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Rescooped by P2P Foundation from Open access in science!

Open Access: a remedy against bad science

Open Access: a remedy against bad science | The P2P Daily |

Who has never been in the situation that he had a set of data where some of them just didn’t seem to fit. A simple adjusting of the numbers or omitting of strange ones could solve the problem. Or so you would think. I certainly have been in such a situation more than once, and looking back, I am glad that I left the data unchanged. At least in one occasion my “petty” preformed theory proved to be wrong and the ‘strange data’ I had found were corresponding very well with another concept that I hadn’t thought of at the time.

Via MyScienceWork
Roberto Insolia's curator insight, December 12, 2012 10:21 AM

L'open access e la pubblicazione dei dati grezzi sono presentati come una possibile soluzione sia alla cattiva condotta nella ricerca che alla scadente qualità della produzione scientifica più recente.

Diverse sono le forme di "Bad Science". Da parte dell'autore, possiamo avere la pubblicazione selettiva (con omissione dei dati non conformi alla propria teoria), la non riproducibilità e la manipolazione dei dati, fino alla loro completa fabbricazione. Dal punto di vista degli editori, possiamo avere sia i bias di pubblicazione (preferenziale pubblicazione dei risultati positivi o dei dati che confermano teorie pre-esistenti), che una peer-review poco corretta.

Rescooped by P2P Foundation from Gentlemachines!

Research fraud exploded over the last decade

Research fraud exploded over the last decade | The P2P Daily |

"A number of studies have spotted a worrisome trend: although the number of scientific journals and articles published is increasing each year, the rate of papers being retracted as invalid is increasing even faster. Some of these are being retracted due to obvious ethical lapses—fraudulent data or plagiarism—but some past studies have suggested errors and technical problems were the cause of the majority of problems. (...) The authors find that, since 1975, the rate of retracted articles as a percent of total publications has increased nearly tenfold. Duplicate publications and plagiarism, which didn't use to be a significant problem, have boomed since 2005. And while retractions due to errors have increased, those due to fraud have increased much faster"

Via Artur Alves
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