Authors call for an “empathy epidemic” to address violence, bullying, child abuse, racism and other inequities.
Many parents, educators and scholars agree that the development of social and emotional skills is critically important for children, youth and adults. Part of emotional development is the development of empathy, which is defined as the ability to sense and recognize others’ feelings and emotions – and to care about making it better if it hurts.
Environmental education for most adults used to mean learning a little bit about recycling and planting some trees on Arbor Day. We didn't delve into ecology as much as we skimmed the surface. But things have gotten more complex since then, and the topic of climate change has brought environmental education to the forefront.
Comunicato stampa: Il dolore provocato da stimoli sociali (che si prova per esempio quando si perde un amico, o quando si subisce un’ingiustizia o più in generale viene minacciato un legame di natura sociale) attiva circuiti cerebrali legati al dolore fisico. Ma non solo: come osserva uno studio condotto dalla SISSA, questo vale anche anche quando questo tipo di dolore si prova in maniera empatica (quando guardiamo un altro provarlo)
Marinella De Simone's insight:
Il dolore che noi stessi proviamo nell'ossevare l'esclusione sociale di altri o persino il dolore fisico di altri è una forma di apprendimento fondamentale che passa direttamente attraverso il nostro corpo. Il principio 'non fare ad altri quello che non vorresti fosse fatto a te' è già dentro di noi, senza bisogno che diventi un precetto sociale o religioso.
Ogni volta che mi capita di vedere scene di film o giochi o videoclip che richiamano a temi di violenza, sofferenza, dolore praticati su altri esseri - e sono tantissimi - mi chiedo quanta sofferenza stiamo seminando attorno a noi e quanto ognuno di noi, fin da bambino, venga educato all'abituazione a queste forme di dolore.
This joint article reflects the authors’ personal views regarding noteworthy advances in the neuroscience of consciousness in the last ten years, and suggests what we feel may be promising future directions. (...) we summarize recent advances in our understanding of subjectivity in humans and other animals, including empirical, applied, technical and conceptual insights. These include the evidence for the importance of fronto-parietal connectivity and of feedback processes, both of which enable information to travel across distant cortical areas effectively, as well as numerous dissociations between consciousness and cognitive functions, such as attention, in humans. In addition, we describe the development of mental imagery paradigms, which made it possible to identify covert awareness in non-responsive subjects. Non-human animal consciousness research has also witnessed substantial advances on the specific role of cortical areas and higher order thalamus for consciousness, thanks to important technological advances. In addition, much progress has been made in the understanding of non-vertebrate cognition relevant to possible conscious states. Finally, major advances have been made in theories of consciousness, and also in their comparison with the available evidence. Along with reviewing these findings, each author suggests future avenues for research in their field of investigation.
Consciousness in humans and non-human animals: Recent advances and future directions. Melanie Boly, Anil K. Seth, Melanie Wilke, Paul Ingmundson, Bernard Baars, Steven Laureys, David Edelman and Naotsugu Tsuchiya
COMUNICAZIONE, ETICA ED AMORE CONVERGONO NELLO STESSO DOMINIO Attraverso la comunicazione si definisce il modo in cui chi comunica considera la sua relazione con l'altro: essa implica una responsab...
Marinella De Simone's insight:
Comunicando sulla relazione, gli uomini comunicano su se stessi attraverso l'altro, cercando attraverso l'altro la conferma del proprio mondo interiore, del proprio Sé. La nostra auto-consapevolezza, o consapevolezza di sé, dipende dalla comunicazione, perché si genera attraverso la comunicazione.
One area in which we have made great progress is in discovering the physical or neural correlates of consciousness – what consciousness in the brain "looks like", you might say. One way to investigate this question is to see what changes when consciousness is reduced or absent, as happens when people are in a vegetative state, with no sign of awareness.
Brain scans show that such people usually have damage to the thalamus, a relay centre located smack-bang in the middle of the brain. Another common finding is damage to the connections between the thalamus and the prefrontal cortex, a region at the front of the brain, generally responsible for high-level complex thought.
The way that users have utilized the Internet has changed since its inception. References to Web 1.0, 2.0, and 3.0 allude to an evolved relationship with online information and interactivity.
To be more specific, Education 3.0 relies on autonomous learners engaged in self-directed learning. Contrary to being laissez-faire, this student-centered learning model is, according to Instructional Psychologist Dr. Charles Reigeluth, “attainment-based” allowing for an “additional focus on thinking skills, creativity, personal qualities, and other 21st century skills.”
===> Reigeluth defends Education 3.0 saying, “We need to refocus education from sorting students to helping all students reach their potential.” <===
To describe what this looks like, Dr. Jackie Gerstein writes, “[Students] can engage in self-determined and self-driven learning where they are not only deciding the direction of their learning journey but they can also produce content that adds value and worth to the related content area or field of study.”
Make a list of the 5 leaders you most admire. They can be from business, social media, politics, technology, the sciences, any field. Now ask yourself why you admire them. The chances are high that your admiration is based on more than their accomplishments, impressive as those may be. I’ll bet that everyone on your list reaches you on an emotional level !
Neanderthals displayed a deep seated sense of compassion, according to British archaeologists who are studying the evolution of compassion in humans.
Neanderthals are often depicted as brutish club wielders, but a new book suggests Neanderthals had a sensitive side, displaying "a deep seated sense of compassion."
The findings, also published in the journal Time & Mind, are part of a larger study charting how empathy and other related feelings evolved in early humans.
Researchers Penny Spikins, Andy Needham and Holly Rutherford from the University of York Archaeology Department examined archaeological evidence for the way emotions began to emerge in our ancestors six million years ago and then developed through more recent times.
If your boss is a jerk, there might be a scientific reason for it. A new study suggests feeling powerful dampens the part of the brain that helps us connect with others.
It turns out, feeling powerless boosted the mirror system — people empathized highly. But, Obhi says, "when people were feeling powerful, the signal wasn't very high at all." So when people felt power, they really did have more trouble getting inside another person's head.
"What we're finding is power diminishes all varieties of empathy," says Dacher Keltner, a social psychologist at University of California, Berkeley, not involved in the new study. He says these results fit a trend within psychological research.
LE NOSTRE AZIONI SONO COME TEMPESTE Le nostre azioni corrispondono alle modalità di propagazione delle tempeste, delle epidemie, delle sommosse: a periodi di quiete, persino di stasi, si alternano ...
Marinella De Simone's insight:
Il classico approccio di organizzazione del lavoro, ad esempio, prevede tradizionalmente lo schema: “First in, first out” o “First come, first served”: il primo della fila nei compiti da eseguire è il primo che viene svolto. Questo schema, agevole nei sistemi meccanizzati, non lo è affatto nei comportamenti umani. Noi prendiamo decisioni nelle modalità di svolgimento dei compiti assegnati – laddove abbiamo possibilità di decidere in autonomia – molto meno lineari: alcuni compiti da svolgere possono aspettare tempi lunghissimi, per poi essere svolti tutti insieme in un lasso di tempo estremamente breve e concentrato.
Questa nuova prospettiva, fondata sull’analisi della dinamica dei comportamenti umani (e non solo) sarebbe molto importante applicarla ad esempio nell’analisi del decision making che le persone applicano in ambito lavorativo sulla priorità dei compiti da svolgere, poiché un’organizzazione dei tempi di lavoro che non ne tenga conto si scontra necessariamente con le modalità a noi più naturali di agire nel vivere quotidiano.
Recent research suggests that rituals may be more rational than they appear. Why? Because even simple rituals can be extremely effective. Rituals performed after experiencing losses – from loved ones to lotteries – do alleviate grief, and rituals performed before high-pressure tasks – like singing in public – do in fact reduce anxiety and increase people’s confidence. What’s more, rituals appear to benefit even people who claim not to believe that rituals work. While anthropologists have documented rituals across cultures, this earlier research has been primarily observational. Recently, a series of investigations by psychologists have revealed intriguing new results demonstrating that rituals can have a causal impact on people’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.