LIS Students in an Era of Participatory Culture "...the concept of the “walled garden.” This phrase has come to represent closed information technology systems or virtual spaces inaccessible to outsiders. The garden is safe from outside influences and those inside can flourish if tended. But the wall is also a barrier to outside participation. If students spend all of their time in a classroom or within the virtual walls of a closed learning management system (LMS), the potential benefits of accessing and experiencing their forthcoming professional environment will decrease. I also believe the skills and abilities detailed above flourish best when learners are participating directly with the wider community. There will always be a place for the classroom and the LMS, but balancing that environment with experience beyond the walled garden should be part of the learning process as well."