Do we ignore mistakes, brushing them aside for the sake of our self-confidence? Or do we investigate the errors, seeking to learn from the snafus? The latter approach, suggests a series of studies, could make you learn faster.
Jonah Lehrer writes:
One of the essential lessons of learning, which is that people learn how to get it right by getting it wrong again and again."
"Education isn’t magic. Education is the wisdom wrung from failure."
"A new study, forthcoming in Psychological Science, and led by Jason Moser at Michigan State University, expands on this important concept. The question at the heart of the paper is simple: Why are some people so much more effective at learning from their mistakes? After all, everybody screws up. The important part is what happens next. Do we ignore the mistake, brushing it aside for the sake of our self-confidence? Or do we investigate the error, seeking to learn from the snafu?"
"It turned out that those subjects with a growth mindset were significantly better at learning from their mistakes. Because the subjects were thinking about what they got wrong, they learned how to get it right."
"Fear of failure (fixed mindset) can actually inhibit learning."
Praise: How Matters
Students praised for their intelligence almost always chose to bolster their self-esteem by comparing themselves with students who had performed worse on the test.
In contrast, kids praised for their hard work were more interested in the higher-scoring exams. They wanted to understand their mistakes, to learn from their errors, to figure out how to do better.
The experience of failure had been so discouraging for the “smart” kids that they actually regressed.
The problem with praising kids for their innate intelligence — the “smart” compliment — is that it misrepresents the psychological reality of education. It encourages kids to avoid the most useful kind of learning activities, which is when we learn from our mistakes.
Foresaking Self-Improvement for the Sake of Self-Confidence
Unless we experience the unpleasant symptoms of being wrong the mind will never revise its models.
We’ll keep on making the same mistakes, forsaking self-improvement for the sake of self-confidence. Samuel Beckett had the right attitude: “Ever tried. Ever failed. No matter. Try Again. Fail again. Fail better.”
Making every minute count doesn't preclude student empowerment; it promotes it.
Mel Riddile's insight:
"And for most students there were other challenges associated with poverty. With everything kids went through to make it to school, it was imperative that I make it worth their while. Bell to bell wasn't an option to me; it was an obligation."
Angela Lee Duckworth, a psychology professor at the University of Pennsylvania, became famous (famous for an academic, at least) for her theory of “grit”—the notion that long-term passion and perseverance in pursuit of one’s goals was a key ingredient for student success.
When you praise children for being smart, you expect them to fearlessly conquer new academic challenges because they believe they're smart. But many psychologists and educators claim the opposite is true: that labeling kids as
"Research has shown that these types of videos (Khan Academy) may be positively received by students. They feel like they are learning and become more confident in their answers, but tests reveal they haven't learned anything.
The apparent reason for the discrepancy is misconceptions. Students have existing ideas about scientific phenomena before viewing a video. If the video presents scientific concepts in a clear, well illustrated way, students believe they are learning but they do not engage with the media on a deep enough level to realize that what was is presented differs from their prior knowledge.
There is hope, however. Presenting students' common misconceptions in a video alongside the scientific concepts has been shown to increase learning by increasing the amount of mental effort students expend while watching it."
A journalist explores the possibility that cognitive exercises improve working memory and problem solving.
Individuals who engage in cognitive exercise, the company claims, will be “better able to stay focused, ignore distractions, plan next steps, remember instructions and start and finish tasks.” The pool of people who could benefit from such training is vast, the site suggests: “children and adults with attention deficits or learning disorders, victims of brain injury or stroke, and adults experiencing information overload or the natural effects of aging.”