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Nasdaq crash triggers fear of data meltdown | The Guardian

Nasdaq crash triggers fear of data meltdown | The Guardian | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Digital infrastructure exceeding limits of human control, industry experts warn.

 

A series of system crashes affecting Google, Amazon, Apple and Microsoft in the past fortnight has brought warnings that governments, banks and big business are over-reliant on computer networks that have become too complex.

The alarm was sounded by industry experts in the aftermath of a three-hour network shutdown that paralysed the operation of the Nasdaq stock market in New York on Thursday, on what should have been a quiet day of routine share trading on the exchange.

 

Jaron Lanier, the author and inventor of the concept of virtual reality, warned that digital infrastructure was moving beyond human control. He said: "When you try to achieve great scale with automation and the automation exceeds the boundaries of human oversight, there is going to be failure. That goes for governments, for consumer companies, for Google, or a big insurance company. It is infuriating because it is driven by unreasonable greed. In many cases, the systems that tend to fail, fail because of an attempt to make them run automatically with a minimal amount of human oversight." ....

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The Programmable City
How is the city translated into software and data, and how does software reshape the city?
Curated by Rob Kitchin
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Digital Humanities and Future Archives | Finnish Institute in London

The Finnish Institute in London has released a new report on digital humanities and digital cultural heritage preservation. Digital Humanities and Future Archives, written by Sampo Viiri, draws an argument on how the higher education and the GLAM (galleries, libraries, archives, and museums) organisations could collaborate in digital humanities projects and also promote the development and use of open knowledge. The main focus areas of the survey are history research and archives in the UK and Finland. ...

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India, Japan sign MoU to develop Varanasi into 'smart city' and smart heritage city programme | Economic Times

India, Japan sign MoU to develop Varanasi into 'smart city' and smart heritage city programme | Economic Times | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

KYOTO: Varanasi, which Prime Minister Narendra Modi represents in the Lok Sabha, will be developed into a 'smart city' by using the experience of Kyoto, the 'smart city' of Japan.

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Leading Smart Cities Promote 5P Collaboration | Future Cities

Leading Smart Cities Promote 5P Collaboration | Future Cities | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

The 5P model, which adds professors to the public-private-people mix, is gaining traction in the world's most innovative cities.

 

Many cities have been embracing the open innovation concept to engage citizens in crowdsourcing new ideas and solutions to city challenges. The idea of cities serving as living labs to foster innovation and test it at the city level has emerged in the past decade. The European Network of Living Labs (ENOLL) has more than 300 members from cities in Europe and around the globe. ENOLL has been a big supporter of the idea of 4P -- public-private-people partnerships -- as a model of direct citizen involvement in local innovation systems, through ideas like participatory budgeting, hackathons, and open app competitions.

 

Yet I believe we are starting to see the emergence of an even more robust and interesting collaboration model, which I refer to as the 5P model: Public-private-people-professor partnerships. This new "p" explicitly recognizes the importance of engaging local universities in these emergent open innovation ecosystems in smart cities. ...

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The Data Revolution: Big Data, Open Data, Data Infrastructures and Their Consequences

A book about big data, open data, data infrastructures and their consequences by Rob Kitchin, published by SAGE publications in August 2014.


Traditionally, data have been a scarce commodity which, given their value, have been either jealously guarded or expensively traded.  In recent years, technological developments and political lobbying have turned this position on its head.  Data now flow as a deep and wide torrent, are relatively low in cost and supported by robust infrastructures, and are increasingly open and accessible.  A data revolution is underway, one that is already reshaping how knowledge is produced, business conducted, and governance enacted, as well as raising many questions concerning surveillance, privacy, security, profiling, social sorting, and intellectual property rights.

 

In contrast to the hype and hubris of much media and business coverage, The Data Revolution provides a synoptic and critical analysis of the emerging data landscape. ...

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Building a Saudi smart city from scratch - Click: BBC World Service

Building a Saudi smart city from scratch - Click: BBC World Service | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Radio interview - Building a Saudi smart city from scratch

 

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Twitter and blogs are not add-ons to research | THE

Twitter and blogs are not add-ons to research | THE | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
The best academics are those that build a form of public dialogue into their work
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Consultants start queuing up for helping in smart city projects | DNA

Consultants start queuing up for helping in smart city projects | DNA | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
Consultants start queuing up for helping in smart city projects - Even before the urban development ministry finalises the contours of its smart city plan, real estate developers, IT and financial experts from India and East Asian counties have started queueing up outside the ministry. Consultants from Singapore, Taiwan, China, Korea and Japan have approached the ministry with their concept of smart city. Wipro and IBM representatives have made presentations for technology-enabled smart cities. Financial advisors, including KPMG, have met the ministry with models to make these smart cities economically sustainable and financially viable.
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How the web lost its way – and its founding principles | Guardian

How the web lost its way – and its founding principles | Guardian | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
When Tim Berners-Lee invented the world wide web 24 years ago he thought he'd created an egalitarian tool that shared information for the greater good. But it hasn't quite worked out like that. What went wrong, asks Stuart Jeffries
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Smarter parking codes to promote smart growth | Smart Growth America

Smarter parking codes to promote smart growth | Smart Growth America | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Unless you’re walking to your destination in a busy downtown neighborhood, chances are good that you need parking at the end of the trip. Nowadays, several cities are changing their thinking on parking regulations in response to the growing demand for car-light living.

Typically, parking rules are used to establish the minimum number of off-street private car parking spaces that must be provided in new residential and commercial developments. This helps manage traffic and congestion as new projects and more people come to the area, and it helps keep parking demand from overtaking supply over time. However, the following cities are modernizing their approach and tackling the parking issue in new ways. ...

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Ranking the states on open data -- FCW

Ranking the states on open data -- FCW | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Increasingly, states are following feds into the open data space, with varying degrees of success. So far, 10 states have established open data policies, with nine of these offering portals to host government data sets. Some states focus data disclosures around contracts, spending, and legislation. Typically, these aren't quite as robust as open data policies because the information isn't presented in machine readable format, or because it focuses on narrow topic areas. A few cities, including Philadelphia, Burlington, Vt., and South Bend, Ind., have open data policies that could serve as templates for adoption at the state level. ...

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Building Smart Cities in India | Switchboard, from Natural Resources Defense Council

Building Smart Cities in India | Switchboard, from Natural Resources Defense Council | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

In his Independence Day speech from Old Delhi’s famed Red Fort, Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced plans to replace India’s 64-year-old Planning Commission with a new central government think-tank led by mix of experts. The new eight-member institute would focus on creative thinking, broader development and take several critical functions previously performed by the Planning Commission.  One such function that will carry through to the new institute is central government leadership in convening state and central government leaders and experts on advancing clean energy development – including key objectives to increase energy access and energy security through a robust energy efficient buildings market.  ...

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Persistent traces, potential memories: Smartphones and the negotiation of visual, locative, and textual data in personal life

This article examines how the capacities of smartphones to reshape memory practices are enacted and negotiated in personal life. It is argued that digital devices and networked media facilitate a vast production and circulation of persistent digital traces that are potential memories. An approach that privileges sociotechnical practices is used to empirically examine the roles of digital devices, software, and social media in reconfiguring personal memory. In-depth interviews with 30 individuals aged between 20 and 30 are used to examine the details of reflexive and routine modes of forgetting and remembering related to the prevalence of devices and the digital traces produced in quotidian use. The increasingly visual life of data of many kinds promotes a ‘continuously networked present’ (Hoskins, 2012), but this is highly differentiated and actively negotiated in complex ways that both reproduce and reconfigure established memory practices.

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Ken Fury's curator insight, August 22, 3:01 AM

not entirely relevant but very enlightening 

 

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Infrastructure report: The fibre route to smart cities | NZ Herald News

Infrastructure report: The fibre route to smart cities | NZ Herald News | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
Chorus network strategy manager Kurt Rodgers says a by-product of New Zealand's fibre network roll-out is an opportunity to create smart cities and towns. - New Zealand Herald
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Global Cities Race To Be Smart Hubs - Gulf Business

Global Cities Race To Be Smart Hubs - Gulf Business | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
As global migration towards cities grows, Dubai and other urban centres are looking to compete on a new frontier of smart technology.
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Deadly Algorithms: Can legal codes hold software accountable for code that kills? | Radical Philosophy

Deadly Algorithms: Can legal codes hold software accountable for code that kills? | Radical Philosophy | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Algorithms have long adjudicated over vital processes that help to ensure our well-being and survival, from pacemakers that maintain the natural rhythms of the heart, and genetic algorithms that optimise emergency response times by cross-referencing ambulance locations with demographic data, to early warning systems that track approaching storms, detect seismic activity, and even seek to prevent genocide by monitoring ethnic conflict with orbiting satellites. However, algorithms are also increasingly being tasked with instructions to kill: executing coding sequences that quite literally execute. Guided by the Obama presidency’s conviction that the War on Terror can be won by ‘out-computing’ its enemies and pre-empting terrorists’ threats using predictive software, a new generation of deadly algorithms is being designed that will both control and manage the ‘kill-list,’ and along with it decisions to strike. Indeed, the recently terminated practice of ‘signature strikes’, in which ...

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The Dawn Of A New Frontier, Smart Cities | Live Trading News

The Dawn Of A New Frontier, Smart Cities  | Live Trading News | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

As global migration towards cities grows, Dubai and other urban centers are looking to compete on a new frontier of smart technology Urbanisation is happening at an unprecedented pace across the world. An estimated 50% of the world’s inhabitants, or 3.6-B people, now live in cities and this is expected to rise to 60%, or 5-B people by Y 2030, according to management consulting firm McKinsey & Company. Cities are now the main source of global economic growth and productivity, according to the firm, while accounting for the most resource consumption and Greenhouse gas emissions. Rabih Dabboussi, UAE managing director and general manager of technology firm Cisco (NASDAQ:CSCO), goes further in stressing on the changing global competitive landscape, stating that in the future, economic competitiveness is going to be between cities and not nations. But the measures of attractiveness of the past are not the battlefront for the cities ...

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The Zero Marginal Cost Society: The Internet of Things, the Collaborative Commons, and the Eclipse of Capitalism

The Zero Marginal Cost Society: The Internet of Things, the Collaborative Commons, and the Eclipse of Capitalism | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
This is the website for Jeremy Rifkin's book, The Zero Marginal Cost Society: The Internet of Things, the Collaborative Commons, and the Eclipse of Capitalism
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Privacy, Anonymity, and Big Data in the Social Sciences - ACM Queue

Privacy, Anonymity, and Big Data in the Social Sciences - ACM Queue | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
Quality social science research and the privacy of human subjects requires trust.
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With Regulation Looming, It’s Time for Industry to Raise the Bar for Software Quality | Wired

With Regulation Looming, It’s Time for Industry to Raise the Bar for Software Quality | Wired | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
It’s a well-known fact that development project failures, and the necessary accompanying re-work, are common in our industry. Though many have given up on attempts to remediate the situation, the Cost of Poor Quality (CoPQ) can be controlled. At the root of the issue is a general lack of concern for CoPQ from development and…
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Chicago Is Becoming a Smart City (video) | SmartData Collective

Chicago Is Becoming a Smart City (video) | SmartData Collective | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
Smart cities that contain smart energy grids will be a lot more efficient with their energy. A smart grid will be able to manage all the electric vehicles that requires energy. It will be able to sense the amount of citizens present in time and location and adjust lighting accordingly. Smart grids will help community buildings also save a lot of energy and become more efficient.
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Crafting “smart cities”: India’s new urban vision | openIndia

Crafting “smart cities”: India’s new urban vision | openIndia | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

With a new government in Delhi, India’s urban agenda is now focused on the creation of “Smart Cities” in industrial corridors.  Such an initiative is driven by the demand of foreign investors to find sanitized spaces in developing countries in which they can operate easily – unhampered by politics. ...

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André Lemos's curator insight, August 25, 6:42 AM

The very idea of Smart Cities seems to be based on the assumption that there are technocratic solutions for the routine problems that citizen face. Technology is heralded as the “apolitical” means by which governance can be fixed and saved from the operation of “politics”. Problems of inefficiency that are seen to dominate the old bureaucratic-political order are hence given a “smart” solution by employing “Big Data”. However such a vision does not take into consideration the fallibility of technology or the fact that the technology-centric governance that Smart Cities promote can further exclude the people at the margins of power.

What is driving the Smart City agenda is the need for foreign capital to enter into new territories in the developing world by avoiding some of the regulatory hurdles it otherwise faces. To ease the entry of large foreign investments into such projects, the government provides for a single-window clearance system. Also, many of the proposed Smart Cities are either designated as Special Economic Zones (SEZs) or will house SEZs in them.  SEZs are geographical enclaves which have many exemptions from the regular tax laws, customs and excise duties and labour laws.

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Tailored experience or digital stalking? Has personalisation gone too far? | Guardian

Tailored experience or digital stalking? Has personalisation gone too far? | Guardian | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Brands risk alienating consumers with overly invasive social campaigns, but there are ways to make them work for both sides, says Natasha Clark.

 

In a time poor, media-saturated society used to instant gratification, many customers like the idea of brands tailoring content to their individual needs. But, as marketers know, there is a trade-off for personalised brand experiences: people trade data for a tailored brand experience.

 

That’s why whenever their smartphone software or favourite social media app updates to a new version, they are likely to automatically click “yes” to its permissions – allowing the brand to track their location, data, emails, and even publish things on their behalf – without really reading the terms and conditions. ...

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Smart Cities need big parks to thrive | Bloomberg

Smart Cities need big parks to thrive | Bloomberg | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Dense, smart cities need big parks to thrive.

 

I grew up in Manhattan, and I’m quite fond of dense living. I like having neighbors on either side of me, a few inches away. It doesn’t feel oppressive or crowded; it feels cozy.

 

But if you want people to commit to lifelong density, they need some open space to escape to -- somewhere they can walk to. ...

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It’s the Neoliberalism, Stupid: Why instrumentalist arguments for Open Access, Open Data, and Open Science are not enough.

It’s the Neoliberalism, Stupid: Why instrumentalist arguments for Open Access, Open Data, and Open Science are not enough. | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

The Open Movement has made impressive strides in the past year, but do these strides stand for reform or are they just symptomatic of the further expansion and entrenchment of neoliberalism? ...

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Africa Makes Inroads On Open Development Data | allAfrica

Africa Makes Inroads On Open Development Data | allAfrica | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
New statistical and open data platforms are being set up to remedy long-standing challenges of development data access across Africa, promising to improve services and increase transparency.
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