldwide — a kind of “Wikipedia for robots.” The objective is to help develop robots better at helping elders with caring and household tasks. “The problem right now is that robots are often developed specifically for one task”, says René van de Molengraft, TU/e researcher and RoboEarth project leader.

 

“RoboEarth simply lets robots learn new tasks and situations from each other. All their knowledge and experience are shared worldwide on a central, online database.” In addition, some computing and “thinking” tasks can be carried out by the system’s “cloud engine,” he said, “so the robot doesn’t need to have as much computing or battery power on‑board.”

 

For example, a robot can image a hospital room and upload the resulting map to RoboEarth. Another robot, which doesn’t know the room, can use that map on RoboEarth to locate a glass of water immediately, without having to search for it endlessly. In the same way a task like opening a box of pills can be shared on RoboEarth, so other robots can also do it without having to be programmed for that specific type of box.

 

RoboEarth is based on four years of research by a team of scientists from six European research institutes (TU/e, Philips, ETH Zürich, TU München and the universities of Zaragoza and Stuttgart).

 

 

Robots learn from each other on 'Wiki for robots'


Via Dr. Stefan Gruenwald, luiy
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Algorithm could drastically improve the performance of hearing aids

Algorithm could drastically improve the performance of hearing aids | The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium | Scoop.it
Researchers at The Ohio State University have developed a noise-filtering algorithm that's been shown to improve partially-deaf peoples' recognition of spok...
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New Algorithms Force Scientists to Revise the Tree of Life | Wired.com

New Algorithms Force Scientists to Revise the Tree of Life | Wired.com | The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium | Scoop.it
More genetic data is available than ever before to help build evolutionary trees, but scientists are finding that different genes even in the same organism can tell conflicting stories.
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A programming language for living cells

A programming language for living cells | The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium | Scoop.it
MIT biological engineers have created a programming language that allows them to rapidly design complex, DNA-encoded circuits that give new functions to living cells.
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A Tour of Machine Learning Algorithms

A Tour of Machine Learning Algorithms | The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium | Scoop.it

Originally published by Jason Brownlee in 2013, it still is a goldmine for all machine learning professionals.  The algorithms are broken down in several categories…

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Landmark Algorithm Breaks 30-Year Impasse (graph isomorphism)

Landmark Algorithm Breaks 30-Year Impasse (graph isomorphism) | The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium | Scoop.it

Computer scientists are abuzz over a fast new algorithm for solving one of the central problems in the field. The "graph isomorphism" question simply asks if two networks that look different are really the same.

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Your Algorithmic Self Meets Super-Intelligent AI

Your Algorithmic Self Meets Super-Intelligent AI | The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium | Scoop.it
As humanity debates the threats and opportunities of advanced artificial intelligence, we are simultaneously enabling that technology through the increasing..
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Ana Paula Sena de Almeida's curator insight, December 15, 2015 12:17 PM

E Narciso, finalmente, mergulha no lago.

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A manifesto for algorithms in the environment

A manifesto for algorithms in the environment | The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium | Scoop.it
We are just starting to understand the effects that algorithms have on our lives. But their environmental impact may be even greater, demanding public scrutiny. Victor Galaz and colleagues present a new manifesto - the Biosphere Code.
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We Need Algorithmic Angels

We Need Algorithmic Angels | The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium | Scoop.it
A lot has been written on how algorithms are manipulating this and that in today’s Internet. However, there hasn’t been so many concrete proposals on how..
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The Philosophical Concept of Algorithmic Intelligence

The Philosophical Concept of Algorithmic Intelligence | The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium | Scoop.it
Proper quotation: « The Philosophical Concept of Algorithmic Intelligence », Spanda Journal special issue on "Collective Intelligence", V (2), December 2014, p. 17-25. The original text can be foun...
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sandra alvaro's curator insight, February 23, 2015 7:20 AM

Transcending the media, airborne machines will announce the voice of the many. Still indiscernible, cloaked in the mists of the future, bathing another humanity in its murmuring, we have a rendezvous with the over-language.” Collective Intelligence, 1994, p. xxviii.

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New, Efficient Data Collection Algorithm

New, Efficient Data Collection Algorithm | The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium | Scoop.it

When you can’t collect all the data you need, a new algorithm tells you which to target. A new technique could help with both problems of difficulties to collect the right data and the time the process takes. According to MIT News much artificial-intelligence research addresses the problem of m... http://i-hls.com/2014/07/new-efficient-data-collection-algorithm/


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#Algorithmic culture. “Culture now has two audiences: people and machines" | #cyberculture

#Algorithmic culture. “Culture now has two audiences: people and machines" | #cyberculture | The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium | Scoop.it

“ A conversation with Ted Striphas”


Via Jessica Parland, nicolasthely, luiy
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luiy's curator insight, May 21, 2014 6:37 AM

How will you define the “Culture of Algorithms”?


My preferred phrase is “algorithmic culture,” which I use in the first instance to refer to the the ways in which computers, running complex mathematical formulae, engage in what’s often considered to be the traditional work of culture: the sorting, classifying, and hierarchizing of people, places, objects, and ideas. The Google example from above illustrates the point, although it’s also the case elsewhere on the internet. Facebook engages in much the same work in determining which of your friends, and which of their posts, will appear prominently in your news feed. The same goes for shopping sites and video or music streaming services, when they offer you products based on the ones you (or someone purportedly like you) have already consumed.

 

What’s important to note, though, is the way in which algorithmic culture then feeds back to produce new habits of thought, conduct, and expression that likely wouldn’t exist in its absence—a culture of algorithms, as it were. The worry here, pointed out by Eli Pariser and others, is that this culture tends to reinforce more than it challenges one’s existing preferences or ways of doing things. This is what is often called “personalization,” though Pariser calls it a “you loop” instead. By the same token, it is possible for algorithmic systems to introduce you to cultural goods that you might not have encountered otherwise. Today, culture may only be as good as its algorithms.

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#Facial Recognition #Analytics - When #Algorithms Grow Accustomed to Your Face

#Facial Recognition #Analytics - When #Algorithms Grow Accustomed to Your Face | The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium | Scoop.it
Companies are developing software to analyze our fleeting facial expressions and to get at the emotions behind them.

Via AnalyticsInnovations, luiy
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luiy's curator insight, December 1, 2013 9:30 AM

Ever since Darwin, scientists have systematically analyzed facial expressions, finding that many of them are universal. Humans are remarkably consistent in the way their noses wrinkle, say, or their eyebrows move as they experience certain emotions. People can be trained to note tiny changes in facial muscles, learning to distinguish common expressions by studying photographs and video. Now computers can be programmed to make those distinctions, too.

 

Companies in this field include Affectiva, based in Waltham, Mass., and Emotient, based in San Diego. Affectiva used webcams over two and a half years to accumulate and classify about 1.5 billion emotional reactions from people who gave permission to be recorded as they watched streaming video, said Rana el-Kaliouby, the company’s co-founder and chief science officer. These recordings served as a database to create the company’s face-reading software, which it will offer to mobile software developers starting in mid-January.

Robert McKenzie's curator insight, December 1, 2013 6:08 PM

This is an emerging field and complements some of the post GFC analytics . e.g. people who take less than 3 weeks leave in 1 stint are more likely to have breached policies...add to that facial and voice recognition. A UK university was looking at IR camera's in immigration based upon the hypothesis that 'untruth' caused greater brain activity that could be picked up on an IR camera as a trigger for deeper enquiry. Sentiment++

Ali Anani's curator insight, December 3, 2013 9:33 AM

Information from faces ans how to turn information into knowledge

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6th International Conference on Computational Collective Intelligence Technologies and Applications - ICCCI 2014

6th International Conference on Computational Collective Intelligence Technologies and Applications - ICCCI 2014 | The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium | Scoop.it
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Howard Rheingold's curator insight, November 8, 2013 7:09 AM

Interesting combination of computational and social approaches to augmented ("computational") collective intelligence -- this conference is an indicator that serious collective intelligence research is maturing.

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Sorting Algorithms Are Mesmerising When Visualised

Sorting Algorithms Are Mesmerising When Visualised | The Rise of the Algorithmic Medium | Scoop.it
ados_setKeywords('wraparound'); ados_addInlinePlacement(5570, 28883, 163).setZone(32250).loadInline(); ados_load();

If you’re u...
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