The author calls the new frame Yin-Yang Balance because it derives directly from the Chinese
Yin-Yang philosophy shared by all schools of thought in the history of China. In contrast to either/or logic, the Yin-Yang
Balance has three core tenets: (1) holistic tenet
(2) dynamic tenet and (3) duality tenet
The three tenets are particularly imperative for the often-neglected ‘soft’ issues
of ethics and trust owing to their complex and elusive natures . This new frame of thinking is necessary and effective to remedy the blind
emulation of natural sciences by management research toward the ‘scientific model'. It is clearly evident that the ‘scientific model’ is a ‘naked emperor’ when it is applied to management research in particular and social studies in general.
The author distinguishes three primary types of relevance according to their context-specific engagement with three core stakeholders:
(1) theoretical relevance,
(2) practical relevance, and
(3) teaching relevance.
Tied to the above three
types of relevance, rigour can be reframed as three types as well:
(2) practical rigour, and
(3) teaching rigour.
Source: Peter Ping Li (2011). The rigour–relevance balance for engaged scholarship: New frame and new agenda for trust research and beyond. Journal of Trust Research: Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 1-21.
Peter Ping Li is Professor of Chinese Business Studies at Copenhagen Business School,
Denmark. Adopting the frame of Yin-Yang Balance with its holistic, dynamic and
duality tenets, his research focuses on re-examining the extant Western theories from the
indigenous perspectives of China and East Asia.