A little over a year ago we launched CityNext, Microsoft’s people-focused future cities initiative, here in the UK. Since then we have seen tremendous success in helping local authorities up and down the country make their communities more liveable and sustainable places in which to live.
Cities are contemporary metropolises that concentrate human and social activity; engineered to support and develop the physical environment and the people within it, Smart cities, we are led to believe, are the immediate future, where smartness is perceived as a characterisation of advancements or digitalisation, in government, mobility and sustainability. Therefore it is not surprising that many organisations are marketing their smart solutions and products, often to a ubiquitous extent and so called smart cities are striving to outperform each other. But how are smart cities actually being defined and how is performance being measured in an era where there is increasing access to unprecedented amounts of foreseen data? This paper identifies the plethora of the smart city definitions and categories evidenced from the literature and shows that 'Smart cities' lacks a robust coherent definition, with many contradicting facts within what constitutes a smart vision. Notably, almost every attempt from organisations, the European Union or cities themselves has failed to define 'smart' in objective terms that can be accepted globally. Certainly, they all are negotiating with a range of descriptors and smart ways to improve the city. Even the UK's attempts to develop a clear definition and set of standards for smart cities (i.e. PAS 180 and PAS 182) appears to suffer from fundamental differences in how the semantic content of a 'smart' city is defined. This paper demonstrates the necessity for a single 'Smart Cities' definition that deals with both the physical and digital using shared parameter value(s) that can be adopted and scaled amongst different localities and within a range of urban contexts adjusting according to existing city condition(s) and vision(s) setting the paradigm for further innovative research in this area.
Economic science has evolved over several decades toward greater emphasis on empirical work. The data revolution of the past decade is likely to have a further and profound effect on economic research. Increasingly, economists make use of newly available large-scale administrative data or private sector data that often are obtained through collaborations with private firms, giving rise to new opportunities and challenges.
In the fall of 1769, Thomas Jefferson lost a slave. His name was Sandy, and he was a runaway. Sandy was “about 35 years of age.” He worked as a shoemaker. Jefferson described him as “artful and knavish.” He was also “something of a horse jockey.”
Jefferson criticized slavery. Yet when he signed the Declaration of Independence in 1776, Jefferson owned almost 200 human beings. When Sandy went missing, he owned about 20; losing even one was significant. So Jefferson used the best available technology to find Sandy: the newspaper ad.
Sandy was caught and later sold for 100 pounds. Around the turn of the century, however, things slowly started to change. A secret network was built to help people like Sandy. Over time, tens of thousands of runaway slaves would escape bondage on the Underground Railroad.
How many of them would have made it in the age of big data? ...
Review essay about IoT and specifically these books.
The Zero Marginal Cost Society: The Internet of Things, the Collaborative Commons, and the Eclipse of Capitalismby Jeremy RifkinPalgrave Macmillan, 356 pp., $28.00Enchanted Objects: Design, Human Desire, and the Internet of Thingsby David RoseScribner, 304 pp., $28.00Age of Context: Mobile, Sensors, Data and the Future of Privacyby Robert Scoble and Shel Israel, with a foreword by Marc BenioffPatrick Brewster, 225 pp., $14.45 (paper)More Awesome Than Money: Four Boys and Their Heroic Quest to Save Your Privacy from Facebookby Jim DwyerViking, 374 pp., $27.95
The future looks bright. We have a vision for the place we will live tomorrow: smart cities, smart communities, and more. But how? And who decides what it will look like? The answer doesn’t lie in our future, but in our present, today. Thanks to modern advancements, the construction and technology industries have
The "Smart Cities Project," which was prepared for Manisa's Soma district, will receive the largest amount for projects in Turkey within the scope of the EU Framework Program for Research and Innovation. The EU will provide 8 million euros to the project,... | Daily Sabah
In the era of “big data,” geospatial data is a major contributor to the rapidly growing information stockpile. The United Nations initiative on Global Geospatial Information Management (UN-GGIM) estimates that of the 2.5 quintillion bytes of data generated every day, “a significant amount” is location-aware.
However, besides the fact that there’s just more of it thanks to the proliferation of satellites and smartphones, GIS data is also more detailed, includes more video and more extensive vector data than ever before. Almost overnight, we’ve acquired the ability to collect and catalog detailed spatial information several times a day for literally every inch of the globe....
Motorists drive by traffic lights every day and trust they will work. But NBC 5 Investigates found that as more cities turn to wireless traffic systems, some of those systems are unprotected and open to...
Today, only 1% of all things are connected in our world. In the next ten years, this number will increase dramatically -- and with that -- enabled societies to create smart cities.
With the world moving more and more towards the Internet of Everything (IoE), it’s a space that’s only going to get more valuable. In fact, it’s estimated that right now, it’s worth about US$19-trillion. Africa meanwhile has a potential value space of US$500-million. That’s the equivalent of estimated revenue generated with South Africa’s World Cup four years ago.
It’s understandable then that networking conglomerate Cisco is pretty excited about IoE. At the recent Cisco Connect 2014 South Africa, event it outlined how IoE could massively benefit Africa as it starts to build smart cities. ...
It's puzzling how difficult it can be to find a pair of jeans that fits you properly — and that seems to be particularly true for women.
Called Qcut, the project comes from a former Mozilla designer who's partnered with a veteran of the fashion industry. Qcut is hoping to make jeans that'll come in around 400 different sizes, one of which it should be able to automatically determine as the proper fit for any woman who buys a pair. Qcut says it can do that using just five numbers, which you likely already know: your normal pants size, your height, your weight, your shoe size, and your bra size. ...
African cities are well-positioned to leap frog the development of global ‘smart cities’.
The concept of ‘smart cities’ has become synonymous with high-tech urban innovation in developed countries, where technology-based solutions leverage existing infrastructure in innovative ways to solve the daily challenges of city life. However, the concept is more than about employing advanced technologies. Smart cities efficiently drive sustainable economic growth, competitiveness, prosperity and a better life for citizens through smart solutions.
Many African leaders – and increasingly many multinational companies – are starting to recognise the potential for uniquely African smart cities to join the top rank of global tech-centres.....
Modern cars are morphing into mobile data centres - connected, clever and packed full of sensors.
But are they also becoming spies in our drives?
As they record almost every aspect of our journeys and driving behaviour, interacting with our smartphone apps and sat-nav systems, who will own all the data they generate, how will it be used, and will our privacy inevitably be compromised? ...
IT’S THE world’s first purpose-built smart city and the largest private real estate development in the world. It’s called Songdo and it is located 40 miles outside South Korea’s capital Seoul. Those who participated in the recent Asian Games in Incheon may have some connection to Songdo. The official name of the smart city is Songdo Business District and it is built on land reclaimed from the sea on the Incheon waterfront. There has been much global interest in Songdo since Seoul itself is already one of the most hi-tech cities in the world, but Songdo is unique, being built as an integrated hi-tech and green city. Songdo is described as a ‘global business hub’ with a variety of residential and retail developments. But at a cost of over $40 billion, questions are being asked about its viability and whether it can ever fulfill its conceptual ambitions. ...
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