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Open Science, Open Data and Policies on Open Access | OpenSpires

Open Science, Open Data and Policies on Open Access | OpenSpires | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

In April 2013, Oxford hosted a conference ‘Rigour and Openness in 21st Century Science’. Over 30 speakers gathered to discuss the cutting edge of digital innovations in publishing, how openness is set to improve standards in science, and the British government’s new policies on open access. ‬ ‪

 

All the talks are now available to watch freely on‬ Oxford on‪ iTunes U‬ and on http://podcasts.ox.ac.uk‪. Hear about exciting new startups like figshare, hear how established industry players such as Elsevier are evolving, and hear what academics are doing to bring openness into their daily work.‬

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The Programmable City
How is the city translated into software and data, and how does software reshape the city?
Curated by Rob Kitchin
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When Big Data Becomes Bad Data | ProPublica

When Big Data Becomes Bad Data | ProPublica | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Corporations are increasingly relying on algorithms to make business decisions and that raises new legal questions.

 

A recent ProPublica analysis of The Princeton Review’s prices for online SAT tutoring shows that customers in areas with a high density of Asian residents are often charged more. When presented with this finding, The Princeton Review called it an “incidental” result of its geographic pricing scheme. The case illustrates how even a seemingly neutral price model could potentially lead to inadvertent bias — bias that’s hard for consumers to detect and even harder to challenge or prove.

Over the past several decades, an important tool for assessing and addressing discrimination has been the “disparate impact” theory. ...

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Could hackers take down a city? | Chicago Tribune

Could hackers take down a city? | Chicago Tribune | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

First the power goes out. It's not clear what's gone wrong, but cars are starting to jam the streets — the traffic lights are down. And something seems to be going haywire with the subways, too.  No one can get to work. And even if they could, what would they do? A cyberattack has driven the city to a halt. ...

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NYPD's Bill Bratton: 'Minority Report' Is Now Fact, Not Fiction | ShadowProof

NYPD's Bill Bratton: 'Minority Report' Is Now Fact, Not Fiction | ShadowProof | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
In Philip K. Dick's "Minority Report," the authoritarian system in place to predict crime and catch individuals before they commit crimes is dystopian fantasy. In the mind of New York Police Department Commissioner Bill Bratton, this story is part of today's reality, one the NYPD is fueling through experiments with predictive policing.
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A visual history of the future: different city visions | Foresight report to UK gov

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Cities As Platforms | TechCrucnch

Cities As Platforms | TechCrucnch | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
To evolve, cities must be viewed as platforms, with populations encouraged to utilize technology to creatively disrupt and redefine core functionalities. Every digitally enabled citizen living in a city is a hub of real-time data. When analyzed in isolation, there’s no actionable intelligence. But when you view the data we produce on a macro scale, the possibilities for radical inventiveness are endless.

Much like the iterative approach adopted by trailblazing software companies, citizens and city officials will have to shift their focus into a new default position: constant reinvention.

Via Don Dea, André Lemos
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The tech industry is threatening to drink California dry | Guardian

The tech industry is threatening to drink California dry | Guardian | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

With California thought to have only one year of water left, Silicon Valley data centres are trying to reduce their needs for cooling.

 

We hear a lot about what the tech giants are doing with our data, but what are they doing with our water?

 

Water keeps our internet-based economy afloat by ensuring equipment in data centres stays cool enough to funtion. Yet in California, the drought-ravaged epicenter of the technology industry, water is in ever-shorter supply. Nasa scientist Jay Famiglietti predicts the state has only one year of water left. This raises serious questions about the environmental impact of our burgeoning data demands. ...

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Hacked? Big deal: I made my most personal data public | The Agenda

Hacked? Big deal: I made my most personal data public | The Agenda | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
My job is to protect the privacy and integrity of medical data for millions of people. However, as a human, I’ve made a very different choice: I have voluntarily given up my privacy. And here's why I think that's where the future lies.
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Internet of things: the greatest mass surveillance infrastructure ever? | Guardian

Internet of things: the greatest mass surveillance infrastructure ever? | Guardian | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
Does the expanding network of connected devices herald a brave new compact for our digital lives – or the end of politics?
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Claude Maran - Webmarketer's curator insight, July 16, 8:46 AM

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Let's not get carried away by self-driving cars and the sharing economy: they won't make Smart Cities better places to live, work and play

Let's not get carried away by self-driving cars and the sharing economy: they won't make Smart Cities better places to live, work and play | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

ll we remember to design cities for people and life, enriched by interactions and supported by transport? Or will we put the driverless car and the app that hires it before the passenger? I'm worried that the current level of interest in self-driving cars as a Smart City initiative is a distraction from the transport and technology issues that really matter in cities. ....

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Smart Cities: San Diego | National Geographic video - YouTube

National Geographic Channel features San Diego as the only U.S. city in its acclaimed documentary series "World's Smart Cities". San Diego was chosen for its  strong technology sector, local innovators, green practices, smart public planning and an unparalleled quality of life. Other selection factors included San Diego's size of population, demographics/cultural diversity, livability, economy and business climate, education...

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New Cities Summit 2015 - Anil Menon: The Internet of Urban Things - YouTube

As President, Smart+Connected Communities (S+CC), Anil Menon is responsible for developing strategy and for leading the S+CC initiative -- the information te...
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Smart cities sector to launch new Smarter UK trade body | Business Green

Smart cities sector to launch new Smarter UK trade body | Business Green | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

he nascent smart cities sector is to get its own trade association with the launch later this month of SmarterUK, a new body dedicated to promoting the emerging industry.

The body, which will incorporate the existing SmartGrid GB stakeholder group, will be chaired by former Conservative MP Dan Byles, who was recently appointed as vice president for corporate development at smart city software specialist Living PlanIT. ....

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The Urban Internet of Things | Data-Smart City Solutions

The Urban Internet of Things | Data-Smart City Solutions | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
By embracing the potential of the Internet of Things (IoT), governments can improve service delivery, increase sustainability, and make their cities safer and more livable places for all residents.
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Barcelona: The most wired city in the world | Fortune

Barcelona: The most wired city in the world | Fortune | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
It’s a showcase for the “smart” metropolis of the future—in which tech giants track data on everything from garbage to traffic to selfies.
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Anticipatory Logics of the Global Smart City Imaginary by James Merricks White :: SSRN

Anticipatory Logics of the Global Smart City Imaginary by James Merricks White :: SSRN | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

The smart city encompasses a broad range of technological innovations which might be applied to any city for a broad range of reasons. In this article, I make a distinction between local efforts to effect the urban landscape, and a global smart city imaginary which those efforts draw upon and help sustain. While attention has been given to the malleability of the smart city concept at this global scale, there remains little effort to interrogate the way that the future is used to sanction specific solutions. Through a critical engagement with smart city marketing materials, industry documents and consultancy reports, I explore how the future is recruited, rearranged and represented as a rationalisation for technological intervention in the present. This is done across three recurring crises: massive demographic shifts and subsequent resource pressure; global climate change; and the conflicting demands of fiscal austerity and the desire of many cities to attract foreign direct investment and highly-skilled workers. In revealing how crises are pre-empted, precautioned and prepared for, I argue that the smart city imaginary normalises a style and scale of response deemed appropriate under liberal capitalism.

 

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Consumers need a new legal right to control personal data | LA Times

Consumers need a new legal right to control personal data | LA Times | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
Most American Internet users grasp this Silicon Valley truism: “If you're not paying, you're the product.” We gain “free” services and conveniences by yielding our personal information, which in turn is sold or traded to all sorts of interested parties. Those parties exploit this information to determine what products to pitch us, on what terms. Consumers may find the results attractive, especially if they don't know what they're being denied based on thei
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Open Data is not working - how to fix it? - CTTI – Generalitat of Catalonia

Open Data is not working - how to fix it? - CTTI – Generalitat of Catalonia | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Last April we organised together with the CTTI -  Generalitat of Catalonia (our regional gov) a workshop on Open Data. ... As in many other places, outcomes are a poor match for the vision, at most. Maybe it is time to acknowledge that Open Data is not working the way we expected and needs to be fixed....

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The Violence of Algorithms | Foreign Affairs

With the rise of big data, the state is pushing the bounds of the social contract. In the emerging system, moral codes, social norms, and human judgment are being augmented or replaced by hidden algorithms, placing a tremendous amount of power in the people and public and private institutions that oversee them. 
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Hackers Remotely Hack a Jeep on the Highway from 10 miles away & take control | Wired

Hackers Remotely Hack a Jeep on the Highway from 10 miles away & take control | Wired | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

I was driving 70 mph on the edge of downtown St. Louis when the exploit began to take hold.

 

Though I hadn’t touched the dashboard, the vents in the Jeep Cherokee started blasting cold air at the maximum setting, chilling the sweat on my back through the in-seat climate control system. Next the radio switched to the local hip hop station and began blaring Skee-lo at full volume. I spun the control knob left and hit the power button, to no avail. Then the windshield wipers turned on, and wiper fluid blurred the glass.

 

As I tried to cope with all this, a picture of the two hackers performing these stunts appeared on the car’s digital display: Charlie Miller and Chris Valasek, wearing their trademark track suits. A nice touch, I thought....

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£10m Internet of Things competition for UK cities launched | Gov.UK

£10m Internet of Things competition for UK cities launched | Gov.UK | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

Cities and businesses can bid for a £10m government fund to revolutionise the way the Internet of Things benefits citizens.

 

The Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) and Innovate UK are offering up to £10 million for a single collaborative research and development project to demonstrate the capability of IoT in a city region....

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I helped invent the Internet of Things. Here’s why I’m worried about how secure it is | Politico

I helped invent the Internet of Things. Here’s why I’m worried about how secure it is | Politico | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

I'm a mechanical engineering professor at MIT, and 17 years ago, with my colleagues David Brock, Kevin Ashton and Sunny Siu, I helped launch the research effort that laid some of the groundwork for the Internet of Things. As you might imagine, my life is pretty connected.

 

A few years ago, before the Nest thermostat, a friend and I wired my house to make it easily controllable. Within a few months, we had dozens of switches, motion sensors and thermostats, all on a network running through wireless routers and the power lines within the house. I had a computer controlling lights and turning them on and off when we traveled, to make the house look occupied, and complex heating schedules in the winter that anticipated the habits of the family. The next step was going to be connecting my home to the Internet.

 

And then I killed the project. ...

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This Is How Uber Takes Over a City | Bloomberg

This Is How Uber Takes Over a City | Bloomberg | The Programmable City | Scoop.it

To conquer America’s quirkiest city, the company unleashed its biggest weapon.

 

Charlie Hales, the mayor of Portland, Ore., was running a zoning hearing last December when he missed a call on his cell from David Plouffe, the campaign mastermind behind Barack Obama’s ascent. Although Hales had never met him, Plouffe left a voice mail that had an air of charming familiarity, reminiscing about the 2008 rally when 75,000 Obama supporters thronged Portland’s waterfront. “Sure love your city,” Plouffe gushed. “I’m now working for Uber and would love to talk" ....

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Smart Cities: Free Course by Open University

Smart Cities: Free Course by Open University | The Programmable City | Scoop.it
Explore the role of technology and data in cities, and learn how you can participate in the creation of smart cities.
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The spectrum of control: A social theory of the smart city by Sadowski & @FrankPasquale | First Monday

There is a certain allure to the idea that cities allow a person to both feel at home and like a stranger in the same place. That one can know the streets and shops, avenues and alleys, while also going days without being recognized. But as elites fill cities with “smart” technologies — turning them into platforms for the “Internet of Things” (IoT): sensors and computation embedded within physical objects that then connect, communicate, and/or transmit information with or between each other through the Internet — there is little escape from a seamless web of surveillance and power. This paper will outline a social theory of the “smart city” by developing our Deleuzian concept of the “spectrum of control.” We present two illustrative examples: biometric surveillance as a form of monitoring, and automated policing as a particularly brutal and exacting form of manipulation. We conclude by offering normative guidelines for governance of the pervasive surveillance and control mechanisms that constitute an emerging critical infrastructure of the “smart city.” ...

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