The Reluctant Fundamentalist: Racism after 9.11.01
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The Long Life of Profiling, Ten Years After 9/11 | The Nation

The Long Life of Profiling, Ten Years After 9/11 | The Nation | The Reluctant Fundamentalist: Racism after 9.11.01 | Scoop.it
Ten years ago, there was near universal acknowledgement that profiling was unethical and ineffective. Yet the practice continues.
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The article talks about how the CIA and NYPD have joined forces to try and gather information about muslims living in NewYork city. The CIA however cannot gather information about American Citizens, it is "unconstituitonal." They are starting to have undercover people dress up and go to mosques to gather information. Even working at jobs that muslims commonly work at. The profling surely will never stop, there will always be racial profiling as long as racism exists in this country.

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Kasey Murray's curator insight, May 1, 2015 12:23 PM

This was a good article that told how Arabs have to undergo discrimination after 9/11.

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How Pakistan Lets Terrorism Fester

How Pakistan Lets Terrorism Fester | The Reluctant Fundamentalist: Racism after 9.11.01 | Scoop.it
Rather than fighting terrorism, Pakistani judges and journalists are pursuing political vendettas against an elected government.
Justin Gjerazi's insight:

This article shows how Pakistan as a country does not really care about terrorism in its country for it has been known for harboring them. It has been a year since Bin laden's death yet they are not asking questions about how he was let live there but rather punishing their prime minister for a corruption investigation that seems irrelevant. The country would cite "poetry" in sentencing there leader rather then the law itslef. Which shows exactly how corrupt the country is and how it will not except that it has a terrorism problem.

 

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Kasey Murray's curator insight, May 1, 2015 12:27 PM

I liked this article because it put into perspective that Pakistan should take care of the terrorist problem seeings how they are coming from there. Pakistan must accept the fact that they have a problem,

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Justin Gjerazi's insight:

This article is talking about the opinions of Pakistani's towards Americans. In the article basically 3 in every 4 Pakistani's consider the U.S. an enemy. The percentage rate is getting higher and higher each year, from 69% last year and 64% three years ago. Only 13% of Pakistani's think relations with the U.S. have gotten better. Even now the Pakistan Government have stopped trying as hard to combat terrorists who are in the country. In this article Pakistani's think that there way of life is being threatened by Americans. They think that for America being in their country is the reason for terrorist groups and what not to be there.

In the Reluctant Fundamentalist Changez begins to talk about America in a very tense tone after several events occur. While he is at work every night someone is slashing his tires. Then the U.S. begin to bomb Afghanistan and he stays clear of news broadcasts because he feels very uncomfortable around them. Changez then says "For we were not always burdened by debt, dependent on foreign aid and handouts... and we did these things when your country was still a collection of thirteen colonies, gnawing away at the edge of a continent."(Hamid 102). Changez saying these things about America mark his frustration with the country itself. He feels like the middle east doesnt deserve these allegations and that America doesnt have its best interest in mind.

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Animal's People

Animal's People | The Reluctant Fundamentalist: Racism after 9.11.01 | Scoop.it
Ever since he can remember, Animal has gone on all fours, the catastrophic result of what happened on That Night when, thanks to an American chemical company, the Apocalypse visited his slum.
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This winter break I plan on curling next to my fireplace with my dog coop and taking the time to enjoy this novel. Its about a boy who has been exposed to a chemical disaster and his life dealing with being a mutation. One day a clinic opens in his country but it is unclear if they will treat him. Its a page turner that will have you wanting more and more. Very excited, I cant wait to start it.

 

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Racist torment in the classroom

Racist torment in the classroom | The Reluctant Fundamentalist: Racism after 9.11.01 | Scoop.it
How racist bullying made 14-year old Khadeja Fahat's school life a 'daily torment'
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This article talks about racism towards a Islamic 14 year old girl in her own classroom at school. This girl was being tormented since the age of 9 because she was Islamic. She would go to school everyday wondering what kinds of threats she would receive. They would call her a terrorist and part of the Taliban, also accusing of her of the attacks of 9/11. The girls was bombarded with so much hate each day that she developed an eating disorder. It says that Islamaphobia is becoming a bigger problem, and now students are being accused of being terrorists. The teacher didnt even know how to handle the problem, they claim that the racism was most likely picked up from there parents and friends.

While Changez is living in America now after the 9/11 attacks he realizes its becoming different. There are rumors all over the city about hate crimes and now even he is being targeted by these racist people. "Pakistani cab drivers were being beaten to within an inch of their lives; The FBI was raiding mosques, shops, and even peoples houses; Muslim men we disappearing...to find that one of the tires of my rental car was punctured_far to often for it to be mere coincidence." (94-96). Now the rumors were becoming reality for him and its scares him tremendously. It also starts to breed his hatred for the US for allowing acts like these to happen, and to accuse regular people of being terrorists.

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Ann Tan's curator insight, July 16, 2014 10:32 AM

After reading this article, I pitied this girl. She suffered so much just because she 'wore a headscarf'. From a happy girl who smiled everyday, to dreading to go to school because she will be bullied and tortured, isolating herself from others, and eventually affected her health too. Imagine having no friends at all, with no one to talk to, but get insulting remarks, how would one feel? Those hurtful words musy have impacted her alot, causing her too lose her appetite too.  Also, I'm surprised that the teachers do not know how to deal with this situation. It is important for the school to educate the students on the effects on racism to prevent future conflicts and prejudice. 

Natasha Ho's curator insight, July 18, 2014 10:45 AM

Since young, many have faced racist Islamaphobic abuse and I think that this is a relatively serious issue. As we can see from this article that Khadeja have suffered mentally because of all the thoughtless remarks passed by her classmates. This issue is so serious that she fears going to school as she is worried of the comments that she might face whenever she steps into school. Also, from this article we can tell that young people can pick up racist behaviour from parents or friends. I feel that the root of this problem comes from people who are insensitive towards this subject. Is it because they have not been caught in this situation? Like what the article mentioned, I think that by educating the younger generation against racism, it can help prevent all these problems from happening.

Kasey Murray's curator insight, May 1, 2015 12:29 PM

Great example of how 9/11 affected the treatment of Muslims.

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Ending Profiling - Muslim Advocates

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Muslim Advocates was founded in 2005 as a "Sister entity" to the National Association of Muslim Lawyers. They have to do with legal matters in helping or informing Muslims of there rights. This organization shows cases of racism and profiling of muslims and how they have dealt with the cases. You can also take action by signing up or donating to the the organization to help fight against racism in for muslims in the U.S.

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The Reluctant Fundamentalist

The Reluctant Fundamentalist | The Reluctant Fundamentalist: Racism after 9.11.01 | Scoop.it
Justin Gjerazi's insight:

The Reluctant Fundamentalist starts out with you the reader at a cafe. A man named Changez who is a pakistani and he attends Princeton starts to talk to you. He is incredibly intelligent and begins talking about his life in America, before graduating he he also gains a contract at a top valuation firm Underwood Samson. He travels to Greece before he starts working and brings some of his friends including a girl named Erica who he falls in love with. At this point life is good and he is at the top of his peers and still makes time for his girlfriend but when he is on a work assignment in Manilla the world trade center is attacked. While he goes home he see's how different everyone is acting. He was searched and treated as a sketchy person even though he lived in the U.S. Now Changez doesnt feel safe in this country and starts to rebel against America and the company he works for. Things just start turning bad for him, his girlfriend begins to go crazy and mourn for her ex boyfriends death. He also leaves his job at the firm. He attempts to see Erica one last time but she has gone missing and has left a book for him. He then returns back to pakistan in the cafe you were at in the beginning of the novel. He then asks to walk you back to your hotel, as you guys are walking things become sketchy and people are following you guys back but you feel like the people who are following you are associated with Changez. The book then ends with you reaching into your coat, and Changez infers it might be a gun but we do not know that for sure. Then the novel ends.

In the Reluctant Fundamentalist the book focuses on racism after 9/11, Pakistan, War in the middle east, and political violence in Pakistan. These key places, events, and on-going events in history have shaped the main character Changez life, and provide an outlook on his transformation from the beginning to the end of the book.

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Racism after 9-11: The Gazette & Montreal Muslim Community part 1 of 3

Ross Perigoe, Associate Professor, Journalism, Concordia University shares his study on the role of The Gazette in fomenting anti-muslim hysteria in post 911...
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This video is Ross Perigoe, an associate professor at Concordia University sharing his study on the role of "The Gazette" and its words of accusation and racial profiling towards people who look from the middle east. The speaker takes quotes from actual people that the "Gazette" posted about. People who were saying things like if a man is wearing a belt and a diaper on his head then he should be arrested. Or peoples personal experiences of dealing with terrorists. And even like a man was on a plane where everyone was suspicious of him being a hijacker and people insisting on clawing out his eyeballs.. This study really shows some gruesome and disturbing things people are saying about Muslim people that they do not even know.

Changez is now going through a hard time in his life. The love of his life is acting very strange with him and he is being targeted by hate crimes. This starts to take a toll on him physically, he begins to start losing himself and is being asked whats wrong at work. His appearance is starting to voice concern to his colleagues "Wrainwright tried to offer me some friendly advice. "Look man, I dont know whats up with the beard, but I dont think its making you mister popular around her." They are common where I come from I told him." (130). His friends concern marks another crucial point in his life. Shorty after he is fired from his job where he once excelled at. Were told its because of his lack of commitment but it is made apparent in the story that its a "coincidence" that once hes starts growing a beard and the 9/11 attacks happen his boss and colleagues suddenly being to question his work ethic.

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Pakistan

Pakistan | The Reluctant Fundamentalist: Racism after 9.11.01 | Scoop.it
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A country located in south Asia with a population of around 180 million. Known for harboring terrorists in its borders, people generally do not think of it as the nicest of locations. It is the only country in the middle east that is declared a nuclear power state. Pakistan also has had very high tensions with India and have been in several altercations of war in the last decade.

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BBC News - US to start profiling as part of air security checks

BBC News - US to start profiling as part of air security checks | The Reluctant Fundamentalist: Racism after 9.11.01 | Scoop.it
The US announces that it will begin profiling US-bound passengers to determine who should get extra screening.
Justin Gjerazi's insight:

In this article I found on BBC it talks about the profiling on US air security checks. They claim that the profiling itself is not actually "profiling" but rather intelligence-led profiling. They say that the security issues will be specifically towards people who concern the government. The system will be used for all US citizens and foreigners traveling to the US. Expect to see more dogs, imaging technology, and bomb detection within airports for security. The US now even has a "no fly list" which has about 6000 names of people who the government feel are suspicious who are not allowed to fly in the states or to the US.

Shortly after the attacks on the world trade center Changez is arriving back home from a business trip. While at the airport traveling to the US "I was escorted by armed guards where I was made to strip down to my boxer shorts...I fly to New York uncomfortable in my own face; I was aware of being under suspicion; I felt guilty" (74). Changez has spent much of his life in America and was just at a business trip yet he is being searched because of the color of his skin. It makes him very uncomfortable and he doesnt understand why he s being targeted even though he has no connection with any terrorists. This event sort of marks the beginning of things changing for him, the 9/11 attacks starts producing stereotypes towards from the middle east.

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