The Programmable City
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The Programmable City
How is the city translated into software and data, and how does software reshape the city?
Curated by Rob Kitchin
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In the Apple Case, a Debate Over Data Hits Home

In the Apple Case, a Debate Over Data Hits Home | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
The debate that began three years ago after revelations about government surveillance has become more personal, now that smartphones are involved.
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Cybersecurity weaknesses threaten to make smart cities more costly and dangerous than their analog predecessors | LSE USC Blog

Cybersecurity weaknesses threaten to make smart cities more costly and dangerous than their analog predecessors | LSE USC Blog | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Recent years have seen where we live – from our homes to our cities – increasingly connected via the Internet of Things. While this connectivity can have huge benefits, such as reduced energy costs and improved traffic safety, these systems can also be vulnerable to hacking and other cybersecurity threats, warns Natalie Allen. She writes that city officials must ensure that security is built into smart city technologies as they are implemented rather than responding after a crisis has occurred. ...

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The NSA’s SKYNET program may be killing thousands of innocent people | Ars Technica

The NSA’s SKYNET program may be killing thousands of innocent people | Ars Technica | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
In 2014, the former director of both the CIA and NSA proclaimed that "we kill people based on metadata." Now, a new examination of previously published Snowden documents suggests that many of those people may have been innocent.


Last year, The Intercept published documents detailing the NSA's SKYNET programme. According to the documents, SKYNET engages in mass surveillance of Pakistan's mobile phone network, and then uses a machine learning algorithm on the cellular network metadata of 55 million people to try and rate each person's likelihood of being a terrorist.

Patrick Ball—a data scientist and the director of research at the Human Rights Data Analysis Group—who has previously given expert testimony before war crimes tribunals, described the NSA's methods as "ridiculously optimistic" and "completely bullshit." A flaw in how the NSA trains SKYNET's machine learning algorithm to analyse cellular metadata, Ball told Ars, makes the results scientifically unsound. ...

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The Politics Of The Internet Of Things | TechCrunch

The Politics Of The Internet Of Things | TechCrunch | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
The prospective scale of the Internet of Things (IoT) has the potential to fill anyone looking from the outside with the technical equivalent of agoraphobia...
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US intelligence chief: we might use the internet of things to spy on you | Guardian

US intelligence chief: we might use the internet of things to spy on you | Guardian | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
James Clapper did not name specific agency as being involved in surveillance via smart-home devices but said in congressional testimony it is a distinct possibility
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Abusing the Internet of Things: Blackouts, Freakouts, and Stakeouts

Abusing the Internet of Things: Blackouts, Freakouts, and Stakeouts | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Nitesh Dhanjani’s 2015 O’Reilly book Abusing the Internet of Things: Blackouts, Freakouts, and Stakeouts is a very practical existence-proof of the inadequacy and urgency of Internet of Things security.

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The NSA's Chief Hacker Says Connecting Heating Systems to the Internet is a Risk to National Security | MIT Technology Review

The NSA's Chief Hacker Says Connecting Heating Systems to the Internet is a Risk to National Security | MIT Technology Review | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
The leader of the National Security Agency’s hackers says that putting industrial control systems online has made America less secure.
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The problem with smart cities | LiveMint

The problem with smart cities | LiveMint | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Urban administrations and the private sector must join hands for the Special Purpose Vehicle model to work.  By 15 December, 85 cities out of the total 98 included under the Smart Cities Mission had submitted their respective Smart City Plans to the ministry of urban development. Hopefully, the remaining cities will follow suit shortly. The stage is ready for this ambitious mission that aims to make Indian cities sustainable and competitive.  The journey so far has a few lessons and concerns that need attention. Apart from criticism on the quality of proposals and public participation, there were indications of a few cities hesitant to submit their proposals. ....

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'We don't need IT here': the inside story of India’s smart city gold rush | The Guardian

'We don't need IT here': the inside story of India’s smart city gold rush | The Guardian | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
The first winners of India’s Smart City Challenge will be announced next week, as part of prime minister Narendra Modi’s ambitious plans to transform urban life. Rahul Bhatia goes behind the scenes in the final, chaotic stages of one bid

Via Ayona Datta
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Singapore is building a fully smart city in 2016 (Wired UK)

Singapore is building a fully smart city in 2016 (Wired UK) | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Urban upgrades will be coming to metropolises old and new.

 

The 670km2 state of Singapore is the poster child for a city in upgrade mode. 

 

"We are not supposed to be here," Vivian Balakrishnan -- who was minister for environment and water resources until October 2015, as well as the head of the Smart Nation Initiative -- told the audience at an innovation event that WIRED attended in April 2015. "What you see in Singapore is an exercise of desperate imagination. It's not about innovation because it's sexy, but because it's survival."

 

His plan: to turn Singapore into the international guinea pig for smart technologies.....

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Smart cities: How sensors, data and analytics can transform millions of urban lives | Alphr

Smart cities: How sensors, data and analytics can transform millions of urban lives | Alphr | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Learning the lessons of past smart city experiments, with Nesta’s Tom Saunders.

 

When you think of smart technology, it’s tempting just to consider your phone, TV, fridge or maybe your lamps, but that’s just small fry. The Internet of Things has the power to change lives on a far greater scale than the simple convenience of changing mood lighting via your mobile.

 

How, as so often when it comes to Internet of Things applications, is a little bit harder to pinpoint, but the potential is most definitely there and visible in small-scale examples around the globe. One man who knows more about this than most is Nesta UK’s Tom Saunders, who has done a lot of research into the future of smart cities, including co-authoring a study on how smart cities should be approached, to ensure the limitless possibility isn’t squandered on data for the sake of data.....

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Farmers pool in 9,000 acres to develop smart city near Mumbai | Indian Express

Farmers pool in 9,000 acres to develop smart city near Mumbai | Indian Express | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Residents of 11 villages join hands to create modern township in Khalapur taluka of Raigad district; land titles to remain in the names of owners.

 

Farmers in the outskirts of Mumbai have pooled in 9,000 acres of land to build a smart city.

 

Thousands of farmer families in 11 villages in Raigad’s Khalapur taluka have pitched in with their ancestral farmland. The pooled land will be converted into a non-agriculture zone, after which a special purpose vehicle (SPV) will be promoted to build a smart city with the right mix of commercial, residential and environmental features.

 

The model envisages farmers owning shares in the SPV in proportion to the value of their land. Besides getting plush homes, they will earn dividends on shares they hold and income from contractual work for the SPV and the commercial units that are expected to invest in the township. ....

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Securing the City of the Future with Bitcoin | Fortune

Securing the City of the Future with Bitcoin | Fortune | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Cities worldwide are hoping to use connected devices to better track and manage everything from traffic to pollution to disaster response. But those plans face the same security challenges as any connected project, and the Austin-based data-security startup Factom is proposing a unique solution: using the digital currency network Bitcoin to reliably date-stamp and authenticate records. ...

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Where will the world's next smart cities be? | World Economic Forum

Where will the world's next smart cities be? | World Economic Forum | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Smart cities used to be the privilege of the West. No longer, according to recent studies.  By 2025, up to half of the world’s smart cities could be outside America and Europe, according to recent studies from research firms IHS and Frost & Sullivan.

With the Middle East expected to achieve the world’s highest growth rates in both mobile and cloud traffic data by 2018, cities in the region could be well-positioned to join the club. ....

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Smart cities and their discursive mythology by Manu Fernandez | Medium

Smart cities and their discursive mythology by Manu Fernandez | Medium | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Here are some brief notes on bottom line of the PhD project I defended some weeks ago, La smart city como imaginario soc…

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The ‘mind-boggling’ risks your city faces from cyber attackers | MarketWatch

The ‘mind-boggling’ risks your city faces from cyber attackers | MarketWatch | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Cities, counties and states across the U.S. are grappling with the question of how to secure sprawling networks against cybercriminals.

 

San Diego, for example, uses more than 400 different applications, some which are decades old and may not be up-to-date. The city is hit by an average of 60,000 cyberattacks a day, Gary Hayslip, the city’s chief information officer, said.

 

“You’re kind of wondering, how the hell did we get here?” said Hayslip. “The inherent risk in this could, at times, be mind-boggling.” ...

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Cybercrime is booming and the Internet of Things will just make things worse

Cybercrime is booming and the Internet of Things will just make things worse | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Hackers are getting better and businesses are increasingly at risk, according to a new report from global security consultants PwC. Worryingly for corporate digital security chiefs, this problem is expected to get worse as the Internet of Things gains in popularity. Here's how bad corporate cybercrime is right now: The number of detected security incidents climbed 38% in 2015 compared to a year earlier, according to PwC, and has been growing at a steady double-digit clip over the last five years. The total number of incidents captured in the survey now stands at 59 million, although the true figure is likely to be much higher. ...

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New report: Getting smarter about smart cities: Improving data privacy and data security | The Programmable City

New report: Getting smarter about smart cities: Improving data privacy and data security | The Programmable City | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

As part of ‘EU Data Protection Day’ a new report – “Getting smarter about smart cities: Improving data privacy and data security” – was launched today by Dara Murphy T.D., Minister for European Affairs and Data Protection.  The report, commissioned by the Data Protection Unit, Department of the Taoiseach (Irish Prime Minister) and written by Rob Kitchin (of The Programmable City project), is the first publication by the new Government Data Forum, a panel of experts drawn from across industry, civil society, academia and the public sector. The Forum advises Government on the opportunities and challenges for society and the economy arising from continued growth in the generation and use of personal data.  The report is available from the Department of the Taoiseach website or click here. ...

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Americans want privacy at home, but are more open to surveillance at work | The Verge

Americans want privacy at home, but are more open to surveillance at work | The Verge | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Americans are often willing to give up some personal data in exchange for a free service or perceived benefit. It’s the type of data, and where it’s being shared, that’s typically the determining factor, a new Pew Research Center study found. American adults were most likely to be okay with their privacy being infringed on where they work, and were more open to sharing health data than other kinds of information.  Pew gave 461 participants six scenarios and asked if the privacy tradeoff was worth the returned reward....

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Big data ethics: Why the CIO needs to get involved | TechTarget

Big data ethics: Why the CIO needs to get involved | TechTarget | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
Big data ethics is becoming a serious topic of conversation among Ivy League types and big data practitioners, as illustrated by recent big data conversations at Harvard University and Strata + Hadoop World.
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Do We Need Big Data to Create Smart Cities? Fair Observer

Do We Need Big Data to Create Smart Cities? Fair Observer | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
Data collection and analysis have played an important role in smart cities, but should citizens’ privacy be used as a foundation?

Via Ayona Datta
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Privacy is an afterthought when convenience is king | Fusion

Privacy is an afterthought when convenience is king | Fusion | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
The Internet of things has made life so convenient you can unlock your front door from your phone. But the privacy and security concerns are substantial.
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The alchemy of big data in government | The Hill

The alchemy of big data in government | The Hill | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Data analytics is an exciting new frontier providing insights into the future conduct of our world.

 

Data are everywhere, flowing from the sensor networks that surround us and at the root of our transactional activities. What, why and how we make choices in our lives are reflected in, and can be discerned through, the collection, organization and taxonomy of data.

 

The U.S. government maintains one of largest repository of documents in the world. Millions of supporting documents are compiled and stored every year by a multitude of government agencies, which have a responsibility to preserve, secure and retrieve vital information when needed. While paper documents are still very much routine for government operations, the goal has been to increasingly move from paper to electronic images. ...

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